Sukati S.
Puslitbang Gizi dan Makanan, Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Depkes RI

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HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI MAKANAN DENGAN KINERJA PEKERJA WANITA S., Sukati; Krisdinamurtirin, Y.; Saidin, M.; S., Murdiana; Martuti, Sri; P., Sri Murni
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan JILID 20 (1997)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

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Abstract

Berbagai usaha telah dilakukan produsen untuk meningkatkan mutu dan jumlah produk oleh perusahaan. Dalam upaya tersebut disamping aspek teknologi, hal lain yang harus diperhatikan adalah kualitas sumberdaya manusia. Salah satu usaha untuk memperoleh pekerja yang berkualitas tinggi adalah perbaikan atau pengaturan konsumsi makanan. Makanan pagi juga makan siang bagi pekerja yang sesuai dengan kecukupan akan dapat mempertahankan kebugaran tubuhnya guna menghasilkan kinerja yang optimal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menilai hubungan konsumsi makanan dengan kinerja pekerja. Subjek pada penelitian ini adalah pekerja wanita yang bekerja di bagian produksi (bekerja secara manual), berumur antara 19-40 tahun, masa kerja di atas 5 tahun, tidak menderita penyakit menahun dan tidak anemi. Dari jenis pekerjaan termasuk pekerja ringan dan pekerja sedang. Data utama yang dikumpulkan: 1) Antropometri, 2) Konsumsi makanan dan zat gizi (energi, protein, lemak dan hidrat arang), 3) Glukosa darah: 2 jam setelah makan pagi dan 2 jam setelah makan siang, 4) Pola kegiatan di tempat kerja, 5) Hasil produksi. Penelitian dilakukan di pabrik jamu Air Mancur Solo. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: a) semua pekerja makan pagi sebelum mulai bekerja, namun rata-rata jumlah energi yang dikonsumsi kurang dari 400 Kkal, b) glukosa darah pekerja dengan makan pagi cukup (250 Kkal) tidak berbeda nyata dengan kadar glukosa pekerja dengan makan pagi <200 Kkal, c) tidak ditemukan adanya perbedaan hasil produksi pagi dan siang, d) kelompok pekerja dengan makan pagi cukup (>250 Kkal) mempunyai hasil produksi yang lebih baik daripada kelompok pekerja dengan makan pagi kurang (<200 Kkal), dan e) ada hubungan positif dan nyata antara konsumsi energi sehari dengan jumlah produksi sehari.
HUBUNGAN PENGGUNAAN KONTRASEPSI HORMONAL DENGAN NILAI TSH DAN T4 PADA WANITA PASANGAN USIA SUBUR DI DAERAH ENDEMI GONDOK K., Suryati; S., Sukati; K., Donny; M., Samsudin; Mucherdiyatiningsih, Mucherdiyatiningsih; Supadmi, Sri
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 27, No 2 (2004)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/pgm/article/view/1412

Abstract

THE RELATIONSHIP OF HORMONAL CONTRASEPTION WITH SERUM THYROID STIMULATING HORMON (TSH) AND THYROXIN (T4) OF MARRIED WOMAN IN ENDEMIC GOITER AREA.Background: Family planning program has been practiced, not only in urban but also in rural area, including remote villages in mountainous area where sometimes were also recognized as endemic goiter area. There are findings from several studies related to the effect of using hormonal contraception to the thyroid gland function. It was recomendation to study the relationship of using hormonal contraception with serum TSH and T4 of married woman. Methods: A Case control study was conducted among married woman (20-40 years old) in IDD enamic area of Sawangan Magelang district, Central Java. There groups of married women aged 20-40 years were selected of this study (38 women for each group) as follows: Group A women using contraception (pill), group B using injection and group C using non hormonal contraception (IUD, condom or sterilization). Results: The median value of serum TSH for group A and B (1,6 µU/ml), while group C were 1.7 µU/ml. The median value of serum T4 for group A, group Band C were 8,7 µg/dl, 8,3 µg/dl and 6.9 µU/ml respectively. The median value of urine excretion (UIE) for group A, group B and group C were 159 µg/L, 199 µg/L and 163 µg/L respectively. Conclutions: There were no significant differance of serum TSH among three groups. Serum T4 of group A and group B were significantly higher than that of group C. 
EFEKTIVITAS PEMBERIAN KAPSUL IODIUM DOSIS TINGGI TERHADAP STATUS IODIUM WANITA USIA SUBUR (WUS) YANG MENGKONSUMSI BAHAN MAKANAN SUMBER SIANIDA TINGGI Saidin, M.; S., Sukati; K., Suryati; Kristanto, Dhoni; Samsudin, Samsudin
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 27, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/pgm/article/view/1407

Abstract

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ORAL HIGH DOSE IODINE SUPPLEMENTATION TO IODINE STATUS OF CHILDBEARING AGE WOMEN CONSUMING OF FOOD HIGH IN CYANIDE CONTENT.Background: It was reported by Iodine Deficiency Disorder Research Institute of Ministry of Health that prevalence of childbearing age women (CBAW) with abnormal of serum Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) value in Magelang district was around 23%, while Urine Iodine Excretion (UIE) considered normal (112 πg/L). The average of cyanide content of daily food consumed was 29.4 mg/day. These findings indicated that there was a relationship between cyanide consumed and Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD). As one of goitrogenic agents, cyanide inhibited Iodide (I) entering into thyroid cells, further more disturbed process of thyroid hormone (T4 and TSH) synthesis. Objectives: To investigate the effect of the supplementation of high dose Iodine by oral (capsules) to iodine status of childbearing age women consuming foods high cyanide in IDD endemic area. Methods: The  study design was "intervention with quasi experiment trial". The study sites covered two sub-district, namely Srumbung and Salam sub-district of Magelang district of Central Java. A total of 80 CBAW (19-45 years old) consuming high intake of cyanide were randomly taken as treatment group and another 80 CBAW with low intake of cyanide as control group. Data collection was conducted before and after supplementation of iodine capsules (200 mg). Each subject received two capsules and was evaluated 6 months later. Data collected were cyanide content of daily food consumed, serum TSH, urine thiocyanate and urine iodine excretion as well. Results: The baseline data showed that no significant difference In the UIE between group I (CBAW high intake of cyanide) (99 ng/L) and group II, those of consuming low intake of cyanide (103.5 ng/L). After one month intervention the UIE of both groups increased significantly, group I = 311 ng/L and group II = 339 ng/L. After 6 months intervention the UIE of both groups still considered high, group I= 291 ng/L and group II = 315 ng/L. The proportion of CBAW with low status of iodine (based on TSH value > 5 nJ/L) for group I decreased to 6.3%, while for group II no changes. The effectiveness of high dose iodine supplementation to iodine status of CBAW with high intake of cyanide was slightly lower than those with low intake of cyanide (70 vs 100). Conclusions: Neither difference effect of high dose iodine supplementation to iodine status of childbearing age women with high intake of cyanide nor to those with low intake of cyanide. Keywords: effectiveness, high dose, supplementation, iodine status, childbearing age women, cyanide, Urine Iodine Excretion, thyroid hormone. 
HUBUNGAN KADAR ENZYM KHOLINESTERASE DENGAN KADAR HORMON THYROID PADA WUS DI DAERAH GONDOK ENDEMIK S., Sukati; K., Suryati; Ichsan, M.; Mucherdiyantiningsih, Mucherdiyantiningsih; Kartono, Djoko
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 29, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/pgm/article/view/1403

Abstract

The Relationship Between Cholinesterase Enzym and Iodine Status of Child Bearing Age Woman (CBAW) In The Endemic Goitre Area.Background: Pesticide as a pollutant substance is a goitrogenic agent. It can form a strong complex bound with iodine in the body. Women who ive in the endemic goiter, area where the iodine source in the nature is limited and frequently exposed by pesticide, can increase the prevalence of iodine deficiency disorder (IDD).Objectives: To find out the relationship between cholinesterase enzyme concentration (as an indicator of pesticide exposure in the body) and iodine status of women in the endemic goiter area.Methods: The study was conducted in Pakis sub district, Magelang Regency, Central Java on July to November 2005. The design of the research was "cross-sectional" study. Samples were 265 women of child bearing age (17-35 years old). The data collected were concentration of free T4 (FT4) , cholinesterase enzyme in plasma, intake of cyanide originated from food, concentration of urine iodine excretion (UIE), type of contraception used and nutritional status. The concentration of serum FT4 were divided into two group (< 0.79 ng/gL = low > nonnal). These data were analyzed by using chi-square test with odd ratio at 95% CL. Association between independent and dependent variables by controlling other variable were analyzed by multiple logistic regression.Results: Pesticides that frequently used in the area of study was Organophosphate and Carbamat The pesticide residue on raw vegetables was Carbofuran. Its concentration was 0.056 to 55.65 mg/kg. The highest residues was found in cabbage and it had exceeded the maximum limit of permitted residue. The pesticide residue of cooked vegetables was very low. Low concentration of cholinesterase enzyme (< 3600 U/L) was found in 3.8% women. More than 29% had low iodine status. Logistic regression analysis showed that women exposed to pesticide had 33 fold greater risk for IDD than that of without any pesticide exposure.Conclusions: The highest concentration of pesticide residue was obtained on raw cabbage and raw mustard green. It ranged from 2 to 10 times of maximum limit permitted residue according to Ministry of Health. Percentage of women who exposed by pesticide (carbamat) was 3.8%. It was showed that 29.3% of woman has low iodine status. Women exposed to pesticide had 100 risk 33 fold greater than that without any cyanide exposure.Suggestions: To minimize the hazardous effect of pesticide on health, it is suggested that the vegetables should be cooked property before consuming. It is necessary to do further research by takilg account the effect of cyanide air pollution inhaled besides cyanide from food. The more intensive control of using pesticide needs to be doneperiodically.Keywords: cholinesterase enzyme, iodine status and endemic goiter
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MAKANAN TAMBAHAN PADA PEKERJA WANITA ANEMIA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS S., Sukati; Krisdinamurtirin, Krisdinamurtirin; Saidin, H. M.; Murdiana, Ance; Sutrisno, Uken; Ch., Reviana
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 26, No 2&3 Sept (1998)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/294

Abstract

Malnutrition and anaemia reduce physical fitness and productivity. Correcting the Hb level of workers are expected to improve workers human resource and productivity. This in turn, will bring mutual benefits both to the producers and to development overall. A study on "The effect of food supplementation on anemic women workers to improve productivity", has been carried out. The subjects of study were the workers of traditional herbal medicine factory with Hb levels below 12.0 gr/dl assigned in production section doing their work manually. The subjects were divided into three groups using simple random sampling. The first group was given supplementary food; the second was treated with supplementary food and iron pills once a week, and the third was placebo group as a control. Supplementary food was given in the form of snack with energy content of 300 kcal, the amount to compensate the energy deficit (based on baseline data collected before), which was given five times per week within four months. The iron pill was ferrous sulfate with dose of 60 mg once a week also for four months. The results of the study can be summarized as follows; The group with supplementary food containing of300 kcal for four months shows similar result with the placebo group in terms of nutrition status, Hb level and productivity.The group treated with supplementary food and weekly iron pill results in increase in Hb level and productivity significantly (p<0.05).Productivity of the first group increases by 154 packs/hour/person, while the second group, productivity increases by 164 packs/hour/person, and placebo group is 124 packs/hour/person.