Articles

Kajian Pengaruh Predisposing, Enabling Dan Reinforcing Factors Terhadap Praktek Kerja Tenaga Kerja Bongkar Muat Yang Berisiko Terjadinya Kecelakaan Kerja Di Pelabuhan Tanjung Emas Semarang Rais, Muhammad; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha; Widjasena, Baju
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 1, Januari 2009
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Background: Occupational Health and Safety aims to prevent, reduce and eliminate accidents. By the year of 2007, number of loading-unloading laborers in Tanjung Emas Port reach 756 persons, 2.56% of them experienced working accidents in the last 4 years. This research isaimed to analyze predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors influencing loading-unloading laborers risky working behavior at Tanjung Emas Semarang.Method: It was a cross sectional study of 90 respondents from 756 laborers. Proportional random sampling was employed to obtain number of samples required. Data were collected using check list and questionnaires and were analyzed with logistic regression.Result: This study revealed that laborers’ knowledge and attitudes, equipments, working standard, support of the head of laborers’ group and laborers’ cooperation generally categorized as good. Laborers’ knowledge of occupational health and safety, equipment availability, working standard, equipment design, support of head of laborers’ group andsupport laborers’ cooperation were correlated with laborers’ working practice. Knowledge and support of laborers’ cooperation were simultaneously correlated to laborers’ working practice.Keywords : predisposing, enabling, reinforcing, risky behavior, working accident
PENGARUH KONSENTRASI GULA TERHADAP MUTU SELAI KULIT JERUK BALI (Citrus maxima) Gaffar, Rahmah; Lahming, Lahming; Rais, Muhammad
Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 3 (2017): Maret Suplemen
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2103.341 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/jptp.v3i0.5472

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This research aimed to determine the effect sugar concentration of the quality albedo pummelo jam. This research used method completely randomized design with 3 treatments and 3 repetitions. The parameters observed were water content, sugar content, pectin content, total undissolved solids, and organoleptic include taste, colour,smear,and aroma.The data were analyzed with analysis of variance Anova and continued by Duncan test. The results showed that the best treatment was albedo pummelo jam with sugar concentration 80%.
PEMANFAATAN TEPUNG DAUN MANGROVE JERUJU (Acanthus ilicifolius) SEBAGAI PENGAWET ALAMI BAKSO AYAM Jayadi, Faisal; Sukainah, Andi; Rais, Muhammad
Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 4 (2018): September Suplemen
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (693.676 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/jptp.v4i0.6906

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This study aims to find out the shelf life of chicken meatball with the addition of flour from mangrove leaves jeruju (Acanthus ilicifolius) as a natural preservative.This research is a quantitative research (experiment) which is done with two process stages. The first process of processing mangrove leaves into flour as a preservative and the second process of making chicken meatball. This study used a complete randomized design (RAL), with concentrations of flour (0%, 5%, 10%, and 15%) and storage at; room temperature, cold temperature, and freezing temperature, with observation parameters; Total Plate Count (TPC), Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and pH. The data obtained will be analyzed by variance analysis and advanced Duncan Multiple Rate (DMRT) test. The results showed that the addition of mangrove leaves jeruju 15% at frozen temperature storage is the best concentration as a chicken meatball preservative
Rancang Bangun Mesin Pengiris Singkong Menggunakan Konsep QFD (Quality Function Development) Rais, Muhammad
Teknik Mesin "TEKNOLOGI" Vol 11, No 2 Apr (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

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Abstract

Metode Quality Function Deployment (QFD) yang diterapkan dalam perancangan alat pengiris singkong telah berhasil menangkap kebutuhan konsumen akan alat pengiris singkong yang lebih baik dari produk yang telah ada di pasaran dan yang selanjutnya telah diterjemahkan menjadi spesifikasi teknis dari produk yang baru. Peningkatan performa yang tercatat yaitu meningkatnya kualitas pengirisan serta produktivitas pengirisan yang diperoleh dari hasil pengoperasian mesin. Tercatat bahwa kapasitas produksi mesin hasil rancangan jauh besar mencapai 40 kg/jam dibanding alat manual yang ada. Ini disebabkan karena penggunaan jumlah pisau yang satu kali putaran piringan menghasilkan empat buah pengirisan. Selain itu ketajaman pisau mesin pengiris yang terbuat dari bahan stain less stell. Operasional mesin secara otomatis menambah performansi kerja mesin dimana dengan motor 2700 rpm mampu memproduksi sekian ton irisan ubi. Kata kunci : Pengiris Singkong, Quality Function Development
SEJARAH PERKEMBANGAN ISLAM DI IRAN Rais, Muhammad
Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 10, No 2 (2018): Dinamika Sejarah Dunia Islam
Publisher : P3M STAIN Sorong

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32489/tasamuh.231

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In the 1935 the name of Persia was succeeded by Iran, and then in Revolution 1979, Iran was became Islamic Republic of Iran state (al-Jumhuria al-Islamia Iran). Ayatullah Khomeini as revolutionary leader and Syiah figure was successfully lead the Iran State to fuse between modern and al-Imam conception (Imamiyah). The paper will describe the existence of Islam in history of Iran before and after Iran Revolution in 1979. The development of Islam in Iran more related to the Syiah that dominated in population, politics, social order, and so forth. Iran population (in 2000) amount to 159.051.000 people, that 93% is Syiah, 5% Sunni, and 2% the others. It means the number of Syiah population that juridical Iran as Islamic State of Syiah. Therefore, to know about the history of Islam in Iran, we must to understand of the Syiah. In other word, the development of Islam in Iran is related to the development of Syiah in Iran, because of prescribed by the rules of qanun (legal statute of Iran) after Iran Revolution (1979) was based on mazhab Syiah, is Wilāyat al-Faqīh. However, upon Ayatullah Khomeini death, on June 3rd 1989, after Gulf War, Ali Khomeini successes to the government. Under his government, Ali Khomaeini which involves the ulama reforms the characters of liberal Western to Islamic in social order of society
TINJAUAN ANGGARAN SEBAGAI ALAT PERENCANAAN DAN PENGENDALIAN PADA RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH KABUPATEN BUTON Rais, muhammad
Jurnal Ilmiah Akuntansi Manajemen Vol 1 No 1 (2018): APRIL
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi, Universitas Muhammadiyah Buton

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35326/jiam.v1i1.235

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peran penyusunan anggaran sebagai alat perencanaan dan pengendalaian pada Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Kabupaten Buton.Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah Wawancara (Interview), Dokumentasi, Studi kepustakaan (library research). Data analisis dengan Metode deskriptif dan Metode Komparatif.Penyusunan Anggaran Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Kabupaten Buton berfungsi sebagai alat perencanaan dan pengendalian, hal itu dapat dilihat dari laporan realisasi anggaran yang anggaran belanjanya tidak satupun mengalami penyimpangan yang tidak menguntungkan (realisasi tidak melebihi anggaran yang telah ditetapkan) sehingga penyimpangan menguntungkan ini akan menjadi penghematan dimana dalam penyusunan anggaran, Badan Pengelola Keuangan Rumah Sakit Kabupaten Buton menggunakan data dan informasi yang bersumber dari pengalaman dan juga data aktual tahun-tahun sebelumnya.
Index of Harmony Inter-Religious Communities in East Kalimantan Rais, Muhammad
Analisa: Journal of Social Science and Religion Vol 19, No 2 (2012): Analisa Volume 19, No.02 Juli-Desember 2012
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18784/analisa.v19i2.165

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This policy research aims to describe about the actualization and habitualization of ideology on interreligious harmony. This ideology is constructed whether through top-down state policies or local value basis which is proactively advocated by elites of religions. This research uses a survey method to gain actual and evaluative responses from the respondents which is limited for Moslem and Christian groups in East Kalimantan. The research findings depicts that perceptions of the public related to inter-religious harmony tend to be very positive, the response rate represented the average index of 0.79. Although it could not be denied that there are other facts found in this study by interviewing people at the grass roots.  These people gave different response; their responses tend to be negative which may lead to a conflict of identity between local people and migrants.
KAPASITAS UIN ALAUDDIN MAKASSAR PASCA ALIH STATUS Rais, Muhammad
EDUKASI: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Agama dan Keagamaan EDUKASI | Volume 15, Nomor 3, Desember 2017
Publisher : Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI

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AbstractThis article describes the capacity and performance achievements of UIN Alauddin post-status change. This study uses qualitative methods with the data obtained through indepth interviews, observation and documentation studies. The results of this study shows that the capacity and performance of UIN Alauddin has increased, both from the interest and expectations of society and improved governance of institutional organizations, personnel, increasingly competitive infrastructure, increasingly proportional fnancing, learning, cooperation, and community service. Nevertheless, there are still a number of weaknesses and challenges, such as the process of institutional transformation is not working properly in terms of integration and interconnection of science, limited publication of research results through national and international journals.  AbstrakArtikel ini mendeskripsikan tentang kapasitas dan capaian kinerja uIN Alauddin pasca alihstatus. Studi ini menggunakan metode kualitatif, sumber data diperoleh melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi dan studi dokumentasi. Hasil studi ini menemukan bahwa, kapasitas serta kinerja uIN Alauddin mengalami peningkatan, baik dari animo dan ekspektasi masyarakat. Selain itu, semakin membaiknya tata kelola organisasi kelembagaan, ketenagaan, infrastruktur yang semakin kompetitif, pembiayaan yang semakin proporsional, pembelajaran, kerjasama, dan pengkhidmatan pada masyarakat. Meskipun demikian, masih terdapat sejumlah kelemahan dan tantangan, misalnya proses transformasi institusional belum berjalan sebagaimana semestinya dalam hal intergrasi dan interkoneksi keilmuan, masih terbatasnya publikasi hasilhasil penelitian melalui jurnal nasional maupuninternasional.
PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE TWO STAY TWO STRAY (TS-TS) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN TEKNOLOGI PENGOLAHAN HASIL PERTANIAN (TPHP) KELAS X SMK NEGERI 3 TAKALAR Saraswati, Saraswati; Rais, Muhammad; Lahming, Lahming
Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 4 (2018): Oktober Suplemen
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (402.753 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/jptp.v4i0.7123

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This research is a classroom action research that aims to study and describe the application of type Two stay Two stray (Ts-Ts) coopertative learning model in improving the achievement studient learning outcomes, class X.2 Agricultural Product Processing Technology. The subjects of this study were  learner studient of class X.2 TPHP of SMK Negeri 3 takalar totaling 32 the learner studient. Data collection techniques covering observation, written tests and documentation. Data analysis techniques in this study are qualitative analysis to analyze the results of observations and quantitative analysis to analyze learner studient outcomes data using descriptive statistics. The results of this study indicate that the application of the Two stay Two stray (Ts-Ts) type of cooperative learning model can  improving the achievement learner studient outcomes, of class X.2 TPHP of SMK 3 Takalar. This matter the based on the value of learner studient outcomes  at the stage pre-test, post-test cycle I and post cycle II test that is 1). mastery learner studient on   intial test (51,48), learning completeness (18,75), 2). mastery learner studient  post test cycle I (65.69), learning completeness (65,62) , 3). mastery learner studient  on  post test cycle II   (79.33), learning completeness (90.62%). This shows that the value of learner studient outcomes of  from pre-test, post-test cycle I and post test cycle II has increased.
HEGEMONI ELIT DALAM RITUS AGAMA LOKAL: Studi Keberagamaan Masyarakat Bugis Bone Sulawesi Selatan Rais, Muhammad
EL HARAKAH (TERAKREDITASI) Vol 12, No 2 (2010): EL HARAKAH
Publisher : UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/el.v0i0.446

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Local religious beliefs termed as animism and dynamism by Giddens are still found in the religious practices of Indonesian communities. One of such practices occured in Bugis Ujung-Bone society, South Sulawesi. People’s faith in supernatural beings which are mythically believed as giving something meaningful for them is reflected by performing certain rituals in their daily lives. This ritual is performed at home and in a special place called Addewatang. This local belief system was firstly conceived and conceptualized by Sanro Maggangka. It grew into a local ritual tradition in Ujung-Bone society. This local ritual tradition were then acculturated with some formal religion’s activities. In the meantime, the figure of sanro becomes very important as a mediator in every religious ritual practiced by the society. Finally, hegemonic domination by the sanro can be observed in every thoughts and actions of the society, especially in their religious practices. In this research, the phenomenon were analyzed with the phenomenological-constructionist analysis. There are two findings of this research. First, there is a public perception that the practice of religious ritual done so far is believed as a part of their formal religion’s belief system. Second, there is a strong hegemony and dominance of the sanro’s role in conceptualizing this local ritual practice into their formal religion’s activities. The impact of this mythical belief of the role of sanro and “Putta Sereng” can be seen in the faithfulness of the people to act based on sanro’s instructions, the decrease of the people’s faith in their own formal religion, and the occurrence of theological confusions in the younger generations of Ujung-Bone society. Keyakinan agama lokal yang disebut animisme dan dinamisme oleh Giddens masih ditemukan dalam praktik keagamaan masyarakat Indonesia. Salah satu praktik tersebut terjadi di masyarakat Bugis Ujung-Bone, Sulawesi Selatan. Iman orang-orang yang memiliki makhluk gaib yang secara mistis dipercaya memberi sesuatu yang berarti bagi mereka tercermin dengan melakukan ritual tertentu dalam kehidupan mereka sehari-hari. Ritual ini dilakukan di rumah dan di tempat khusus bernama Addewatang. Sistem kepercayaan lokal ini pertama kali disusun dan dikonseptualisasikan oleh Sanro Maggangka. Ini berkembang menjadi tradisi ritual lokal di masyarakat Ujung-Bone. Tradisi ritual lokal ini kemudian berakulturasi dengan beberapa kegiatan formal agama. Sementara itu, sosok sanro menjadi sangat penting sebagai mediator dalam setiap ritual keagamaan yang dipraktikkan oleh masyarakat. Akhirnya, dominasi hegemonik oleh sanro dapat diamati dalam setiap pemikiran dan tindakan masyarakat, terutama dalam praktik keagamaan mereka. Dalam penelitian ini, fenomena tersebut dianalisis dengan analisis fenomenologis-konstruksionis. Ada dua temuan dari penelitian ini. Pertama, ada persepsi publik bahwa praktik ritual keagamaan yang dilakukan sejauh ini diyakini sebagai bagian dari sistem kepercayaan agama formal mereka. Kedua, ada hegemoni dan dominasi peran sanro yang kuat dalam mengkonseptualisasikan praktik ritual lokal ini ke dalam aktivitas formal agama mereka. Dampak dari kepercayaan mitos peran sanro dan "Putta Sereng" ini dapat dilihat dalam kesetiaan masyarakat untuk bertindak berdasarkan instruksi sanro, turunnya kepercayaan masyarakat terhadap agama formal mereka sendiri, dan terjadinya kebingungan teologis. di generasi muda masyarakat Ujung-Bone.