Woro Riyadina
Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia

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Musculoskeletal Pain among Industrial Workers in Pulo Gadung Industrial Estate, Jakarta Riyadina, Woro; Suharyanto, Frans X; Tana, Lusianawaty
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 58 No. 1 January 2008
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Abnormalities of musculoskeletal system was the main cause of chronic and physical pain. The objective of this study is to describe musculoskeletal pain among workers in many types of industries related to the risk factors. The design was cross sectional that involved 950 workers. The sample were workers in production division from seven types of industries (garment, printing, chemical, spare parts, food, steel, and constructions) in Pulo Gadung Industrial Estate, East Jakarta in 2006. Data collection was done by interview using questionnaires. The result of this study showed that the majority of workers in the production division were as follows: age 20-39 years old (33.9 %), male (68.1%), education senior high school (65.7%), married (78.3%), Javanese ethnics (59.1%), middle physical activity during work (71.7%) and standing position during work (61.9%). Number of industrial workers who suffered musculoskeletal pain were 502 workers (52.8%) and the most three types of industry were garment (65.2%), printing (63%) and constructions (60%). Parts of the body often suffered musculoskeletal pain were leg (22.7%), back (17.1%) and shoulder (9.5%). Musculoskeletal pain was significantly related to the distress condition with OR 1.62 times (95% CI 1.25-2.11), anemia OR 1.56 times (95% CI 1.07-2.28) and the risk of sitting position 1.51 times (95% CI 1.15-1.96). The proportion of pain among industrial workers of production division in Pulogadung Industrial Estate was still high. Therefore, accurate intervention model to decrease and to cure musculoskeletal pain is needed to improve mental health, nutrition and ergonomics of the workers.Keywords: pain, musculoskeletal, worker, industry
Occupational Injuries on Industrial Workers in Jakarta Industrial Estate Pulo Gadung Riyadina, Woro
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 58 No. 5 May 2008
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Injury cases cause of work in Indonesia from January to September 2003 is 81 169 cases or more than 300 cases per day. Human factor is the main risk factor (80%) of occupational injury, especially using personal safety devices (APD). The objective of the study to determine type of injury and part of body that suffered injury and correlated injury with using APD on industrial workers in Pulo Gadung Industrial Estate. The study was operational research with crosssectional design. The study conducted 950 industrial workers at seven companies in 2006. Respondents were industrial workers who worked in Jakarta industrial estate Pulogadung. Data collected were based on interview with questionnaire and analyzed with statistic analysis. The majority of occupational injuries on industrial workers were injury on hinge-hip-upper leg (40.2%), head (24.8%) and wrist (14.3%). Type of injuries were excoriasi (37.2%), superficial (29.6%) and eyes injury (14.8%). Cause of occupational injuries were pierced cases (43.1%) on garment industry and metal shrapnel to the eye cases (10%) on steel industry. Industrial workers have been used personal safety devices (APD) 68.1% which used incomplete and noproper. Using personal safety devices (APD) significant correlated (p<0.05) with occupational injuries by OR 2.2 (95% CI 1. 59-3.06). Occupational injuries proportion are still high therefore its need to rise care for using, discipline and complete ergonomic design related with personal safety devices (APD).Keywords: occupational injury, worker, industry
The Pattern and Sociodemographic Determinant of Traffic Injury in Indonesia Riyadina, Woro; Suhardi, Suhardi; Permana, Made
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 59 No. 10 October 2009
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Traffic accident is the cause of most injuries occurred in the world. Traffic injury is a major cause of death and disability, especially in developing countries. This article aimed to describe the pattern and sociodemographic determinant of traffic injury in Indonesia. A public health data from 2007 basic health survey (Riskesdas) with 928 317 respondents from 33 provinces in Indonesia was analyzed. The dependent variable was traffic accident injury. Independent variables included sosiodemographic characteristics (age, sex, relationships with family household, education, employment, economic status) and regions (provinces, urban or rural). Data was analyzed using complex samples and weighted. Crude odd ratio (OR) and adjusted OR were calculated. Results showed that the proportion of traffic accident injury was 27% of all injuries. The pattern of the body affected by injury are feet (63.8%), hands (47.8%), head (19.6%) and trunk (10.2%); with superficial injuries (65.9%), hematome (49.0%), wound (26.7%), sprained (21.0%) and fracture or amputation (approximately 9.1%). Determinants of the traffic injury included age 15-59 years (OR 3.31, 95% CI 2.97-3.69), male gender (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.45- 1.66), middle education level (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.41-1.60), employment (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.36- 1.74), urban area (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.05 -1.19) and high economic status (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.36-1.65). In conclusion, the proportion and severity of traffic accident injury in Indonesia is rather high and therefore, it has to be considered as a national issue and the government should prioritize its control measures.Keywords: determinant, sociodemographic, traffic injury
Profit Cedera Akibat Jatuh, Kecelakaan Lalu Lintas dan Terluka Benda Tajam/Tumpul pada Masyarakat Indonesia Riyadina, Woro
Jurnal Biotek Medisiana Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Pusat BTDK

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Injury contributed to 15% mortality, 25% of disease burden and economic losses 5% GDP (Growth Product Development). Injury from traffic accidents, falls and injured by sharp/blunt object proportion occupied most of the causes of injury in the community, especially in developing countries. Advance analysis aims to compare the profile of injury from falls, traffic accidents and injured by sharp/blunt object on the people of Indonesia. This article is a public health data analysis resulted from 2007 basic health survey interview (Riskesdas) to 928,317 respondents from 33 provinces in Indonesia. The dependent variables were injury from falls, traffic accidents and injured by sharp/blunt object. Independent variables included the body part affected by injury, type of injury and the characteristics of the respondents (gender and type of urban or rural). Analysis of data using complex samples and weighted. Data are analyzed using the Chi square test to different proportions. Results indicated that the most of injury proportion in Indonesia were falls 59.5% (95% CI 58.9 -60.2), traffic accidents (land, sea and air) 27% (95% CI 26.4- 27.5) and injured by sharp/blunt object 18.3% (95% CI 17.7 - 18.9). The majority of the body part affected by injury was the extremities (hand and foot). Type of injury to falls and traffic accidents were supeificial, respectively 54.1% (95% CI 53.2- 54.9) and 65.9% (95% CI 64,9-66,8), meanwhile injured by sharp/blunt object was open wound 63.2% (95% CI 61.9 - 64.6). Order the highest proportion of fracture/amputation were traffic accidents (9.1%), falls (4.6%) and injured by sharp/blunt object (2.3%). As a conclusion that the profile of injury from falls, traffic accidents and injured by sharp/blunt object were different their characteristics. Traffic accident had the highest  severity  of injury (fracture/amputation) so its control needs to get priority.   Keywords: injuries, falls, traffic accidents, injured by sharp/blunt object
RADIASI MEDAN LISTRIK DAN MEDAN MAGNET DALAM KAITANNYA DENGAN KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI DAN DISTRES DI LINGKUNGAN KERJA Sukar, Sukar; Riyadina, Woro
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 7, No 3 Des (2008)
Publisher : Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan

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The Correlation Between Electric and Magnetic Radiation With The Occurence of Hypertension And Distress in Occupational Field.The Aim of this study was to know between correlation of electric and magnetic radiation with the occurence of hypertension. The study conducted in the seven industries in industrial estate pulogadung (JIEP) Jakarta in 2007. The study desain was cross-sectional. The measurement of the electric and magnetic field near of the equipment were use the strength meter. The hypertension measure of the Hg-tension meter and the distress was use general health quesionaire (GHQ). The result show that 950 participants from seven industries which are followed the study, clasified by activities of industries that 26.2% steel, 22.5% chemical and drug, 21.7% spare part, 13.9% garmen, 7.9% food; 5.7% printing and 2.1% construction. The result of measurement of electric field show 1.57 KV/m higher in the chemical and drug industries and 0.032 KV/m lower in the printing industries. The standard of electric field in the occupational health is 10 KV/m for along term work activities. The magnetic field show the construction industries is higer 16.8 µT and the printing industries lower 1.04 µT. However the standard of the magnetic field the in occupational health for along term work activities is 500 µT. The result of the tension show the proporsion of hypertension was 8.7%, with clasification 20.5% of hypersistolic and 11.1% hyperdiastolic. Analysis statistic the correlation kind of industries and the hypertention is significant diffrenly (P<0.05). The occurence of distress show the construction industries is 50.0%. followed by garmen 46,2% and steel 44.6%. Analysis statistic correlation kind of the industries and the distress is not significant diffrenly (P>0.05).Keywords: Occupational health, electric and magnetic field, hypertension, distress
Suspected alcohol and addictive narcotic use were more at risk to severe head injury Riyadina, Woro
Health Science Journal of Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 Apr (2011)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

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Latar belakang: Cedera kepala menyebabkan dampak seperti gangguan kognitif, perilaku dan keterbatasan fisik. Tujuan studi ini untuk menentukan faktor utama yang berkontribusi terhadap keparahan cedera kepala pada pasien yang dirawat inap di rumah sakit. Metode: Studi ini merupakan bagian dari penelitian “Pengembangan Database Registri Trauma sebagai Penunjang Sistem Surveilans Cedera”. Data dikumpulkan dengan cara abstraksi dari rekam medis oleh petugas terlatih dengan formulir registri pada pasien cedera yang dirawat inap di 3 rumah sakit dari bulan Januari – Agustus 2010. Keparahan cedera diklasifikasikan berdasarkan Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) dengan batasan nilai 3-9 mengalami cedera kepala berat, 10-12 cedera kepala sedang dan 13-15 cedera kepala ringan. Hasil: Dari 450 pasien cedera rawat inap terdapat 36 pasien (8%) yang mengalami cedera kepala berat. Pasien dengan indikasi mengkonsumsi alkohol/narkotik mempunyai risiko hampir 5 kali mengalami cedera kepala berat [rasio odds suaian (ORa) = 4,77; 95% interval kepercayaan (CI)=1,04–21,75] dibanding tanpa indikasi. Pasien yang tidak dirujuk mempunyai risiko 5,5 kali  mengalami cedera kepala berat (ORa=5,50; 95% CI=2,28–13,27) dibanding pasien yang dirujuk. Pasien cedera karena kecelakaaan lalu lintas dibanding bukan kecelakaan lalu lintas mempunyai risiko 3 kali mengalami cedera kepala berat (ORa=3,43; 95% CI=1,14–10,32). Kesimpulan: Indikasi mengkonsumsi alkohol/narkotik berkontribusi paling besar terhadap keparahan cedera kepala. Kampanye anti alkohol/narkotik dan perlu dilakukan untuk mencegah cedera kepala berat. (Health Science Indones 2011;2:34-40)   Abstract Background: The impact of head injuries were cognitive disorder, behavioral disorder and physical limitation. The objective of this study was to identify a major factor that contributes to head injury severity in hospitalized patients. Methods: This study was part of research "Development of Trauma Registry Databases as a Support System for Injury Surveillance”. Data collected by abstraction of medical records by trained personnel using registry form in patients who had hospitalized in 3 hospitals from January to August 2010. Severe head injury classified by the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score 3-9 diagnosed severe head injury, 10-12 moderate head injury and 13-15 mild head injury. Results: Out of 450 injured patients, 36 patients (8%) who had severe head injuries. Patient who was suspected alcohol and addictive narcotic use had nearly 5-fold increase the risk in severe head injury [adjusted odds ratio (ORa)=4.77; 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.04-21.75] compared to not suspected. Patient who was referred had a 5.5-fold increase the risk in severe head injury (ORa=5.50; 95% CI=2.28-13.27) compared with not referred. Injured person due to traffic accident than other type of accident had 3-fold increase the risk of severe head injury (ORa=3.43; 95% CI=1.14-10.32). Conclusion: Suspected alcohol or addictive narcotic was the highest risk to severe head injury. Campaign against alcohol and addictive narcotic should be done to prevent head injury severity. (Health Science Indones 2011;34-40)
AKTIVITAS ENZIM FITASE PADA PERKEMBANGAN KACANG HIJAU (Phaseolus radiatus L) Riyadina, Woro
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 22, No 3 Sept (1994)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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This is a study on the phytase enzyme activities on germination of Mung Beans (Phaseolus radiatus L). The activities and stability of phytase enzyme were observed under influence of various incubation temperature (27°C, 37°C and 55"C), and incubation time (1 hour, 2 hours and 3 hours) of the Mung Beans (Phaseolus radiatus L) in germinating for 1 to 5 days. The results showed that activities of phytase enzyme at the same temperature and incubation time are the same in Mung Beans seed germinating for 1 to 5 days. Phytase enzyme is one of the termostabile enzymes with optimal activities at high temperature.
DETERMINAN PENYAKIT DIARE PADA ANAK BALITA DI PROVINSI NANGGRO ACEH DARUSSALAM, JAWA BARAT, NUSA TENGGARA BARAT, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR, GORONTALO DAN PAPUA Ariningrum, Ratih; Sundari, Siti; Riyadina, Woro
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 12, No 2 Apr (2009)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Background: Diarrhoeal diseases become the second caused of death of the under-fives, the third in infant, and the fifth at all people in Indonesia. WHO indicated that every year an average of 100.000 children in Indonesia dead because of diarrhoea and Sub directorate of Diarrhoea, MOH indicated that about 301-347 per 1000 people still infected by diarrhoea from year 2000 up to 2003. Methods: This study analyzed the Basic Health Research data collected in 2007 to determine the prevalence, characteristic determinants including its Odd Ratio (behavioral, environmental sanitation, household characteristic, and specific condition of child), of the 20245 under-fives children in 6 provinces having diarrhoea prevalence above the 2007 national diarrhea prevalence rates (16.7%). (NAD: 27%, Gorontalo: 24%, NTB: 23%, NTT: 22%, Papua: 21%, and West Java: 18%). Results: The result showed that the highest prevalence of diarrhoea rates was found at the family with having lower level of percapita expenditure (kuintil 1 and 2); in mother who worked as a farmer/fisherwoman/labour and did not used latrine as well as lack of control for contamination of water available at home. The specific conditions of the under-fives that related to the increase prevalence of diarrhea are the existence of typhoid and measles, frequency of OPT immunization and over weight condition. The Odds of having diarrehea occurred in the under-fives having measles 1 month earlier (OR. 2.61) followed by the lack of control of the quality of the water condition available at home (OR 2.19), open water tank (OR 1.40), Defecate not in WC (OR1.36), Not receiving meales immunization (OR 1.37) and OPT immunization less than 3 times (OR 1. 19). It is concluded that to prevent diarrhea, it is important for children to have full coverage of immunization, to improve health behavior of mothers and children especially to wash hand before eating or preparing meals, and to improve housing condition and sanitation. For the next Basic Health Research data collection, it is recommended to improve quality of questions in order to get more specific information related to the childs habits and practices to prevent diarrhoea. Key words: diarrhea, determinants, behaviour, under-fives, basic health research
INSIDEN HIPERTENSI PADA KOHOR PROSPEKTIF DI KELURAHAN KEBON KALAPA BOGOR Sirait, Anna Maria; Riyadina, Woro
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 16, No 1 Jan (2013)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Latar Belakang: Hipertensi merupakan masalah utama dalam kesehatan masyarakat baik di negara maju maupun di negara sedang berkembang. Mengingat komplikasi yang ditimbulkan hipertensi ini sangat besar, maka penyakit iniperlu dikontrol atau dikendalikan. Tujuan: penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui insiden hipertensi dan faktor risiko yang berkaitan dengan hipertensi. Metode: Desain penelitian adalah kohor prospektif yang dilakukan pada responden umur 25-65 tahun sebanyak 1311 orang di Kelurahan Kebon Kalapa, Kota Bogor tahun 2012. Semua responden telahbebas dari penyakit hipertensi dan toleransi glukosa terganggu (TGT), kemudian dilakukan follow-up pengukuran tekanan darah setiap kwartalan (3 kali) dalam satu tahun. Variabel dependen (kasus baru) adalah responden yang didiagnosis hipertensi 2 kali dari 3 kali pemeriksaan dalam periode waktu follow up. Variabel independen meliputi faktor demografi (jenis kelamin, umur, pendidikan), status gizi dan obesitas abdominal, perilaku (merokok, aktifi tas fi sik dan stres) danstatus TGT (Toleransi Glukosa Terganggu). Data dianalisis dengan uji regresi logistik. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa insiden hipertensi yang muncul dalam periode satu tahun (2012) di Kota Bogor sebesar 16,8%. Faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan kejadian hipertensi meliputi umur, pendidikan (rendah dan menengah), status gizi (berat badan berlebih dan obese) dan stres. Kesimpulan dan saran: Perlu dilakukan pengendalian hipertensi melalui penurunan berat badan (pencegahan obesitas), meningkatkan pengetahuan (pencegahan maupun akibat yang ditimbulkan penyakit hipertensi) dan mengendalikan stres.
Profit Cedera Akibat Jatuh, Kecelakaan Lalu Lintas dan Terluka Benda Tajam/Tumpul pada Masyarakat Indonesia Riyadina, Woro
Jurnal Biotek Medisiana Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Pusat BTDK

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Injury contributed to 15% mortality, 25% of disease burden and economic losses 5% GDP (Growth Product Development). Injury from traffic accidents, falls and injured by sharp/blunt object proportion occupied most of the causes of injury in the community, especially in developing countries. Advance analysis aims to compare the profile of injury from falls, traffic accidents and injured by sharp/blunt object on the people of Indonesia. This article is a public health data analysis resulted from 2007 basic health survey interview (Riskesdas) to 928,317 respondents from 33 provinces in Indonesia. The dependent variables were injury from falls, traffic accidents and injured by sharp/blunt object. Independent variables included the body part affected by injury, type of injury and the characteristics of the respondents (gender and type of urban or rural). Analysis of data using complex samples and weighted. Data are analyzed using the Chi square test to different proportions. Results indicated that the most of injury proportion in Indonesia were falls 59.5% (95% CI 58.9 -60.2), traffic accidents (land, sea and air) 27% (95% CI 26.4- 27.5) and injured by sharp/blunt object 18.3% (95% CI 17.7 - 18.9). The majority of the body part affected by injury was the extremities (hand and foot). Type of injury to falls and traffic accidents were supeificial, respectively 54.1% (95% CI 53.2- 54.9) and 65.9% (95% CI 64,9-66,8), meanwhile injured by sharp/blunt object was open wound 63.2% (95% CI 61.9 - 64.6). Order the highest proportion of fracture/amputation were traffic accidents (9.1%), falls (4.6%) and injured by sharp/blunt object (2.3%). As a conclusion that the profile of injury from falls, traffic accidents and injured by sharp/blunt object were different their characteristics. Traffic accident had the highest  severity  of injury (fracture/amputation) so its control needs to get priority.   Keywords: injuries, falls, traffic accidents, injured by sharp/blunt object