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GAMBARAN ASUPAN GIZI PADA PENDERITA SINDROM METABOLIK DI RW 04 KELURAHAN SIDOMULYO BARAT KECAMATAN TAMPAN KOTA PEKANBARU Utami, Yurika Utami1 Marthalia; Rosdiana, Dani; Ernalia, Yanti
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

Diet in major cities was changed from a traditional diet to a Western diet. This was caused by imbalanced food intake and this was a risk factor of many health problems such as obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistace were known as metabolic syndrome. This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study to determine energy and nutrient intake in patients with metabolic syndrome in RW 04 Kelurahan Sidomulyo Barat Kecamatan Tampan Kota Pekanbaru with 33 peoples as samples and used FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire) for data retrieval. The result showed that most of respondents were women (93,94%) and most of them were housewifes (87,88%) and were low education (51,52%). Range the age of them was 32-72 years old and most of them in 40-49 years old (48,49%) and most of them were Minang (51,52%). Most of respondents were high in energy intake ( 97% of total respondents with average intake: 2867 kcal), carbohydrate ( 78,79% of total respondents ), total fat ( 81% of total respondents) and SFA(Saturated Fatty Acid) ( 97% of total respondents ). Most of them were sufficient in consumed MUFA (Monounsaturated Fatty Acid) ( 69,70 % of total respondents ) and in cholesterol intake were sufficient too ( 64 % of total respondents), but the average value of cholesterol intake in respondents was high ( 315 mg ). All respondents consumed sufficient amounts of PUFA (Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid). Most of respondents ( 94 % of total respondents ) were less consumed fiber.Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, energy intake, nutrient intake
HUBUNGAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH DENGAN KADAR GULA DARAH PUASA PADA PEGAWAI SEKRETARIAT DAERAH PROVINSI RIAU Arif, Muhammad; Ernalia, Yanti; Rosdiana, Dani
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

The Incidence of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Indonesia tends to increase inlast 10 years. This has become a more serious problem especially since diabetesis often undiagnosed due to severe complications occur on long period enough(undiagnosed DM). Because of that screening for blood glucose levels isnecessary to detect diabetes mellitus. On the other hand several studies foundthat Body Mass Index (BMI) also has correlation too with blood glucose levels.Civil servants is a group of people at high risk of developing obesity, whereobesity itself is one of risk factor for increased level of blood glucose. Themeasurements of fasting blood glucose with enzymatic method and body massindex in 43 civil servans of Sekretariat Daerah Provinsi Riau which whom neverdiagnosed as diabetes mellitus has been tested. And the correlation between theBMI and fasting blood glucose has been computed. Spearman test result the Pscores is 0.276 (P>0.05) and therefore concludes that there is no correlationbetween Body Mass Index and Fasting Blood Glucose in this researchKeywords : Diabetes Mellitus, Body Mass Index, Fasting Blood Glucose, Civilservants
PERILAKU PROFESIONAL TENAGA KESEHATAN DAERAH PESISIR PADA PELAYANAN KESEHATAN PRIMER PUSKESMAS BATU PANJANG KABUPATEN BENGKALIS TAHUN 2014 Fakhreza, Indra; Afandi, Dedi; Rosdiana, Dani
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

Puskesmas as primary health care and development agent needs to be improved, especially in coastal settlement. This improvement depends on professional behavior of its health care workers. The aim of this research is to discover the professional behavior of health-care workers of Selat Baru community health care (Puskesmas), Bengkalis Regency, that was reflected by the six elements of professionalism. The design of this research uses exploration method with qualitative approaches on seven health-care workers of Puskesmas Batu Panjang, Bengkalis Regency, who were selected by using snowball sampling method. Data collection was done by interview and recorded with an audio recorder. The result of this research showed that all the informants possess altruism, accountability, excellence, duty, honor and integrity, and respect for other. In general, all of the Batu Panjang community health center (puskesmas) health-care workers possess the elements of professional behavior in carrying their duty, especially in providing service for the patients.Key word : professional behavior, health-care workers
GAMBARAN ASUPAN GIZI PADA PENDERITA SINDROM METABOLIK DI RW 04 KELURAHAN SIDOMULYO BARAT KECAMATAN TAMPAN KOTA PEKANBARU utami, yurika marthalia; rosdiana, Dani; Ernalia, Yanti
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

Terjadinya pergeseran pola makan di kota-kota besar dari pola makan tradisional ke pola makan Western menimbulkan ketidakseimbangan asupan gizi dan merupakan faktor risiko terhadap munculnya berbagai masalah kesehatan seperti obesitas, hipertensi, dislipidemia dan resistensi insulin yang dikenal dengan sindrom metabolik. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif cross sectional untuk mengetahui asupan energi dan zat gizi pada penderita sindrom metabolik di RW 04 Kelurahan Sidomulyo Barat Kecamatan Tampan Kota Pekanbaru dengan sampel sebanyak 33 orang dan menggunakan FFQ dalam pengambilan data. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa responden terbanyak adalah perempuan (93,94%) dengan pekerjaan terbanyak adalah ibu rumah tangga (87,88%) dengan tingkat pendidikan terbanyak adalah rendah (51,52%). Rentang umur responden adalah 32-72 tahun dengan umur terbanyak adalah 40-49 tahun (48,49%) dan suku terbanyak adalah minang (51,52%). Asupan energi responden terbanyak adalah tinggi (97% dari total responden) dengan asupan rata-rata 2867 kkal. Asupan zat gizi yang tinggi pada kebanyakan responden adalah karbohidrat (78,79% dari total responden), lemak total (81% dari total responden) dan SFA (97% dari total responden). Asupan zat gizi yang berjum lah cukup pada kebanyakan responden adalah MUFA (69,70% dari total responden) dan kolesterol (64% dari total responden), tetapi nilai rata-rata asupan kolesterol semua responden adalah tinggi (315 mg). Semua responden mengonsumsi PUFA dalam jumlah cukup. Sebagian besar responden mengonsumsi serat dalam jumlah kurang (94% dari total responden).Kata kunci: sindrom metabolik, asupan energi, asupan gizi
ANGKA KEJADIAN OBESITAS SENTRAL PADA MASYARAKAT KOTA PEKANBARU Sundari, Elsa; Masdar, Huriatul; Rosdiana, Dani
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Obesity has become a big problem in the world mostly known asglobesity. Central obesity can cause degenerative diseases such ascardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and cancer. This research informed theincidence of central obesity in Pekanbaru community. Descriptive cross sectionalstudy method was used in this research and two hundred sixty people were involved.Determination of central obesity in this research used waist circumferencemethode. In which waist circumference ≥ 90 cm in men and ≥ 80 in woman werecategorized as central obesity . The result shows 165 people with central obesity(63,4%). The insidence of central obesity in Pekanbaru community was higher inwoman (55%), age > 60 years old (79,1%), high education (65,9%) and housewife(77,3%).Key word : Obesity, Central obesity, Pekanbaru city.
Angka Kejadian Diabetes Melitus Tidak Terdiagnosis pada Masyarakat Kota Pekanbaru Artanti, Puji; Masdar, Huriatul; Rosdiana, Dani
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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ABSTRACTDiabetes mellitus is a chronic disease and the number is rising in theworldwide. One of risk factors of diabetes mellitus is obesity which can causeinsulin resistance. The purpose of this research was to inform the prevalence ofundiagnosed diabetes mellitus (UDDM) in Pekanbaru community. A crossectionalstudy design was performed November 2013-Desember 2014. Two hundred andthirty six subjects were involved in this research. Based on this research, 100subjects with central obesity detected as undiagnosed diabetes mellitus.Keywords: central obesity, undiagnosed diabetes melitus, Pekanbaru
GAMBARAN STATUS GIZI PASIEN DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 DI BANGSAL PENYAKIT DALAM RSUD ARIFIN ACHMAD PROVINSI RIAU ", Suryani; Rosdiana, Dani; Christianto, Erwin
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Wisuda Februari 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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ABSTRACTType 2 diabetes mellitus is caused by many factors which is characterized by chronic hyperglicemic resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Indonesia was increase from previous years. It was caused by demographic factor and westernized lifestyle. The aim of this study is to find the description of nutritional status of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in internal medicine ward in RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau. This is a descriptive study with cross sectional approach with 30 respondents. Nutritional status was assessed by measurement of body mass index, mid-upper arm circumference, and waist circumference. This study showed that 90% of respondents were 40-65 years old with 36,7% male and 63,3% female. Nutritional status based on body mass index, many respondents were obesity grade I (33,3 %), 30 % of respondents were normal, 20% were overweight, 13,3% were underweight and 13,3% were obesity grade II. Based on mid-upper arm circumference, 40% of respondents were CED and 60% without CED. Based on waist circumference, 63,3% of respondents were central obesity and 36,7% were normal.Key words : Type 2 diabetes mellitus, nutritional status, body mass index, mid-upper arm circumference, waist circumference
Tuberkulosis Paru Resisten Obat dengan Komorbiditas Diabetes Mellitus Rosdiana, Dani
Jurnal Kesehatan Melayu Vol 1, No 1 (2017): September 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1174.45 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/jkm.v1i1.2017.45-50

Abstract

Kami laporkan kasus seorang laki-laki, 46 tahun dengan tuberkulosis Resisten Obat (TB RO) dengan Diabetes Melitus (DM) sebagai komorbid. Faktor risiko TB RO adalah kekambuhan dan kronisitas infeksi TB. Pasien pernah mendapatkan pengobatan anti tuberkulosis lini pertama kategori I dan kategori 2 tahun 2010 dan 2012 kemudian gejala klinis muncul kembali pada tahun 2014. Diagnosis TB RO ditegakkan dari pemeriksaan tes cepat molekuler dan kultur sensitivitas. Pasien mendapatkan pengobatan TB RO standar terdiri atas kanamisin/capreomisin, levofloksasin dosis tinggi, sikloserin, Etionamid, ethambutol dan pirazinamid yang diselesaikan dalam waktu 2 tahun dengan hasil/Respon klinik dan laboratorium yang baik. Selain monitoring efek samping obat, pengendalian gula darah pada pasien ini menambah kompleksitas managemennya. Kasus ini menggambarkan bahwa DM dan riwayat kekambuhan meningkatkan risiko TB RO. Penanganan TB RO sesuai standar memiliki angka kesembuhan yang menjanjikan.
Penggunaan Insulin Basal dalam Praktek Sehari-hari: Panduan Praktis untuk Dokter Umum Rosdiana, Dani
JIK ( Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran ) Vol 8, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : JIK ( Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran )

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Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Riau have reached 10,4 %, it’s higher than national pravelence. Hence, it’s needmore attention from physician. The important thing in managing DM is how to restrain controlled blood sugar level.The best parameter to evaluate controlled blood sugar level is level of HbA1c. Fasting blood glucose is one ofimportant component which determine HbA1c especially HbA1c more than 8,5%. There are some pharmacologyagent to decrease HbA1c level, and insulin is the most effective agent. Why physician needs insulin?It was caused by impairment of betha cell pancreas was directly propotional with DM progressiveness. Comprehensionand capability for using basal insulin are important to physician, not only for internist but also for general practinioner.As we know that general practinioner have a competency to manage DM without complication. Guidance for usingsimple and practical basal insulin is expected will facilitate physician to manage blood sugar level of DM patient.
Depresi, ansietas dan stres serta hubungannya dengan obesitas pada remaja Masdar, Huriatul; Saputri, Pragita Ayu; Rosdiana, Dani; Chandra, Fifia; Darmawi, Darmawi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 12, No 4 (2016): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (468.639 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.23021

Abstract

Background: Obesity can occur in all ages, including adolescents. Multiple factors were known related to obesity including psychological factor. Eating excessively could be response toward loneliness, grief or depression. Anxiety can contribute to determining the food intake and nutrient substance, and stress can cause behavioral disorders such as abnormal (excessive) eating behavior that leads to obesity. Objective: The aimed of this research was to know depression, anxiety, and stress and their relationship with obesity in adolescents in Pekanbaru. Method: A cross-sectional research was performed, involving 132 subjects taken from 7 of 14 State Senior High Schools in Pekanbaru, 66 subjects were overweight/obese and 66 subjects were normal. Body mass index per age was used to determine their nutritional status according to Indonesian Ministry of Health Standard 2010 for nutritional status of 5-18 years old children. Depression, anxiety, and stress were measured by using DASS 42 Scale, and categorized only into normal or having depression/anxiety/stress. Data were statistically analyzed by using Chi-Square test with significance level 95%.Results: The results showed 17.4% subjects were categorized depression, 65.2% were anxiety and 34.8% were stress. Statistically analyzed using Fisher test showed that there was significant association between depression with obesity (p=0.003, OR=0,219) and stress with obesity (p=0.044, OR=0,028).Conclusion: Psychological aspects such as depression and stress were related to obesity in State Senior High Schools Students in Pekanbaru