Sofia Retnowati
Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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EFEKTIVITAS TERAPI KOGNITIF PERILAKUAN TERHADAP PASIEN YANG MENDAPATKAN PENGOBATAN MEDIS ANTI ANSIETAS Mendoza, Zera; Retnowati, Sofia
Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Gunadarma

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Abstract

Pemakaian pengobatan medis anti ansietas dalam jangka waktu tertentu dapat menimbulkan risiko ketergantungan pada pengobatan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efektivitas terapi kognitif perilakuan pada program penurunan dosis anti ansietas secara bertahap serta untuk menurunkan gejala ansietas. Subjek penelitian adalah dua orang pasien yang mendapatkan pengobatan anti ansietas. Tritmen yang diberikan adalah terapi kognitif perilakuan sebanyak 8 sesi dengan rentang waktu masing-masing sesi antara 4 sampai 5 hari. Desain penelitian adalah eksperimen N kecil dengan disain AB. Dosis (frekuensi dan jumlah) pemakaian pengobatan medis diukur menggunakan lembar monitoring pemakaian obat setiap hari dan gejala ansietas diukur menggunakan Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Hasil penelitian terapi kognitif perilakuan dapat mengurangi dosis (frekuensi dan jumlah) pemakaian pengobatan medis anti ansietas, menurunkan gejala ansietas.
HARDINESS, HARGA DIRI, DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DAN DEPRESI PADA REMAJA PENYINTAS BENCANA DI YOGYAKARTA Retnowati, Sofia; Munawaroh, Siti Mukadimatul
HUMANITAS (Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia) Vol 6, No 2: Agustus 2009
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to find out the correlations between hardiness, self-esteem and social support with depression at adolescence survivor of earthquake in Yogyakarta. The population of this research are students of the Yunior High School. The sample was students of the Yunior High School 2 Bantul Yogyakarta. The subject were 149 students, age between 13 - 15 years old. Research employed convenience sampling technique. The data were collected by means of Hardiness Scale, Self-esteem Scale, Sosial Support Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory. The data were analyzed by using multiply regression and partial correlation with SPSS version 12.0 for Windows. The research results were as follows there was a significant correlation between hardiness, self-esteem and social support with depression (R = 0.418, p < 0.05), with contribution (R Square) = 17.5 %, there wasn´t a significant correlation between hardiness and depression (r = 0.01, p > 0.05), there was a very significant and negative correlation between self esteem and depression (r = - 0.289, p <0.01), there wasn´t a significant and positive correlation between social support and depression (r = 0.072, p > 0.05)
PENGGUNAAN VARIABEL MEDIATOR DALAM EKSPERIMEN: CONTOH KASUS INTERVENSI PENGATASAN DEPRESI PADA REMAJA Widhiarso, Wahyu; Retnowati, Sofia
JURNAL PSIKOLOGI UNDIP Vol 11, No 2 (2012): JPU
Publisher : JURNAL PSIKOLOGI UNDIP

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Abstract

The use of a mediator variable which mediates the effect of treatment with the output variable in the context of experimental research is highly recommended. By involving the mediator variable, the mechanism of treatment effect given to the output variable can be explained in more detail. This study aimed to disseminate the use of a mediator variable in experimental research which is rare used among researchers in Indonesia. Two mediation analysis procedures was applied to analyze the effect of Depression Prevention Training to reduced depression symptoms among adolescents. This study employed pretest–posttest experimental design. Participants were divided into two groups and the treatment was given to the treatment groups. The variable defined as mediator was coping skill. Firstly, Baron-Kenny procedure was employed and then followed by causal analysis procedure. The analysis revealed that coping skill was proved as a mediator between the effect of treatment on depression. Similarity and differences of these two procedures were discussed.Keywords : Mediator, Baron-Kenny Procedure, Causal Analysis Procedure
Depresi Pada Remaja Korban Bullying Ramadhani, Aprilia; Retnowati, Sofia
JURNAL PSIKOLOGI Vol 9, No 2 (2013): Desember 2013
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menemukan hubungan antara mengalami bullying dengan depresi pada remaja. Hipotesis penelitian adalah ada korelasi positif antara mengalami bullying dengan depresi pada remaja. Subjek penelitian ini adalah 146 siswa SMA. Data dianalisis dengan korelasi product moment. Hasil analisis menemukan terdapat hubungan positif antara mengalami bullying dengan depresi pada remaja, dengan r = 0.218 (p 0,05). Hasil penelitian menemukan tidak terdapat perbedaan frekuensi bullying yang dialami subjek laki-laki dan perempuan dengan t=1,759 (p>0,05). Hasil menemukan perbedaan frekuensi bullying jenis fisik yang dialami oleh subjek laki-laki dan perempuan dengan t = 2,167 (p<0,05). Laki-laki lebih banyak mengalami bullying dibandingkan perempuan.
HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI TENTANG MENOPAUSE DENGAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN PADA WANITA YANG MENGHADAPI MENOPAUSE Christiani, -; Retnowati, Sofia; Purnamaningsih, Esti Hayu
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 27, No 2 (2000)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (81.921 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.7002

Abstract

The aim of the research was to investigate the relationship between women’s perception of menopause and their level of anxiety. Subjects were members of “Dharma Wanita” UGM. The research used Perception Scale to measure menopause perception, and Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (TMAS) to measure anxiety. Data analysis was done by using Product Moment Correlation analysis. This study found that was a significant negative correlation between perception of the menopause and level of anxiety. The correlation indicated that the more positive perception of menopause, the lower level of anxiety; the more negative perception of menopause, the higher level of anxiety. Keywords: menopouse, anxiety
Program Lansia Sabar Berbasis Reminiscence dan Terapi Seni untuk Menurunkan Kecemasan pada Lansia Penyandang Diabetes Melitus Tipe II Puspitasari, Errina; Retnowati, Sofia
Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP) Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/gamajpp.33357

Abstract

This “Lansia Sabar” program which is consisted of reminiscence and art therapy is expected to facilitate the elderly to look back on their lives positively. This programm was administered to nine (9) elderly with type II diabetes mellitus aged 55-70 years who show moderate to severe levels of anxiety. Anxiety level is measured using Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). The program lasts for six meetings with a maximum duration of 120 minutes for each session. The experimental design using one-group pretest-posttest with additional double pretest. Data will be analyzed quantitatively using the friedman test, with the additional descriptive data analysis on the results of observation, task book, and the visual inspection. The Friedman test showed Fr(2) = 5,200, p = 0,074 (p > 0,05). It showed that “Lansia Sabar” program has no significant effect to decrease anxiety in the elderly with type II diabetes mellitus.
Intervensi Kebersyukuran dan Kesejahteraan Penyandang Disabilitas Fisik Dewanto, Wahyu; Retnowati, Sofia
Jurnal GAMAJPP Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal GAMAJPP

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Abstract

This study was aimed to examine the effect of gratitude intervention towards people with physical disabilities well-being. The participants were two groups of people with physical disabilities (8 people for experimental group and 5 people for control group). The design of this study was untreated control group design with dependent pre-test and post-test samples. The similar treatment was also given for control group as a waiting list after intervention for experimental group. Well being was assessed using SPANE, PWS, and PTS. The result showed that there are significant differences in wellbeing score between experimental group and control group which are measured by SPANE U test -2,509, p=0,012. PWS U test -2,874, p=0,04. PTS U test -2,590, p=0,010.Keywords: gratitude, gratitude intervention, physical disabilities, well-beingTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat pengaruh intervensi kebersyukuran terhadap kesejahteraan penyandang disabilitas fisik. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari dua kelompok penyandang disabilitas fisik yaitu kelompok eksperimen berjumlah delapan orang dan kelompok kontrol berjumlah lima orang. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan desain eksperimen dengan pengukuran sebelum dan setelah perlakukan pada subjek. Kelompok kontrol sebagai daftar tunggu. Kesejahteraan diukur menggunakan skala pengalaman positif negatif (SPANE), kesejahteraan psikologis (PWS), dan pikiran positif (PTS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada perbedaan yang signifikan kesejahteraan penyandang disabilitas fisik antara kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol. SPANE nilai Z sebesar -2,509, p=0,012. PWS nilai Z sebesar -2,874, p=0,04. PTS nilai Z sebesar -2,590, p=0,010.Kata kunci: syukur, intervensi kebersyukuran, penyandang disabilitas, kesejahteraan
PERANAN KEBERFUNGSIAN KELUARGA PADA PEMAHAMAN DAN PENGUNGKAPAN EMOSI Retnowati, Sofia; Widhiarso, Wahyu; Rohmani, Kumala Windya
p-ISSN 0215-8884
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi UGM

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Abstract

Penelitian ini berupaya mengidentifikasi peranan keberfungsian keluarga pada pengungkapan emosi. Variabel yang dilibatkan pada penelitian ini adalah keberfungsian keluarga, pemahaman dan pengungkapan emosi. Uji persamaan model struktural menghasilkan angka chi-square sebesar 26,237 dengan p=0,07 (p>0,05) yang mengindikasikan bahwa hipotesis model diterima. Keberfungsian keluarga berperan terhadap pemahaman emosi dan pengungkapan emosi. Nilai koefisien beta yang dihasilkan secara berturut-turut: 0,078 (p
PROGRAM PELATIHAN DENGAN METODE SIMULASI UNTUK FASILITATOR: PENELITIAN AWAL KEMATIAN TENTANG IBU YANG HAMIL, SIAPA YANG BERTANGGUNG JAWAB? Atamimi, Nuryati; Sanmustari, Rasimin Bujang; Retnowati, Sofia
p-ISSN 0215-8884
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi UGM

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Abstract

Maternal mortality rate in Indonesia is considered relatively high (UNICEF, 1994). It is necessary to make concrete efforts to cut down the number of women who die in the period of their pregnancy, at birth, and in the period of 42 days after birth, either caused by direct effects of pregnancy of birth, or by indirect effects of certain diseases, not to include accidents. Maternal mortality has socially broad impact since the mother’s double functions is cannot be replaced by others. Research has shown that a baby born by a mother who died at the birth, has 90 % possibility to die in the first year of his or her life. This tragedy should not have happened since 80 % of maternal mortality can be prevented (Indonesian Department of Health, 1999). This study is meant to find an alternative method which is reliable and testable to improve the level of initiative (responsive attitudes) of pregnant women and of all elements of the surrounding social institutions to issues related to maternal mortality risk. One to mention is by comparing the use of simulation method (together with poster campaigns) with that of radio-spot broadcast method. The study focuses on several targets, among others are 1) a case study related to the handling of high-risk pregnancy which has so far been done, as a step stone to developing an instrument to change attitude/behavior; 2) constructing an inventory or questionnaire on attitude change which will be used as a measuring instrument in the research to follow; and 3) making instruments to change attitude (in the forms of simulation sheets and posters) of which the effectiveness, validity, and reliability as intervening media will be trained to the simulation facilitators. Developing intervening media in the form of radio-spots will be in the third-year phase of the study, and comparing the two intervening media is to be done in the year afterwards. The third and fourth studies, however, do not manifest since the budget cut is significant in limiting the production of the intervention media. The preliminary study by using in-depth interviews with 56 subjects showed that a great majority of high-risk pregnant women had low level of understanding and initiative to various anticipatory measures needed to face emergency situations in pregnancy period and at birth. A number of social institutions in the surroundings such as neighbors and Village Community Welfare Institutions and health service providers such as Integrated Service Post and Community Health Center had not yet played significant roles. Draft of simulation sheets and posters had been made and tried out according to the plan. The questionnaire has been designed and has been tried out. The training for the facilitators has also been completed in the first year study. Keywords: Simulation method, material mortality.
PERFEKSIONISME, HARGA DIRI, DAN KECENDERUNGAN DEPRESI PADA REMAJA AKHIR Aditomo, Anindito; Retnowati, Sofia
p-ISSN 0215-8884
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi UGM

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Abstract

The relations between perfectionism, self-esteem, and depression were examined among 77 normal subjects (late adolescence college students). Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test the hypothesis that general perfectionism and self-esteem played a significant role in depressive symptoms. In addition to the regression analysis, product moment analyses were conducted to determine the correlation of each of the five dimensions of perfectionism with depressive symptoms. Results indicated that general perfectionism and selfesteem were significant predictors of depressive symptoms. The regression model informs that general perfectionism (β= 0,143; p