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STUDI PARAMETER REAKTOR BERBAHAN BAKAR UO2 DENGAN MODERATOR H2O DAN PENDINGIN H2O

BERKALA FISIKA 2015: Berkala Fisika Vol. 18 No. 3 Tahun 2015
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Abstract

Research about study of Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) parameters using UO2 as fuel materials with moderator of H2O and coolant of H2O for heterogeneous infinite cylinder design  has realized. There is one of design to make nuclear reactor, it is a neutronic design. At neutronic design, first must calculations to determine group constants ( neutron cross section and the multiplication factor). The neutronic equations with one dimensional  transport theory for annulus geometry can be solved with WIMSD5B codes. Numeric method that used was one dimensional homogenization cell methods. To archieve   steady state or reactor, used enrichment of U235 between 2% until 3,2% with variation 0,05%. From the result with cluster methods with 32 groups and 10 regions, steady states of reactor at enrichment of U235 is 2,9% with effective multiplication factor (keff) = 1,006491. Keywords: PWR, reactor parameters, effective multiplication factor (keff), WIMSD5B

STUDY OF ELECTROOPTICS BEHAVIOUR OF NAPHTHALENE AND ANTHRACENE

BERKALA FISIKA 2015: Berkala Fisika Vol. 18 No. 3 Tahun 2015
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (533.378 KB)

Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate electro-optics behaviour of naphthalene and anthracene using change of polarization of sample induced by external electric field. The source of light for polarization was 1 mW-he-ne Laser 633 nm. The induced external Electric field was produced by high DC voltage 0 – 7 kV. The samples were diluted in solutions-form using wash-benzene. The result shows that anthracene has higher polarizability than naphthalene, which is indicated by higher change of polarization in anthracene than naphthalene. The Assumption that potential difference is proportional to the distance between molecules is shown qualitatively by graphs of Van der Waals potential energy or force between molecules. In this case, anthracene has higher level Energy than naphthalene so that it can be used in visible excitation for environmental spectroscopy. Keywords: electro-optics, polarization, naphthalene, anthracene, Van der Waals potential energy