Sri Astuti Rais
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Peanut Cultivar Differences in Yield Based on Source and Sink Characteristics Lubis, Iskandar; Purnamawati, Heni; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Yudiwanti, ,; Mansyuri, Ahmad Ghozi; Rais, Sri Astuti
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 40, No 3 (2012): JURNAL AGONOMI INDONESIA
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

This research was conducted to determine peanut cultivar differences in sink and source sizes as represented by vegetative growth and yields. Two sets of experiments were conducted at Bogor Agricultural University farms, Sawah Baru and Cikarawang (06o33’, S, 106o45’E, 250 m altitude). Planting was conducted on June 12 and June 20, 2007 using 20 local and national cultivars in each location. Both experiments used randomized complete block design with three replications. Data were analyzed using correlation and regression analysis. Size of experimental unit was 1.6 m x 4.0 m, with planting density 125,000 plants ha-1. Urea, SP36 and KCl were applied at planting date in the rate of (kg ha-1) 45 N, 100 P2O5 and 50 K2O. Four stages of plant growth were studied: 25 days after planting (DAP); 6 weeks after planting (WAP); 10 WAP (pod filling) and 14 WAP (harvest). Five plants were sampled at 25 DAP, two plants at 6 WAP, 10 WAP and 14 WAP, and separated into leaves, stems, roots and pods. The average yield of two experimental stations showed that Biawak cultivar had the highest yield due to relatively higher aboveground dry weight (source), pod filling percentage and maximum number of gynophor+pods (potential sink). Jepara cultivar had the lowest yield due to low pod filling percentage and potential sink, although its source was considered to be in the medium category. Above ground dry weight at 6 and 10 WAP had close relation with Crop Growth Rate (CGR) during 25 DAP-6 WAP and 6-10 WAP, and the higher CGR during those periods were more related to leaf area index than to single leaf photosynthetic capacity. Keywords: crop growth rate, pod filling percentage, leaf area index, single leaf photosynthetic capacity
Aktivitas Nitrogenase, Serapan Hara dan Pertumbuhan Dua Varietas Kedelai pada Kondisi Jenuh Air dan Kering Ghulamahdi, Munif; Aziz, Sandra Arifin; Melati, Maya; Dewi, Nurwita; Rais, Sri Astuti
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 34, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of this experiment was to study nitrogenase activity, nutrient uptake, and growth of two soybean varieties under saturated and dry soil conditions. The experiment was conducted in the plastic house at IPB Experimental Station, Babakan Sawah, Bogor, from August to November 2001. The experiment used the complete randomized design with four replications. The first factor was variety, consisted of Wilis and Bromo. The second factor was water condition, consisted of continuous saturated, saturated-dry, and dry conditions. Wilis and Bromo were not significantly different in nitrogenase activity; P and K uptake; nodule, stalk, leaf, pod, and seed dry weight. Wilis and Bromo were significantly different in root dry weight and leaf N uptake at 3 weeks after planting. Root dry weight and leaf N uptake of Wilis was lower than those of Bromo.The levels of nitrogenase activity, nutrient uptake, and plant weight under different water conditions were in the following order, from low to high, dry, saturated-dry, continuous. Under continuous saturated condition, nitrogenase activity, N uptake, P uptake, K uptake, nodule, root, stalk, leaf, and pod dry weight were 6800 %, 265 %, 320 %, 288 %, 1386 %, 362 %, 289 %, 265 %, 329 % of those under dry condition, respectively at 9 weeks after planting.    Key words:  Soybean, saturated culture, dry culture, nitrogenase activity, nutrient uptake
Akumulasi dan Distribusi Bahan Kering pada Beberapa Kultivar Kacang Tanah Purnamawati, Heni; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Lubis, Iskandar; Yudiwanti, ,; Rais, Sri Astuti; Manshuri, Ahmad Ghozi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 38, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

<!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:Calibri; panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610611985 1073750139 0 0 159 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin-top:0cm; margin-right:0cm; margin-bottom:10.0pt; margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:IN; mso-no-proof:yes;} @page Section1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt; margin:72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin:36.0pt; mso-footer-margin:36.0pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> This research was carried out in April–September 2007. The research objective was to study the dry matter distribution pattern of several peanut cultivars. Twenty cultivars were planted at two different locations, Cikarawang and Sawah Baru Experimental Field but at the same elevation (250 m above sea level). The cultivars were scored according to morphological and physiological characters, total N and total non-structural carbohydrates (TNC), yield and yield components.  There were no statistically differences in pod yield, seed yield and harvest index between the cultivars, but there were differences in dry matter distribution between cultivars. TNC content in stem correlated positively with pod fi  lling. Carbohydrates for pod fi  lling presumed were derived from dry matter accumulation in early pod fi  lling stage. It was concluded that the ideal growing type of peanut are early accumulated dry matter but almost no increase of dry matter accumulation in upper part of plant during seed development. Keywords:  dry matter distribution, pod fi lling, peanut
Akumulasi dan Distribusi Bahan Kering pada Beberapa Kultivar Kacang Tanah Purnamawati, Heni; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Lubis, Iskandar; Yudiwanti, ,; Rais, Sri Astuti; Manshuri, Ahmad Ghozi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 38, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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Abstract

<!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:Calibri; panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610611985 1073750139 0 0 159 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin-top:0cm; margin-right:0cm; margin-bottom:10.0pt; margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:IN; mso-no-proof:yes;} @page Section1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt; margin:72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin:36.0pt; mso-footer-margin:36.0pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> This research was carried out in April?September 2007. The research objective was to study the dry matter distribution pattern of several peanut cultivars. Twenty cultivars were planted at two different locations, Cikarawang and Sawah Baru Experimental Field but at the same elevation (250 m above sea level). The cultivars were scored according to morphological and physiological characters, total N and total non-structural carbohydrates (TNC), yield and yield components.? There were no statistically differences in pod yield, seed yield and harvest index between the cultivars, but there were differences in dry matter distribution between cultivars. TNC content in stem correlated positively with pod ?? lling. Carbohydrates for pod ?? lling presumed were derived from dry matter accumulation in early pod ?? lling stage. It was concluded that the ideal growing type of peanut are early accumulated dry matter but almost no increase of dry matter accumulation in upper part of plant during seed development. Keywords:? dry matter distribution, pod ? lling, peanut
Peanut Cultivar Differences in Yield Based on Source and Sink Characteristics Lubis, Iskandar; Purnamawati, Heni; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Yudiwanti, ,; Mansyuri, Ahmad Ghozi; Rais, Sri Astuti
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 40, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.663 KB)

Abstract

This research was conducted to determine peanut cultivar differences in sink and source sizes as represented by vegetative growth and yields. Two sets of experiments were conducted at Bogor Agricultural University farms, Sawah Baru and Cikarawang (06o33?, S, 106o45?E, 250 m altitude). Planting was conducted on June 12 and June 20, 2007 using 20 local and national cultivars in each location. Both experiments used randomized complete block design with three replications. Data were analyzed using correlation and regression analysis. Size of experimental unit was 1.6 m x 4.0 m, with planting density 125,000 plants ha-1. Urea, SP36 and KCl were applied at planting date in the rate of (kg ha-1) 45 N, 100 P2O5 and 50 K2O. Four stages of plant growth were studied: 25 days after planting (DAP); 6 weeks after planting (WAP); 10 WAP (pod filling) and 14 WAP (harvest). Five plants were sampled at 25 DAP, two plants at 6 WAP, 10 WAP and 14 WAP, and separated into leaves, stems, roots and pods. The average yield of two experimental stations showed that Biawak cultivar had the highest yield due to relatively higher aboveground dry weight (source), pod filling percentage and maximum number of gynophor+pods (potential sink). Jepara cultivar had the lowest yield due to low pod filling percentage and potential sink, although its source was considered to be in the medium category. Above ground dry weight at 6 and 10 WAP had close relation with Crop Growth Rate (CGR) during 25 DAP-6 WAP and 6-10 WAP, and the higher CGR during those periods were more related to leaf area index than to single leaf photosynthetic capacity. Keywords: crop growth rate, pod filling percentage, leaf area index, single leaf photosynthetic capacity
Aktivitas Nitrogenase, Serapan Hara dan Pertumbuhan Dua Varietas Kedelai pada Kondisi Jenuh Air dan Kering Ghulamahdi, Munif; Aziz, Sandra Arifin; Melati, Maya; Dewi, Nurwita; Rais, Sri Astuti
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 34, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The objective of this experiment was to study nitrogenase activity, nutrient uptake, and growth of two soybean varieties under saturated and dry soil conditions. The experiment was conducted in the plastic house at IPB Experimental Station, Babakan Sawah, Bogor, from August to November 2001. The experiment used the complete randomized design with four replications. The first factor was variety, consisted of Wilis and Bromo. The second factor was water condition, consisted of continuous saturated, saturated-dry, and dry conditions. Wilis and Bromo were not significantly different in nitrogenase activity; P and K uptake; nodule, stalk, leaf, pod, and seed dry weight. Wilis and Bromo were significantly different in root dry weight and leaf N uptake at 3 weeks after planting. Root dry weight and leaf N uptake of Wilis was lower than those of Bromo.The levels of nitrogenase activity, nutrient uptake, and plant weight under different water conditions were in the following order, from low to high, dry, saturated-dry, continuous. Under continuous saturated condition, nitrogenase activity, N uptake, P uptake, K uptake, nodule, root, stalk, leaf, and pod dry weight were 6800 %, 265 %, 320 %, 288 %, 1386 %, 362 %, 289 %, 265 %, 329 % of those under dry condition, respectively at 9 weeks after planting.? ? Key words:? Soybean, saturated culture, dry culture, nitrogenase activity, nutrient uptake