Riswati Riswati
Pusat Humaniora, Kebijakan Kesehatan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan

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PERBANDINGAN IDEAL ANGGARAN UPAYA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (UKM) DAN UPAYA KESEHATAN PERORANGAN (UKP) Dl TINGKAT KABUPATEN/KOTA Sundari, Siti; Wibowo, Hendrianto Trisno; Erry, Erry; Sukoco, Noor Edi Widya; Rusiawati, Yuyus; Riswati, Riswati
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 10, No 1 Jan (2007)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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The Community Health Efforts (Usaha Kesehatan Masyarakat/UKM) and Individual Health Efforts (Usaha KesehatanPerorangan/UKP) Programs were established to enhance services towards more promotive and preventive than curative and rehabilitative services. Accordingly, the budget allocated for the UKM should be more than or balanced with the UKP budget. Due to the abscence of benchmark for ideal proportion of the UKM and the UKP budget at the District/Municipal levels, the budget allocated for both efforts were highly depending on decision of local authorities and the budget allocated by the Central level. This study aimed to determine the ideal proportion of UKM and UKP budget at the Districts/Municipalities having Index Poverty Level level equal or above 34.4. This was an observational study using a retrospective design. Data were collected at 6 (six) District/Municipal Health Offices on Health Budgets allocated during year 2003-2005 and analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Results showed that the proportions of budget allocated for the UKM and UKP were varied from 49.9%-57.2% for the UKM and 42.8%-50.1% for the UKP. Eventhough there was an increased of UKM budget which meant more services toward promotive and preventive activities, the services provided by the UKM were more towards curative than preventive functions. Furthermore, both efforts have continuum services from promotive to rehabilitative services. To conclude, the concept of UKM and UKP needs to be redesign in order to accomplish theDepartment of Health Grand Strategy for promotive and preventive services before stating the benchmark for the UKM and the UKP budget proportions.Key words: the UKM, the UKP, health-budget, districst, municipalities
Tradisi Masyarakat dalam Penanaman dan Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Obat Lekat di Pekarangan Sari, Ida Diana; Yuniar, Yuyun; Siahaan, Selma; Riswati, Riswati; Syaripuddin, Muhamad
Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia VOLUME 5, NOMOR 2, AGUSTUS 2015
Publisher : Center for Biomedical and Basic Technology of Health,National Institute of Health Research

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Home yard has been used to plant certain medicinal plants, also as known as TOGA program. This research was aimed to study the implementation of TOGA program and community tradition in planting and using medicinal plants. A qualitative research was conducted in West Java, Central Java, East Java and Bali which based on National Basic Health Research 2010 data had the highest percentage of  jamu usage. Data was collected in 2011 through in depth interview and focus group discussion with related stakeholder and observation in research location. Result in Bogor district showed TOGA program has been included in Family Welfare Development Program and similar program was also developed in some villages. There was no certain TOGA program in Karanganyar, Sumenep and Gianyar districts. TOGA program in Karanganyar was inserted in other program due to economic needs while in Gianyar the program was originated from ornamental plants. The community usually used medicinal plants for the prime medication before going to health facility. Planting medicinal plants is an inherited tradition where parents become the main source of planting and usage information. The Agriculture Office  and village officials had more significant roles to guide the community while the Health office only suggested or monitored them
KESIAPAN KECAMATAN DALAM MENERIMA DAN MELAKSANAKAN PELIMPAHAN SEBAGIAN KEWENANGAN PEMERINTAHAN DARI BUPATI KEPADA CAMAT DI KABUPATEN CIANJUR PROVINSI JAWA BARAT Riswati, Riswati; Muslim, Muslim
Jurnal Ilmiah Wahana Bhakti Praja Vol 6 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.029 KB) | DOI: 10.33701/jiwbp.v6i1.136

Abstract

AbstractStructuring the territory understood as a method and not a fi nal destination in the structure ofgovernance (local). The ultimate goal in governance or regional government is the achievementof social welfare. Structuring the region as a method intended to bring the device to the localcommunity as the owner of sovereignty.Sub-District as a working area of the district head has an important position in the publicservice, because it deals directly with the public as the main consumers of public services inquestion. Important essence of districts explicitly stated in Law No. 32 of 2004, which confi rmedthat the sub-district serves as the district/city.This research uses descriptive research design analysis with a qualitative approach. This studyincludes qualitative research, which produces descriptive data. Qualitative research is alsomore emphasis on process rather than in terms of results, in addition to this research mayreveal a problem concerning what is in accordance with the reality on the ground.Based on the results of research and discussion as well as the data obtained in the fi eld,it can be concluded as follows: 1) decree No. 44 and No. 45 of 2012 issued on December28, 2012 have not been fully implemented. The Regent of new regulations implemented infour districts as a pilot project for the District Campaka and Cidaun representing southerncoastal areas Cianjur berkarateristik ocean regions and the mainland. While CematanPacet and Middle Reef representing the Highlands and the Regional Tourism; 3) Basedon the results of questionnaires distributed researchers showed that almost 94% of theauthority delegated by declaring that have been implemented by the Head Campaka,Cidaun, Karangtengah and Pacet despite many obstacles. 4) Based on the interview withthe Head Campaka, Cidaun, Karangtengah and Pacet and the districts mentioned thatthe authority delegated in accordance with Law No. 32 of 2014 governing authority of theRegent. But the delegation of authority was not followed denganpembiayaan suffi cient; 5)Obstacles encountered in the implementation of devolved government affairs, among others,the allocation of funds from the budget has been no improvement since the publication oflegislation or declaring the partial delegation of authority so that what is being implementedby kecamaatan still in accordance with the regulations and declaring before it was issued.Another was in the delegation of authority should be delegated the funds and personnel aswell as the completeness of facilities and infrastructure to carry out the delegated authority;Of the conclusions that can be drawn up by the author, the author tries to give somerecommendations, among others: 1) the ineffectiveness of the role and function of districts foris probably due to the limited authority given to districts to districts that causes districts “nothesitate” to take action if social problems arising in the areas they work; 2) In addition, untilnow there is no synchronization of activity between districts and other institutions at the districtlevel (vertical and horizontal); 3) Short-term: through the synchronization of activities andmake districts as an important actor in the management of these activities, the medium term:to simplifi cation institutions where local authorities through applicable legislation activate therole and functions of the district. Long-term: to reduce the role and function of districts to onlyfocus on one function, namely the function of public services. But we realize that this causes motion districts arena becomes very, very limited, while the other functions being in the arena of motion districts.Keywords: government, delegation of authority and district