Anwar Rosyidi
Bagian Klinik Hewan, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Udayana, Bali

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Campylobacter jejuni seroepidemiology in native chicken Rosyidi, Anwar; Budiharta, S; Asmara, W; Yudhabuntara, D
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 17, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.581 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i3.706

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni is responsible for about 90% of cases of Campylobacteriosis in humans with gastroenteritis. Healthy chickens can carry Campylobacter spp. in the intestinal tract. Efforts to reduce exposure to Campylobacteriosis by humans may be enhanced by knowledge of its prevalence in poultry. This study aimed to identify factors associated with seropositive response to C. jejuni in native chickens in Mataram. Detection of C. jejuni was accomplished using an immunochromatographic serological method. Association between Campylobacter jejuni seropositive response as the dependent variable with various independent variables was analyzed using χ² (Chi square) and Odds Ratio (OR). A total of 216 chicken samples were examined and 44 chicken owners were interviewed and their farms examined. Results showed the prevalence of serological response to C. jejuni in chicken samples to be as high as 35.6% and that as many as 70.5% of farms had affected chickens.  Age of the chicken was the variable most closely associated with incidence of seropositive response, birds older than 3 months more likely to be affected. Variables at the farm level associated with variation in seropositive response were cage type, cage floor material, and origin of drinking water, surface water sources being less desirable. Key Words: Campylobacter jejuni, Seroepidemiology, Native Chicken, Mataram
Campylobacter jejuni seroepidemiology in native chicken Rosyidi, Anwar; Budiharta, S; Asmara, W; Yudhabuntara, D
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 17, No 3 (2012): SEPTEMBER 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.581 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i3.706

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni is responsible for about 90% of cases of Campylobacteriosis in humans with gastroenteritis. Healthy chickens can carry Campylobacter spp. in the intestinal tract. Efforts to reduce exposure to Campylobacteriosis by humans may be enhanced by knowledge of its prevalence in poultry. This study aimed to identify factors associated with seropositive response to C. jejuni in native chickens in Mataram. Detection of C. jejuni was accomplished using an immunochromatographic serological method. Association between Campylobacter jejuni seropositive response as the dependent variable with various independent variables was analyzed using χ² (Chi square) and Odds Ratio (OR). A total of 216 chicken samples were examined and 44 chicken owners were interviewed and their farms examined. Results showed the prevalence of serological response to C. jejuni in chicken samples to be as high as 35.6% and that as many as 70.5% of farms had affected chickens.  Age of the chicken was the variable most closely associated with incidence of seropositive response, birds older than 3 months more likely to be affected. Variables at the farm level associated with variation in seropositive response were cage type, cage floor material, and origin of drinking water, surface water sources being less desirable. Key Words: Campylobacter jejuni, Seroepidemiology, Native Chicken, Mataram
POTENSI AIR LIUR SEBAGAI PERANTARA DALAM PEMERIKSAAN NONINVASIVE PADA HEWAN PIARAAN (POTENTIAL OF SALIVA AS A MEDIATOR FOR THE NONINVASIVE EXAMINATION OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS) Depamede, Sulaiman Ngongu; Rosyidi, Anwar; Sriasih, Made; ., Dahlanuddin; Yulianti, Enny; ., Suparman
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 15 No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Saliva as unique biological components of the oral cavity has potential as a mediator for noninvasivebiological test. For future livestock industry the application of noninvasive test is strongly necessary dueto animal welfare porpuse. Until now the research and development of the using saliva as a mediator forinvasive test is predominant for humans, while for livestock or domestic animals is still limited. Techniquesand methods that are commonly used are related to proteomics analysis. With this method a lot of thingsthat can be brought about proteomics of saliva are beneficial to the development of saliva-based biomarkers.Although this method is expensive, researches on the use of saliva in the field of livestock industries areurgently needed. It is expected that noninvasive biological test methods based on saliva as a mediator canbe performed immediately.
FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH OCCURRENCE OF CAMPYLOBACTERIOSIS ON VILLAGE CHICKEN IN MATARAM Rosyidi, Anwar; Budiharta, Setyawan; Yudhabuntara, Doddi
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 30, No 1 (2012): JUNI
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (501.329 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.2484

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni is responsible for about 90% of cases of campylobacteriosis in human with gastroenteritis. Efforts to prevent the incidence of campylobacteriosis in human should be started with anassessment on its level in poultry. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the presence of C. jejuni on village chicken in Mataram, Nusa Tenggara barat. Association between C. jejuni as the dependent variable with independent variables were analyzed using logistic regression. Prevalence of C. jejuni from a total of 216 samples in Mataram at chicken level was 35.6% and while at the farm level was 70.5% (31/44). Variables showed a positive association of C. jejuni occurrence in chicken consist of age of chicken more than 3 months, the number of chicken ownership, and cage with soil floor. While the variable showed a negative association to the incidence of C. jejuni was drinking water of chicken originated from wells. Model obtained using logistic regression in association with occurence of C. jejuni on village chicken in Mataram was Y = -2.033 + 0.271 (age of chicken more than 3 month) + 0.103 (number of chicken ownership) + 0.741 (cage with soil floor) - 0.890 (drinking water of chicken originated from wells)Keywords: Campylobacter jejuni, logistic regression, village chicken, drinking water, wells
PENGARUH PENYEMPROTAN AIR PANAS, ASAM ASETAT DAN ASAM LA KTAT TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN JUMLAH MIKROBA PADA KARKAS KAMBING Rosyidi, Anwar; Yudhabuntara, Doodi; Budiharta, Setyawan
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 23, No 1 (2005): JUNI
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1166.824 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.357

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui sejauh mana efektivitas air panas, asam asetat dan asam laktat dalam menghambat perkembangan mikroba pada karkas kambing. Paha kambing diperoleh dari rumah pemotongan hewan Ngampilan Yogyakarta. Masing-masing kelompok diberi perlakuan sebagai berikut : kelompok I tanpa penyemprotan (kontrol), kelompok II disemprot dengan asam asetat 1,8 %, kelompok III disemprot dengan dengan asam laktat 1,5 % (v/v), kelompok IV disemprot dengan air panas 80 °C diikuti asam laktat 1,5 % (v/v) dan kelompok V disemprot dengan asam asetat 1,8 % (vlv) diikuti dengan asam laktat 1,5 % (vlv). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perkembangan jumlah total koliform pada kelompok kontrol lebih tinggi dibandingkan pada keempat kelompok perlakuan.. Perkembangan jumlah total koliform lebih tinggi pada kelompok asam laktat 1,5 %, kelompok asam asetat 1,8 % dibandingkan dengan kelompok kombinasi asam asetat 1,8 % dan asam laktat 1,5 % (P
Implementasi Metode K-Nearest Neighbor Untuk Penentuan Lokasi Pos Hujan Terdekat Dengan Titik Rute Perjalanan Pada Aplikasi Clearroute Rosyidi, Anwar; Ginardi, R. V Hari; Munif, Abdul
Jurnal Teknik ITS Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (LPPM), ITS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (645.677 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j23373539.v6i2.23581

Abstract

Clearroute adalah aplikasi yang dibangun untuk memudahkan seseorang mengetahui informasi cuaca pada rute perjalanan yang akan dilaluinya. Aplikasi ini dibangun untuk platform perangkat bergerak yang memiliki fungsi-fungsi untuk memudahkan seseorang mencari informasi cuaca untuk perjalanannya.Pada aplikasi perangkat bergerak tersebut, diperlukan sebuah sistem web service yang dapat melakukan pengolahan data. Seperti pengolahan data untuk menentukan lokasi pos hujan terdekat dengan rute perjalanan pengguna. Pengolahan data untuk mendapatkan kondisi cuaca dan kondisi ramalan cuaca yang akan datang. Oleh karena itu dibutuhkanlah suatu sistem yang dapat memenuhi fungsi tersebut agar aplikasi yang dibangun dapat bekerja dengan baik,Pada sistem yang dibangun ini digunakan algoritma K-Nearest Neighbor untuk menentukan klasifikasi cuaca yang dimiliki oleh rute yang akan dilalui oleh pengguna. Kemudian sistem ini memanfaatkan Laravel 5.4 sebagai kerangka kerja pemrograman.Pengujian pada sistem ini dilakukan dengan cara melakukan permintaan informasi cuaca kepada sistem, mencoba melakukan ekstraksi data cuaca dari BMKG.Pengujian tersebut dilakukan untuk mengetahui keberhasilan sistem dalam menangani permintaan dan pengolahan data yang diminta oleh aplikasi perangkat bergerak Clearroute. Dari hasi pengujian, sistem yang telah dirancang dan diimplementasikan telah memenuhi segala kebutuhan pengolahan data pada aplikasi Clearroute
Skrening Bakteri Asam Laktat yang Diisolasi dari Usus Ayam Broiler sebagai Kandidat Probiotik untuk Unggas Nurbaiti, Nurbaiti; Rosyidi, Anwar; Ali, Muhamad
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology (JITPI)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v2i1.25

Abstract

The use of probiotics is increasingly popular as an alternative replacement to antibiotic uses in stimulating healthand growth of broiler chickens. The use of antibiotics may disturb the balance of the gut microbiota and play asignificant role in the emerging of antibiotic resistance pathogens. Thus, the objective of this study was to isolateand screen lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from the intestine of broiler chickens as probiotic candidates. LAB wereinitially screened by phenotypic assay. Furthermore, those strains which belonged to LAB were screened forinhibitory activity against E. coli. Results showed that a total of 4 isolates were considered as members of lacticacid bacteria indicating by the results of phenotypic assays: gram positive, catalase and oxidase negative, and ableto perform carbohydrate fermentation. Out of the 4 isolates, only one isolate showed an inhibitory activity againstthe targeted pathogen. Further research is still needed to confirm the potential strain for probiotic in poultry.
Skrening Resistensi Antibiotik Pada Bakteri Asam Laktat yang Diisolasi dari Usus Ayam Pedaging Ali, Muhamad; Nurbaiti, Nurbaiti; Rosyidi, Anwar; Ichsan, Muhamad
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia (JITPI), Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Indonesian Journal of Animal Science and Technology (JITPI)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jitpi.v3i1.39

Abstract

Antibiotic use in poultry production is commonly performed as the feed additive for promoting the health and growth of the chicken. However, excessive use of antibiotics may lead to the emergence of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli, lactic acid bacteria, and pathogenic bacteria. In this research, screening of antibiotic resistance was assayed on lactic acid bacteria obtained from broiler intestine. Among the 14 lactic acid isolates, 2 (14%) isolates were found to be resistant to chloramphenicol. Resistance was also observed to ampicillin and kanamycin (7%). The result of this research indicated that the overuse and misuse of antibiotics in broiler farm tend to generate antibiotic resistance in broiler?s intestine lactic acid bacteria. Therefore, some advice for safety measure of antibiotic application in poultry farmer is strongly necessary.
Campylobacter jejuni seroepidemiology in native chicken Rosyidi, Anwar; Budiharta, S; Asmara, W; Yudhabuntara, D
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 17, No 3 (2012): SEPTEMBER 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.581 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i3.706

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni is responsible for about 90% of cases of Campylobacteriosis in humans with gastroenteritis. Healthy chickens can carry Campylobacter spp. in the intestinal tract. Efforts to reduce exposure to Campylobacteriosis by humans may be enhanced by knowledge of its prevalence in poultry. This study aimed to identify factors associated with seropositive response to C. jejuni in native chickens in Mataram. Detection of C. jejuni was accomplished using an immunochromatographic serological method. Association between Campylobacter jejuni seropositive response as the dependent variable with various independent variables was analyzed using ?² (Chi square) and Odds Ratio (OR). A total of 216 chicken samples were examined and 44 chicken owners were interviewed and their farms examined. Results showed the prevalence of serological response to C. jejuni in chicken samples to be as high as 35.6% and that as many as 70.5% of farms had affected chickens.  Age of the chicken was the variable most closely associated with incidence of seropositive response, birds older than 3 months more likely to be affected. Variables at the farm level associated with variation in seropositive response were cage type, cage floor material, and origin of drinking water, surface water sources being less desirable. Key Words: Campylobacter jejuni, Seroepidemiology, Native Chicken, Mataram