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Soil Factor Influencing Mangrove Forest Community Occurence in Talidendang Besar, Riau Kusmana, Cecep; Sabiham, Supiandi
MEDIA KONSERVASI Vol 3, No 3 (1991): Media Konservasi
Publisher : MEDIA KONSERVASI

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Abstract

This study was undertaken to investigate the soils factors influencing the mangrove forest community occurrence in Talidendang Besar, Riau. One sample plot of 50 m x 50 m was established at hguiera panlifora community. B. se~ngulacommunity, and mixed B. scxangula - Nypa fnrticans community to explore its vegetation composition and soil characteristics. The soil factors such as pII, EC (electrical conductivity), 70 K. ´% Na, C-organic, N-total, NH4 (ammonia), and CEC (cation exchange capacity) were regarded as soil factors to be important in influencing the occurrence pattern of mangrove forest community in Talidendang Besar. hau. Keywords: mangrove, Talidendang Besar, Riau, forest communig.
Studi Intensitas Cahaya Dan Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula Pada Permudaan Alam Ramin (Gonystylus Bancanus (Miq.) Kurz) (Study on Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Light Intensity to the Natural Regeneration of Ramin (Gonystylus bancanus (Miq.) Kurz)) Muin, Abdurrani; Setiadi, Yadi; Budi, Sri Wilarso; Mansur, Irdika; Suhendang, Endang; Sabiham, Supiandi
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 12, No 3 (2006)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.566 KB) | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.12.3.

Abstract

The objective of this research is to find out the early information of optimum light intensity and highest mycorrhizal colonization on natural Ramin seedling which it includes in semitolerant plant. The research was conducted in Ramin Natural Forest of Sungai Pelunjung Labai, Sanggau District, West Kalimantan for a year. The results of the research show that there are correlations between light intensity with mycorrhizal colonization. Ramin seedling which grown under the light intensity 3190 – 9500 lux have high mycorrhizal colonization and their growth better than the other treatment. Meanwhile Ramin seedling which grown in closed area or in open area with light intensity less than 1670 lux and more than 10840 lux respectively have lower mycorrhizal colonization and their growth was lower.Key words: Ramón seedling  (G. bancnus), Light intensity and Mycorrhizal Fungi
Fluks Metana dan Karakteristik Tanah pada Beberapa Macam Sistem Budidaya Suprihati, ,; Anas, Iswandi; Sabiham, Supiandi; Djajakirana, Gunawan
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 34, No 3 (2006): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Methane (CH4) is an important greenhouse gas that has a high heat trapping capacity thus potentially contribute to the global-warming.  Agriculture is considered among the responsible emission sources of CH4. Relationship among soil characteristics, soil microbes, and CH4 flux is very important in understanding the mechanism involved in the mitigation effects of certain agriculture practices. Results of this research showed that rice field produced the highest CH4 flux (7.4976 ± 0.5299 mg CH4-C m-2 h-1, n=3), while vegetable, sweet potato, yam bean and corn cropping produced lower CH4 flux (-0.7708 ± 0.6434 to 0.4605 ± 0.5255 mg CH4-C m-2 h-1, n=3). Nitrifier population among cropping systems was 3.13x103 to 3.17x104  MPN g-1 soil (dry weight), while denitrifier population was 3.77x103 to 1.17x105 MPN g-1 soil (dry weight).  There were no specific dominance proportion of nitrosomonas, nitrobacter, denitrifier and total propagule among cropping systems. The CH4 flux had highly correlation to soil water content (r = 0.951), soil pH (r = 0.852) and soil Eh (r = -0.982). Denitrifier had significantly correlation to soil pH (r = -0.635) and soil ammonium content (r =  -0.681).   Key words :  CH4 flux, cropping system, soil characteristic, soil microbes
Uji Aktivitas Lakase dan Selulase pada Lignoselulosa Gambut dengan Berbagai Kadar Air Mulyawan, Ronny; Indriyati, Lilik Tri; Widiastuti, Happy; Sabiham, Supiandi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 24, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (493.74 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.24.1.20

Abstract

The degradation of lignocellulose as the main constituents of peat is catalyzed by enzymes such as laccase or cellulase. The purpose of this research was to study the pattern of laccase and cellulase activities on sterile and non-sterile peat materials at three different water contents (125-175, 225-275, and 325-375%). The peat soil used was collected from oil palm rhizosphere in Riau Province. This research used the descriptive method by comparing the mean values between treatments. The results showed that enzymes activities on sterile and non-sterile peat added with laccase or cellulase were higher compared to those without enzyme addition. The highest laccase activity was at the first day of incubation, while that for selulase was at the 10th days of incubation. The activity of enzyme then decreased with the increase in the respected incubation time. The difference in decreasing of lignin and cellulose content at 125-175% water content was higher than at the other water contents. The decreases in lignin and cellulose contents were higher by addition of respected enzymes both in sterile and non-sterile peat. It could be concluded that at higher water content, laccase and cellulase activities were depressed both on sterile and non sterile peat, especially after the addition of enzyme.
IMPACT OF BRACHIARIA, ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZA, AND POTASSIUM ENRICHED RICE STRAW COMPOST ON ALUMINIUM, POTASSIUM AND STABILITY OF ACID SOIL AGGREGATES Hafifa, Bariot; Sabiham, Supiandi; Anas, Iswandi; Sutandi, Atang Sutandi; Suyamto, Suyamto
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 13, No 1 (2012): April 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development - MOA

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Abstract

Acid soil is commonly grown with cassava, which in general, tolerate low soil  fertility and aluminum (Al) toxicity. However, without any improvement efforts such soil will become worse. Intercropping cassava with Brachiaria decumbens (BD) which adapts to acid soil and tolerates low fertility soils as well as application of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) and organic matters are among the important efforts to rehabilitate this soil. The experiment was conducted to  examine the impact of BD, AM, and potassium (K) enriched rice straw compost on exchangeable Al, available K, and stability of soil aggregates. Experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with three factors and three replications. The first factor was BD as cassava intercropping, the second factor was AM, and the third factor was 2 t ha-1 rice straw compost enriched with 0 kg, 50 kg, 100 kg, and 200 kg KCl ha-1. Brick pots (1 m length x 1 m width x 0.45 m depth) filled with Kanhapludult soil was used for growing cassava in which row of BD was planted at 60 cm from cassava stem. K-enriched rice straw compost and AM (10 g per stem) were applied around cassava stem at 2 and 12 days after planting, respectively. BD was cut every 30 days and the cutting was returned to the soil. Soil exchangeable Al was analyzed at 0, 3, 6 and 9 months after planting (MAP), while Al and K contents as well as aggregate stability were measured at 6 MAP. The results showed that planting BD decreased 33% exchangeable Al, which means that the root exudates of this grass was effective in detoxifying Al3+. Treatment of BD and/or in combination with AM was effective in preserving K added to the soil, increasing total polysaccharides, and improving soil aggregate stability. This indicated that planting BD and applying AM and Kenriched rice straw compost improved acid soil fertility, and therefore can be recommended in cassava cultivation.
Fosil Polen Mangrove Berumur Pliosen Dari Formasi Tapak Daerah Kedung Randu, Banyumas Agung Suedy, Sri Widodo; ., Muhadiono; Sabiham, Supiandi; Qoyim, Ibnul
Bioma Vol. 14, No.1, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Bioma

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (630.001 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/bioma, 14, 1, 17-24

Abstract

Thirty sediment samples had been taken from the Tapak Formation of Kedung Randu areas, Banyumas, to reconstruct the diversity of mangrove flora from this area the past. This samples were processed for palynological slides used standard palynology preparation method. The microscopic identification of palynomorphs were done to identify taxa of paleoflora. Fifty-six types of pollen and spores fossils had been identified and 22 types were mangrove pollen-spores fossils. This fossils could be grouped into major mangrove (Zonocostites ramonae/Rhizophora type, Spinizonocolpites echinatus/Nypa fruticans, Florschuetzia levipoli/Soneratia caseolaris and Avicennia type); group of minor mangrove (Retitricolporites sp./Excoecaria sp., Discoidites novaguenensis/Brownlowia type, Camptostemon and Acrostichum aureum), and a group of plant associations (Retitricolporites equatoralis/Calophyllum type, Dicolpopollis sp./Calamus type, Racemonocolpites sp./Oncosperma, Marginipollis concinus/Barringtonia, Pandaniidites sp. /Pandanus, Terminalia catappa, Ilexpollenites sp./Ilex, Stellatopollis sp./Croton type, Acanthaceae type, Cyperaceaepollis/Cyperaceae, Podocarpidites/Podocarpus, Aglaia type, Haloragacidites/ Casuarina and Verrucatosporites usmensis/Stenochlaena palustris. Stenochlaeniidites papuanus and Podocarpus imbricatus were found in the samples. Tapak Formation was included in the last section of the Podocarpus imbricatus/Dacrycarpidites australiensis Zone of Java Palynological Zonation, and this formation was in the age of Late Pliocene towards Pleistocene.   Key word: Tapak Formation; major-minor-plant associations of mangrove; palynological zonation
EVALUASI KEBERLANJUTAN PENGELOLAAN PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT POLA INTI-PLASMA DI PT.PERKEBUNAN NUSANTARA VII MUARA ENIM, SUMATERA SELATAN (Evaluation and Status of Sustainable Palm Oil Management in PT.Perkebunan Nusantara VII Muara Enim, South Sumatera) -, Ruslan; Sabiham, Supiandi; -, Sumardjo; -, Manuwoto

Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan ilmu pengetahuan Alam. Universitas Pakuan.

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Abstract

There were three pilars of palm oil plantation in Indonesia, state-owned large estates and private estates which total extensive oil palm plantations area in 2005 were 5.445 thausands hectares with 12.452 thausands million tons production crude palm oil. The composition of the plantation farmers area was 40,02 %, national large plantations was about 13,96 %, and 48,68 % for private estates.There are two types of Management of their field, nucleous estate smallholders (NES) and farmers. Unfortunately farmers better than independent farmers in managing the estates, because there was cooparation between the farmers with the nucleous companies. The PIR system stated that the nucleous plantation companies were useful in developing and crops farmers market assigning, While the farmers must manage his estates well and market the results through the company's nucleous. Sustainability analysis conducted by the method of Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS) approach with Rap-Insus palm oil techniques (Rapid Appraisal-Index Sustainability of palm oil Management). Analysis of key factors of sustainability management performed a prospective analysis of the sensitivity factors (leverage factor) of the MDS and the factors from the analysis of stakeholders' needs. The results showed that the status of sustainability of palm oil management in PT.Perkebunan Nusantara VII Muara Enim, South Sumatera)was quite sustainable with a multidimensional index of 67,67.
POLISAKARIDA DAN STABILITAS AGREGAT TANAH MASAM YANG DIPERLAKUKAN DENGAN BRACHIARIA, MIKORIZA DAN KOMPOS JERAMI DIPERKAYA KALIUM Hafif, Bariot; Sabiham, Supiandi; Anas, Iswandi; Sutandi, Atang; Suyamto, Suyamto
Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan Vol 13, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitl.13.1.1-7

Abstract

Stabilitas agregat menentukan kualitas tanah dan polisakarida adalah agen agregasi utama partikel tanah. Penelitian bertujuan mempelajari stabilitas agregat dan polisakarida sebagai agen agregasi partikel tanah masam yang diperlakukan dengan Brachiaria decumbens (BD), mikoriza dan kompos jerami diperkaya kalium di Kebun Percobaan Tegineneng BPTP Lampung. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap faktorial 3 faktor. Faktor 1, rumput Brachiaria decumbens, yaitu tanpa B. decumbens (B0) dan dengan baris B. decumbens (B1); faktor 2, mikoriza yaitu tanpa mikoriza (M0) dan dengan inokulasi mikoriza (M1); dan faktor 3, kompos jerami diperkaya kalium yaitu kompos 2 ton ha-1 masing-masing diperkaya KCl masing-masing 0 kg ha-1 (K0), 50 kg ha-1 (K50), 100 kg ha-1 (K100) dan 200 kg ha-1 (K200). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlakuan BD dan interaksi BD dan mikoriza mendorong fragmentasi agregat makro menjadi agregat meso dan mikro, namun stabilitas agregat dibawah pengaruh perlakuan tersebut lebih baik dibanding stabilitas agregat tanah kontrol. Inokulasi mikoriza memperbaiki stabilitas agregat makro 1-2 mm. Pengayaan kalium pada kompos jerami secara rata-rata tidak berpengaruh terhadap stabilitas agregat tetapi dalam interaksi dengan B. decumbens, pengayaan kompos jerami dengan 100 dan 200 kg KCl ha-1 berpengaruh cukup baik terhadap stabilitas agregat makro 2-5 mm. Polisakarida total di dalam agregat tanah pada perlakuan interaksi B. decumbens dan mikoriza nyata meningkat, demikian juga polisakarida bukan selulosa cenderung lebih baik. Perlakuan B. decumbens meningkatkan kadar polisakarida total di dalam agregat meso (0.25-1 mm) dan mikro (0.05-0.25 mm), sedangkan mikoriza meningkatkan polisakarida total dan polisakarida bukan selulosa di dalam agregat makro (> 1 mm).
Sustainability Index of Rice Field for Supporting Spatial Planning (Case Study in Jember District, East Java) NURWADJEDI, .; MULYANTO, BUDI; SABIHAM, SUPIANDI; PONIMAN, ARIS; SUWARDI, .
Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim (Indonesian Soil and Climate Journal) No 32 (2010): Desember 2010
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (341 KB) | DOI: 10.2017/jti.v0i32.150

Abstract

Rice Field agriculture in Jember district is a main sector due to its contribution to rice production in this region. The objective of this study is to determine the rice field sustainability index based on agro-ecosystem zone and to formulate policy alternatives for supporting the spatial planning in achieving sustainable rice field agriculture. The study used the primary andsecondary data which include biophysical environment, economy, social and culture. The data analysis used GIS (Geographic Information System) modelbase, factor analysis, and AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process). The results showed that the sustainability index of the rice field agro-ecosystem zones were different. The threats of the rice field sustainability were causedby the main indicators of the biophysical environment, economy, social, and culture such as water availability, soil nutrients of Carbon organic content, Nitrogen, and Phosphor-available, profit, fertilizer access, land conversion, land ownership and fragmentation, farmer education, and age of farmer. To overcome those threats, the policy consideration was more dominantly determined by the biophysical factor rather than that of theeconomy, social, and culture. The implementation of the policy tohandle the threats needs to be coordinated among the stakeholders, considering that the rice field resource can be categorized into a common pool resource.
Perubahan Fraksi P-Inorganik dan P-Organik Pada Bahan Tanah Gambut Yang Diaplikasi Dengan Fosfat Alam Pada Kondisi Kapasitas Lapang dan Tergenang , Nelvia; Sabiham, Supiandi; Anas, Iswandi
Jurnal Agro Teknologi Tropika Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Agro Teknologi Tropika

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Abstract

The very high acidity of peat soil is mainly caused by high H+ concentration that can change the base cation likeK , Na+, Ca+ and Mg2+ from mineral/rock structure. The research was conducted in laboratory of the Departement ofSoil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB. Peat soils at hemic degree of decomposition level were taken from Riau. Rockphosphates in this research (P and Fe sources) were the rock phosphates of Huinan China, Christmas Island and PTPetrokimia Gresik the content 32,65; 31,28 and 25,02% of P 2 O 5 and 2,28; 11,19 and 18,72% of R 2 O 3 (Fe 2 O 3 + Al 2 O 3 )respectively. The aims of the research were to study the changes of the forms of readily labile inorganic-P and organic-P,moderately labile inorganic-P and organic-P and non labile organic-P in peats after being incubated with rockphosphates. The results showed that the application of rock phosphates in peat soil increased the readily of labileinorganic-P and organic-P, moderately inorganic-P and organic-P, and non labile P forms. An increase of non labile Pand moderately labile P were higher dye to the R 2 O 3 content of rock phosphates became higher in saturated and fieldcapacity condition. The results also showed that the rock phosphates applied to the peat soil released P in a very highamounts, in the order of rock phosphates of Huinan China > Christmas Island > PT Petrokimia Gresik. Released P wasdetermined by water extraction which increased with the periods of incubation with the similar pattern on the three typesof rock phosphates.