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PENGEMBANGAN INSTRUMEN MISKONSEPSI KIMIA PADA KONSEP STRUKTUR ATOM -, Mursadam; -, Wildan; Ramdani, Agus
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA Vol 3, No 2 (2017): July
Publisher : Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v3i2.87

Abstract

The research is aimed producing the instrument of chemistry misconception at the atom structure concept as the instrument for categorizing the student’s misconception. This research is designed as research and development in according with Borg and Gall. The validity test of the instruments include validity of cuntructions, validity of content, validity of psychometrics and the legibility of the instrument. The research result showed that each individual students are categorized as fair with the average of 60,38%, the misconception of students is categorized a also fair in concept of electronic configuration (53,53%), in sub-skin (55,54%), in energy level (59,92%) and in those that is categorized high is in the concept of orbital (66,66%).Keywords: Instrument of chemistry conception, Atom structure
PENGARUH METODE INKUIRI TERBIMBING TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS DAN HASIL BELAJAR BIOLOGI SISWA KELAS VIII DI SMPN 3 GUNUNGSARI TAHUN AJARAN 2013/2014 Yasmin, Nur; Ramdani, Agus; Azizah, Afriana
Jurnal PIJAR Vol 10, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal PIJAR

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Abstract

ABSTRAK: Melalui proses inkuiri dan belajar dengan melakukan (learning by doing), peserta didik dapat melatih keterampilan proses sains mereka sekaligus memperoleh pembelajaran yang bermakna. Berbagai penelitian telah menunjukkan bahwa belajar dengan melakukan (learning by doing) dan melalui proses inkuiri dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar peserta didik, termasuk hasil belajar kognitif dan ke-terampilan proses sains. Berdasarkan hasil observasi peneliti di sekolah, diketahui bahwa pembelajaran Biologi masih menekankan pada pembelajaran yang sifatnya konseptual, teoritis dan hafalan melalui buku serta masih berpusat pada guru (teacher-centered). Peserta didik tidak dibiasakan melakukan inkuiri ilmiah melalui eksperimen dan melatih keterampilan proses sains mereka. Akibatnya, hasil belajar mereka belum mencapai hasil yang memuaskan. Metode inkuiri terbimbing di-harapkan dapat mengatasi permasalahan ini. Oleh karena itu, tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode inkuiri terbimbing terhadap keterampilan proses sains dan hasil belajar Biologi peserta didik. Penelitian ini telah dilaksanakan di SMPN 3 Gunungsari dari bulan Januari sampai Maret 2014. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh peserta didik kelas VIII tahun ajaran 2013/2014 yang terbagi dalam 5 kelas, kelas VIII A – kelas VIII E. Sampel ditentukan melalui teknik simple random sampling dan diperoleh kelas VIII A sebagai kelas eksperimen dan kelas VIII C sebagai kelas kontrol. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan nonequivalent control group design. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk mengukur keterampilan proses sains dan hasil belajar Biologi adalah tes pilihan ganda yang sudah valid. Data berupa nilai hasil belajar dan keterampilan proses sains dianalisis menggunakan uji-t pada taraf signifikansi 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan:bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan hasil belajar Biologi dan keterampilan proses sains yang signifikan pada kedua kelas. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa: metode inkuiri terbimbing memberikan pengaruh yang sama baiknya dengan metode ceramah bervariasi dan praktikum terhadap hasil belajar dan keterampilan proses sains peserta didik.cKata kunci:Metode Inkuiri Terbimbing, Keterampilan Proses Sains, Hasil BelajarABSTRACT: Students are capable to improve their skills in scientific process and to get meaningful learning both by inquiry learning and learning by doing. Many researches reported that learning by doing and inquiry learning could improve student’s achievements, including cognitive achievement and secientific process skills. It was observed that Biology learning at school still mainly emphasize on conceptual, theoritical, recitation learning through textbook and tend to be teacher centered. The students were unfamiliar to do scientific inquiry through experiment and train their scientific process skills. As a consequence, their learning achievement still unsatisfied. Guided inquiry method is expected can overcome this problem. Therefore, the aim of this research is to examine the effect of guided inquiry method on student’s scientific process skills and Biology learning achievement. This research was conducted in SMPN 3 Gunungsari from January to March 2014. Population of this study were all students at grade VIII of academic year 2013/2014 which divided into five classes, VIII A – VIII E. Samples were determined by simple random sampling technique and obtained VIII A as experimental class and VIII C as control class. Research design was nonequivalent control group design. Instrument to measure both student’s scientific process skills and Biology learning achievement was a valid multiple choices test. Data of students’s Biology learning achievement and scientific process skills were analyzed by using t-test formula at level of significant 5%. Results showed that students’s Biology learning achievement and scientific process skills in both classes were not significantly different. Therefore, it can be concluded that effectiveness of expository and experiment method is as good as guided inquiry method on students’s Biology learning achievement and scientific process skills. Key words:Guided Inquiry Method, Science Process Skills, Learning Achievement
PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KUANTUM BERBASIS MASALAH DENGAN PENDEKATAN SAINTIFIK Jayanti, Mei Indra; Jufri, A. Wahab; Ramdani, Agus
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA Vol 1, No 2 (2015): July
Publisher : Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v1i2.15

Abstract

In the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 20 of  2003 on the national education system of article 1, paragraph 1 that education will be successful in learning activities where students are able to achieve the expected competencies of science and give a positive value to themselves. Critical thinking ability and reasoning ability is part of the high school biology course goals that can be developed through a student-centered learning, such as quantum learning, problem-based learning, and scientific approach. This study aimed to develop the quantum problem-based learning model packages and the quantum without problem-based learning (PKBM and PKTBM) with 4 and 6 stage of scientific  approach  toward critical thinking ability and  reasoning ability in tenth grades. Process of development teaching and learning packages refers to the model Dick & Carey. Teaching and learning packages developed to biology course for the tenth grade of senior high school in ecological material. Data were  collected by using instruments feasibility characteristics of teaching and learning packages. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results showed that the syllabus and the learning lesson plan (LLP)  got a worthy category; worksheets, tests of critical thinking ability and tests of reasoning ability got a very worthy category to used in tenth grades of senior high school.Keywords: PKBM, PKTBM, scientific approach, critical thinking ability, reasoning ability
PENERAPAN MEDIA POSTER BERBASIS INKUIRI DENGAN STRATEGI KOOPERATIF UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KECAKAPAN BERPIKIR RASIONAL SISWA SMP Jinade, Lalu; Jufri, Abdul Wahab; Ramdani, Agus
Bioscientist : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 1, No 2
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi FPMIPA IKIP Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.257 KB)

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This study aims to determine the effect of the application of Inquiry-Based Media Poster (MPBI) with the cooperative strategies to improve rational thinking skills junior high school students. This study classified the type of quasi-experimental study (quasi-experimental research) with a pretest-posttest non-equivalent control group design ( 2x2x2 factorial ). The research instrument shaped test of rational thinking skills of students, in the form of a multiple choice test with every answer on the grounds. The data were analyzed by using SPSS Anacova technique 18 for Windows. The results showed that: 1) rational thinking skills that students learn to use MPBI and students learn to use drawing media different significantly; 2) rational thinking skills students learn through STAD cooperative strategies and student learning through NHT types did not different significantly; and 3) interaction between MPBI, cooperative strategy ( STAD and NHT ), and academic ability does not significantly affect rational thinking skills of students.
PENGARUH PERBEDAAN KONSENTRASI PUPUK MEDIA DIATOM DAN PUPUK KW21 TERHADAP KEPADATAN POPULASI Tetraselmis sp. DI UNIT PELAKSANA TEKNIS LOKA PENGEMBANGAN BIO INDUSTRI LAUT PUSAT PENELITIAN OCEANOGRAFI (LPBIL P2O LIPI) MATARAM Mukminah, Mukminah; Idrus, Agil Al; Ramdani, Agus
Bioscientist : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 1, No 2
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi FPMIPA IKIP Mataram

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Abstract

The present research aims at knowing: 1) the influence of different concentration of diatom media fertilizer on the population density Tetraselmis sp.; 2) the influence of different concentration of KW21 fertilizer on the population density Tetraselmis sp.; 3) an optimal concentration of diatom media fertilizer and KW21 for the population density of Tetraselmis sp. An experimental with Completely Randomized Design was conducted by treating diatom media fertilizer and KW21 fertilizer. Each of the treatments was given concentration of 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%. The results show that the concentration of diatom media fertilizer did give any significance influence on the population density of Tetraselmis sp. It could be seen from the value of Ftest which was lower than Ftable (23,05) > 3.48) at the significance level of 5%. The concentration of KW21 fertilizer had any significance influence on population density of Tetraselmis sp. by which the value of Ftest was 10,63 and the Ftable was 3.48 at the significance level of 5%. An optimal population density of Tetraselmis sp. fell on the treatment of A1B4C1 (94.83x105 cell/ml) and A2B4C1 (91.83x105 cell/ml).
ANALISIS KECENDERUNGAN PENELITIAN TESIS MAHASISWA PADA PROGRAM STUDI MAGISTER PENDIDIKAN IPA UNIVERSITAS MATARAM Zulkifli, Lalu; Jekti, Dwi Soelistya Dyah; Ramdani, Agus
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA Vol 1, No 1 (2015): January
Publisher : Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v1i1.2

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This study aims to determine the distribution and trends of student thesis research on science education master study program University of Mataram, in terms of the type of research, the focus of study and research subjects. Data obtained through documentation techniques. Data were analyzed by descriptive qualitative tehniques and continued with FGD. The results showed that 73% of the student's thesis research themes included in the education and 27% belong to the natural science (Biology, Physics, and Chemistry). Education research was dominated by learning methods (50%), media applications and media development (17%), respectively, followed by the development of learning tools (13%) and the competence of teachers (3%). Thesis research subjects was dominated at the level of high school (70%), followed by junior high (25%), S1 (2.5%), and teachers (2.5%). Analysis based on the year thesis from 2009 to 2014 provided information that there were increasing trends on topics related to the development of media and the development of learning tools. Focus Group Discussion recommended that the topics for thesis research in the future which need to be improved are the topic of media development, development of learning tools and topics related aspects of critical thinking.Keywords: thesis research, trends, subjects, education
PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PROCESS ORIENTED GUIDED INQUIRY LEARNING (POGIL) TERHADAP PEMAHAMAN KONSEP IPA, KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS DAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA SMP NEGERI 3 PRINGGABAYA LOMBOK TIMUR -, Rustam; Ramdani, Agus; Sedijani, Prapti
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA Vol 3, No 2 (2017): July
Publisher : Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v3i2.90

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This research is aimed at determining the effect of POGIL model teaching on the understanding of Natural Science Concept, Skill of Sciences Process, and Critical Thinking Capability of student in photosynthesis. This research is a experiment with nonequivalent control group design. The sample were selected randomly and the hypothesis was analized with Manova and t-test. The rsearch concludes that (1) there an effect of POGIL model teaching in understanding Natural Sciences concept (2) there an effect of POGIL model teaching on Skill of Sciences Process (3) there an effect of POGIL model teaching on the capability of critical thinking (4) there is simultaneous effect of the application of POGIL model teaching on the Natural Sciences concept, Skill of Sciences Process and in the capability of critical thinking.Keywords: POGIL, understanding Natural Sciences concept, Skill of Sciences Process and the capability of critical thinking
ANALISIS KEMAMPUAN PENDIDIK DALAM MENERAPKAN PENILAIAN AUTENTIK PADA MATA PELAJARAN BIOLOGI KELAS X IPA SMA DI KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMUR Haqiqi, LL. Zainal; Ramdani, Agus; Zulkifli, Lalu
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA Vol 4, No 1 (2018): January
Publisher : Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v4i1.60

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This study aims to know the abilities of the teachers in applying authentical assessment in biology at grade X IPA Senior High School of Lombok Timur district. This study using descriptive method which getting data in the verbal only not in numbers. Getting samples at 8 Senior High Schools of Lombok Timur district which aplicate kurikulum 2013 they are SMAN 1 Masbagik, SMAN 2 Aikmel, SMAN 1 Sikur, SMAN 1 Terara, SMAN 2 Selong, SMAN 1 Keruak, SMAN 1 Montong Gading and SMAN 1 Sakra. To these teachers of biology were given instruments which asked how the authentical assessment reseach done in the schools and the result were presented in this study. The ability of teachers in applying authentical assessment were different from every questions there are attitude, knowledge and skill. Attitude they are observations, self assessment, assessment among students, journal and interview were answered by teachers with yes 65,62% , knowledge were answered by teachers by yes 88,75% and skill were answered yes 87,75%. Ability of teachers in applying authentical assessment were answered yes as many as 78,75% and the next verbally answered by teachers because of the problems in applying authentical assessments. Constraintburden of teachers in design and applying authentical assessment were given 5 questions and the interview of the execution of authentical assessments were given about 91 questionsAutentical assessment, biology
DEVELOPMENT OF LEARNING DEVICE OF EMPOWERMENT THROUGH THINKING NATURAL SCIENCE LEARNING IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL -, Jamaluddin; Ramdani, Agus; Setiadi, Dadi
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA Vol 4, No 1 (2018): January
Publisher : Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v4i1.96

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The objectives of this study were to: (1) develop learning device for questioning empowerment thinking (PBMP) combined with cooperative strategies of TPS types and NHT types in science subjects in primary schools; (2) to know the different understanding of students' science concepts by applying the learning of PBMP, PBMP.TPS, PBMP.NHT and Conventional Strategy; (3) know the consistency of PBMP applications, PBMP.TPS, PBMP.NHT and Conventional Strategies. This research method: (1) research and development method to develop learning device; and (2) quasi experimental study to know the effect of applying learning tool to understanding student biology concept. To collect data using the science-biology concept test. Hypothesis test using covariance analysis technique (Ancova). The results of the research are: (1) This research produces learning device consisting of syllabus, PBMP learning plan, PBMP.TPS and PBMP.NHT. Learning device have the potential to improve understanding of science concepts in elementary schools in Mataram; (2) There is a significant difference in understanding the concepts of students following PBMP, PBMP.TPS, PBMP.NHT and conventional learning strategies
Peningkatan Kompetensi Guru IPA Kota Mataram dalam Memfasilitasi Penguasaan Keterampilan Abad Ke 21 Siswa SMP Jufri, A Wahab; Ramdani, Agus; Gunawan, Gunawan; Bachtiar, Imam; Wildan, Wildan
Jurnal Pengabdian Magister Pendidikan IPA Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jpmpi.v1i1.207

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Abstrak: Kebanyakan guru IPA di jenjang SMP belum mampu mengintegrasikan unsur-unsur keterampilan abad ke-21 dalam pembelajaran IPA di kelas. Pengalaman dalam berinteraksi dengan guru IPA dan mahasiswa calon guru IPA di pulau Lombok, mengindikasikan bahwa mereka belum memiliki kemampuan yang optimal dalam merancang perangkat pembelajaran maupun instrumen penilaian yang berorientasi pada perkembangan keterampilan abad ke-21 yang seharusnya dikuasai oleh  peserta didik tingkat SMP.  Sehubungan dengan hal tersebut, perlu dilakukan upaya untuk mem­berdayakan kemampuan guru dalam mengasses hasil belajar IPA siswa terutama yang terkait dengan penguasaan unsur-unsur keterampilan abad ke-21 terutama keterampilan berpikir dan literasi sains. Pengabdian pada masyarakat ini dilaksanakan dengan tujuan untuk: 1) memfasilitasi peningkatan kompetensi guru IPA dalam mengasses hasil belajar peserta didik, dan 2) melatih guru mengembangkan instrumen yang berorientasi pada keterampilan abad ke-21 secara terintegrasi dengan materi pelajaran IPA SMP.  Materi pengabdian pada masyarakat ini diharapkan memberi manfaat dalam membantu meningkatkan kompetensi guru dalam merancang instrumen pembelajaran IPA yang memuat unsur-unsur keterampilan abad ke-21 pada dirinya sendiri dan pada peserta didiknya. Permasalahan yang menjadi fokus pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah terbatasnya kemampuan guru IPA dalam merancang instrumen untuk mengasses penguasaan unsur-usur keterampilan abad ke-21 seperti literasi sains, berpikir kritis, dan kreativitas siswa. Strategi yang diterapkan dalam kegiatan pengabdian ini antara lain ialah: (1) melaksanakan  penyuluhan kepada guru-guru IPA SMP di kota Mataram, (2) melaksanakan pelatihan terstruktur untuk merancang instrumen penilaian hasil belajar IPA yang berorientasi pada keterampilan abad ke-21. Luaran yang telah dihasilkan melalui pengabdian pada masyarakat ini adalah: 1) terlaksananya sosialisasi dan pengembangan pemahaman tentang keterampilan abad ke 21 dan instrumen penialainnya bagi para guru IPA SMP di kota Mataram, 2) terlaksananya pelatihan merancang instrumen hasil belajar IPA yang efektif untuk mengasses penguasaan keterampilan abad ke-21 siswa SMP, 3) tersusunnya artikel hasil pengabdian pada masyarakat yang dipublikasikan dalam jurnal ilmiah. Kata Kunci: instrumen, hasil belajar, keterampilan abad ke-21