Achmad Kemal Riza
Faculty of Islamic Law Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sunan Ampel - Surabaya

Published : 3 Documents
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CONTEMPORARY FATAWA OF NAHDLATUL ULAMA: Between Observing the Madhhab and Adapting the Context

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Fatwa in the circle of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) remains showing reminiscent of classical period of Islamic jurisprudence. It uses madhhab and taqlid with the employment of classical jurisprudence texts. Being identical in certain crucial features, the NU’s version of fatwa, however, is different from classic fatwa in various aspects. Fatwa is collegial, binding and modern. This last aspect remains debatable within the NU. While senior ulama‘ resist the reintroduction of ijtihad in the process of fatwa issuing as a tradition which should be preserved, certain younger ulama‘ in the organization urges the employment of ijtihad to keep up with the demand of modern context. Senior ulama‘ of the NU maintain that taqlid and madhhab is the very essence of their commitment to Islamic law, whereas the younger ulama‘ assert that such attachment will only result in the abandonment of Islamic law altogether by Muslims, especially the NU members. This article shows that dynamic with special reference to what is happening in East Java, the traditional stronghold of the NU.

EXERCIZING IJTIHAD Fatwa and Ifta in Indonesia Today

JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Book ReviewBook title:Indonesian Islam: Social Change Through Contemporary FatawaAuthor:M.B. HookerNo. of Pages:X + 310Year:2003Publisher:Asian Studies Association of Australia, Allen and Unwin, and University of Hawaii Press Honolulu

DINAMIKA PEMIKIRAN HUKUM ISLAM DI MALAYSIA

The Indonesian Journal of Islamic Family Law Vol 3 No 2 (2013): Desember 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Hukum Keluarga Islam Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum

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Abstract: The dynamics of Islamic legal thought in malaysia is a contestation of conservatism, moderatism and that of liberalism. When the opposition party of PAS promote conservatism and accuse the government to be not-islamic, UMNO the ruling party responded by launching serial of Islamic campaign. The government try to promote a modern and modern Islam by introducting Islamic Banks, establishing JAKIM to develop modern understanding and application of Islam in Malaysia, hosting an International Islamic Uniersity of Malaysia. Plenty of Muslim intellectuals and clerics were admissed as employees in these institutions. Among the product of this campaign is the enactment of Islamic law act in 1984 for Federal Territory which was reasonably progressive. Thus, criticism from the opposition remains and lead the government to lean toward conservatism. On the other hand, liberal thought of Islam, which in the area of Islamic family law was boosted by gender equality as represented by Sisters in Islam (SIS), also actively engage in discussion and try their best to influence the government policy on Islamic family law with the help of their international exposure.Keywords: Islamic law, Malaysia, conservatism, modernization of the lawAbstrak: Dinamika pemikiran hukum Islam di Malaysia adalah kontestasi konservatisme, moderatism dan liberalisme. Ketika partai oposisi PAS mempromosikan konservatisme dan menuduh pemerintah menjadi tidak-Islam, UMNO partai yang berkuasa merespon dengan meluncurkan seri kampanye Islam. Pemerintah mencoba untuk mempromosikan Islam yang modern dengan mengenalkan Bank Islam dan mendirikan JAKIM untuk mengembangkan pemahaman modern dan penerapan Islam di Malaysia. Banyak intelektual dan ulama Muslim bekerja sebagai karyawan di lembaga-lembaga ini. Di antara produk dari kampanye ini adalah diberlakukannya hukum Islam pada tahun 1984 untuk Wilayah Federal yang cukup progresif. Di sisi lain, pemikiran liberal Islam dalam bidang hukum keluarga Islam didorong oleh kesetaraan gender yang diwakili oleh Sisters in Islam (SIS), yang aktif terlibat dalam diskusi dan mencoba yang terbaik untuk mempengaruhi kebijakan pemerintah pada keluarga Islam.Kata Kunci: Politik hukum Islam, Malaysia, konservatisme dan modernisasi hukum