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PENINGKATAN STATUS BESI DAN KEBUGARAN FISIK PEKERJA WANITA USIA SUBUR Indriani, Yaktiworo; Khomsan, Ali; Sukandar, Dadang; Riyadi, Hadi; Zuraida, Reni
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 3 (2011): November 2011
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The study aims were to (1) assess the nutritional status, adequacy level, and physical fitness of the nonpregnant reproductive female workers, and (2) analyze the effect of micronutrients supplementation on their iron status and physical fitness. This research employed experimental design of double blind, completely randomized design by involving 338 households of female workers. The experimental unit consists of 39 female workers whose hemoglobin level were 80-125 g/L. However, five of them were drop out due to pregnancy or sickness. The treatments applied in the study were three capsules containing: (1) iron and folic acid (BF), (2) multi-vitamin and mineral (MVM), which contains of 15 different vitamins and minerals, and (3) placebo (P). The body mass index of the female workers were thin 12 percent, normal 70 percent and overweight 18 percent. Most of their nutritional intake of vitamin C, calcium and iron were deficient but they had a good to superior of physical fitness. After 10 weeks of three days per week supplementation, BF significantly increased the hemoglobin (p
FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN PARTICIPATING AT POSYANDU PROGRAM IN CIANJUR REGENCY Riyadi, Hadi; Anwar, Faisal
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 2 (2007): Juli 2007
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Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi kon­sumsi pangan anak balita serta menganalisis status gizi balita. Penelitian ini menggunakan cross-sectional de­sain dengan sampel rumah tangga yang memiliki anak balita. Sampel berjumlah 300 balita. Pemilihan sampel dilakukan secara acak berlapis (stratified random sampling). Penelitian ini dilakukan di dua kecamatan Kabupaten Cianjur pada tahun 2006-2007. Data yang di­kumpulkan meliputi konsumsi dan frekuensi konsumsi pan­gan balita serta data antropom­etri balita yang digunakan untuk menentukan status gizi balita. Data hasil wawancara dan pengukuran dientri menggunakan soft­ware excel. Data dianalisis dengan SAS (Statistical Analysis System). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kon­sumsi energi  balita secara rata-rata hanya memenuhi 80% angka kecukupan gizi yang dianjurkan (RDA). Konsumsi pro­tein sudah memenuhi angka kecukupan protein yang dianjurkan. Prevalensi underweight, stunted dan wasted pada balita berturut-turut yaitu 30.0%, 43.7% dan 12.3%. Keywords : konsumsi, frekuensi konsumsi pangan, dan status gizi
KEBIASAAN MAKAN DAN ASUPAN ZAT GIZI MASYARAKAT HALMAHERA Riyadi, Hadi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 2 (2010): Juli 2010
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Every community develops a specific socio-cultural aspect of food. The socio-cultural factor of food reflects the food consumption pattern of social life in the community. The study was carried out to analyze food habits and nutrients intake of people in Halmahera.  This research was a survey design. This research was conducted in 10 villages in Halmahera Tengah and in 3 villages in East Halmahera. Sample size (n = 304) was determined by simple random sampling without replacement formula. Primary data was collected in this study by interviewing respondents. The primary data was demography characteristics; food sources, preparation and processing; food taboo and preferences of children under five year old; and food consumption of households. The research showed that the communities in the research locations were agrarian communities in which their life depends on the surrounding nature. Like the population in Maluku in general, most population of Halmahera consumed sago and its processed products as its principal food sources including lempeng kasbi sago, tree lempeng sago, popeda sago, and others. The kinds of fish and foods not permitted to consume because of taboos were laying fish, nyoa fish, Rayfish, tuna, maleo and bee birds, pineapples and suanggi bananas. Some children under five liked sweet potato, taro, rice, porridge, cassava, and bananas. The average energy and protein level of sufficiency among the samples in both regencies was relatively good, except in Kobe Gunung Village and Sawai Itepo had lower level of energy and protein sufficiency than those in other villages. The nutrients with a low level of nutrient sufficiency in all villages included vitamin A, vitamin C and calcium. Key words: food habits, food taboo, nutrients intake.
STUDI TENTANG PENGETAHUAN GIZI IBU DAN KEBIASAAN MAKAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA DI DAERAH DATARAN TINGGI DAN PANTAI Khomsan, Ali; Anwar, Faisal; Sukandar, Dadang; Riyadi, Hadi; Mudjajanto, Eddy Setyo
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 1, No 1 (2006): Juli 2006
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Eating habits refer to the behavior of a person or a group of people in satisfying the need for food, which involves attitude, beliefs, and choice of food. To understand eating habits, what ought to be considered are food consumption (quantity and quality), preference of certain food, beliefs, taboo, and attitude toward certain foods. This research aims to assess mother’s nutrition knowledge and food habits of the households. The study was conducted in a highland area of Bogor Regency and a coastal area of Indramayu Regency, West Java, Indonesia.  In Bogor, 375 samples and in Indramayu 376 samples were selected randomly, so the total samples are 751. The data was collected through questionnaires.  Mother’s nutrition knowledge is better in Indramayu than in Bogor. The eating frequency of 1-2 times daily is still dominant in the households of both locations of research. A food priority for the members (under five year old children) of households who are prone to nutritional problems is important to reduce the risk of malnutrition. The consumption of food from animal sources (meat and eggs) in both regions of research is generally still low, i.e. less than a piece of meat/week, and less than 1 egg/week, except for the consumption of fish in Indramayu, which is relatively high. The vegetable consumption in Bogor is relatively high, but fruit consumption is lower than that in Indramayu.  Keywords: nutritional knowledge, food habits, household
ASUPAN GIZI ANAK BALITA PESERTA POSYANDU Riyadi, Hadi; Sukandar, Dadang
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
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The objectives of this action research were: (1) to assess nutritional status of children under five years under five years under five yaers, and (2) to evaluate the effects of nutrition education and home gardening to nutritional status of children under five years under five years. The research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga. This research started with a preliminary study as the first step and experimental design as the second step.  As many as 16 posyandu  that met research requirements were obtained. A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into kontrol and intervention groups. Collected data included the data of household, children under five years under five years and mothers. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while endline data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing  nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening. The data analysis included estimation of mean, standard deviation, minimum value, maximum value and proportion. The estimation results were then presented in tables and diagrams. Based on the analysis of nutrition intake data, it appears that intervention of nutrition education and home gardening has given great impacts on macronutrient and micronutrient improvement. The impacts of this nutrition intake improvement are not only because of the availability of vegetable garden in their home, but also because of the allocation of the family resources that is aimed at buying nutritious food. This has proved that knowledge about giving appropriate food is a prerequisite to improve access and sufficient and nutritious food, which has become a basis to reduce any kind of malnutrition. Keywords: nutrition intake, food consumption, children
STATUS GIZI DAN STATUS KESEHATAN SUKU BADUY Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 2 (2009): Juli 2009
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The objectives of the study were: (1) To analyze the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of Baduy people; (2) To analyze the health status and nutritional status of Baduy people and its influential factors. This research is an explorative and descriptive study on the socio-cultural aspects of food system. The data were collected through a direct interview and discussion with respondents as well as a direct observation at the location of respondents. A sample size of 338 households was drawn from the population. To obtain the data on the cultural aspects, history and  socio aspect of food, in-depth interviews was conducted with 19 key persons. The study was last for 12 months. In Outer Baduy, the factors significantly related to nutritional status are age, number of household size, income, nutritional knowledge, and wife’s ability to read. In Moslem Baduy, only age and income are related to the nutritional status of children. In Moslem Baduy and the Outer Baduy, the correlation between age and W/A or W/H is similar: namely, the higher the age, the lower would the Z-score for the W/A or W/H. The income is significantly correlated to the child nutritional status according to Z-score for W/A with a high correlation coefficient, that is, 0.61. This means that the higher the income, the higher would be the Z-score value for the W/A.  The distribution of adults according to BMI classification in Outer Baduy it shows that 12.7% husbands and 17.6% wives are thin (wasted), while the overweight prevalence of the husbands is 2.4% and the wives 8.6%.  This shows that Baduy women suffer from double nutrition problems (double burden). When the survey was carried out, 2.7% women were pregnant and still breastfeeding, the rest was neither pregnant nor breastfeeding.   Key words: health status, child nutritional status  and body mass index
PENGARUH PENYULUHAN GIZI-KESEHATAN DAN FAKTOR LAINNYA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN ANAK USIA PRASEKOLAH ., Yuliana; Khomsan, Ali; Patmonodewo, Soemiarti; Riyadi, Hadi; Muchtadi, Deddy
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 1, No 2 (2006): November 2006
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The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of extension on nutrition-health and other factors on the growth of pre-school children.  The design of this study was a quasi experiment. The subjects of this study were pre-school children aged 3-6 year old with  some specified criteria, such as having no story of severe malnutrition and low birth weight, having a complete parents, literacy ability of the mother, stated in a health condi­tion/undefect handicapped, and did not follow any programs of early-age children educa­tion. The subjects were divided into two groups, namely group of control and group of in­tervention. The primary data collected consisted of family’s characteristics, child’s charac­teristics, and children’s care and development environment. Generally, there was no signifi­cant difference between pre- and post-test of mother’s knowledge on nutrition-health, both of control and intervention groups; however, there was a slightly difference on child-care on nutrition-health for the two groups. There was a significant difference on mother’s knowl­edge on nutrition-health between pre- and post- extension on the both groups.  About 51.3% of child’s growth was determined by factors of family and children.  The factors which had a possitive significant influence were body lenght, and mother’s knowledge on nutrition-health.  Keywords : intervention, caring, cognitive, psychomotor, social, emotional.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MAKANAN TAMBAHAN TERHADAP KONSUMSI ENERGI DAN PROTEIN IBU HAMIL Prihananto, V.; sulaeman, Ahmad; Riyadi, Hadi; Palupi, Nur Heni Sri
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 1 (2007): Maret 2007
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The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of supplementary foods on pregnant mothers’ energy and protein consumtion. This study was conducted in three sub-districts i.e.: Leuwiliang, Leuwisadeng and Ciampea. The 140 pregnant mothers from these sub-districts were selected for this study. Out of 140 pregnant mothers, 70 pregnant mothers were selected to receive supplementary foods for 6 month and 70 pregnant mothers did not receive any experimental food (control). Product selected as intervention consists of vermicelli, milk, and biscuit. The results of the study showed intervention could improve energy protein consumption of pregnant mothers Keywords: pregnant mothers, energy protein
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA DI KABUPATEN TIMOR TENGAH UTARA, PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Riyadi, Hadi; Martianto, Drajat; Hastuti, Dwi; Damayanthi, Evy; Murtilaksono, Kukuh
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Maret 2011
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This research aims to analyze underlying factors affecting child malnutrition at Timor Tengah Utara district, NTT. The design was a cross-sectional study. Sample of this study was household that have underfive years old children residing in the areas of Plan International. Data was collected by using structured questionnaire, focus group discussion and in-depth interview. Nutritional status was measured using anthropometric measurement with weight and height indicators and child consumption was recorded using 24 hours food’s recall. Result showed that in three villages prevalence of malnourished children was high, which were 6.0% classified as severe underweight, 15.3% severe stunting and 0.7% severe wasting. There was no significant difference in term of nutritional status. Child malnutrition was influenced by low access to nutrition and health information, low nutrition knowledge and practices, and low family income. Key words: underfive children, nutritional status, Timor Tengah Utara
HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS IN POSYANDU NUTRITION PROGRAM Sukandar, Dadang; Khomsan, Ali; Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi; Mudjajanto, Eddy Setyo
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 3 (2010): November 2010
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Abstract

The objectives of this research were to analyze health, nutritional status of children under five years and its influential factors. This research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga. As many as 16 posyandu nutrition program were obtained. A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into control and intervention groups. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while endline data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening. The data analysis included estimation of mean, standard deviation, minimum value, maximum value and proportion. Based on the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis, it was found that intervention had significant impact on the nutritional status (WAZ) of children under five years. Intervention did not have significant effects on the nutritional status according to HAZ and WHZ. Key words: Health status, nutritional status, nutrition program, children under five years.