Yayun Siti Rochmah
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EFEKTIVITAS PEMBERIAN AIR REBUSAN Myrmecodia pendans TERHADAP JUMLAH SEL MAKROFAG PADA RADANG MUKOSA MULUT Rattus norvegicus Hartanti, Mira; Wibisono, Gunawan; Mujayanto, Rochman; Rochmah, Yayun Siti
Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Abstract

Inflammation of oral mucosa often occurs in the form of recurrent ulcers and on histopathological assessment proved infiltration of inflammatory cells such as polymorphonuclear cells and mononuclear phagocytes. Myrmecodia pendans contain flavonoids, polifenols, tokoferols that can heal inflammation. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness differences in the provision of Myrmecodia pendans decoction to the number of macrophages in inflammation of oral mucosa Rattus norvegiccus with various concentrations.The research method used is an experimental design with post test control group design. The sample were 25 tails male Rattus norvegiccus were divided into 5 groups. Group I was given of Myrmecodia pendans decoction concentration 25%, Group II was given concentration 50%, Group III was given concentration 75% , Group IV was given concentration 100% and the control group was aquadest.Test results of the study based on the comparison between the five groups by One Way ANOVA showed that the average number of macrophages have significance differencess in all groups (p <0.05).Conclusions provision of Myrmecodia pendans decoction concentration 100% has the highest effectiveness of the number of macrophages than concentration 25%, 50%, and 75% in rats oral mucosa inflammation. Keywords : oral mucosa inflammation, macrophages, Myrmecodia pendans.
HUBUNGAN IBU PEROKOK PASIF SEBAGAI FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP KEJADIAN CELAH BIBIR DENGAN ATAU TANPA CELAH PALATUM NONSINDROMIK (Pada Pasien RSI Sultan Agung Semarang Bulan Juni 2012) Ratnasari, Beti; Amalina, Rizki; Rochmah, Yayun Siti; Nurhapsari, Arlina
Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Abstract

Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or wihout cleft palate (CL±CP) is a congenital defect caused by genetic and environmental factors. One of the its environmental factors is passive smoking mother. The increasing risk of CL±CP in passive smoking mothers occurs due to the fetal hypoxia caused by carbon monoxide and nicotine in cigarette smoke. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship of passive smoking mothers as environmental factor towards the incidence of nonsyndromic CL±CP in patients of Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital Semarang June 2012.This study used cross sectional method. The samples were 16 CL±CP patients at Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital Semarang June 2012 with their mothers who had fulfilled exclusion and inclusion criteria stated in the questionnaire and 16 control subjects. The motherswere qualified as passive smokers if they met all requirements. The data analysis involved Chi-square test as descriptiveand hypothesis test.The analysis results showed significant relationship (p<0,05) with prevalence ratio (RP)=2,647 and confidence interval (CI) 95%=1,083-6,469. Twelve out of sixteen CB±CP patients’ mothers were passive smokers.  In conclusion, there is a relationship between passive smoking mothers as environmental factor towards the incidence of nonsyndromic CL±CP in patients of Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital Semarang June 2012.Keywords: passive smoking mothers, cleft lip, cleft lip with cleft palate, nonsyndromic, carbon monoxide, nicotine, hypoxia
ANALISA PROFIL KADAR C-REACTIVE PROTEIN PADA STATUS KESEHATAN PERIODONTAL PASIEN DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 (Studi di Rumah Sakit Islam Sultan Agung Semarang) Yekti, Nirmala; Rochmah, Yayun Siti; Mujayanto, Rochman
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.481 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.1.2.19-24

Abstract

Background: Periodontitis is the inflammation of periodontal tissue that is characterized by the migration to the apical epithelial jungsional with clinical signs of an increase in probing depth. Periodontitis is one of the oral manifestations in patients with DM. CRP is a protein alpha-globulin produced in the liver and increased levels of inflammatory process in the event. In diabetic patients increased levels of CRP resulted in periodontal tissue destruction. The purpose of this study was to determine the profile of CRP levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with periodontitis. Method: This research was conducted using analytical observational research methods. The samples used were type 2 diabetes patients with periodontitis and the control group of patients with type 2 diabetes without periodontitis in Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital . All of samples were examined periodontal index, levels of CRP and oral hygiene. Result: Mann Whitney’s test show significance p=0.000, which means there are significant differences between groups. Spearman-Kendall’s correlation show that relationship between CRP and periodontal index p=0.000 with a correlation coefficient 0.875 means p<0.05 there was that a significant relationship exists between them and the relationship is strong . In relation OH and periodontitis index p=0.030 with a correlation coefficient of 0.650 means p<0.05 there was that a significant relationship exists between them and the relationship strong . Conclusion: It can be concluded that CRP levels in patients type 2 diabetes with periodontitis is higher than the patients type 2 diabetes without periodontitis. And there is a strong relationship between levels of CRP with periodontitis index , and also a strong relationship between periodontitis and OH index .Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Periodontitis, C-Reactive Protein, Oral hygiene
PENGARUH PENYULUHAN TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PENGETAHUAN BAGI IBU-IBU PKK KELURAHAN PENGGARON LOR TENTANG PEMANFAATAN TANAMAN PISANG SEBAGAI MEDIA MENJAGA KESEHATAN GIGI DAN MULUT Rochmah, Yayun Siti; Fasitasari, Minidian
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (76.119 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.1.2.1-5

Abstract

Background: Banana counted as nearly perfect food since it contains six nutrients : water , sugar , proteins , fats , vitamins , and minerals . Because of that , bananas are often used as a staple food for most people because of its nutritional value. However, sometimes people do not realize the benefits of bananas as a whole , from leaves , fruits , flowers and stems of the bananas . Penggaron Lor society , still minimal in using the banana plant . Usually the community will sell fruit and leaves to the market , so that the results obtained from the banana plant community less than optimal. Method : This study is an observational analytic study . The research was done in the Village of Penggaron Lor Semarang , and was conducted in March-June 2014. The instrument in this research was primary data obtained directly from respondents through interviews using questionnaires distributed before and after counseling . To determine whether there are differences in knowledge before and after counseling on the benefits of banana plants as a medium for maintaining oral hygiene, statistical test Wilcoxon Sign Ranks test was conducted, and processed with SPSS. Result: The results of SPSS calculation because the data is not normal ( p value < 0.05), then the data was processed using the non-parametric test for two sample pairs , ie Wilcoxon Sign Ranks test , and obtained p value of 0.008 . This means that there was a significant difference between the mean value of the pre-test and post-test. Conclusion : there are differences in knowledge before and after counseling , counseling means that a significant impact on respondents knowledge of the benefits of banana plants for maintain oral health.
PENGARUH APLIKASI VIRGIN COCONUT OIL TERHADAP PENINGKATAN JUMLAH FIBROBLAS PADA LUKA PASCA PENCABUTAN GIGI PADA RATTUS NOVERGICUS Jannah Tamara, Anggun Hibah; Rochmah, Yayun Siti; Mujayanto, Rochman
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (134.722 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.1.2.29-34

Abstract

Background: Wound healing is a complex biological process. Fibroblast is one of cell which is responsible for the wound healing process. Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) have health benefit as antibacterial, antiinflamatory, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory. This research was purposed to know the influence use of VCO over the amount of fibroblast in wound healing after dental extraction.Method: Research quasi experimental with post test control group design and using 15 Rattus novergicus which were divided into three groups (control positive, VCO topical application, and VCO per oral application). Tooth removal was committed by using explorer, scalpel-blade, and arterial clamp. Then VCO applied everyday for 7 days. Day 7th Rattus novergicus were died, the socket after extraction were made into histological form, then the amount of fibroblast were counted with 5 field of views and made in average. Result: The number of fibroblast of the most numerous was VCO per oral ( 48,6 ± 49,8 ), VCO topical ( 36,2 ± 38,8 ), and control positive ( 33,4 ± 35,2 ). The results of the Saphiro Wilk test and Levene test acquired data normally distributed and homogeny, so it continued to One Way Anova and data showed there were significant difference among the groups of samples with value p<0,05.Conclusion: The conclusion of this research is VCO could increase the number of fibroblasts in wound healing after dental extractionsKeywords: Tooth extraction, Virgin Coconut Oil, Fibroblast.
OSTEORADIONEKROSIS PASCA EKSTRAKSI GIGI PASIEN DENGAN RIWAYAT KANKER NASOFARING Rochmah, Yayun Siti
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6: Special Issue 1. April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.1.19-22

Abstract

Background: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) post dental extraction is post dentalextraction complication with post radiation cancer theraphy. Objective : to present rare case, ORN post dental extraction with post radiation Ca nasopharing therapy 3 years ago.Case Management: A 54 years old patient reported to the dental out-patient department with a chief complaint of pus discharge from right buccal since post dental extraction 6 months ago. He gave a history of a nasopharing Carcinoma with histopatology as squamous cell carcinoms 3 years ago and radio therapy but no surgery. Intraoral examination, exposed necrotic bone found from right lower retromolar area 46 with pus discharge. Radiographic view was likely squester. Local surgical debridement and the sequestrectomy was undertaken with general anaesthesia. Antibiotic injection treatment was ceftriaxon 2x 1gram, infus metronidazol 3x500 mg and ketorolac 3x1 ampul, the patient was treated for 3 days and educated to maintain his oral hygiene with povidone iodine gargle.Discussion: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is late effect of radiation therapy thatresults in irreversible tissue death, which is clinically observed as bony exposure for more than 3 months duration. The mandible is affected more often than the maxilla or any other bones of head and neck region. The incidence of ORN in the mandible is reported to be between 2% and 22% and most often affects the body of the mandible. Ideal time is one year minimal post radiotherapy to get maximal vascularization for optimal healing. But immunity factor and radiation doses can trigger emergense ORN.Conclusion: Need time consideration, clinic analysis and pathologys before doing dental extraction for post radiotherapy cancer cases to prevent ORN.
EFEKTIVITAS DAUN GAMBIR ( UNCARIA GAMBIR ROXB ) UNTUK MENURUNKAN HALITOSIS YANG DISEBABKAN OLEH PLAK Studi di Panti Asuhan dan Pondok Pesantren Zuhriyah, Sleman, Yogyakarta Irfan, Irfan; Rochmah, Yayun Siti; Yusuf, Moh; Aditya, Grahita
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (107.026 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.2.2.52-56

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Introduction: Halitosis is the smell of bad breath that comes out of the mouth. Gambir contained catechins which is a material that helps in inhibited bacteria and VSC (Volatic Sulfur Compound) as the cause of halitosis.Purpose: The aim of research to assess the effectiveness of gambir leaves against halitosis is caused by plaque.Methods: The method in this research is pre experimental  research with 18 research subjects students. Halitosis parameter measurements made before and after the use of gambir for 3 days. VSC gas is measured using the tool “Oralchroma”. Statistical data processing is done with the  Wilcoxon test (p <0.05 as significant level).Results: There were decreased levels in each of the gas before and after gargling on treatment. H2S levels down to 100%, CH3SH fell by 43%, (CH3)2S down 24%. The three gas is visible gas reduction percentage is the highest H2S and the lowest is (CH3)2S. Wilcoxon test results obtained H2S sig 0.109 (p <0.05), CH3SH sig 0.005 (p <0.05) and (CH3)2S sig 0.009 (p <0.05).Conclusion: Gambir leaf decoction is effective against halitosis is caused by plaque.Keywords: Gambir, Halitosis, Volatile Sulfur Compound (VSC), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), methyl mercaptan (CH3SH) dan dimethylsulfide(CH3)2S
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN GEL AIR KELAPA GADING (COCOS CAPITATA) TERHADAP TINGKAT KECEMASAN PADA HIPERSENSITIVITAS DENTIN Studi in vivo terhadap tikus wistar jantan Iskandar, Chariza Hanum Mayvita; Rochmah, Yayun Siti; Nurhapsari, Arlina
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (253.875 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.3.2.133-137

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Background: Ivory palm water (Cocos capitata) has a high potassium content. Potassium ion can depolarized excited dental nerve on dentin hypersensitivity. This study was to determine the effect of water gel ivory palm against dentine hypersensitivity by the anxiety level of mice using RGS (Rat Grimace Scale).Method: This research has been through ethical clearance which researchmethod was quasy experimental in vivo. The sample was 16 Wistar rats (Rattus novergicus) male 4-5 months with 4 mice in each group. Group I as a positive control. Group II as the ivory palm water gel 10% treatment group. Group III as the ivory palm water gel 70% treatment group. Group IV as a negative control. Research data analysis used Kruskal Wallis test with p <0.05 then continued by Mann Whitney test.Result: Kruskal Wallis test obtained significant difference between the four study groups (p <0.05). Mann Whitney test results in comparison either between positive control group and ivory palm water gel 10% and 70%, and comparison group of ivory palm water gel 10% and 70% weren’t significantly different.Conclusion: This study conclusion there was no significant difference between ivory palm water gel 10 % and 70 % in reducing anxiety level in male Wistar rats with dentinal hypersensitivity
PERBEDAAN PENGARUH MUSIK INSTRUMENTAL KITARO DAN MUSIK TRADISIONAL LANGGAM JAWA TERHADAP TINGKAT KECEMASAN ANAK – ANAK SEBELUM TINDAKAN PERAWATAN GIGI Drajat, Rizal Saeful; Wardhana, Erdianto Setya; Rochmah, Yayun Siti
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (459.379 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.1.21-26

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Background: Child anxiety is a worries that comes from unknown sourceand most important factor that caused the problems of child visits to check the condition of oral health to dentist. Music applied as distraction to relieve anxiety, music can provide comfort and relaxation that becomes way to lowering psychological anxiety. Purpose of this study is to determine effect of instrumental music of Kitaro and traditional music of Javanese Langgam on the level of child’s anxiety before dental treatment.Method: Quasi-Experimental research with pretest-posttest design contol group was conducted on 74 samples were divided into 2 groups: instrumental music of Kitaro and traditional music of Javanese Langgam. Anxiety levels were measured by Wong Baker Face Scale questionnaire and pulse. Hypothesis was tested by Wilcoxon test on Wong Baker Face Scale questionnaire and paired sample t-test on measurement of pulse. To determine child’s anxiety level differences between two music were analyzed by Mann-Whitney test.Result: Wilcoxon test results on both music showed p=0.000 and results of paired sample t-test on both music showed p=0.000 this showed there were significant difference between before and after treatment. On Mann-Whitney test showed p=0.096 at Wong Baker Face Scale questionnaire and p=0.006 at pulse measurement, this showed there were significant difference between two groups.Conclusion: From these results concluded that there were difference effect of instrumental music of Kitaro and traditional music of Javanese Langgam in anxiety levels of children before dental treatment.
ANALISA GEL KOMBINASI PLATELET RICH PLASMA DAN CHITOSAN TERHADAP PENINGKATAN JUMLAH OSTEOBLAS SEBAGAI BONE REGENERATION PADA LUKA PASCA EKSTRAKSI GIGI TIKUS WISTAR Maryani, Intan; Rochmah, Yayun Siti; Parmana, Anang Dwi
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (607.555 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.5.2.89-96

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Background: Extraction has been known as a method for removing the tooth from its socket. Although extraction is frequent, the incidence of post extraction complication are commonly found, about 2,6-30,9%. Complications can inhibit wound healing and bone regeneration of socket. PRP is Platelet Rich Plasma containing growth factors that plays an important role in wound healing, induces bone regeneration and stimulates osteoprogenitor cell into osteoblast cell. Chitosan is a chitin derivate that extracted from the crab shells through deacetylation stage. Chitosan properties are osteoinductive, biocompatible, biodegradable, cell proliferation, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antitumor, and stimulates growth factors capabilities. Purpose: To analyze the combination of PRP and Chitosan gel to increase the number of osteoblast in post extraction wound of wistar rat teeth.Method: True experimental post-test only control group design was done in 28 wistar rats. Sample were divided into 4 groups: PRP gel, combination PRP and Chitosan gel, Chitosan gel and control group Povidone Iodine. Dextra Mandible incisors were extracted and treated accordingly. Number of osteoblast in post extraction socket was observed microscopically after 14 days using IHC staining. Data analyzed by using One Way ANOVA parametric test followed by Post Hoc LSD test.Results: There were statically signifcant difference between number of osteoblast in combination PRP and Chitosan gel group compare to PRP gel group (p=0,736), Chitosan gel group (p=0,402) and Povidone Iodine group (p=0,613).Conclusion: Combination PRP and Chitosan gel has a good effect in increasingnumber of osteoblast in wound healing post dental extraction