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Journal : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

Musculoskeletal Pain among Industrial Workers in Pulo Gadung Industrial Estate, Jakarta Riyadina, Woro; Suharyanto, Frans X; Tana, Lusianawaty
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 58 No. 1 January 2008
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Abstract

Abnormalities of musculoskeletal system was the main cause of chronic and physical pain. The objective of this study is to describe musculoskeletal pain among workers in many types of industries related to the risk factors. The design was cross sectional that involved 950 workers. The sample were workers in production division from seven types of industries (garment, printing, chemical, spare parts, food, steel, and constructions) in Pulo Gadung Industrial Estate, East Jakarta in 2006. Data collection was done by interview using questionnaires. The result of this study showed that the majority of workers in the production division were as follows: age 20-39 years old (33.9 %), male (68.1%), education senior high school (65.7%), married (78.3%), Javanese ethnics (59.1%), middle physical activity during work (71.7%) and standing position during work (61.9%). Number of industrial workers who suffered musculoskeletal pain were 502 workers (52.8%) and the most three types of industry were garment (65.2%), printing (63%) and constructions (60%). Parts of the body often suffered musculoskeletal pain were leg (22.7%), back (17.1%) and shoulder (9.5%). Musculoskeletal pain was significantly related to the distress condition with OR 1.62 times (95% CI 1.25-2.11), anemia OR 1.56 times (95% CI 1.07-2.28) and the risk of sitting position 1.51 times (95% CI 1.15-1.96). The proportion of pain among industrial workers of production division in Pulogadung Industrial Estate was still high. Therefore, accurate intervention model to decrease and to cure musculoskeletal pain is needed to improve mental health, nutrition and ergonomics of the workers.Keywords: pain, musculoskeletal, worker, industry
Occupational Injuries on Industrial Workers in Jakarta Industrial Estate Pulo Gadung Riyadina, Woro
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 58 No. 5 May 2008
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Abstract

Injury cases cause of work in Indonesia from January to September 2003 is 81 169 cases or more than 300 cases per day. Human factor is the main risk factor (80%) of occupational injury, especially using personal safety devices (APD). The objective of the study to determine type of injury and part of body that suffered injury and correlated injury with using APD on industrial workers in Pulo Gadung Industrial Estate. The study was operational research with crosssectional design. The study conducted 950 industrial workers at seven companies in 2006. Respondents were industrial workers who worked in Jakarta industrial estate Pulogadung. Data collected were based on interview with questionnaire and analyzed with statistic analysis. The majority of occupational injuries on industrial workers were injury on hinge-hip-upper leg (40.2%), head (24.8%) and wrist (14.3%). Type of injuries were excoriasi (37.2%), superficial (29.6%) and eyes injury (14.8%). Cause of occupational injuries were pierced cases (43.1%) on garment industry and metal shrapnel to the eye cases (10%) on steel industry. Industrial workers have been used personal safety devices (APD) 68.1% which used incomplete and noproper. Using personal safety devices (APD) significant correlated (p<0.05) with occupational injuries by OR 2.2 (95% CI 1. 59-3.06). Occupational injuries proportion are still high therefore its need to rise care for using, discipline and complete ergonomic design related with personal safety devices (APD).Keywords: occupational injury, worker, industry
The Pattern and Sociodemographic Determinant of Traffic Injury in Indonesia Riyadina, Woro; Suhardi, Suhardi; Permana, Made
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 59 No. 10 October 2009
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Abstract

Traffic accident is the cause of most injuries occurred in the world. Traffic injury is a major cause of death and disability, especially in developing countries. This article aimed to describe the pattern and sociodemographic determinant of traffic injury in Indonesia. A public health data from 2007 basic health survey (Riskesdas) with 928 317 respondents from 33 provinces in Indonesia was analyzed. The dependent variable was traffic accident injury. Independent variables included sosiodemographic characteristics (age, sex, relationships with family household, education, employment, economic status) and regions (provinces, urban or rural). Data was analyzed using complex samples and weighted. Crude odd ratio (OR) and adjusted OR were calculated. Results showed that the proportion of traffic accident injury was 27% of all injuries. The pattern of the body affected by injury are feet (63.8%), hands (47.8%), head (19.6%) and trunk (10.2%); with superficial injuries (65.9%), hematome (49.0%), wound (26.7%), sprained (21.0%) and fracture or amputation (approximately 9.1%). Determinants of the traffic injury included age 15-59 years (OR 3.31, 95% CI 2.97-3.69), male gender (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.45- 1.66), middle education level (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.41-1.60), employment (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.36- 1.74), urban area (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.05 -1.19) and high economic status (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.36-1.65). In conclusion, the proportion and severity of traffic accident injury in Indonesia is rather high and therefore, it has to be considered as a national issue and the government should prioritize its control measures.Keywords: determinant, sociodemographic, traffic injury