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KOMPOSISI JENIS DAN PENGUASAAN EKOLOGI DI WILAYAH DESA PANGI KAWASAN CAGAR ALAM PANGI BINANGGA KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Ernawati, Ernawati; Umar, Husain; Ramlah, Sitti
Warta Rimba Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

This research aimed to study the number of occupation of species composition in Pangi-Binangga Nature Reserve area. The research was conducted in Pangi-Binangga Nature Reserve area, village of Pangi, Parigi District, Parigi Motong Regency, Central Sulawesi, from April through Juni 2013. This study uses continous strip sampling method. Twenty plots (400m x 400m) were made in each line. The sampling intensity was 16 ha (5%) from the total 6000 ha of Pangi-Binangga Nature Reserve area. Hence vegetation date were analysed to determine the density, frequency, dominant, and Importance Value Index. The results showed that the highest Importance Value Index at tree level of vegetation was Pterospermum celebicum Miq. (25,08%), while at pole and sapling level, the highest IVI was Diospyros celebica Bakh with value 13,72% and 19,34%, respectively. Furthermore, the highest IVI at seedling level was Spathoglottis aurea (13,24%). Keywords : Species composition, Ecology occupation, Important Value Index, Pangi-Binangga Nature Reserve.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS BURUNG DI HUTAN RAWA SAEMBAWALATI DESA TOMUI KARYA KECAMATAN MORI ATAS KABUPATEN MOROWALI Watalee, Hiskia; Ningsih, Sri; Ramlah, Sitti
Warta Rimba Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

A bird is a wildlife which could be found almost in any vegetated environment. The existence of a bird in one area is very important because it could affect the presence and distribution of plant species. This study aims to determine species composition, attendance of birds, evennes, species diversity, and the dominance of birds in Saembawalati Swamp Forest. The study was conducted from April to June 2013. Data collection was carried out using line transect method. After conducting the research in Saembawalati swamp forest, it was found 34 species of birds from 15 families, swamp forest habitat tree vegetation zones have indeks values species diversity (H) = 2.75 and evenness (E) = 0.11 and swamp forest habitat zones has turf vegetation index values species diversity (H)=3.00 and evennes (E) = 0.10. There were four species of birds that are always found in the swamp forest of Saembawalati; Egretta garzetta, Gallinula chloropus, Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus, and Amaurornis phoenicurus. Hence, Saembawalati swamp forest was dominated by four species of birds; Bubulcus ibis, Egretta garzetta, Dicrurus hottentottus, Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus. Keywords: bird, diversity, Saembawalati swamp forest.
KARAKTERISTIK FISIK HABITAT LEDA (Eucalyptus deglupta) DI JALUR PENDAKIAN GUNUNG NOKILALAKI KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU Annisah, Nur; Sudhartono, Arief; Ramlah, Sitti
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

Leda (Eucalyptus deglupta) is one kind of endemic flora of Celebes that its natural spread area side on Lore Lindu National Park (LLNP). The aim of this research was pointed to investigate the physiccally charracteristic of Leda habitat. The usage of this research is hoped to enrich scientific information in order to improve understanding about charracteristic of Leda habitat. This research was conducted in highing track of Nokilalaki Mount – LLNP territory, Nokilalaki District – Sigi Regency, as long as two months (October up to December 2013) used survay methode and laboratory analysis, by the placement of 7 (seven) sampling plots used purposive sampling methode at the location where be found habitat of Leda based on the high from sea level. Getting of soil samples used soil sample rings,than be analyzed on soil textures, permeabilities, bulk densities, and soil porousities.This research results shown that the charracteristic of Leda habitat in highing track of  Nokilalaki Mount be located on (1110-1206) meters from sea level high, with land slope (8-15)% (enough obliquity), the temperature on morning time (19-20)°C and afternoon time (19-23)°C, the air moisture on morning time (81-90)% and afternoon time (76-91)%, intensity of sun shine (80-400) lux. Physiccally charracteristic of soil texture are clay-clayey-sandy, clay-sandy, clayey-sandy, and clayey. Soil permeabilities (15.05-47.61) cm/hour (Fast andVery Fast catagories). Bulk density (0.91-1.27) g/cm3 (Fair and High catagories) and porousity (51.92-65.61)%. Kata Kunci : habitat, Leda, Lore-Lindu, Nokilalaki, physiccally-charracters.
SIFAT FISIK TANAH DI BAWAH TEGAKAN EBONI ( Diospyros celebica Bakh ) PADA KAWASAN CAGAR ALAM PANGI BINANGGA KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Evarnaz, Novita; Toknok, Bau; Ramlah, Sitti
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

The function of soil is a medium for growth and root development in supporting plants to grow and supply the need of water and nutrients to the planst roots. The issue raised in this study is how the physical properties of soil, including the texture, structure, porosity, bulk density and permeability of soil under the stand of ebony at the Natural Reserve of Pangi Binangga. Ebony is one of the endemic tree species in Sulawesi Island including Central Sulawesi. The purpose of this study was to determine the physical properties of soil under the stands of ebony at the Natural Reserve of Pangi Binangga, Parigi Moutong Regency. This study was conducted for 3 months (May-July 2013) at the Natural Reserve of Panggi Binangga, Sakina Jaya Village, Parigi Moutong Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. This study used survey and analysis in the laboratory. Soil samples were collected by using purposive sampling technique, that is, deliberately having particular consideration: the level of slope 0-8%, 8-15%, 15-25%, and 25-40%. The number of soil samples was 16 soil samples taken from the four slopes in two depths (0-30 cm and 30-60 cm). The study shows that the soil under the stands of ebony has a sandy loam soil texture class and loamy sand, structure soil crusts and granular, slight porous and porous (37.84 to 58.07%), rapid and very fast permeability (13,27 to 36,10 cm/h) and has a high and very high of bulk density of the medium (1.11 to 1.65 g/cm3). Keywords: Diospyros celebica, natural reserve, Pangi Binangga, soil physical property
Utilization of Cacao Pods Shells For Charcoal Briquettes Suprapti, Suprapti; Ramlah, Sitti
Biopropal Industri Vol 4, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

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Abstract

Utilization of cacao pod shells waste into charcoal briquettes is a way to find an alternative energy that can be produced within household scale. The aim of the research is to produce charcoal briquettes from cacao pod shells and its characterization. Research was designed with two factors, which is charcoal size (30, 50, and 70 mesh) and the percentage of starch used (3, 5, and 7%). Charcoal briquette produced then tested its physical and chemical properties. In general, charcoal briquettes from cacao pod shells with a mesh of 30 and 7% starch gives the best results. This charcoal briquette have a moisture content of 6.52%, ash content 16.73%, density 0.96 g/cm3; levels of volatile matter 20.18%, bonded carbon content 56.58%, and calorific value 4163.11 cal./g. Most of the parameters have not been meet the quality standards for charcoal briquettes of the SNI, Japan, England, nor American.
The Formulations of Scrub Cream from Non Fermentation Cocoa Powder and The Effects on Skin Yumas, Medan; Ramlah, Sitti; Mamang, Mamang
Biopropal Industri Vol 6, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

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Abstract

The content of non fermented cocoa powder is phenolic compounds of polyphenols group which protecting skin from ultra violet radiation (UVB). This research aims to determine the concentration of non fermented cocoa powder that capable to protect the skin from UVB. This study used a complete randomized design with a treatment on the concentration of non fermented cocoa powder as the active ingredient of scrub cream. Scrub cream was made from non fermented cocoa powder in a variable concentration 2.5; 3.5; 4.5; 5.5% (w/w) with three replicates. The results showed that the viscosity were 36, 42, 49 and 70 dps, respectively. The four scrub cream have pH value above 5 which fulfilled the standard of SNI 01-3524-1994 and uncontained of Pb and Hg. The most panelists was preferred scrub cream with the concentration of non-fermented cocoa powder 3.5%, it gave moisture and smooth effect also lasted minimum for 180 minutes.
UJI AKTIVITAS EKSTRAK BIJI SELASIH (Ocimum basilicum L.) DENGAN BEBERAPA PELARUT SEBAGAI ANTIPIRETIK PADA MENCIT (Mus musculus) Rahimah, Sitti; hendrarti, Wahyu; Ramlah, Sitti
Jurnal Ilmiah As-Syifaa Vol 7, No 2 (2015): AS-SYIFAA Jurnal Farmasi
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi UMI

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Abstract

Seeds basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) has been known to the publicand is widely used to treat a variety of diseases. One of its benefits as lowering fever but have not been proven scientifically. This study was to determine whether there is an antipyretic effecte basil seeds (Ocimum basilicum L.) and to determine the effectiveness of extracts of basil seeds by using some of the solvent is n-hexane, ethyl acetate and ethanol compared with paracetamol in mice (Mus musculus). This study was an experimental study using RAL. Experimental animals used were 15 mice, stages of research giving treatment af mice in each group who had fasted for 12 hours, measured rectal temperature (initial temperature), then injected with 1 ml peptone/tail subcutaneously. The data obtained were analyzed ANOVA followed BNJ test. Test antipyretic extract basil seeds (Ocimum basilicum) with some solvent, most effectively used as a solvent in the basil seeds that solvent ethyl acetate compared with solvent n-hexane and ethanol. The results oft his study showed that the extract of basil seeds antipyretic effect.
KARAKTERISTIK MUTU DAN EFEK PENAMBAHAN POLIFENOL PADA HAND BODY LOTION BERBASIS LEMAK KAKAO TERHADAP KULIT. (Characteristics of Quality and Effect of Polyphenol Addition to Cocoa Butter Based Hand Body Lotion to Skin) Ramlah, Sitti
Jurnal Industri Hasil Perkebunan Vol 12, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Industri Hasil Perkebunan Volume 12 No. 2 Desember 2017
Publisher : Balai Besar Industri Hasil Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (567.325 KB) | DOI: 10.1111/jihp.v12i2.3473

Abstract

Research on Characteristics of Quality and Effects of Polyphenol  Addition to Cocoa Butter Based   Hand Body Lotion to Skin has been done. This research aims to identify characteristics of quality and effects of polyphenol addition to cocoa butter based hand body lotion to skin. Materials used in this research were cocoa butter, polyphenols from cocoa beans, olive oil, stearic acid, glycerin, and Novemer as emulsifier. Test parameter applied to this research were emulsion test/viscosity, organoleptic, moisture content, pH, heavy metal content, nipasol, nipagin, microbiology test (TPC, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans.), effect test (moisture, smoothness and anti UV B). Research result showed that hand body lotion from cocoa butter and cocoa beans polyphenols have quality characteristics as follow: moisture content 85.56 %; pH 5,57, Total Plate Count< 10 1Cfu/g, Staphylococcus aureus < 10 1Cfu/g, Pseudomonas aeruginosa< 10 1Cfu/g,Candida albicans < 10 1Cfu/g, viscosity 55 dpas; have lotion properties and were able to improve skin moisture, sebum and smoothness. In addition, this hand and body lotion were potentially protect skin damage which followed aging process due to UV B exposure and also maintain skin elasticity.Keywords : quality characteristic, effects, hand body lotion, cocoa butter, poliphenols, skinABSTRAK. Penelitian ”Karakteristik Mutu dan Efek Penambahan Polifenol pada  Hand Body Lotion Berbasis  Lemak Kakao Terhadap Kulit” telah dilakukan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik mutu dan efek penambahan polifenol pada hand body lotion dari lemak kakao terhadap kulit. Bahan baku yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah lemak kakao, polifenol dari biji kakao, minyak zaitun, asam stearat,gliserin, dengan pengemulsiNovemer. Parameter uji yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah: uji emulsi/viskositas, uji organoleptik, kadar air, pH, logam berat, kadar nipasol, kadar nipagin, uji mikrobiologi (ALT,Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans.),uji efek (kelembaban, kehalusan dan anti UV B).Dari hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa  hand body lotion dari lemak dan polifenol dari biji kakao mempunyai karakteristik mutu mengandung kadar air 85,56 %, pH 5,57, Angka Lempeng   Total < 10 1Cfu/g,  Staphylococcus aureus < 10 1Cfu/g, Pseudomonas aeruginosa< 10 1Cfu/g,   Candida albicans < 10 1Cfu/g, viskositas 55 dpas,memiliki  sifat lotion serta dapat memperbaiki kelembaban,  kadar minyak serta kehalusan kulit, juga memiliki potensi melindungi kerusakan kulit yang menyertai proses penuaan akibat paparan sinar UVB serta dapat mempertahankan elastisitas dari kulit. Kata kunci: karakteristik mutu, efek, hand body lotion, lemak kakao, polifenol, kulit
ASOSIASI JENIS BURUNG DENGAN VEGETASI HUTAN MANGROVE DI WILAYAH PESISIR PANTAI KECAMATAN TINOMBO SELATAN KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Malindu, Faizan Dg; Labiro, Elhayat; Ramlah, Sitti
Jurnal Warta Rimba Vol 4, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Indonesia has tropical areas which part of oriental region in the division of the worlds major biomes. Generally, human holds that certain species are useful when they are able to meet their own needs indirectly, such as food sources, clothing or any other needs.  Frequently, this limited view makes utilization effort and conservation runs into barriers.  Thus, to overcome these barriers, human view needs to be expanded and it should be instilled the awareness for understanding that the presence of any species have benefits and roles in environmental life. Bird is one of various species of wildlife which is easy to find because it spreads widely in every type of ecosystem. The aim of this study is to determine Bird Species Association with Mangrove Vegetation in Coastal Marine Territory in South Tinombo Sub-District of Parigi Moutong District. The research method applied are primary data and secondary data collection which the primary data is obtained through observation types, attendance, or presence time (direct observation in the field) while the secondary data is obtained from office, related agencies and previous studies reports. The technique of data collection is to create a compartment 20 x 20 m totally 20 switch and they are placed along the path transek with 500 meters length. The result shows that from 16 birds’ species and 4 types of mangroves found from each plot observations, there are only two bird species which have association with mangrove namely Red Turtle Dove and Collared Kingfisher with Rhizophora mucronata. Those are located in Tinombo South Sub-district.Keywords: Bird Species Association with Mangrove.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS BURUNG DI HUTAN RAWA SAEMBAWALATI DESA TOMUI KARYA KECAMATAN MORI ATAS KABUPATEN MOROWALI Watalee, Hiskia; Ningsih, Sri; Ramlah, Sitti
Jurnal Warta Rimba Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

A bird is a wildlife which could be found almost in any vegetated environment. The existence of a bird in one area is very important because it could affect the presence and distribution of plant species. This study aims to determine species composition, attendance of birds, evennes, species diversity, and the dominance of birds in Saembawalati Swamp Forest. The study was conducted from April to June 2013. Data collection was carried out using line transect method. After conducting the research in Saembawalati swamp forest, it was found 34 species of birds from 15 families, swamp forest habitat tree vegetation zones have indeks values species diversity (H) = 2.75 and evenness (E) = 0.11 and swamp forest habitat zones has turf vegetation index values species diversity (H)=3.00 and evennes (E) = 0.10. There were four species of birds that are always found in the swamp forest of Saembawalati; Egretta garzetta, Gallinula chloropus, Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus, and Amaurornis phoenicurus. Hence, Saembawalati swamp forest was dominated by four species of birds; Bubulcus ibis, Egretta garzetta, Dicrurus hottentottus, Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus. Keywords: bird, diversity, Saembawalati swamp forest.