Meika Syahbana Rusli
Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Sifat Fisiokimia dan Aroma Ekstrak Vanili Setyaningsih, Dwi; Rusli, Meika Syahbana; Muliati, Nurmalia
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 12, No 3 (2007): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (305.755 KB)

Abstract

 The curing process of vanilla beans from dried vanilla to vanilla extract would give added value to vanilla products. Aroma and taste in vanilla extract depend on variety of plants, cultivation methods, and curing process. Indonesian vanilla extract tend to give woody and phenolic aroma because it was harvested too early and it did not cure perfectly. This study was to identify the physicochemical and aroma characteristics of vanilla extracts from importer, exporter, and vanilla extracts from the newest experiment from our laboratory. There  were seven samples, three from importers (Tahiti grade I, Tahiti grade II, Virginia Dare), two from Indonesian Vanilla exporters (Djasula Wangi, Cobra), and two from our laboratory (G11, 57). The  physicochemical characteristics which were analyzed were vanillin content, ash, soluble ash, alkalinity of soluble ash, alkalinity of  total ash, total acidity, and lead number, all compared with the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) standard. Sensory analysis used aroma description test consist of qualitative descriptive test (in-depth interview and focus group methods) and quantitative descriptive analysis. The result showed that the laboratorys sample from modified curing process (G11) followed the FDA standard in physicochemical characters, but the aroma description was not as strong as the aroma of vanilla extract from exporters, namely Cobra with creamy, sweet, and vanilla aroma; and vanilla extract from importer, namely Virginia with smoky and spicy aroma.   Keywords: vanilla extracts, aroma   
Optimasi kinerja proses distilasi minyak akar wangi dengan modifikasi suhu dan kesetimbangan fasa Rusli, Meika Syahbana; Noor, Erliza; Risfaheri, Risfaheri; Mulyon, Edi; Tutuarim, Tuti; Suwarda, Rosniyati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This research aims was to improve distillation process performance of vetiver oil in term of oil recovery and quality and energy efficiency through optimizing process condition. The main approach used in this work is stepwise increased steam pressure and flow rate along the distillation process. This method combined the relationship between temperature, phase equilibrium and boiling point of chemical constituents of vetiver oil. Distillation process with increased pressure was observed improve the oil recovery. while the oil quality was maintained. The energy efficiency was also improved through reduced distillation time. Increased steam flow rate significantly affect total oil recovery. The steam flow rate of 2 1/hr/kg material result in an vetiver oil recovery of 90 percent.Keywords: Energy efficiency, increased steam pressure and flow rate, oil recovery.
PENGEMBANGAN STRATEGIC BUSINESS UNIT PERHUTANI UNIT III JAWA BARAT DAN BANTEN Listriana, Rurin Wahyu; Rusli, Meika Syahbana; Hermawati, Wati
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 10, No 3 (2013): Vol. 10 No. 3, November 2013
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to 1) analyze the innovation and competitiveness ability of Strategic Business Unit (SBU) in the KBM (independent business unit) industri and 2) formulate alternative policies that can enhance company innovation and competitiveness. The study was conducted at KBM Industri and SBU within the KBM industri. The information and data was obtained through interviews and distributing questionnaires to 10 respondents. Respondents were chosen based on their expertise and or experience. Data processing techniques used the SWOT analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Results of this study shows that KBM Industri Unit III have the power and the opportunity to expand, increase growth, and achieve maximum progress by improving the quality, developing new products, improving processes and increasing access to wider market. The potential innovation can also be seen from the process-product innovation, knowledge-skills innovation and method-system innovation. In the KBM Industri Unit III, those potential covers the raw materials, process equipment and products. The improvement of companys innovation was influenced by the main factor organization with the value 0,436 and the most influential factors of marketing with a value 0,398, while the ultimate goal is the improvement of the process with the value 0,756. The improvement of the companys innovation strategy is through strategy priority, namely cooperation with other /external parties weighted by 0,703 and optimizing own capabilities of the research or conducting institutions development research weighted by 0,297.Keywords: SBU, KBM Industri, Innovation, AHP, SWOTABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan 1) menganalisis kemampuan inovasi dan daya saing Strategic Business Unit (SBU) di Kesatuan Bisnis Mandiri (KBM) Industri dan 2) merumuskan kebijakan alternatif yang dapat meningkatkan inovasi dan daya saing perusahaan. Penelitian  dilakukan pada KBM Industri  dan SBU yang ada didalam  KBM Industri. Informasi dan data didapat melalui wawancara dan penyebaran  kuesioner kepada responden dengan  jumlah  sebanyak 10 orang. Responden yang diambil bersangkutan dengan topik  penelitian ini dan mempunyai keahlian dan atau pengalaman pada bidang yang dikaji. Teknik pengolahan data menggunakan analisis SWOT dan analytic hierarchy process. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah KBM Industri Unit III memiliki kekuatan dan peluang untuk melakukan ekspansi, memperbesar pertumbuhan dan meraih kemajuan secara maksimal dengan meningkatkan kualitas, mengembangkan produk baru, memperbaiki proses dan meningkatkan akses ke pasar yang lebih luas. Potensi inovasi perusahaan juga dapat dilihat dari inovasi proses-produk, inovasi pengetahuan-ketrampilan dan inovasi metode-sistem. Pada KBM Industri Unit III potensi tersebut meliputi potensi bahan baku, peralatan proses dan produk Peningkatan inovasi perusahaan dipengaruhi oleh faktor utama organisasi dengan nilai 0,436 dan aktor yang paling berpengaruh adalah sumber daya manusia dengan nilai 0,398. Tujuan utamanya adalah perbaikan proses dengan nilai 0,756. Peningkatan inovasi perusahaan dapat dicapai melalui prioritas strategi, yaitu kerja sama dengan pihak lain/ekternal dengan bobot 0,703 dan mengoptimalkan penelitian dan pengembangan atau membuat penelitian dan pengembangan yang berdekatan dengan SBU dengan bobot 0,297.  Kata kunci: SBU, KBM Industri, Inovasi, AHP, SWOT
STRATEGI DISTRIBUSI PRODUK TEH SIAP SAJI Wiedjarnarko, Sally; Fauzi, Anas Miftah; Rusli, Meika Syahbana
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 12, No 1 (2015): Vol. 12 No. 1, Maret 2015
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

Freshbrew Mels Beverages is a small-sized packaged tea beverage company. The brand product is "Mary Tea" which consists of two types of tea beverages. The company uses forwarding channel in delivering its products to the markets in Central Java, Lampung and Bali. The current problems faced by the company include the channel distribution which is not optimum in delivering its total products and costs it has spent. This study was designed to analyze the optimum distribution system and formulate the most cost-effective product delivery strategy.  The methods used were descriptive and quantitative approaches. The descriptive method included a method of benchmarking, and the quantitative approach included analysis of the distribution margin, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), and financial analysis. The results show that: 1) a forwarder was the only distribution system used by the company, 2) Central Java was ‘under-performing group’, whereas Lampung and Bali were in ‘effectively managed but sales’ group, 3) the critical factor that affected the highest distribution costs was the number of authorized distributors owned by the company, 4) the best alternative strategy was to expand sales locations in the area of production, and 5) the investment for purchasing a container truck in order to minimize cost was feasible with NET B/C of 4.88 for 5 years and 6 months. The recommended strategies for solving the problem include developing markets, selecting transportation and expedition, having authorized distributors, increasing sales, and creating coordinated management system. Keywords: distribution, distribution margin, DEA, AHP, financial analysisABSTRAKFreshbrew Mels Beverages adalah sebuah perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang minuman ringan yang memproduksi teh dalam kemasan. Merek produknya adalah “Mary Tea” yang terdiri dari dua jenis minuman teh. Freshbrew Mels Beverages menggunakan sistem distribusi “forwarder” dalam mendistribusikan produk ke pasaran yaitu Jawa Tengah, Lampung dan Bali. Permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh perusahaan adalah saluran distribusi yang tidak optimal dalam jumlah produk yang dikirimkan dan biaya yang dikeluarkan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis sistem distribusi yang digunakan oleh perusahaan dan merumuskan strategi untuk mendistribusikan produk dengan biaya minimum. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Metode deskriptif meliputi benchmarking, sedangkan pendekatan kuantitatif meliputi analisis marjin distribusi,  Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), dan analisis finansial. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: 1) sistem distribusi “forwarder” adalah sistem distribusi yang digunakan oleh perusahaan, 2) Jawa Tengah termasuk kelompok “under-performing”, sedangkan Lampung dan Bali termasuk kelompok “effectively managed but sales”, 3) faktor kritis yang mempengaruhi tingginya biaya distribusi adalah jumlah distributor resmi yang dimiliki oleh perusahaan, 4) alternatif strategi terbaik adalah memperluas lokasi pemasaran di area produksi, dan 5) biaya investasi untuk membeli satu buah truk kontainer dapat dilakukan dengan Net B/C 4,88 selama lima tahun enam bulan. Strategi yang direkomendasikan adalah melalui pengembangan pasar, pemilihan transportasi dan jasa ekspedisi, kepemilikian distributor resmi, peningkatan penjualan, dan sistem manajemen yang terkoordinasi.Kata kunci: distribusi, marjin distribusi, DEA, AHP, analisis finansial
Sifat Fisiokimia dan Aroma Ekstrak Vanili Setyaningsih, Dwi; Rusli, Meika Syahbana; Muliati, Nurmalia
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 12, No 3 (2007): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (305.755 KB)

Abstract

 The curing process of vanilla beans from dried vanilla to vanilla extract would give added value to vanilla products. Aroma and taste in vanilla extract depend on variety of plants, cultivation methods, and curing process. Indonesian vanilla extract tend to give woody and phenolic aroma because it was harvested too early and it did not cure perfectly. This study was to identify the physicochemical and aroma characteristics of vanilla extracts from importer, exporter, and vanilla extracts from the newest experiment from our laboratory. There  were seven samples, three from importers (Tahiti grade I, Tahiti grade II, Virginia Dare), two from Indonesian Vanilla exporters (Djasula Wangi, Cobra), and two from our laboratory (G11, 57). The  physicochemical characteristics which were analyzed were vanillin content, ash, soluble ash, alkalinity of soluble ash, alkalinity of  total ash, total acidity, and lead number, all compared with the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) standard. Sensory analysis used aroma description test consist of qualitative descriptive test (in-depth interview and focus group methods) and quantitative descriptive analysis. The result showed that the laboratorys sample from modified curing process (G11) followed the FDA standard in physicochemical characters, but the aroma description was not as strong as the aroma of vanilla extract from exporters, namely Cobra with creamy, sweet, and vanilla aroma; and vanilla extract from importer, namely Virginia with smoky and spicy aroma.   Keywords: vanilla extracts, aroma   
Optimasi kinerja proses distilasi minyak akar wangi dengan modifikasi suhu dan kesetimbangan fasa Rusli, Meika Syahbana; Noor, Erliza; Risfaheri, .; Mulyon, Edi; Tutuarim, Tuti; Suwarda, Rosniyati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1713.112 KB)

Abstract

This research aims was to improve distillation process performance of vetiver oil in term of oil recovery and quality and energy efficiency through optimizing process condition. The main approach used in this work is stepwise increased steam pressure and flow rate along the distillation process. This method combined the relationship between temperature, phase equilibrium and boiling point of chemical constituents of vetiver oil. Distillation process with increased pressure was observed improve the oil recovery. while the oil quality was maintained. The energy efficiency was also improved through reduced distillation time. Increased steam flow rate significantly affect total oil recovery. The steam flow rate of 2 1/hr/kg material result in an vetiver oil recovery of 90 percent.
PENGEMBANGAN STRATEGIC BUSINESS UNIT PERHUTANI UNIT III JAWA BARAT DAN BANTEN Listriana, Rurin Wahyu; Rusli, Meika Syahbana; Hermawati, Wati
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 10, No 3 (2013): Vol. 10 No. 3, November 2013
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to 1) analyze the innovation and competitiveness ability of Strategic Business Unit (SBU) in the KBM (independent business unit) industri and 2) formulate alternative policies that can enhance company innovation and competitiveness. The study was conducted at KBM Industri and SBU within the KBM industri. The information and data was obtained through interviews and distributing questionnaires to 10 respondents. Respondents were chosen based on their expertise and or experience. Data processing techniques used the SWOT analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Results of this study shows that KBM Industri Unit III have the power and the opportunity to expand, increase growth, and achieve maximum progress by improving the quality, developing new products, improving processes and increasing access to wider market. The potential innovation can also be seen from the process-product innovation, knowledge-skills innovation and method-system innovation. In the KBM Industri Unit III, those potential covers the raw materials, process equipment and products. The improvement of companys innovation was influenced by the main factor organization with the value 0,436 and the most influential factors of marketing with a value 0,398, while the ultimate goal is the improvement of the process with the value 0,756. The improvement of the companys innovation strategy is through strategy priority, namely cooperation with other /external parties weighted by 0,703 and optimizing own capabilities of the research or conducting institutions development research weighted by 0,297.Keywords: SBU, KBM Industri, Innovation, AHP, SWOTABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan 1) menganalisis kemampuan inovasi dan daya saing Strategic Business Unit (SBU) di Kesatuan Bisnis Mandiri (KBM) Industri dan 2) merumuskan kebijakan alternatif yang dapat meningkatkan inovasi dan daya saing perusahaan. Penelitian  dilakukan pada KBM Industri  dan SBU yang ada didalam  KBM Industri. Informasi dan data didapat melalui wawancara dan penyebaran  kuesioner kepada responden dengan  jumlah  sebanyak 10 orang. Responden yang diambil bersangkutan dengan topik  penelitian ini dan mempunyai keahlian dan atau pengalaman pada bidang yang dikaji. Teknik pengolahan data menggunakan analisis SWOT dan analytic hierarchy process. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah KBM Industri Unit III memiliki kekuatan dan peluang untuk melakukan ekspansi, memperbesar pertumbuhan dan meraih kemajuan secara maksimal dengan meningkatkan kualitas, mengembangkan produk baru, memperbaiki proses dan meningkatkan akses ke pasar yang lebih luas. Potensi inovasi perusahaan juga dapat dilihat dari inovasi proses-produk, inovasi pengetahuan-ketrampilan dan inovasi metode-sistem. Pada KBM Industri Unit III potensi tersebut meliputi potensi bahan baku, peralatan proses dan produk Peningkatan inovasi perusahaan dipengaruhi oleh faktor utama organisasi dengan nilai 0,436 dan aktor yang paling berpengaruh adalah sumber daya manusia dengan nilai 0,398. Tujuan utamanya adalah perbaikan proses dengan nilai 0,756. Peningkatan inovasi perusahaan dapat dicapai melalui prioritas strategi, yaitu kerja sama dengan pihak lain/ekternal dengan bobot 0,703 dan mengoptimalkan penelitian dan pengembangan atau membuat penelitian dan pengembangan yang berdekatan dengan SBU dengan bobot 0,297.  Kata kunci: SBU, KBM Industri, Inovasi, AHP, SWOT
KAJIAN FINANSIAL ISOLASI CITRONELLAL DAN RHODINOL PADA INDUSTRI BERBASIS SENYAWA TURUNAN MINYAK SEREH WANGI Endah Lestari, Retno Sri; Mangunwidjaja, Djumali; Suryani, Ani; Fauzi, Anas Miftah; Rusli, Meika Syahbana
Jurnal Teknotan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Teknotan

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Abstract

Isolasi komponen Citronellal dan Rhodinol pada minyak sereh wangi dapat diterapkan pada industri untuk meningkatkan nilai tambah dan mengembangkan industri intermediate minyak sereh wangi. Untuk mengetahui kelayakan penerapannya, diperlukan analisis finansial terhadap proses isolasi tersebut. Kelayakan investasi pada pendirian industri baru maupun pengembangan industri minyak sereh dilihat NPV, BEP, PBP, Net B/C dan IRR yang dapat menggambarkan apakah proyek masih atraktif untuk direalisasikan. Pada pendirian industri baru, nilai NPV sebesar Rp11,844,269,430.12, IRR sebesar  47 %. Masa pengembalian modal (PBP) tercapai selama periode 2.79 tahun. Nilai Net B/C adalah 2.75 dan titik impas produksi (BEP) diperoleh pada nilai penjualan Rp. 5,217,742,676.09. Sedangkan pada pengembangan industri minyak sereh wangi, NPV dari pengembangan industri tersebut sebesar Rp 12.348.032.363,16. Nilai IRR untuk pengembangan industri dengan  Input 600 kg / proses  adalah 89 %. Masa pengembalian  modal (PBP) pengembangan industri tercapai selama periode 4,41 tahun. Nilai Net B/C yang diperoleh dari pendirian Pabrik Citronellal dan Rhodinol  ini adalah 6,30. Titik impas produksi (BEP) diperoleh pada nilai penjualan Citronellal sebesar Rp 20.912.029.225,35. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa pendirian industri baru maupun pengembangan industri minyak sereh wangi yang sudah ada, layak untuk direalisasikan. Kata kunci: minyak sereh wangi, Citronellal, Rhodinol, kelayakan finansial, industri
OVERALL EQUIPMENT EFFECTIVENESS DALAM PENINGKATAN KINERJA PRODUKSI BAN PT GOODYEAR INDONESIA Rivai, Yusron; Fauzi, Anas Mitfah; Rusli, Meika Syahbana
Jurnal Aplikasi Bisnis dan Manajemen (JABM) Vol 2, No 2 (2016): JABM Vol. 2 No. 2, Mei 2016
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1842.624 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jabm.2.2.148

Abstract

The objectives of the research are to identify and prioritize issues that affect the performance of the tire production process, give a number of solutions, and map the value stream of the future (future state mapping). One of the tools used to accurately map the current conditions of the production process in lean manufacturing concept is value stream map/VSM. Another measuring instrument used to increase productivity is the overall equipment effectiveness (OEE), which includes time availability, engine performance and quality. From the three variables, it can be seen that the downtime variable has the largest contribution resulting in low value of the OEE. Based on the OEE data, product time change reached 18,8%, and waiting period contributed as much as 4,9% of the total downtime. To reduce the product change time, SMED method (Single Minutes Exchange Dies) is applied at the change of bladder in curing machine, and visual control and poka-yoke applications are also applied to reduce the waiting time. All improvement activities conducted are reflected in the map of the future, including the increase in outputs from the curing machine from 7,814 tires to 8,205 tires per day.Keywords: lean manufacturing, OEE, tire, SMED, map of value chart
REKAYASA PROSES SINTESIS PIPERONAL DARI KULIT LAWANG (Cinnamomum culilawan Blume) SEBAGAI PREKURSOR OBAT KANKER Delvis Kapelle, Imanuel Berly; Irawadi, Tun Tedja; Rusli, Meika Syahbana; Mangunwidjaja, Djumali; Masud, Zainal Alim
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan Vol 34, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2902.466 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jphh.2016.34.3.217-229

Abstract

Piperonal sebagai prekursor obat kanker (analog kurkumin) dapat disintesis dari ekstrak kulit pohon lawang (Cinnamomum culilawan Blume) dengan beberapa tahapan antara lain; isolasi minyak atsiri, isolasi safrol, isomerisasi safrol, dan sintesis piperonal. Minyak atsiri diisolasi dari kulit kayu lawang (kadar air 46,20%) menggunakan sistem destilasi air dengan volume 1/3 dari tinggi ketel selama lima jam. Isolasi safrol dari minyak kulit lawang dilakukan menggunakan larutan NaOH dan dimurnikan menggunakan sistem destilasi pengurangan tekanan pada suhu 90-123°C/1 mmHg. Isomerisasi safrol dilakukan menggunakan katalis alkali (KOH) tanpa pelarut pada suhu 120°C selama 8 jam. Oksidasi isosafrol dilakukan dengan menggunakan KMnO4 dalam suasana asam dengan bantuan KTF tween 80 pada temperatur <30°C dan proses pemurnian menggunakan silica gel. Hasil isolasi minyak atsiri diperoleh minyak dengan rendemen 0,94% dengan 14 komponen yang diuji dengan GC-MS diantaranya eugenol 67,35%, Safrol 13,96%, metil eugenol 12,61% ,4-terpineol 1,79%, dan sineol 1,55%.  Hasil isolasi safrol dengan rendemen 17,21% diuji kemurnian dan identifikasi menggunakan FTIR, 1H-NMR dan GCMS menunjukkan produk merupakan safrol. Hasil isomerisasi diperoleh rendemen 77,56 % yang diuji menggunakan GC terdiri dari cis-isosafrol dan trans-isosafrol. Hasil oksidasi diperoleh rendemen 65,63 % dengan kemurnian 100% berdasarkan GCMS dan data 1H-NMR menunjukkan produk merupakan piperonal.