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Journal : GIZI INDONESIA

PENGARUH SUPLEMANTASI VITAMIN C DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN MULTI VITAMIN-MINERAL TERHADAP STATUS ZAT GIZI ANTIOKSIDAN PADA WANITA PEKERJA Ernawati, Fitrah; ., Rimbawan; Riyadi, Hadi; T.Wibawan, I.Wayan; ., Muhilal
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 32, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

EFFECT OF THE VITAMIN C SUPLEMENTATION TOWARD MULTI VITAMIN-MINERAL ON THE STATUS OF NUTRITIONAL ANTIOXIDANT IN WOMAN WORKERSMicronutrients, both vitamins and minerals are needed by the body in limited quantities, but their roleis essential to the body. To fulfill vitamin and mineral requirements, consumption of variant andbalanced diet is needed because most vitamins and minerals are not produced by our body. Foodsupplements can be a good alternative in providing sufficient amount of micronutrient if intake fromdietary sources are not enough. This research was intended to analyse the effect of multi vitaminmineral (MVM) supplementationcompared to a single nutrient supplementation (Vit C 1000 mg) ondietary antioxidant status. It was conducted on Februari 2008and thedesign of this research was adouble blind randomized controlled trial. There were 92 samples aged 20-45 years old, healthy(physically and clinically), did not consume alcohol, did not smoke and were willing to partipate in theresearch. Multi vitamin-mineral supplementation increased serum concentration of vitamin E andsuperoxide dismutase (SOD) significantly(p<0.05), while single supplementation of vitamin C 1000 mgimproved only vitamin C status. Suplementation of multi vitamin-mineral reduced free radicals byimproving superoxide dismutase (SOD) status. Keywords: multi vitamin-mineral supplementation, superdioxide dismutase status, vitamin Estatus, viin C status.
STUDY ON BREAST-FEEDING PRACTICESOF POOR AND NONPOOR HOUSEHOLD Mudjajanto, Eddy S.; Khomsan, Ali; Sukandar, Dadang; Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 29, No 2 (2006): September 2006
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

Breast-feeding is a natural way to feed babies. A good breastfeeding practice is important for a continued growth, health, and nutrients for babies and young children. Therefore, the period of exclusive breast-feeding is one of important health problems in the community. This research used a control group design. The control group is nonpoor household. The collected data from the two groups (poor and nonpoor) and from the two locations, Bogor and Indramayu, (highland and coastal) were compared. Sample was drawn as random. Sample size of poor households are 513 in both location, while nonpoor households are 238. Total sample size are 751 households. The data collected through questionnaires. The results of the studies conducted in Bogor and Indramayu show that most mothers either from poor or nonpoor households do not breastfeed their babies, and they have problems with their excessive breast milk and continuously dripping breast milk. The results of the study reveal that almost all mothers have got the experience of breast-feeding their last babies, either those of poor households or those of nonpoor ones in both Bogor and Indramayu. Most mothers of poor households both in Bogor and Indramayu do not generally understand about exclusive breast-feeding, with the figures reaching 95.6% and 97.7% respectively. The figures for the breast-feeding period of between 12 and 23 months were 27.4% in Bogor, and 30% in Indramayu.Key words: breast-feeding, households, breast milk, mothers, babies
STUDI TENTANG STATUS GIZI PADA RUMAHTANGGA MISKINDAN TIDAK MISKIN Riyadi, Hadi; Khomsan, Ali; S, Dadang; A, Faisal; S. Mudjajanto, Eddy
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 29, No 1 (2006): Maret 2006
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF POOR AND NON-POOR HOUSEHOLDSNutritional status is a body health condition of a person or a group of people resulting from the consumption, absorption, and utilization of nutrients in food. This study aimed to asses nutritional status of children under five years, husbands, and wives in highland and coastal areas. This study used a case control group design. Case was poor household while control group was nonpoor household. The collected data from poor and nonpoor and from the highland and coastol areas were compared. Weight was measured using digital bathscale and height uses microtoise. The results indicated that most husbands and wives were in normal category, less than 15% had low nutritional status. Prevalence of overweight occured more frequently in nonpoor households. The prevalence of nutritional problems of children under five was greater in poor households than that in nonpoor households. The children’s under five years old nutritional status were similiar in both boys and girls.Keywords: nutritional status, children, poverty
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PANGAN FORTIFIKASI ZAT MULTI GIZI MIKRO PADA IBU HAMIL TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN LINIER, TINGGI LUTUT DAN STATUS ANEMIA BAYI Saragih, Bernatal; Syarief, Hidayat; Riyadi, Hadi; Nasoetion, Amini
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 30, No 1 (2007): Maret 2007
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

EFFECT OF MULTI MICRONUTRIENTS FORTIFIED SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD IN PREGNANT WOMEN ON LINEAR GROWTH, KNEE HEIGHT AND ANEMIA STATUS OF INFANTSLike in many developing countries, macro and micro nutritional deficiencies are the seriousproblem, especially for Indonesian pregnant women and young age children. Early nutritionalintervention strategy through supplementary fortified foods for pregnant women is one ofalternative nutritional improvement interventions for the next generation. The objective of this study is to analize the impact of multi micronutrients fortified supplementaryfood in pregnant mothers on linear growth, knee height and anemia status of infants. This studywas conducted in three sub-districts of Bogor Distritcs namely: Leuwiliang, Leuwisadeng andCiampea. This prospective cohort study follow up 120 infants. The total of infants has beenfollowed up was 120. From 120 born infants, 40 infants were selected as a fortified group in whichtheir mothers during pregnancy received fortified food (consists of vermicelli, milk and biscuit withmulti-nutrients i.e. iron, iodine, zinc, folic acid, vitamin C and vitamin A), 40 infants as unfortifiedgroups in which their mothers was received non fortified foods, and 40 infants as control groups(their mothers did not receive any experiment food). Data analyzed using SPSS 13.0. Z-scorewere calculated for the length-for-age (HAZ) of WHO 2006 growth reference.The result of study showed that multi micronutrients fortified supplementary food for pregnantmothers had significant effect on infants linear growth which was 2.18 cm taller compared tocontrol group and 1.53 cm taller compared to unfortified group. The mean of liniear growth andHAZ fortified group up to 6 months infants was better than unfortified and control. Earliercomplementary food intoduction were associated with the decrease of infants’ linear growth andHAZ. Stunting (5.0%) was found at two months of infants’ age in control group. Fortified foodsupplementation for pregnant women had significant effect on infant knee height gain. Infant kneeheight (< 14.248 cm) at 6 months was categorized as stunting. Multi micronutrients fortifiedsupplementary food in pregnant mother had an retention effect of decreased infants Hb at up to 6months.Keywords: Multi micronutrients, pregnancy, infant, breast feeding, linear growth, knee height, hemoglobin
FAKTOR RISIKO OVERWEIGHT DAN OBESE PADA ORANG DEWASA DI INDONESIA (Analisis Data Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013) Sudikno, Sudikno; Syarief, Hidayat; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Riyadi, Hadi
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 38, No 2 (2015): September 2015
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The problem of overweight and obese in Indonesia had a trend of rising along with the increasing age of the population. This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with overweight and obese adults aged 25-65 years in Indonesia using Riskesdas 2013 data. The study design was cross-sectional. Samples were adults aged 25-65 years in Indonesia with the total of 458 591 people. Results showed that the prevalence of overweight and obese at the age of 25-65 years were found to be 26.1 percent and 7.20 per cent, respectively. The mean of Body Mass Index (BMI) was 24.02 ± 3.70 kg/m2. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors associated with overweight and obese were age, sex, region, marital status, employment, economic status, and smoking habits. The result also showed that the habits of eating bread and biscuit were also associated with the incidence of obese. Hence, prevention efforts such as sufficient regular physical activities are needed. In addition, it is also necessary to promote food substitute for carbohydrates source to meet balanced nutrition both in number and type, as well as the quality. Keywords: risk factors, overweight, obese, Indonesian adults ABSTRAK Masalah overweight dan obese di Indonesia mengalami kecenderungan naik seiring dengan meningkatnya umur penduduk. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan overweight dan obese pada orang dewasa umur 25-65 tahun di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan data Riskesdas 2013. Desain penelitian adalah cross-sectional. Sampel penelitian adalah orang dewasa berumur 25-65 tahun di Indonesia. Jumlah sampel yang dianalisis 458 591 orang. Hasil analisis menunjukkan prevalensi overweight pada usia 25-65 tahun ditemukan sebesar 26,1 persen, sedangkan prevalensi obese pada usia 25-65 tahun sebesar 7,2 persen. Rata-rata Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) adalah 24,02±3,70 kg/m2. Dari hasil analisis regresi logistik menunjukkan bahwa faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan overweight dan obese adalah umur, jenis kelamin, wilayah, status kawin, pekerjaan, status ekonomi, kebiasaan merokok. Selanjutnya diperoleh hasil juga bahwa kebiasaan makan roti dan kebiasaan makan biskuit juga berhubungan dengan kejadian obese. Perlu adanya upaya pencegahan seperti dengan aktivitas fisik yang cukup setiap hari secara berkesinambungan. Di samping itu diperlukan juga upaya promosi pemilihan makanan pengganti sumber karbohidrat dalam pemenuhan gizi seimbang baik dalam jumlah maupun jenis, serta kualitasnya.
HUBUNGAN OBESITAS SENTRAL DENGAN PROFIL LIPID PADA ORANG DEWASA UMUR 25-65 TAHUN DI KOTA BOGOR (Baseline Studi Penyakit Tidak Menular di Kota Bogor, Jawa Barat) Sudikno, Sudikno; Syarief, Hidayat; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Riyadi, Hadi; Pradono, Julianti
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 39, No 2 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

The global epidemic of obesity is rapidly becoming a major public health problem in many countries of the world. Rapidly changing diets and lifestyles are trigger to the global obesity epidemic. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of central obesity and the relationship between central obesity and lipid profile in adults aged 25-65 years. This study used baseline data "Cohort Study of Non-Communicable Diseases" that was carried out in 2011-2012 in Bogor City, West Java Province. The study design was cross-sectional. A number of samples analyzed were 4554 subjects. Result of the analysis showed that the prevalence of central obesity was found 51.3 percent. The portion of subjects with high total cholesterol levels was 16 percent. The percentage of high LDL cholesterol levels was 17.6 percent. While the portion of low HDL cholesterol levels was 16.2 percent and the portion of high triglyceride levels was 8.5 percent. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that central obesity in adults aged 25-65 associated with lipid profile after controlling the variables of sex, age, and smoking habits. The need for preventive measures to prevent central obesity and abnormal lipid profiles evolve toward disease complications through the fulfillment of adequate daily physical activity and healthy eating habits.
STUDY ON BREAST-FEEDING PRACTICESOF POOR AND NONPOOR HOUSEHOLD Mudjajanto, Eddy S.; Khomsan, Ali; Sukandar, Dadang; Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 29, No 2 (2006): September 2006
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Breast-feeding is a natural way to feed babies. A good breastfeeding practice is important for a continued growth, health, and nutrients for babies and young children. Therefore, the period of exclusive breast-feeding is one of important health problems in the community. This research used a control group design. The control group is nonpoor household. The collected data from the two groups (poor and nonpoor) and from the two locations, Bogor and Indramayu, (highland and coastal) were compared. Sample was drawn as random. Sample size of poor households are 513 in both location, while nonpoor households are 238. Total sample size are 751 households. The data collected through questionnaires. The results of the studies conducted in Bogor and Indramayu show that most mothers either from poor or nonpoor households do not breastfeed their babies, and they have problems with their excessive breast milk and continuously dripping breast milk. The results of the study reveal that almost all mothers have got the experience of breast-feeding their last babies, either those of poor households or those of nonpoor ones in both Bogor and Indramayu. Most mothers of poor households both in Bogor and Indramayu do not generally understand about exclusive breast-feeding, with the figures reaching 95.6% and 97.7% respectively. The figures for the breast-feeding period of between 12 and 23 months were 27.4% in Bogor, and 30% in Indramayu.Key words: breast-feeding, households, breast milk, mothers, babies
FAKTOR RISIKO OVERWEIGHT DAN OBESE PADA ORANG DEWASA DI INDONESIA (Analisis Data Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013) Sudikno, Sudikno; Syarief, Hidayat; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Riyadi, Hadi
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 38, No 2 (2015): September 2015
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT The problem of overweight and obese in Indonesia had a trend of rising along with the increasing age of the population. This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with overweight and obese adults aged 25-65 years in Indonesia using Riskesdas 2013 data. The study design was cross-sectional. Samples were adults aged 25-65 years in Indonesia with the total of 458 591 people. Results showed that the prevalence of overweight and obese at the age of 25-65 years were found to be 26.1 percent and 7.20 per cent, respectively. The mean of Body Mass Index (BMI) was 24.02 ± 3.70 kg/m2. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors associated with overweight and obese were age, sex, region, marital status, employment, economic status, and smoking habits. The result also showed that the habits of eating bread and biscuit were also associated with the incidence of obese. Hence, prevention efforts such as sufficient regular physical activities are needed. In addition, it is also necessary to promote food substitute for carbohydrates source to meet balanced nutrition both in number and type, as well as the quality. Keywords: risk factors, overweight, obese, Indonesian adults ABSTRAK Masalah overweight dan obese di Indonesia mengalami kecenderungan naik seiring dengan meningkatnya umur penduduk. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan overweight dan obese pada orang dewasa umur 25-65 tahun di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan data Riskesdas 2013. Desain penelitian adalah cross-sectional. Sampel penelitian adalah orang dewasa berumur 25-65 tahun di Indonesia. Jumlah sampel yang dianalisis 458 591 orang. Hasil analisis menunjukkan prevalensi overweight pada usia 25-65 tahun ditemukan sebesar 26,1 persen, sedangkan prevalensi obese pada usia 25-65 tahun sebesar 7,2 persen. Rata-rata Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) adalah 24,02±3,70 kg/m2. Dari hasil analisis regresi logistik menunjukkan bahwa faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan overweight dan obese adalah umur, jenis kelamin, wilayah, status kawin, pekerjaan, status ekonomi, kebiasaan merokok. Selanjutnya diperoleh hasil juga bahwa kebiasaan makan roti dan kebiasaan makan biskuit juga berhubungan dengan kejadian obese. Perlu adanya upaya pencegahan seperti dengan aktivitas fisik yang cukup setiap hari secara berkesinambungan. Di samping itu diperlukan juga upaya promosi pemilihan makanan pengganti sumber karbohidrat dalam pemenuhan gizi seimbang baik dalam jumlah maupun jenis, serta kualitasnya.
STUDI TENTANG STATUS GIZI PADA RUMAHTANGGA MISKINDAN TIDAK MISKIN Riyadi, Hadi; Khomsan, Ali; S, Dadang; A, Faisal; S. Mudjajanto, Eddy
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 29, No 1 (2006): Maret 2006
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF POOR AND NON-POOR HOUSEHOLDSNutritional status is a body health condition of a person or a group of people resulting from the consumption, absorption, and utilization of nutrients in food. This study aimed to asses nutritional status of children under five years, husbands, and wives in highland and coastal areas. This study used a case control group design. Case was poor household while control group was nonpoor household. The collected data from poor and nonpoor and from the highland and coastol areas were compared. Weight was measured using digital bathscale and height uses microtoise. The results indicated that most husbands and wives were in normal category, less than 15% had low nutritional status. Prevalence of overweight occured more frequently in nonpoor households. The prevalence of nutritional problems of children under five was greater in poor households than that in nonpoor households. The children’s under five years old nutritional status were similiar in both boys and girls.Keywords: nutritional status, children, poverty
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PANGAN FORTIFIKASI ZAT MULTI GIZI MIKRO PADA IBU HAMIL TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN LINIER, TINGGI LUTUT DAN STATUS ANEMIA BAYI Saragih, Bernatal; Syarief, Hidayat; Riyadi, Hadi; Nasoetion, Amini
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 30, No 1 (2007): Maret 2007
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

EFFECT OF MULTI MICRONUTRIENTS FORTIFIED SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD IN PREGNANT WOMEN ON LINEAR GROWTH, KNEE HEIGHT AND ANEMIA STATUS OF INFANTSLike in many developing countries, macro and micro nutritional deficiencies are the seriousproblem, especially for Indonesian pregnant women and young age children. Early nutritionalintervention strategy through supplementary fortified foods for pregnant women is one ofalternative nutritional improvement interventions for the next generation. The objective of this study is to analize the impact of multi micronutrients fortified supplementaryfood in pregnant mothers on linear growth, knee height and anemia status of infants. This studywas conducted in three sub-districts of Bogor Distritcs namely: Leuwiliang, Leuwisadeng andCiampea. This prospective cohort study follow up 120 infants. The total of infants has beenfollowed up was 120. From 120 born infants, 40 infants were selected as a fortified group in whichtheir mothers during pregnancy received fortified food (consists of vermicelli, milk and biscuit withmulti-nutrients i.e. iron, iodine, zinc, folic acid, vitamin C and vitamin A), 40 infants as unfortifiedgroups in which their mothers was received non fortified foods, and 40 infants as control groups(their mothers did not receive any experiment food). Data analyzed using SPSS 13.0. Z-scorewere calculated for the length-for-age (HAZ) of WHO 2006 growth reference.The result of study showed that multi micronutrients fortified supplementary food for pregnantmothers had significant effect on infants linear growth which was 2.18 cm taller compared tocontrol group and 1.53 cm taller compared to unfortified group. The mean of liniear growth andHAZ fortified group up to 6 months infants was better than unfortified and control. Earliercomplementary food intoduction were associated with the decrease of infants’ linear growth andHAZ. Stunting (5.0%) was found at two months of infants’ age in control group. Fortified foodsupplementation for pregnant women had significant effect on infant knee height gain. Infant kneeheight (< 14.248 cm) at 6 months was categorized as stunting. Multi micronutrients fortifiedsupplementary food in pregnant mother had an retention effect of decreased infants Hb at up to 6months.Keywords: Multi micronutrients, pregnancy, infant, breast feeding, linear growth, knee height, hemoglobin