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ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN LUAS LAHAN BASAH PERTANIAN PANGAN DALAM PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN PANGAN PENDUDUK KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The general objective of this research was to analyze food agriculture wet land size requirement in fulfilling food requirement of population in West Lampung District. This research was conducted by using retrospective design and secondary data which then analyzed descriptively. The research used some data, it was : 1) demography data year 2001-2007 from Central Bureau of Statistics, 2) food balance sheet data year 2007 from Food Security Board of West Lampung District, 3) food consumption data year 2007 from Agriculture and Food Security Office of Lampung Province, 4) production data, productivity data, and plant index year 2002-2007 from Crops and Horticulture Office of West Lampung District, and 5) land potential of food agricultural development year 2004 from National Survey and Mapping Coordination Board. The result of the research indicates that rice requirement in West Lampung District until year 2012 can be fulfilled by production with wet land size utilized for rice planting in 2007 (13 320 hectar) and production 103 711 ton dry harvest. Keywords: food requirement,  agricultural wet land size requirement

The Cinnamon Commodity Development Effect to Regional Economic: Case Study of Kerinci Regency Jambi

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 32, No 1 (2009): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The main idea of this study was to evaluate the influence of export to regional economic development.  The cinnamon was superior export commodity of Kerinci regency, which support to regional economic development. The purpose of this study was to analyze cinnamon sector effect to regional economic development of Kerinci Regency of Jambi and to analyse cinnamon price integration on farmers and export corporation level.  The study used qualitative and quantitative methods.  The data consisted of primary and secondary data.  The primary data were collected from survey and interview with respondents, such as farmers, traders, cinnamon entrepreneurs, local government staffs and other informants.  The secondary data were collected from Badan Pusat Statistik, Central Bank of Indonesia and FAOSTAT.  The analysis model consisted of descriptive model, input-output model, OLS regression combined with co-integration model and error correction model (ECM).  The results showed that the cinnamon had low correlation to support regional economic development and indicate regional leakage.  The farmers’ level price had no significant integration to export corporation price.  Increasing quality and industry processing development is the most important strategy.   Key words: cinnamon, sectoral linkages, price integration, regional economics, agroindustry processing

Participatory Prospective Analysis in Coastal Zone Management of Lampung Bay

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 34, No 4 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

In order to achieve planning consensus, involvement of stakeholders in coastal zone management, have to be concerned.   The participatory prospective analysis (PPA) is a comprehensive and quickly operational framework designed to fulfill the demand for a well-structured effort of anticipation and exploration, that also focuses on interactions and consensus building among stakeholders. PPA was carried out through an expert meeting for coastal zone management planning, as a part of developing system of coastal zone spatial planning, in Lampung Bay. The PPA was aimed to involve stakeholders to generate identification and definition of key variables, definition of the states of variables in the future, building scenarios, and formulation of strategic implications and anticipated actions for coastal zone management. A number of 27 participants from various representative backgrounds, i.e.: local government, fisherman and aqua culturist, local people and entrepreneurs, and local university, was involved in experts meeting. As a result was obtained 6 variables that have the largest influence in coastal zone management of Lampung Bay, they are: quality of human resource, law enforcement, population growth, regional infrastructure, local economic activities, and regional zoning. Consensually, participants was  invented strategic implications and anticipated actions, that have to be accommodated in  coastal zone  management, they are: (1) accomplish requirement of infrastructure and facilities of health and education; (2) develop of micro, small, and medium business (MSMB)  centers  that associated with marine and fisheries; (3) accomplish requirement of housing that comprise proper infrastructure and sanitation facilities; (4) assembly synergy on spatial arrangement among cities  and regencies; (5) assembly spatial arrangement which able to drive development of MSMB in coastal zone; (6) assembly spatial arrangement which able to drive proportional distribution of population in coastal zone, and also proportionally secure the management of conservation and production areas.  Finally, it is concluded that: (1) the PPA could accomplish  direct interactions among  stakeholders intensively and generate consensus opinions; (2) the PPA could be a platform for stakeholders involvement in order to  establish keys variable of planning, define  future states of variables, scenarios building, and strategic implications and anticipated actions for integrated planning of coastal zone of Lampung Bay; (3) stakeholders involvement is the key of  simplification  of policies formulation for  integrated planning of coastal zone of Lampung Bay, in which various of interest could be accommodated.   Key words:  participatory prospective analysis, stakeholders, consensus, coastal zone management, Lampung Bay

Space Restraint Study to Establish Sustainable Bogor Municipality

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 31, No 4 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The change of environmental problem is very complex.  The highest population growth caused supply of land and natural resources to be increased.  If it does not control, it can influence natural resources stock and disturbs environmental balance system land use control is part of Bogor land use planning.  The objectives of this research were (1) to analyze the dynamics of land use and population in the period of 1972-2005 in Bogor Municipality, (2) to develop dynamics model and analyze the relation between the instrument of land use control and the factors related to the sustaina tozbility of Bogor Municipality, and (3) to analyze stakeholders’ roles benefited to space control system in Bogor Municipality.  The methods used for this research were (1) GIS analysis to observe the alteration influence landcover in period 1972-2005, (2) dynamic system analysis for landcover using in Bogor Municipality, and (3) AHP analysis to observe stakeholders’ role controlling use of landcover in Bogor Municipality.  This research indicate that the dynamic of landcover such as forestry, mixed plantation, and open area (1972, 1983 and 1990) before to be extended were larger than after.  For the landcover change such as resettlement, bush, water and wetland showed that were larger than before extended (2000 and 2005).  The population dynamic analysis showed the optimum increasing on 1985-2020 (22,38%) but was not followed by good landcover use planning as indicated by forestry depletion from 25% to 2%, depletion of mixed plantation from 42% to 36%, resettlement need increased from 12% to 43%, and declining open area from 17% to 2%.  These showed that Bogor developments were unsustainable.  The dynamic analysis showed the correlation between the environmental component and land use control.  Land use control to achieve Bogor sustainable development need many aspect such as land area, population number waste number, vehicle number, the length of roads and the role of stakeholder on land use control system in Bogor municipality though license mechanism and control.  The government can influence land use control at level of controlling and level of licensing.  For the government input as the authority that gives the permission of land using need to be consistent on the regulation they made.   Key words: the dynamic, land use model, and controlling

Agricultural Land Conversion and Land Use Change Dynamics in North Bandung Area

Jurnal Ilmu Tanah & Lingkungan Vol 9, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Tanah & Lingkungan

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Abstract

Agricultural land conversion is considered as one of an important issus in the developing areas. In spite of theimportance of informations on the quantity and the rate of land conversion as the basis of formulating the agricultural landconversion policy, those informations are limited. This research was conducted at Lembang and Parongpong Sub-District,Bandung District. The objectives of research are to identify the rate of agricultural land conversion and to measure thedynamic change of land use. Land use in 1992 and 2002 was evaluated by interpretating the result of 1992 and 2002 landsatimage using Geographic Information System (GIS) program. Shift Share analysis was conducted to know the dynamic changeof land use. Results of the study indicated that land conversion at Lembang and Parongpong Sub-District during the period of1992-2002 (ten years) about 3,134.49 ha (25%) or 313.5 ha (2,96%) per year. Forestland reduced the most, from 5,470 ha in 1992 to 1,746 ha in 2002 or reduced about 3,732.12 ha (68%) in ten years. While area of the bush was increased about2,780.20 ha (1,326%) during the same period, from 210 ha in 1992 to 2,990 ha in 2002. Low land was decreasedfrom 252 hain 1992 to 95 ha in 2002, up land was decreased from 3,856 ha in 1992 to 2,736 ha in 2002, mix farming was increasedfrom2,491 ha in 1992 to 4,358 ha in 2002, resettlement was increased from 359 ha in 1992 to 1,612 ha in 2002, bare wasdecreasedfrom 1,115 ha in 1992 to 217 ha in 2002, lake was decreasedfrom 52 ha in 1992 to 50 ha in 2002.

Development of Boundary Area of Timor Tengah Utara Regency and Oekusi Enclave District asAgropolitan Region

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 33, No 1 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The research has been conducted in border area of Timor Tengah Utara Regency, Nusa Tenggara Timur, and Oekusi Enclave District, East Timor.  The objective of the research is to analyze the center for development of agropolitan.  The method use were AHP,LQ, SSA, I-O and descriptive statistic analysis.  The result showed that subdistrict Miomafo Timur is center for agropolitan development located in the border area of District Enclave Oekusi.  It is suggested that it is a need to develop mutual and networking with other region in Timor Tengah Utara Regency and Oekusi Enclave District.   Key words: boundary area,agropolitan

Food Agricultural Land Size Requirement Analysis in Fulfilling Food Requirement of Population in West Lampung District

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 32, No 3 (2009): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Food is the basic need of every people that has to be fulfilled in order to create stable food security.  The different population growth can differ the food requirement that has to be fulfilled by self production.  Thus, this also differ food agricultural land size requirement.  The general objective of this research was to analyze food agricultural land size requirement in fulfilling food requirement of population in West Lampung District.  This research was conducted by using retrospective design and secondary data which then analyzed descriptively.  The research used some data, they were: (1) demography data year 2001-2007 from Central Bureau of Statistics,  (2) food balance sheet data year 2007 from Food Security Board of West Lampung District, (3) food consumption data year 2007 from Agriculture and Food Security Office of Lampung Province, (4) production data, productivity data, and plant index year 2002-2007 from Crops and Horticulture Office of West Lampung District, and 5) land potential of food agricultural development year 2004 from National Survey and Mapping Coordination Board. The result of the research indicates that rice requirement in West Lampung District until year 2012 can be fulfilled by production with land size utilized for rice planting in 2007.  In other hand, to reach ideal cassava production, it needs 489 hectare land size increasing with land productivity 20,22 ton/ha, per capita consumption 41,33 kg/year and population growth 1,683% per year.   Keywords: food requirement, agricultural land size requirement, staple food

OPTIMASI PENDAPATAN PETANI MELALUI SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION DI KABUPATEN INDRAMAYU

Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 17, No 2 (2014): Juli 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian

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Abstract

Farmers’ Income Optimization through System of Rice Intensification in Indramayu District. One alternative to increase farmers’ income can be done by optimizing the planting methods. The purpose of this research is to analyze rice farming and optimal planting methods that maximize the farmers’ income. The study was conducted in Indramayu, West Java, involving 90 farmer respondents consisted of 60 conventional methods and 30 SRI methods. Using farming system and linear programming analysis, obtained:  Firstly, the application of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) on rice farming rice fields in Indramayu district is partially not provide optimal impact on farmers income.  Secondly, Optimization of farm income SRI method of rice fields in Indramayu district predicted to occur if it is done on a regional scale with relatively large. Keywords: Income, optimization, conventional, SRI ABSTRAKSalah satu alternatif peningkatan pendapatan usahatani padi dapat dilakukan melalui optimalisasi metode tanam. Tujuan penelitian yaitu melakukan analisis usahatani padi sawah dan metode tanam optimal yang memaksimumkan pendapatan petani. Penelitian dilakukan di Kabupaten Indramayu, Jawa Barat, melibatkan 90 petani responden terdiri atas 60 petani padi konvensional dan 30 petani SRI. Dengan menggunakan analisis usahatani dan pemrograman linear, diperoleh hasil penelitian: Pertama, Penerapan System of Rice Intensification (SRI) pada usahatani padi sawah di Kabupaten Indramayu secara parsial belum memberikan dampak yang optimal terhadap pendapatan petani. Kedua, Optimalisasi pendapatan usahatani padi sawah metode SRI di Kabupaten Indramayu diprediksi akan terjadi jika dilakukan pada skala wilayah (hamparan) yang relatif luas.Kata kunci: Pendapatan, optimalisasi, konvensional, SRI

Dampak Modal Sosial terhadap Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga Perdesaan di Indonesia

MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 30, No. 2, Tahun 2014 [Terakreditasi Dikti]
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

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Abstract

Makalah ini bertujuan menganalisis dampak indeks modal sosial yang diinstrumentasi terhadap kesejahteraan (proksi dengan pengeluaran per kapita) rumah tangga di perdesaan di Indonesia. Penelitian telah menemukan tiga variabel instrumen, yaitu partisipasi rumah tangga dalam kegiatan keagamaan, partisipasi rumah tangga pada kegiatan olahraga, dan banyaknya organisasi sosial di pedesaan untuk mengatasi masalah endogenitas. Menggunakan model estimasi kuadrat terkecil dua tahap (2SLS), penelitian ingin menjawab apakah modal sosial dapat meningkatkan pengeluaran per kapita rumah tangga. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa indeks modal sosial berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kesejahteraan rumah tangga. Lebih lanjut, hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa estimasi pengaruh indeks modal sosial yang diinstrumentasi terhadap pengeluaran perkapita dengan menggunakan model 2SLS lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan model OLS biasa. Dari hasil temuan ini, instansi pemerintah diharapkan memfasilitasi rumah tangga miskin untuk partisipasi dalam kegiatan masyarakat dan meningkatkan jumlah dan kegiatan organisasi sosial untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan rumah tangga di perdesaan di Indonesia. 

STATUS BERKELANJUTAN KOTA TANGERANG SELATAN-BANTEN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 22, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Pembangunan kota yang tidak terkendali akan mengakibatkan tekanan terhadap lingkungan dan beban masyarakat meningkat, sebaliknya degradasi lingkungan akan mengakibatkan pembatasan pengembangan ekonomi dan penurunan kualitas hidup. Guna mencegah terjadinya dampak-dampak negatif, maka diperlukan prinsip-prinsip pembangunan kota yang berkelanjutan. Evaluasi terhadap pelaksanan pembangunan kota yang berkelanjutan perlu dilakukan untuk mengetahui apakah pembangunan suatu kota sudah atau belum/tidak berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menyusun Key Performance Indicators (KPI) guna menilai status pembangunan kota berkelanjutan. Perumusan KPI ini dilakukan dengan pendekatan Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). KPI yang dihasilkan terdiri dari 21 indikator dan 9 elemen dari 3 pilar pembangunan berkelanjutan (ekonomi, sosial, dan lingkungan). Implementasi KPI dilakukan untuk pengukuran status keberlanjutan Kota Tangerang Selatan. Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan bahwa kota ini termasuk dalam tahap awal pembangunan berkelanjutan. Secara umum perkembangan ekonomi dan sosial relatif cukup baik, namun tidak demikian dengan kondisi lingkungannya.