Dyah Rini Indriyanti
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Journal : Public Health Perspective Journal

Analysis Factors of Bacteria in The Refill Water at Semarang District

Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Public Health Perspective Journal

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Abstract

Refill Drinking Water is a drinking water industry business that processes raw water into drinking water. Semarang is an industrial city in Central Java, an increase in the number of industrial companies is raised so that the development activities in various fields can directly cause microbial pollution in raw water. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of raw water sources, filtration processes, disinfection processes, environmental sanitation conditions and personal hygiene in the presence of bacteria in refill drinking water in Semarang district. This research was a quantitative research, with a cross sectional approach. The research sample amounted to 33 refill drinking water stations with simple random sampling technique. The instrument used was the observation sheet and the form of laboratory test results. Data collection techniques used interviews, observations and laboratory tests. Data analysis in this study used Simple Logistic Regression. The results of the study were influential on raw water source variables (p = 0.019), filtration process (p = 0.017), disinfection process (p = 0.013), environmental sanitation conditions (p = 0.017), personal hygiene of employees (p = 0.013) on existence bacteria in refill drinking water in Semarang district. The presence of E. coli bacteria in refill drinking water indicates microbial pollution in drinking water, which can result.

The Relationship of Clean Water Facilities and Fecal Discharge to Incidence of Diarrhea in The Tidal Floods Area and Not Tidal Flood in Pekalongan

Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2019): April 2019
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Abstract

Diarrhea is a major health problem in Indonesia. The incidence of diarrhea in Pekalongan increased from 622 patients in 2015 to 1,507 in 2016 and a 10% increase existing 2017. The purpose of the study to analyze the relationship of clean water facilities and fecal discharge to incidence of diarrhea in the tidal floods area and not tidal flood in Pekalongan. The study was conducted with a retrospective approach. The population in this study 2,186 homes were tidal flood. The sample amounted to respectively 96 people in the area tidal flood and 96 in the area do not tidal flood, with purposive sampling techniques. Retrieving data obtained by giving questionnaires and in-depth interviews in the respondents. Bivariat.Hasil data analysis research shows the incidence of diarrhea by 74% tidal flood region while not tidal flood the incidence of diarrhea by 45.8%. Tidal flood can cause a seedy neighborhood and become a breeding ground for bacteria. Water supply contaminated by tidal flooding can cause diarrhea. Tidal flood damage excreta disposal facilities, due to the septic tank is covered with water, so a lot of bacteria that can cause diarrhea. There is a relationship clean water facilities and fecal discharge to incidence of diarrhea in the tidal floods area and not tidal flood. Suggestions community is expected to understand the importance of maintaining healthy clean environment to avoid diarrhea. so many bacteria that can cause diarrhea. There is a relationship relationship of clean water facilities and fecal discharge to incidence of diarrhea in the tidal floods area and not tidal flood. Suggestions community is expected to understand the importance of maintaining healthy clean environment to avoid diarrhea. so many bacteria that can cause diarrhea. There is a relationship diarrhea with clean water facilities and fecal discharge to incidence of diarrhea in the tidal floods area and not tidal flood. Suggestions community is expected to understand the importance of maintaining healthy clean environment to avoid diarrhea.

Keefektifan Pendidikan Kesehatan Oleh Tenaga Kesehatan dan ODHA Terhadap Pengetahuan HIV/AIDS Siswa SMA

Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 2, No 3 (2017): Desember 2017
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Para penderita AIDS dari tahun ke tahun semakin bertambah. SMA Semarang terletak sangat dekat dengan tempat lokalisasi Sunan Kuning Semarang sehingga memungkinkan timbulnya perilaku yang mudah terpengaruh dengan lingkungan sekitar, serta belum adanya upaya yang maksimal untuk peningkatan mengetahuan HIV/AIDS di kalangan remaja. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui keefektifan pendidikan kesehatan oleh tenaga kesehatan dan ODHA terhadap pengetahuan HIV/AIDS siswa SMA.  Jenis penelitian ini adalah Quasi Experiment dengan rancangan penelitian Pretest-Postest with Control Group. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa SMA yang berjumlah 206. Sampel sejumlah 66 siswa. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan pendidikan kesehatan oleh tenaga kesehatan tidak lebih berpengaruh dibandingkan dengan metode pendidikan kesehatan yang dilakukan oleh ODHA. Saran yang diberikan kepada pihak sekolah adalah diharapkan dapat meningkatkan konseling, informasi dan edukasi pada remaja tentang kesehatan reproduksi khususnya mengenai HIV/AIDS.AIDS patients have increased year on year. SMA Semarang is located near the localization of Sunan Kuning Semarang thus enables to emergence   behaviors that are easily affected by the surrounding environment, and there isn’t maximum efforts to increase knowledge of HIV / AIDS among adolescents yet. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of health knowledge by health professional and people living with HIV toward high school student’s  knowledge of HIV / AIDS. This study was a Quasi Experiment which the design of study was Pretest-Posttest with Control Group. The population in this study were all high school students that were 206 student. The samples were  66 students. The result of this study indicated that health education by health professional are not more influential than the health education method performed by people living with HIV. Advice given to the school is the school should  increase counseling, information and education about reproductive health, especially concerning HIV / AIDS on adolescent.

The Quality, Quantity and Age of Giving Breastfeeding for Toddlers in Relation with Nutritional Status

Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2019): Articles In Press
Publisher : Public Health Perspective Journal

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Abstract

Malnutrition is one of the main causes of malnutrition. Globally, poor nutritional status is one of the causes of under-five mortality. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the quality, quantity and age of providing complementary food for breast milk in relation to the nutritional status of children.This study was an observational study with a cross sectional study design. The population of toddlers aged 7-24 months is 344 toddlers, a sample of 77 toddlers. Data retrieval is using simple random sampling technique using Slovin formula.The results are showed that the three independent variables affected the nutritional status of children. The obtained is p-value (0.001) quality, (0,000) quantity and age (0,000).Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that there is a relationship between the quality of complementary food for breast milk to the nutritional status of children with ap value of 0.001 (p <0.05), there is a relationship between the quantity of complementary food for the nutritional status of children with p value amounting to 0,000, and there is a relationship between the age of providing complementary food for breast milk to the nutritional status of children with ap value of 0.000. This research is expected to benefit the community. For information on the program of dissemination and counseling on the quality and quantity of complementary feeding for mother's milk the which is good in the family and the impact the caused by nutritional problems in infants. 

Faktor Determinan dan Respon Masyarakat Terhadap Pemanfaatan Jamban dalam Program Katajaga di Kecamatan Gunungpati Semarang

Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 2, No 3 (2017): Desember 2017
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Abstract

Pada saat ini masih ada warga masyarakat yang memiliki perilaku buang air besar disembarang tempat karena tidak memiliki jamban. Hal ini sangat merugikan kondisi kesehatan masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis faktor determinan dan respon masyarakat terhadap pemanfaatan jamban dalam program KATAJAGA (Kampung Total Jamban Keluarga) di Kecamatan Gunungpati Semarang. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah survey analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini seluruh kepala keluarga yang mendapatkan bantuan jamban di Kecamatan Gunungpati berjumlah 1222 kepala keluarga. Sampelnya berjumlah 93 responden dengan teknik Proportionate Random Sampling. Pengambilan data diperoleh dengan cara memberi kuesioner dan wawancara pada responden. Analisis data dilakukan dengan program SPSS 17 secara bivariat (Chi Square). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan pendidikan dengan pemanfaatan jamban (χ2=4,423; df=1; p=0,035<0,05), demikian pula ada hubungan status ekonomi (χ2=6,500; df=2; p=0,039<0,05), pengetahuan (χ2=6,928; df=2; p=0,031<0,05), ketersediaan air bersih (χ2=4,371; df=1; p=0,037<0,05), akseptabilitas (χ2=8,387; df=1; p=0,004<0,05), dan partisipasi (χ2=6,918; df=2; p=0,031<0,05) terhadap pemanfaatan jamban dalam program KATAJAGA di Kecamatan Gunungpati Semarang. Manfaat penelitian yaitu dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pertimbangan bagi dinas kesehatan dalam rangka pengambilan keputusan kebijakan dan evaluasi perbaikan program jamban.At this time there are still people who have a defecate behavior in place because they do not have latrines. This is very detrimental to public health conditions. The purpose of this research is to analyze the determinant factor and the community response to the utilization of latrines in the program of KATAJAGA (Total Village Family Latrine) in Gunungpati District Semarang. The research design used was analytic survey with cross sectional approach. The population of this study is the entire head of the family who received a toilet assistance in Gunungpati District amounted to 1222 families. The sample were 93 respondents with Proportionate Random Sampling technique. The data were collected by giving questionnaires and interviews to the respondents. Data analysis was done using SPSS 17 program in bivariate (Chi Square). The results showed that there were correlation between education with the utilization of latrines (χ2 = 4,423; df = 1; p = 0,035 <0,05), also there was correlation economic status (χ2 = 6,500; df = 2; p = 0,039 <0,05 ), knowledge (χ2=6,928; df=2; p=0,031<0,05), supply of clean water (χ2 = 4,371; df = 1, p = 0.037 <0.05), acceptability (χ2 = 8,387; df = 2, p = 0,031 <0,05), and participation (χ2 = 6,918; df = 2; p = 0,031 <0,05) to the utilization of latrines in the program of KATAJAGA in Gunungpati District Semarang. The benefits of research that can be used as a consideration for the health department in the framework of policy decision and evaluation of improvements to toilet programs.

The Influence of Characteristics And Patterns of Women Behavior On The Case of Pracancerous Cervical Lesions at Community Health Centers in Pemalang District

Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2018): December 2018
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Cervical cancer is a malignant disease that is preceded by the condition of precancerous cervical lesions, namely the existence of cervical intraepithelial dysplasia / neoplasia (NIS). This study attempted to analyze the effect of characteristics and patterns of women behavior on the case of precancerous cervical lesions. The study belonged to observational study with a cross sectional study design. For more, the subjects of the study involved the population of 60 women who were positive for precancerous cervical lesions, while the number of sample was the same as the population, namely 60 respondents sampled by using total sampling technique. Their data were analyzed by using path analysis model. In conclusion, the factors of socioeconomic, age, history of STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) directly influence the case of precancerous cervical lesions and indirect effects of parity followed by the use of contraception on the case of precancerous cervical lesions.