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PENGARUH PENDEKATAN KONTEKSTUAL TERHADAPKEMAMPUAN MENULIS ANAK AUTISDI SD INKLUSI PUTRA HARAPAN SIDOARJO AMBITA SUKMA, LELY; RIANTO, EDY
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Volume 1 No 1 Tahun 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus

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Pendekatan, strategi, metode, dan teknik pembelajaran pada hakikatnya dapat dibedakan tetapi tidak dapat dipisahkan. Keempat istilah tersebut merupakan satu kesatuan dalam pembelajaran. Pendekatan, strategi, metode, dan teknik pembelajaran yang akan dan/atau sedang digunakan dapat diketahui dari langkah-langkah pembelajaran yang telah tersusun dan/atau sedang terjadi. Pendekatan pembelajaran adalah cara umum dalam memandang pembelajaran. Sedangkan strategi pembelajaran adalah ilmu dan kiat di dalam memanfaatkan segala sumber belajar yang dimiliki dan/atau yang dapat dikerahkan untuk mencapai tujuan pembelajaran yang telah ditetapkan. Metode mengajar adalah berbagai cara kerja yang bersifat relatif umum yang sesuai untuk mencapai tujuan pembelajaran tertentu dan teknik pembelajaran adalah ragam khas penerapan suatu metode sesuai dengan latar penerapan tertentu. Teknik pembelajaran mengambarkan langkah-langkah penggunaan metode mengajar yang sifatnya lebih operasional. Faktor-faktor yang perlu diperhatikan dalam penentuan teknik pembelajaran di antaranya adalah kemampuan dan kebiasaan guru, ketersedian sarana dan waktu, serta kesiapan siswa. Faktor-faktor yang perlu dipertimbangkan dalam memilih strategi pembelajaran ialah tujuan pembelajaran, jenis dan tingkat kesulitan materi pelajaran, sarana, waktu yang tersedia, siswa, dan guru.
PERMAINAN MAZE MATCHING BOARD UNTUK MENGEMBANGKAN KEMAMPUAN MOTORIK HALUS ANAK TUNAGRAHITA AYU SEKARWATI, DYAH; RIANTO, EDY
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 3, No 3 (0): volume 3 No.3 tahun 2013
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AbstractFine motor skills are very important to support all existing learning. It can increase children’s confidence in social interaction, optimism, mentality, experience and adaptation to their neighborhood. Children with mental retardation have obstacles in their fine motor skills due to their limitations. Based on the observation carried out in April 2013, children who attend kindergarten for children with special need ESYA SIDOARJO on the average number have obstacles in fine motor skills (such as holding, grasping, taking, moving and rotating objects). The problem formulated for this study is maze matching board game influences the fine motor skills development of children with mental retardation.Based on the research problem, the purpose of this study is to prove the effect of maze matching board game to develop fine motor skills of children with mental retardation. This research is an experimental one that uses a quantitative approach with Single Subject Research (SSR) method and AB category This study focused on one individual as the research subject. Data were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics.The results of this research showed that, the frequency of fine motor skills performed by children with mental retardation is between 5-9 in the baseline phase (A). This range was a stable frequency with a percentage of 28.57% stability. In the intervention phase (B), the frequency of fine motor skills performed by children with mental retardation is between 10-13 with a percentage of 85.71% stability. This showed that the trend has been in a stable position. This is consistent with the overlap percentage of only 0%, which means that a given intervention can improve fine motor skills of children with mental retardation.Visual analysis of the results showed a change in conditions that improved in every condition. Moreover, visual analysis across conditions shows the relationship between the two conditions. Therefore, it can be concluded that the maze matching board game affects the fine motor skills of mentally retardation children.Keywords: maze matching board game, fine motor skill
PERMAINAN TIC TAC TOE TERHADAP PENGUASAANKOSAKATA BAHASA INGGRIS SISWA TUNAGRAHITA RINGAN DWI MASRUROH, LUTFI; RIANTO, EDY
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 3, No 3 (0): volume 3 No.3 tahun 2013
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Abstract; English as a foreign language is one of the extra lessons and programs developed in schools or local content which is specifically provided as the child´s knowledge of language for mild mental retardation elementary school level are taught in a special school. To master the English language skills can not be separated from the vocabulary.mild mental retardation children have a major problem that is owned by the limited vocabulary. The problem in this study is the ability of English vocabulary 2nd grade mild mental retardation students in SDLBN Bendo Blitar.This research had purpose to analyze the influence of tic tac toe game toward the students mild mental retardation 2nd grade english vocabulary in SDLBN Bendo Blitar. This research aims to analyze and discover whether there is influence tic tac toe game toward the English vocabulary 2nd grade mild mental retardation students in SDLBN Bendo Blitar.This research uses a quantitative approach to the design type of the pre-experimental one group pre test post test design. As a research subject is mild mental retardation students in the 2nd grade SDLBN Bendo Blitar amounted to 6 children. Data collection techniques using the test method were analyzed using test formula sign (sign test).From the pre test and post test were then analyzed using the sign test formula, calculate the Z values obtained for 2.05, while the value of Z tables in a significant 5% earned 1.96 points. (2.05> 1.96). It is proved that Ho is rejected and Ha accepted, so it can be concluded that "There is a significant effect of the tic tac toe game toward the English vocabulary 2nd grade mild mental retardation students in SDLBN Bendo Blitar". Tic tac toe game can be used for English vocabulary because it contains language game.”Keywords : tic tac toe game, english vocabulary
KEMAMPUAN MEMBACA PEMAHAMAN MELALUI METODESQ3R BAGI ANAK TUNADAKSA DI SLB SOLICHATIN, ; RIANTO, EDY
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 3, No 3 (0): volume 3 No.3 tahun 2013
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Abstract: Reading comprehension is the skill for mastering the text. Matering the text is in the from of understanding the context of the text. If this skill gets the problem, it will disturb the skill to master the learning materials. It will also disturb the disabled children’s learning achievement. Disabled children are the children who get problem in their physics, especially their soft motor skill.It disturbs their coordination, communication, adaptation, mobilization, individual development, and apeaking development. It causes children get problem in the communication process either passive or active communication. It also will disturb children’s formal education.The research prolem is whether SQ3R can improve disabled children’s reading comprehension at Bina Bangsa Inclusiv School Taman Sidoarjo. The research subjects are disabled children at Bina Bangsa Inclusive School Taman Sidoarjo who get problem in their communication because of their neuromotor system problem. It makes the Indonesian Language study result is under the Minimum Achievment Criteria. SQ3R method is needed to improve disabled children’s reading comprehension. This research is a classroom action research by using MC Taggart Model ( Arikunto et all, 2008: 74 ).The data collecting methods used are observation and documentation. The data analysis is conducted to describe the changing after the subjects are given SQ3R in improving their reading comprehension. The data analyses used is reflective analysis based on cycles. The result shows that there is an improvemen of the reading comprehension. The score of the reading comprehension from the classroom action research based on the cycles is cycle II > I. The average improvement of reading comprehension is 50% and it is 24% in the first cycle.Keyword : Reading comprehension, SQ3R method
KEMAMPUAN MENULIS PUISI MELALUI PENDEKATAN KONTEKSTUAL ANAK TUNADAKSA KELAS KELAS XI SMALB BOEDI RAHAJOE, INDAH; RIANTO, EDY
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 3, No 3 (0): volume 3 No.3 tahun 2013
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Abstact: Poem writing skill is the to explore, recognize, and make a poem for the children in the Indonesian Language subject. If this skill gets the problem in its development, it will disturb the children in exploring their idea. The art subject is needed to ake the Indonesian Language subject especially poem writing has a significant effect for the literature. Disabled children are the children who get problem in their physics, especially their soft motor skill.It disturbs their coordination, communication, adaptation, mobilization, individual development, and apeaking development. It causes children get problem in the communication process either passive or active communication. It also will disturb children’s formal education.The research prolem is whether Contextual approach can improve disabled children’s poem writing skill at eleventh grade of Putra Mandiri Inclusive High School Lebo Sidoarjo. The research subjects are disabled children at Putra Mandiri Inclusive High School Lebo Sidoarjo who get problem in their communication because of their neuromotor system problem. It makes the Indonesian Language study result is under the Minimum Achievment Criteria. Contextual approach is under the Minimum Achievement Criteia. Contextual approach is needed to improve disabled children’s poem writing skill. This research is a classroom action research by using MC Taggart Model ( Arikunto et all, 2008: 74 ). The data collecting methods used are observation and documentation.The data analysis is conducted to describe the changing after the subjects are given Contextual approach in improving their pooem writing skill. The data analyses used is reflective analysis based on cycles. The result shows that there is an improvement of the poem writing skill. The score of the poem writing skill from the classroom action research based on the cycles is cycle II > I. The average improvement of poem writing skill is 39% and it is 22% in the first cycle.Keyword: Poem writing skill, contextual approach.
PERAN SERTA ORANG TUA DALAM MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN MEMBACA MENULIS PERMULAAN DENGAN METODE GLOBAL INTUITIF RIANTO, EDY
Pendidikan Luar Biasa Vol 8, No 1 (2012): Volume 8 No 1 April 2012
Publisher : Pendidikan Luar Biasa

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Abstract; This class action research uses global intuitive method and involves the parents of the deaf student on the learning process wheter it is in the school or the house. The purpose of the research are to in crease the students ability of reading and writing and to in crease the parents involment on learning process in the school or the house. On the first cycle, it is found that the students ability of reading and writing sample sentence get 77 % and the parents activity on the involvement of the learning procers is 79,08 %. Based on the result of the first cycle the researcher continued to the action reseach on second cycle, on this cycle the researcherincrease the home visit to the students parents,uses the same age child as contemporary tutor, repair the parents guidance in home. Those three aspect show the result of the study completely, which is more than 80 %. Based of the result of the research, it can be concluded that the result of the beginning of reading and writing ability is better and more increase on the second cycle than the first cycle, especrally on reading the simple sentence the students have written. The parents are also more intensive or involve the their childrens education.
BERMAIN TACTILE PLAY TERHADAP MOTORIK HALUS ANAK TUNAGRAHITA SEDANG di SDLB SANTOSO, ADI; RIANTO, EDY
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 5, No 2 (2014): volume 5 edisi yudisium
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Fine motor skill in mental retardation children is generally have barriers, therefore it need solution. To contend the problem is by developing fine motor mental retardation child were performed using playing tactile play. And so do in state SDLB Tambahrejo Bojonegoro encountered mental retardation child third class students who have barrier in fine motor skill. Mental retardation child was experiencing stiffness in the muscles of the fingers which causes the child is difficult to hold, squeeze objects and write well.  Based on this study, research the playing tactile play influence to the fine motor mental retardation children in state SDLB Tambahrejo Bojonegoro. The approach used in this research is quantitative, the type of research is pre-experimental research, the research design is "one group, pre-test–post-test design". Data collecting method is by using test and observation. Data analysis technique is data analisis statistic non parametrik with formula tests sign or “ sign test”. The results of the study on the effect of playing tactile play against fine motor of mental retardation in third class is Zh = 2.05 > of Z tabel = 1.96 at the 5% significance level. It is proved that Ho is rejected and Ha accepted so can be concluded that playing tactile play influence the fine motor mental retardation in third class in state SDLB Tambahrejo Bojonegoro.   Keywords: playing  tactile play , fine motor skill
MEDIA FLASHCARD TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN MENGENAL BILANGAN ANAK TUNAGRAHITA WRAHASTIANI, IKA; RIANTO, EDY
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 5, No 2 (2014): volume 5 edisi yudisium
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Abstract;Mental retarded children are the children who have the intelligence under average and it happens in their development period . It makes them be late in their attitude adaptation toward the social environment. One of them is the problem in recognizing the number . The learning process by using flashcard game helps mental retarded children to recognize the number . The flashcard game helps mental retarded children to recognize the number. The flashcard game is expected to affect mental retarded childdren’s abiliyy in recognizing the number. This research aims to find if there is an effect of flashcard game for the study result of children in recognizing the number at primay school for children with special needs C Trenggalek. This research uses pre experiment research by using one group pre test – post test design. There are 6 children become the subject of the research . The data collecting method used are test and observation . Based on the research, there is an affect of flashcard game for the mild mental retarded children’s ability in recognizing the number at Primay scholl forchildren with special need C Trenggalek . It is proven when the treatment is given or in the pre test , their ability in recognizingthe number is the number is between 20 and 33 . their ability is 35,5 and 43,7 after they are given treatment . the conclusion is Zh is 2,049 . It is bigger than the critical score od α=5% , 1,96 . it means that there is asignificant effect of flashcard fot the mild mental retarded children’s ability in recognizing the number at first grade of Bhayangkari Primary scholl for children with special with special needs Trenggalek   Keywords              : flashcard, recognizing the number .
PERMAINAN GOBAK SODOR MODIFIKASI TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN GERAK DASAR ANAK TUNAGRAHITA RINGAN PERMAINAN GOBAK SODOR MODIFIKASI TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN GERAK DASAR ANAK TUNAGRAHITA RINGAN MUSTAWATI MAFTUHA, DINA; RIANTO, EDY
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 5, No 2 (2014): volume 5 edisi yudisium
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Abstract: Mild mental retarded children at SLB-C TPA Jember shows that their basic movement has not developed yet. It is proven by the learning activities for the adaptive physical education in the field where the students tend to be passive. Actually, they have very good muscle strength and endurance. They just need to train their muscle. The basic movement meant here is walking and running. One of the method used by the researcher to optimize mild mental retarded children’s basic movement is by using modified “gobak sodor” game. This research aims to analyze the ability before and after being given the modified “gobak sodor” game for the mild mental retarded children’s basic movement at sixth grade of SLB-C TPA Jember. The research design used is pretest and posttest one group design. The data collecting method used are observation and test. The sign test is used to analyze the data. The research shows that Zh is 2,05 and Z table is 1,96 on the critical score of α = 5% (two tails). It shows that Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted. Therefore, it can be concluded that the modified “gobak sodor” game affects significantly to the improvement of mild mental retarded children’s basic movement at SLB-C TPA Jember.     Keywords : modified “gobak sodor” game, basic movement  
KARAKTERISTIK CAIRAN RUMEN, JENIS, DAN JUMLAH MIKROBIA DALAM RUMEN SAPI JAWA DAN PERANAKAN ONGOLE Purbowati, Endang; Rianto, Edy; Dilaga, Wayan Sukarya; Sri Lestari, Christina Maria; Adiwinarti, Retno
Buletin Peternakan Vol 38, No 1 (2014): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 38 (1) FEBRUARI 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

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Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memperoleh informasi tentang karakteristik cairan rumen, jenis, dan jumlah mikrobia yang terdapat pada rumen sapi Jawa dan sapi Peranakan Ongole (PO) jantan. Materi penelitian berupa 12 sampel cairan rumen (6 dari sapi Jawa jantan dan 6 dari sapi PO jantan) yang diambil dari rumah potong hewan (RPH) di Brebes, Jawa Tengah. Variabel yang dianalisis adalah pH, NH3, dan volatile fatty acids (VFA), serta mikrobia yang terdapat di dalamnya yang dibedakan menjadi: protozoa, bakteri, dan fungi. Data yang diperoleh ditampilkan secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, bahwa pH cairan rumen sapi Jawa (6,83) sedikit lebih tinggi dari pada sapi PO (6,67), namun keduanya masih dalam kondisi yang normal. Konsentrasi NH3 cairan rumen sapi Jawa (8,75 mgN/100ml) lebih tinggi dari pada sapi PO (7,49 mgN/100ml). Konsentrasi asetat dan butirat cairan rumen sapi Jawa lebih rendah dari pada sapi PO, tetapi konsentrasi propionat cairan rumen sapi Jawa lebih tinggi dari pada sapi PO. Rasio asetat-propionat cairan rumen sapi Jawa lebih rendah dari pada sapi PO. Jumlah protozoa cairan rumen pada sapi Jawa (64,12 per μl cairan rumen) lebih rendah dari pada sapi PO (76,33 per μl cairan rumen). Populasi bakteri cairan rumen sapi Jawa (2,7 x 107 cfu/g) lebih rendah dari pada sapi PO (2,3 x 108 cfu/g), tetapi populasi jamur cairan rumen sapi Jawa (9,3 x 104 cfu/g) lebih tinggi dari pada sapi PO (1,9 x 103 cfu/g). Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah pH cairan rumen kedua sapi netral, tetapi konsentrasi NH3, asam propionat dan populasi jamur cairan rumen sapi Jawa lebih tinggi dari pada sapi PO, sehingga rasio asam asetat-propionat pada sapi Jawa menjadi lebih rendah yang berarti lebih berpeluang untuk menghasilkan produktivitas berupa pertambahan bobot badan yang lebih tinggi.(Kata kunci: Karakteristik cairan rumen, Mikrobia rumen, Sapi Jawa, Sapi PO)