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PENINGKATAN PENGUASAAN KONSEP PADA MATERI POKOK HIDROKARBON MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN PENEMUAN TERBIMBING

Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Kimia Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Kimia
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Kimia FKIP Unila

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Abstract

The objective of this research is to describe the effectiveness of guided discovery learning in improving concept mastery in hydrocarbon material.  The guided discovery learning consists of 3 phases; they are exploration, discovery and concept application, and evaluation.  Population in this research was all 360 Grade X students in State Senior High School 12 in Bandar Lampung in academic year 2011-2012 which were distributed in 10 classrooms; from classroom X1 to X10. Classroom X5 and X10 were used as samples which were collected with purposive sampling.  This research used quasi experiment method and non equivalent control group design.  Effectiveness of guided discovery learning was measured based on N-Gain values.  The results showed that the classroom with guided discovery learning possessed higher concept mastery than classrooms with conventional learning.  The averages of N-Gain values for student’s concept mastery for experiment and control classrooms were 0.539 and 0.402 respectively.   This indicated that the guided discovery learning was more effective in improving student’s concept mastery in hydrocarbon material.   Kata kunci:         pembelajaran penemuan terbimbing, penguasaan konsep,    hidrokarbon

PENGARUH BIAYA OPERASIONAL PENDIDIKAN TERHADAP OUTPUT PENDIDIKAN GURU SMK SE-KABUPATEN GRESIK DENGAN PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA SEBAGAI VARIABEL MODERASI

JURNAL EKONOMI PENDIDIKAN DAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN Vol 5, No 1
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NEGERI SURABAYA

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Abstract

This study aims to (1) analyze the influence of education operational costs on educational output at Vocational High School/ SMK in Gresik regency, (2) analyze the effect of education operational costs on educational output with teacher’s work productivity as a moderating variable at SMK in Gresik regency. This research is an explanatory research with a quantitative approach. The population in this research are vocational high schools (SMK) at Gresik regency. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. The data collection techniques which used are documentation and interview techniques. While the method of analysis that used is descriptive statistical analysis techniques, statistical analysis techniques infrensial regression with SPSS. The results showed that the education  operational cost does not affect the output of education at SMK in Gresik and education operational cost does not affect the educational output with teacher’s work productivity as moderating variable. Teacher’s work productivity less can be used as a moderator variable or can not be used as independent variables that have an influence on educational output variables

ANTROPOLOGI KEKERASAN AGAMA : Studi Pemikiran Jack David Eller

Sabda : Jurnal Kajian Kebudayaan Vol 13, No 2: 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

This article aims to study the anthropology of religious violence in Jack David Eller's perspective. The conclusions are: (1) violence, anthropologically, is not an objective quality of a concept and a judgment, depending on the person who sees it. Some violence is considered good and ordered as rights and obligations; (2) the factors supporting violence are: constituents of cultural violence, integration into groups, identities, institutions, interests, and ideologies; (3) religious violence is practiced in all religions because there are some aspects of violence in religious doctrine; (4) religious violence has various forms: sacrifice, martyrdom, persecution, holy war, ethno-religious conflict, abuse, crime and murder.

PERKAWINAN LGBT PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM DAN HUKUM POSITIF

istinbath Vol 17 No 1 (2018): Januari - Juni
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah UIN Mataram

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Abstract

Recently, marriage among lesbian, gay, bi-sex and transgender inIndonesia became a phenomenal issue discussed by the society. The effort tolegalize such a marriage in Indonesia is conducted in the name of freedomof choice and the human rights that should be upheld. This has evoked prosand cons among the community. Therefore, the researchers are interestedin discussing this marriage in depth, based on the perspective of Islamic andpositive laws. This is a study on normative laws (doctrine) using deductivelogic in analyzing primary and secondary legal materials. The results of thisstudy are (1) in the perspective of Islamic laws, same-sex marriage amongLGBT is forbidden since it violates the nature and is contrary to maqasid shari’ain the sense that it could threaten the essential needs of existence of humanbeings such as not preserving religion, soul, descendants, mind and honor; (2)in the perspective of positive laws in Indonesia, the state allows merely themarriage between male and female and that it should be in accordance withtheir religion. Meanwhile, all religions in Indonesia, including Islam, forbidsame-sex marriage. Therefore, marriage among LGBT is unlawful and as aresult the state does not guarantee their prosperity. Akhir-akhir ini, isu fenomenalperkawinan LGBTdi Indonesiasemakin mencuat ke permukaan dan marak diperbincangkan diberbagaikalangan.Upaya legalisasi perkawinan LGBT di Indonesia semakin marakdilakukan atas nama kebebasan dan hak-hak asasi manusia yang harusdihormati dan dijunjung tinggi. Hal ini tentunyamenimbulkan pro dankontradi kalanganmasyarakatBerdasarkan hal tersebut, peneliti tertarik untukmelakukan kajian mendalam tentang bagaimana sebenarnya perkawinanLGBT dalam perspekif hukum Islam dan hukum positif Indonesia.Penelitianini merupakan penelitian hukum normatif (doktriner), dengan menggunakanlogika deduktifdalam menganalisis bahan hukum primer dan sekunder. Hasildari penelitian ini adalah: (1) Dalam perspektif hukum Islam, perkawinansesama jenis oleh kaum LGBT adalah dilarang karena menyalahi kodrat danbertentangan dengan maqâshid al-syarī’ah, karena dapat mengancam eksistensikebutuhan esensial bagi kehidupan manusia, yaitu tidak terpeliharanya agama,jiwa, keturunan, akal, dan kehormatan; (2) Dalam perspektif hukum positifIndonesia, Negara hanya membolehkan perkawinan yang dilakukan antaralaki-laki dan perempuan, dan pelaksanaannya harus sesuai dengan agamanyamasing-masing. Sementara semua agama di Indonesia, termasuk Islam,tidak membolehkan adanya perkawinan sejenis. Jika dilakukan perkawinansesama jenis oleh kaum LGBT, maka perkawinannya dianggap tidak sahyangberimplikasi kepada tidak diperolehnya jaminan kesejahteraan sosial dariNegara bagi kaum LGBT yang melakukan perkawinan.