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Efficacy of Piperazine Dihydrochlloride Against Toxocara Vitulorum in Buffalo Calves

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

A study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of piperazine dihydrochloride against natural infectionof Toxocara vitulorum in buffalo calves. In the first trial 60 based on fecal ascarid egg count and bodyweight naturally infected calves were, allocated into four groups. Three groups (groups B, C and D) weregiven piperazine dihydrochloride per os at dose levels of 200, 300 and 500 mg per kg body weight,respectivelythe remain group is non-treated controls. Piperazine treatment reduced egg excretion levels at98 to 99 per cent within 7, 14 and 21 days after treatment. Depite no significant differences were foundamong the three doses, highest egg count reductions were observed in calves given the drug 300 mg per kgbodyweight. The second trial were conducted using 10 additional calves. Piperazine significantly reducedT vitulorum egg excretion by 93% within 7 days post the treatment.

Infestasi pinjal dan infeksi Dipylidium caninum Linnaeus pada kucing liar di lingkungan kampus Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kecamatan Dramaga

Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2015): July
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate flea infestation and Dipylidium caninum (Linnaeus 1758) infection on stray cat on Bogor Agricultural University Dramaga. Thirty stray cats were collected from various places around on Bogor Agricultural University Dramaga. The stray cats that showed clinical signs of pruritus and alopecia were collected purposively. The whole body was powdered by gamexan powder, after that the fleas were collected by manual and examined microscopically. The totals of 30 fecal stray cat samples collected and examined toward D. caninum used Mcmaster methode, flotation methode, and saw the existence of proglottid. The result of identification showed that there was found one species of flea, namely Ctenocephalides felis (Bouche 1835), while on faeces was not found D. caninum. Twenty one stray cats were infected by the flea with density average of fleas per cat was 3.8 ± 1.9 individual.

Faktor Risiko dan Prevalensi Infeksi Toxocara vitulorum pada Sapi Potong di Kecamatan Kasiman, Kabupaten Bojonegoro

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This study were conducted to determine the presence of toxocariosis in beef cattle in Kasiman Subdistrict, the Regency of Bojonegoro kept under the Sekolah Peternakan Rakyat (SPR) programme. The experiment were done to identify several risk factors that may play certain roles on the degree of prevalence and infection intensity. A total of 263 head of local beef cattle with various ages were taken for faecal samples and 80 farmers were interviewed. Results of the experiment indicated the prevalence of toxocariosis was 5.32% (CI 95% = 2.61-8.04%) influenced by age and gender which showed an effect on the risk of infection. The prevalence tends to decline by age group (p <0.001): calves under 6 months of age (23.68%), and between 6-12 months of age (7.41%), 1-2 years old calves (2.04%) and the above 2 years adults (1.34%). The prevalence is higher in the males group (12.7%) compared to the females group (3.0%), (p=0.003). Logistic regression analysis concluded that age was the only affecting variable to the rate of infection with mathematical models for toxocariosis. Logit toxocariosis = -0.058 -1.098 age. 

KANDUNGAN KIMIA BERBAGAI EKSTRAK DAUN MIANA (COLEUS BLUMEI BENTH) DAN EFEK ANTHELMINTIKNYA TERHADAP CACING PITA PADA AYAM

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Study on the chemical compound of painted nettle (Coleus blumei Benth) leave extract and its anthelmintic activity against chicken tapeworm were conducted. Leave of painted nettle were collected and extracted with hexane, chloroform, ethanol and water. Phytochemical analysis was carried out to determine the chemical compound of secondary metabolites. Anthelmintic activity was evaluated with an assay using chicken tapeworm in a serial microplate dilution method by determination of efective concentration 50 (EC50) using probit analysis. The result of phytochemistry analysis showed that Coleus leaves consisted of flavonoid, steroid, tannin and saponin. Three of four extracts displayed strong anthelmintic activity with the higest activity belong to chloroform extract with EC50 5 mg/ml followed by n-hexane 9 mg/ml and metanol extract 10,2 mg/ml, while water extract has a weak anthelmintic activity with 106,2 mg/ml. In general, chloroform extract proved to be a more efficient extractant of biologically active compounds than either hexane, ethanol or water extract. The promising activity displayed by a number of extracts has led to further investigation of the active compound. Unfortunately, the result of invivo assay showed that the chloroform extract treatment with dose level 25 mg/kg BW could not to reduce the number of tapeworm in chicken. It is interesting for further investigate the differences of respon between in vitro and in vivo to determine involved factors.

PREVALENSI DAN FAKTOR RISIKO INFEKSI Toxocara cati PADA KUCING PELIHARAAN DI KOTA BOGOR (Prevalence and Risk Factors of Toxocara cati Infection in Bogor Pet Cats)

Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 10, No 2 (2016): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The aims of this research were to estimate the prevalence and to determine the risk factors related to Toxocara cati (T. cati) infection in pet cats in Bogor. This study was cross sectional study using two types of data; laboratory examination results of feces samples and interview results of the cat owner using a structured questionnaires including characteristics of pet owner and pet care management. The data obtained from this study was analyzed using chi-square test. The results showed that 85 of 243 cats were positively infected by T. cati with 35% prevalence. The significant risk factor associated with the T. cati infection were: sex, sand provided, deworming and type of feed. Pet care management in Kota Bogor were well managed, however the prevalence of T. cati infection was still high. Therefore it can be a potential public health problem especially on cat owners.

PENERAPAN METODE PENCUCIAN DENGAN AIR MENGALIR UNTUK MENURUNKAN KADAR NITRIT PADA SARANG BURUNG WALET (Application of Washing Method under Running Water to Reduce Nitrit Level of Edible Bird’s Nest)

Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 10, No 2 (2016): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This study was aimed to determine the influence of the washing method under running water on nitrite levels of edible bird’s nest (EBN). Total of 40 samples of EBN were divided into four groups with different washing frequency, control group without washing treatmet (P0), once, twice, and three times washing treatment (P1, P2, and P3) respectively. Each washing was performed for 30 seconds under running water. Nitrite levels assessment was carried out by spectrophotometry at 540 nm of wavelength. The results showed that the average nitrite levels of EBN in P0, P1, P2, and P3 were 93.12±4.40 ppm, 65.24±3.38 ppm, 63.60±3.81 ppm, and 30.87±2.11 ppm, respectively. The nitrit level in edible bird’s nest decreased significantly (P<0.05) by using three times washing.

The Diversity and Activity of Flies (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) as Forensic Indicators at Outdoor and Indoor Rat Carccasses in Dramaga, Bogor

Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

This study aims to identify the diversity of flies that were caught and interacted with carcasses at the day and night. Each of the three rat carcasses (Rattus norvegicus) was placed outdoor and indoor within the campus of IPB Dramaga. The carcasses were put into a screen cage. Observation of flies was begun at 06:00 am and so on every four hours until the skeletal stage of the carcasses reached. The flies that come to the carcasses and into the screen cage were collected and identified. The decomposition of the indoor carcasses is slower than at outdoor, with the longer fresh stage. Meanwhile, post-decay stage and skeletal stage were achieved at the same time at each location. Nine spesies captured flies which are forensic indicator were Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius), Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve, Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart), Chrysomya saffranea, Chrysomya spp, Lucilia spp, Sarcophaga spp, Calliphora spp and Musca domestica. C. bezziana Villeneuve and C. megacephala (Fabricius) were the dominant flies at outdoor carcasses. Meanwhile, the indoor carcasses was dominated by Lucilia spp.

Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Praktik Pemilik Anjing Terkait Rabies di Kabupaten Sukabumi, Jawa Barat (KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE STUDY OF DOG OWNERS RELATED TO RABIES IN SUKABUMI DISTRIC, WEST JAVA)

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Sukabumi District is one of the districts in West Java Province that has not been rabies-free since there are still reported rabies dog bites and rabies-positive cases in humans. The aim of the study was to measure the knowledge, attitude and practice of dog’s owner towards rabies which will then be useful for designing the appropriate rabies control programs. A total of 141 dog owners were selected as samples/ respondents. Respondents were taken from two sub-districts in Sukabumi District, which were 66 people from Jampang Tengah Sub-district and 75 people from Cisolok Sub-district. The data were taken using structured questionnaire. The result showed that most of respondent’s level of knowledge (51.1%) was in moderate category, meanwhile the respondent’s level of attitude related to rabies control program mostly (69.5%) was in positive category. But the positive attitude was not reflected with their practice towards rabies control program which many of them (63.1%) was in bad category of rabies control practices. From analytical result showed that only one characteristic variablewhich was the information access about rabies that had significant correlation (c2=9.959, p=0.006) towards respondent’s level of knowledge. Furthermore, another result showed that there was a significant relationship between knowledge variable with respondent’s attitude level (p= 0.000, r= 0.275).