Modelling of HTR (High Temperature Reactor) Pebble-Bed 10 MW to Determine Criticality as A Variations of Enrichment and Radius of the Fuel (Kernel) With the Monte Carlo Code MCNP4C

International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 8, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

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Gas-cooled nuclear reactor is a Generation IV reactor which has been receiving significant attention due to many desired characteristics such as inherent safety, modularity, relatively low cost, short construction period, and easy financing. High temperature reactor (HTR) pebble-bed as one of type of gas-cooled reactor concept is getting attention. In HTR pebble-bed design, radius and enrichment of the fuel kernel are the key parameter that can be chosen freely to determine the desired value of criticality. This paper models HTR pebble-bed 10 MW and determines an effective of enrichment and radius of the fuel (Kernel) to get criticality value of reactor. The TRISO particle coated fuel particle which was modelled explicitly and distributed in the fuelled region of the fuel pebbles using a Simple-Cubic (SC) lattice. The pebble-bed balls and moderator balls distributed in the core zone using a Body-Centred Cubic lattice with assumption of a fresh fuel by the fuel enrichment was 7-17% at 1% range and the size of the fuel radius was 175-300 µm at 25 µm ranges. The geometrical model of the full reactor is obtained by using lattice and universe facilities provided by MCNP4C. The details of model are discussed with necessary simplifications. Criticality calculations were conducted by Monte Carlo transport code MCNP4C and continuous energy nuclear data library ENDF/B-VI. From calculation results can be concluded that an effective of enrichment and radius of fuel (Kernel) to achieve a critical condition was the enrichment of 15-17% at a radius of 200 µm, the enrichment of 13-17% at a radius of 225 µm, the enrichments of 12-15% at radius of 250 µm, the enrichments of 11-14% at a radius of 275 µm and the enrichment of 10-13% at a radius of 300 µm, so that the effective of enrichments and radii of fuel (Kernel) can be considered in the HTR 10 MW. Keywords—MCNP4C, HTR, enrichment, radius, criticality 


YOUNGSTER PHYSICS JOURNAL Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Youngster Physics Journal Januari 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

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Research has been done to improve the efficiency of the manufacturing scintillator detector  in beta spectrometer. Detector efficiency is influenced by the type of scintillator, so that in this research will compare the efficiency of the detector using different types of organic scintillator. Scintillator used in this study are Anthracene and Naphthalene. In addition to comparing the efficiency of the scintillator, in this research will analyze the influence of the optical contact of silicone oil to the detector efficiency.Research done by pressing stainless steel mold containing the powder scintillator Anthracene and  Naphthalene. Pressure exerted is 86.6 kN / m2. Naphthalene and Anthracene scintillator made some thickness variations, start from 1 mm to 5 mm with a range of 0.5 mm. Then do the enumeration given 137Cs radiation  source on the surface of  the scintillator PMT (Photomultiplier Tube). To determine the effect of optical contact, given a silicone oil  layer between the surface of  the scintillator with PMT.The results of  the research showed that the efficiency of  the detector with Scintillator Anthracene larger than the scintillator Naphthalene. Scintillator detector efficiency with  Anthracene has a value of 99%, while the efficiency of the scintillator Naphthalene is 53.42%. Silicone oil as an optical contact effect on anthracene with thickness of 1 mm, while on the other the thickness of silicone oil had no effect. In Naphthalene, silicone oil effect on all thickness. It was seen from the increase of efficiency.Keyword : beta spectrometer, Detector efficiency, organic scintillator, optical contact of silicone oil


BERKALA FISIKA 2015: Berkala Fisika Vol. 18 No. 3 Tahun 2015

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Research about study of Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) parameters using UO2 as fuel materials with moderator of H2O and coolant of H2O for heterogeneous infinite cylinder design  has realized. There is one of design to make nuclear reactor, it is a neutronic design. At neutronic design, first must calculations to determine group constants ( neutron cross section and the multiplication factor). The neutronic equations with one dimensional  transport theory for annulus geometry can be solved with WIMSD5B codes. Numeric method that used was one dimensional homogenization cell methods. To archieve   steady state or reactor, used enrichment of U235 between 2% until 3,2% with variation 0,05%. From the result with cluster methods with 32 groups and 10 regions, steady states of reactor at enrichment of U235 is 2,9% with effective multiplication factor (keff) = 1,006491. Keywords: PWR, reactor parameters, effective multiplication factor (keff), WIMSD5B


BERKALA FISIKA 2015: Berkala Fisika Vol. 18 No. 3 Tahun 2015

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In this paper, we demonstrate electro-optics behaviour of naphthalene and anthracene using change of polarization of sample induced by external electric field. The source of light for polarization was 1 mW-he-ne Laser 633 nm. The induced external Electric field was produced by high DC voltage 0 – 7 kV. The samples were diluted in solutions-form using wash-benzene. The result shows that anthracene has higher polarizability than naphthalene, which is indicated by higher change of polarization in anthracene than naphthalene. The Assumption that potential difference is proportional to the distance between molecules is shown qualitatively by graphs of Van der Waals potential energy or force between molecules. In this case, anthracene has higher level Energy than naphthalene so that it can be used in visible excitation for environmental spectroscopy. Keywords: electro-optics, polarization, naphthalene, anthracene, Van der Waals potential energy 

Fotokatalisis Nanopartikel Magnetis Zinc Ferrite dengan Penyinaran Cahaya UV dan Cahaya Tampak

Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan Vol 13, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Department, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

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Nanopartikel magnetis ZnFe2O4 telah disintesis menggunakan metode presipitasi untuk degradasi rhodamine B dengan penyinaran cahaya UV dan cahaya tampak.  Analisis pola difraksi sinar-X dan spektrum Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) menunjukkan pembentukan kubik spinel ZnFe2O4 dengan ukuran kristalit sekitar 13 nm. Spektrum absorpsi dalam rentang cahaya UV (200 nm) sampai cahaya tampak (~ 600 nm) dan celah energi 2,04 eV teramati dari pengukuran spektrofotometer UV-Vis.  Sifat magnetik nanopartikel diukur menggunakan vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) menunjukkan sifat magnet lemah yang sesuai untuk aplikasi magnetis fotokatalis.  Nanopartikel ZnFe2O4 menunjukkan aktivitas fotokatalisis dengan cahaya UV maupun cahaya tampak untuk degradasi rhodamine B  dengan konstanta laju reaksi 8,2 x 10-3 /menit dan 4,5 x 10-3/menit.