. Rimbawan
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680

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NILAI INDEKS GLIKEMIK BEBERAPA JENIS PENGOLAHAN JAGUNG MANIS (Zea mays saccharata Sturt) Amalia, Sri Nur; Rimbawan, .; Dewi, Mira
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Maret 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The implementation of glycemic index can be used as basis for selecting carbohydrate food source to enhance and or to maintain health. The objective the following study was to analyze the glycemic indices of sweet corn with three different cooking methods.  Glycemic index values of boiled, sauted and grilled sweet corn were 41.22, 31.08 and 55.31 respectively. Based on those results, grilled sweet corn was classified as food with medium glycemic index, whereas both of boiled and sauted sweet corn were classified as food with low glycemic index. Key words: glycemic index, sweet corn
NILAI INDEKS GLIKEMIK BERBAGAI PRODUK OLAHAN SUKUN (Artocarpus altilis) FKR, Rakhmawati; Rimbawan, .; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Maret 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

A new approach based on glycemic index was suggested in choosing foods as a source of carbohydrate. A study on glycemic index of selected Indonesian food has been conducted such as breadfruit which is a source of carbohydrate. The objective of this study was to analyze glycemic index value of breadfruit products such as fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies. These processing was choosen based on common method of breadfruit cooking in Indonesia. Breadfruits from Kudus were selected. That breadfruit had processed into four kinds of breadfruit products namely fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies. The foods were analyzed the nutrient composition of the four breadfruit products. Six healthy subjects (3 males and 3 females) with BMI between 18.5 and 22.9 kg/m2 were selected. GI value of four breadfruit products determined by standard method (Miller 1996). Measurement of GI was conducted after approval of the Ethics Committee (No. LB.03.04/KE/4914/2010) received. Proximate analysis showed that nutrient contents of the products were as follows : moisture content (wet based, wb) of breadfruit products such as fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies were 51.01%, 71.75%, 79.91%, and 4.24% respectively, protein content (dry based, db) were 1.22%, 2.11%, 3.2%, and 3.53% respectively, fat content (db) were 20.07%, 0.61%, 0.73, and 30.12% respectively, carbohydrate by difference content (db) were 73.36%, 90.30%, 90.78%, and 64.37% respectively, and total dietary fiber content (db) were 16.5%, 25.76%, 30.47%, and 4.36% respectively.  The result showed that glycemic index of fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies were 82, 89, 85, and 80 respectively. Those four products were classified as high GI category. Statistical analysis showed that treatment did not affect the GI value. Key words: glycemic index, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, breadfruit cookies
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ZAT MULTI GIZI MIKRO DAN PENDIDIKAN GIZI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN GIZI, PEMENUHAN ZAT GIZI DAN STATUS BESI REMAJA PUTRI Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Rimbawan, .; Hardinsyah, .; Riyadi, Hadi; Martianto, Drajat
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 3 (2011): November 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

This study was aimed to analyze the effect of multi-micronutrients (MMN) supplementation and nutrition education on nutrition knowledge, mean adequacy ratio (MAR) and iron status of young adolescent girls (YAG). The study was done in three purposively selected junior high schools (JHS) in rural Bogor by implementing a quasi experiment control trial for 112 YAG for 16 weeks: thirty five YAG in the first JHS as a MMN group (SG) were given three times of MMN tablets per week, forty two YAG in the second JHS were given MMN tablet plus nutrition education delivered by trained teacher fortnightly called SGP group and thirty five YAG in the third JHS as a control group. The result showed that the increment of nutrition knowledge score as well as MAR of SGP group were significantly higher than the other two groups. The decrement level of hemoglobin (Hb) in SG and SGP groups was significantly lower than in control group, but in the subset data of anemic group, both intervention groups had significantly increased level of Hb. This imply that nutrition education improved nutrition knowledge of YAG, but MMN tablet could not improve Hb level in general and only had effect on YAG suffering from anemia.Key words: multi-micro nutrients, nutrition education, iron status, adolescent girls
Identification of In Vitro Bioavailability of Zinc in Different Types of Eggs and Methods of Processing Rimbawan, .; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Fahriza, Ennita
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 24, No 1 (2000): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

This research was intended to asssess zinc content and zinc bioavailability from six kinds of egg processing (boiled, poached, salted, fried egg with shallow frying (“dadarâ€Â and “ceplokâ€Â), also “pindangâ€Â on three types of egg (local hens egg, layer egg and ducks egg). An in vitro dialysis procedure was employed to determine zinc bioavailablity. The experimental design used was complete random design with factorial experimental and further statistical analysis by Duncan Multiple Range. The results indicated that zinc bioavailabilities from three types of egg with six kinds of egg processing were ranged from 3.60 to 19.01 percents. Zinc content was ranged from 1.15 to 3.12 mg/100 g in wet basis or 2.59 to 12.22 mg/100 g in dry basis. Frying egg decreased zinc bioavailability and zinc content significantly (p<0.05). Boiling and poaching of egg increased zinc bioavailability and zinc content significantly (p<0.05). The data suggest that chickens egg (local hen’s and layer egg) processed by boiling and poaching increased zinc bioavailability.
Cooking Method, Food Intake and Iodine Status of Pregnant Women in Saparua, Central Maluku Picauly, Intje; Hardinsyah, .; Khomsan, Ali; Rimbawan, .
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 24, No 1 (2000): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze food intake and its cooking method in relation to iodine status of pregnant women in an endemic goitre area. For this purposes 57 pregnant women of the second trimester were selected randomly in Saparua Sub-district, an endemic goitre area of Central Maluku. Iodine status measuerd based on urinary excretion of iodine (UEI). Iodine content of urine, water, salt and common food consumed were analyzed in analytical laboratory of the Center for Research and Development of Nutrition, Bogor. The results show that stir frying, boiling, frying, boiling and frying, and grill are common cooking methods used in the study area. Lost of iodine varies depend on cooking methods and type of foods cooked. Lost of iodine content from the first two cooking method was range from 20 to 50%; and applying the last three cooking method resulted in iodine lost from 57 to74%. The iodine lost from sea fish was higher than from the other foods. The iodine food sources commonly consumed are cassava, sea fish and ¡¥gnetum¡¦ (melinjo) leaves with the iodine contents 42,0-94,6 ƒÝg/100g. The mean intake of cassava, sea fish and gnetum leaves was 559,0; 133,3 and 42,0 g/cap/day respectively. The contribution of cassava, sea fish and vegetables on iodine intake of pregnant women was 52,6; 25,4 and 18,8% respectively. All pregnant women consumed salt with the mean intake 19,2 g/cap/day and mean iodine content o,41 ppm. The mean UEI of pregnant women was 64,9 ƒÝg/l with median 47 ƒÝg/l. Only 17,5% of pregnant women has UEI at normal category. The result of regression analysis showed about 50% variation of UEI was explained by iodine, calcium and iron intakes (r=0,68).
The Effect of Cooking Methods of Several Varieties of Rice on Zinc Bioavailability Determined Using Experimental Rats Elnovriza, Deni; Rimbawan, .; Wirakusumah, Emma S; Sukandar, Dadang
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 25, No 1 (2001): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

The specific objectives of the research were 1) to analyze zinc content of rice, 2) to analyze effect of cooking on zinc content of rice and 3) to identify the effect of cooking methods of rice on bioavailability of zinc. Zinc bioavailability was indicated by serum alkaline phosphatase activity, zinc serum and growth of Wistar rats. Boiled, steamed and puffed of Membramos, Cisadanes and Brown rice were used in this research. The results of this study showed that cooking methods affect zinc in rice. Zinc content decreased after cooking in all of cooking methods. The lost of zinc was found highest in puffed rice and lowest in steamed rice. When rats fed those rice-based diets, zinc serum was for all of treatments not significantly different. Measurement of serum alkaline phosphatase activity of rats fed steamed and boiled rice was significantly higher than control, but not for rats fed puffed rice. All rats fed treatment diets have higher growth than those fed control. Zinc bioavailability was found lower in puffed rice than steamed and boiled. Steamed rice has zinc bioavailability better than that of boiled and puffed.
Iodine and Selenium Consumption and Its Relationship with Iodine Status of School Children in Endemic and Non Endemic Coastal Areas Rimbawan, .; Khomsan, Ali; Sukandar, Dadang; Sumarmi, Sri; Dewi, Sri Wahyu Angga
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 24, No 2 (2000): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

The specific objectives of this research were to study food consumption; iodine and selenium content of foodstuffs; intake of nutrients (energy, protein, vitamin A, iodine and selenium); and status of iodine among elementary school children living in coastal areas of Pasuruan District, East Java Province. The study was also purposed to observe the correlation between nutrients consumption and iodine status. Kalirejo Village was chosen purposively to represent a non endemic area of IDD in which the Total Goitre Rate (TGR) was 45%, while Tambak Lekok Village represented a non endemic area of IDD with no cases of goiter signs. Sixty elementary school children in each area were randomly selected as samples to whom 24 hours food consumption recall and early morning urine were collected. Urinary Excretion of Iodine (UEI) was analysed from each sample to measure the status of iodine. Statistical method called t-test was applied to judge any difference between the data of consumption, nutrient adequacies, UEI level (iodine status) in both areas. Correlation between variables was also examined statistically by multiple linier regression test. For all kind of food of animal origins, samples living in IDD-non endemic area consumed more in term of quantity than that in IDD-endemic area. The adequacy levels for energy, protein, vitamin A, iodine and selenium in IDD-endemic area were 89.61%, 234.24%, 269.92%, 23.33% and 78.79% respectively; while those in IDD-non endemic area were 107.59%, 208.68%, 151.99%, 103.07% and 239.18% respectively. No significant (p>0.05) difference was observed between data of nutrients consumption, energy adequacy level and protein adequacy level obtained from an IDD-endemic area and those obtained from non endemic area. In contrast, consumption and adequacy level of vitamin A, iodine and selenium of IDD-endemic area were significantly different from those observed in IDD-non endemic area. Generally, iodine and selenium content of foodstuffs obtained from IDD-endemic area were lower than those from IDD-non endemic area. UEI of samples living in IDD-endemic area were 108,50 u/l. These was significantly different from those living in with non endemic area, which were 192 u/l. Consumption of energy, protein and vitamin A showed no significant influence on iodine status. Iodine and selenium consumption were very significantly influenced by iodine status. Iodine status was very significantly influenced by iodine consumption.Keywords: iodine, selenium, chool children
Food and Zinc Intake, and Determinant of Zinc Status among Pregnant Women in Leuwiliang and Cibungbulang Sub-Districts, District of Bogor Hayati, Aslis Wirda; Hardinsyah, .; Rimbawan, .
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 25, No 3 (2002): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to analyze zinc status, nutrient dietary quality, zinc content, zinc intake, determinant of zinc status and implications for preventing zinc deficiency among pregnant women living in Leuwiliang and Cibungbulang sub-districts, district of Bogor. The research used base line data of 252 pregnant women from previous study entitled "Effect of Multi-nutrients Fortificated Food Supplement for Pregnant Women and Child Growth and Development in Leuwiliang and Cibungbulang". Additional data collected were local food potency, zinc content of 17 foods, and formal and nonformal local leaders opinion on future institution programs related to nutrition and health.Logistic regression was applied for determinants analysis.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK DENGAN KADAR KOLESTEROL DARAH PRIA DAN WANITA DEWASA DI BOGOR Waloya, Tunggul; Rimbawan, .; Andarwulan, Nuri
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 8, No 1 (2013): Maret 2013
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ABSTRACTThe study was conducted to analyze the association between food consumption and physical activity with blood cholesterol level. The study design was cross sectional located in the District and the Municipality of Bogor. Subjects in this study were 64 adult men and women aged 25—60 years. Stepwise regression test results indicate that the intake of protein, carbohydrate and cholesterol did not significantly affected blood cholesterol levels. Physical activity level and gender significantly affected blood cholesterol levels (p<0.05). Dietary fiber intake and fat intake significantly affected blood cholesterol levels (p<0.10).Keywords: cholesterol, food consumption, physical activitiesABSTRAKPenelitian dilakukan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara konsumsi pangan dan aktivitas fisik dengan kadar kolesterol darah. Desain penelitian yang dilakukan ini adalah cross sectional. Lokasi penelitian bertempat di Kabupaten dan Kota Bogor. Subjek pada penelitian ini adalah pria dan wanita dewasa berusia 25—60 tahun sebanyak 64 orang. Hasil regresi stepwise menunjukkan bahwa asupan protein, karbohidrat, dan kolesterol tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap kadar kolesterol darah. Tingkat aktivitas fisik dan jenis kelamin berpengaruh nyata terhadap kadar kolesterol darah (p<0.05). Asupan serat pangan dan asupan lemak berpengaruh nyata terhadap kadar kolesterol darah (p<0.10).Kata kunci: aktivitas fisik, kolesterol, konsumsi pangan*
HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI DAN TEKANAN DARAH DENGAN KADAR C-REACTIVE PROTEIN DARAH PADA SUBJEK DISLIPIDEMIA Dewi, Mira; Rimbawan, .; Agustino, .
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 8, No 1 (2013): Maret 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyze the association of nutritional status (Body Mass Index, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, and body fat mass) and blood pressure with inflammation status which was assessed by blood C-reactive protein level in dyslipidemic subjects. The study design was cross sectional survey involving 81 dyslipidemic subjects in Bogor. The study showed that there were significant correlations between BMI, waist-hip ratio, body fat mass, and diastolic blood pressure with blood CRP level (p<0.05). In conclusion, the higher percentage of over nutritional status, body fat mass, and diastolic blood pressure, the higher status of inflammation.Keywords: blood pressure, body fat mass, C-reactive protein, dyslipidemia, nutritional statusABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan status gizi berdasarkan Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT), lingkar pinggang, rasio lingkar pinggang pinggul dan persen lemak tubuh serta tekanan darah dengan status inflamasi yang ditentukan dengan kadar C-reactive protein (CRP) darah pada subjek dislipidemia. Desain penelitian adalah survei potong lintang, melibatkan 81 subjek penderita dislipidemia di wilayah Kota dan Kabupaten Bogor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan signifikan antara IMT, rasio lingkar pinggang pinggul, persentase lemak tubuh, serta tekanan darah diastolik dengan kadar CRP darah (p<0.05). Disimpulkan bahwa pada subjek penderita dislipidemia, semakin tinggi persentase status gizi lebih, massa lemak tubuh, dan tekanan darah diastolik semakin tinggi pula status inflamasinya.Kata kunci: C-reactive protein, dislipidemia, massa lemak tubuh, status gizi, tekanan darah