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Insidensi Nematoda Gastrointestinal dan Protozoa pada Monyet Ekor Panjang (Macaca fascicularis) Liar di Taman Wisata Alam (TWA) Pulau Weh Sabang Rahmi, Erdiansyah; Hanafiah, Muhammad; Sutriana, Amalia; Hambal, Muhammad; Wajidi, Farid
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan JIIP Volume XIII No. 6 Mei 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan

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Abstract

The research aims to find out the  incidence of gastrointestinal parasite in wild long tail macaque in wildlife  reserve  park, Weh  Island, Sabang. For  that purpose,  fecal  specimens  from 25 wild  long  tail macaques  in Weh  Island-  Sabang were  collected.  The  fresh  faeces  samples were  then  preserved  using AFA  (alcohol-formal-acetic)  liquid  prior  to  be  examined  in  Parasitology  Laboratorium,  Faculty  of Veterinary Medicine, Syiah Kuala University.   The  presence of gastrointestinal  parasite was  observed using centrifuge method as well as Boray  sedimentation method. The obtained data were tabulated and analyzed  descriptively.  The  result  revealed  that  two  parasite  species  were  found  in  gastrointestine; Eimeria  spp.    (12%)  and  Strongloides  spp.  (8%).  It  could  be  concluded  that  the  prevalence  of gastrointestinal  parasite  in wild  long  tail macaque  in wildlife  reserve  park, Weh  Island-  Sabang was considered mild.
Aktivitas Hepatoprotektif Ekstrak Etanol Daun Kucing-kucingan Acalypha indica L.) pada Tikus Putih (Rattus Novergicus) yang Diinduksi Parasetamol Armansyah TR, T; Sutriana, Amalia; Aliza, Dwinna; Vanda, Henni; rahmi, erdiansyah
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan JIIP Volume XIII No. 6 Mei 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan

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Abstract

The  research  has  been  conducted  to  determine  hepatoprotective  effect  of  ethanolic  extract  of Acalypha  indica  L.  leaves  on  rats  (Rattus  novergicus)  induced  with  paracetamol.  The  study  was performed  following  a  completely  randomized  design, using  45 male  rats  (Rattus  novergicus)  divided into  5  groups.  Rats  in  group  1  (K1)  were  given  CMC  1  %  for  7  days  and  followed  by  aquadest administration 8 hours post given CMC on day 7. Group 2 was given CMC 1 % for 7 days and treated with paracetamol at dose 2,5 g/kg BW 8 hours post given CMC on day 7. Groups 3 (K3), 4 (K4), and 5 (K5) were pretreated with ethanolic extract of Acalypha indica L.  leaves at the dose of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg BW for 7 days respectively, followed by paracetamol administration at the dose of 2.5 g/kg BW in the  next  8  hours  on  day  7. Paracetamol  hepatotoxicity  and  extracts  activity were measured  based  on SGPT and SGOT activity level on day 0, 8 hours after  last administration of  extract on day 7, and 24 hours post paracetamol administration. Data were analyzed using one way ANOVA. The result showed that  the  administration  of  ethanolic  extract  of Acalypha  indica  leaves  at  the  dose  of  50,  100,  and  200 mg/kg BW was  significantly  reduced SGPT  and SGOT  level  (P<0,05)  in  rats  that were  induced with paracetamol. Based on the results of SGPT and SGOT serum activity, it can be concluded that ethanolic extract of Acalypha indica L. potential as hepatoprotective agent.
CARBOHYDRATES OF CHANGES DURING THE FOLLICULAR DEVELOPMENT IN THE OVARY OF THE MOUSE DEER, TRAGULUS JAVANICUS -, Hamny; Agungpriyono, Srihadi; Djuwita, Ita; Nisa, Chairun; Esthi Prasetyaningtyas, Wahono; Rahmi, Erdiansyah
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 9, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

The data available on the female reproductive organ of mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus) is still very limited. A study was therefore conducted to investigate the distribution and the concentration of carbohydrate residues during the development of ovary follicles. An ovary at luteal phase was used in this study. Thin sections of the ovary were prepared occording to the standard methods and they were then histochemically stained with flourecnece-labelled lectins such as peanut agglutinin (PNA), Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA), Concanavalin A (Con A), Winged bean agglutinin (WGA) and Ulex europaeus agglutinin (UEA). The result showed that changes in the distribution and the concentration of carbohydrate occured during the development of the follicle. During the preantral stage, the cytoplasm of oosit contained carbohydrate with the residues of glucosa dan mannosa. Zona pelusida contained carbohydrates with residues of glucosa, mannosa, galactosa dan N-asetylgalactosamine, whereas extracellular matrix contained carbohydrate with the residues of glucosa dan mannosa. In the antral follicle, the cyitoplasm of oocytes contained carbohydarte with the residues of galactosa dan N-asetylgalactosamine, whereas its zona pelusida, extracellular matrix and follicular fluid contained carbohydarte with the residues of fucosa, N-asetylglucosamin and cyalic acid. Diffrences in the types and the distribution pattern of carbohydrates were observed in this study, both in preantral and antral follicles.
Uji Tuberculin pada Kulit Monyet Ekor Panjang (Macaca fascicularis): dalam Upaya Pencegahan Penyakit Zoonosis Tuberkulosis (TBC) di Kawasan Wisata Pulau Weh Sabang Rahmi, Erdiansyah; Sutriana, Amalia; Aliza, Dwina
Jurnal Primatologi Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Satwa Primata LPPM-IPB

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Abstract

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh informasi tentang penularan penyakit tuberkulosis (TBC)  pada monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis) di kawasan wisata Pulau Weh, Sabang dan untuk mendukung program pemerintah dalam menghasilkan Indonesia bebas TBC. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam beberapa tahap setelah memperoleh persetujuan dan izin dari Balai Besar Konservasi dan Sumberdaya Alam Aceh dan instansi terkait di Sabang. Tahapan berikutnya menentukan lokasi, populasi, dan identifikasi monyet ekor panjang serta menentukan jumlah monyet ekor panjang per kelompok. Pemeriksaan hewan dengan melakukan sedasi menggunakan ketamin (10mg/kg) dan xylazine (2 mg/kg) secara intramuskuler. Skrining menggunakan tes tuberkulin metode (mammalian old tuberculin) dilakukan terhadap semua hewan 0,1 mL (135000 Tuberkulin Unit) secara intradermal pada palpebra. Hasil uji tuberculin dibaca pada 24, 48, dan 72 jam pasca suntik. Pengujian diulang pada minggu kedua. Data ditabulasi dan dianalisis secara deskriptif. Dari identifikasi populasi monyet di dua wilayah itu ditemukan satu kelompok monyet pada kilometer nol (N 05 ° 54 ´19,1 "E 95 ° 12´ 57,4") dengan populasi 14 ekor, sedangkan di wilayah Cot Murong ( N 05 ° 54 ´19,1 "E 95 ° 12´ 57,4") ditemukan dua kelompok dengan populasi 12 dan 14 ekor. Skrining tuberkulosis menggunakan metode ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada insiden TBC pada monyet ekor panjang di kawasan wisata Sabang.Abstract: This research was purposed to obtain the information about the evidence of Tuberculosis (TB) infectious disease on long tail macaque (Macaca fascicularis) in tourism area Weh Island, Sabang and to support the government’s program in generating Indonesia free TB, as well. This research was conducted on many stages, those were permits arrangement with BKSDA Aceh and Forestry Officer Sabang, location identification of long tail macaque populations, and identification of the amount of long tail macaque population in each groups. The monkeys chosen were restrained and anaesthetized using Ketamin (10mg/kg) and xylazine (2mg/kg) intramuscularly. Screening test using tuberculin skin test (TST) method (old mammalian tuberculin kit) was carried out to all samples, 0.1 mL (135000 Tuberculin Unit) on palpebrae intradermally. The effect of TST was examined at 24, 48, and 72 hours post treatment. The test was repeated on the second week. The data were tabulated and analyzed descriptively. From the identification of macaca populations in two areas was found one group of  macaca  in Kilometer Nol (N 05° 54’ 19,1" E 95° 12’ 57,4")  with the population of 14 macacas whereas in Cot Murong area (N 05° 54’ 19,1" E 95° 12’ 57,4") found two groups with the population of 12 and 14 macacas. TB screening test using TST method showed that there were no incidents of TB in long tail macaque in Sabang tourism area.Keywords : Tuberculin Skin Test, Sabang, Macaca fascicularis  
Distribusi Glikoprotein pada Lambung Monyet Ekor Panjang (Macaca fascicularis) pada Periode Pre–Pasca Natal [DISTRIBUTION GLYCOPROTEIN OF THE STOMACH ON LONG TAIL MACAQUE (Macaca fascicularis) AT PRE-POST NATAL PERIOD] Rahmi, Erdiansyah; Sajuthi, Dondin; Agungpriyono, Srihadi; Sulistiawati, Erni
Jurnal Primatologi Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Satwa Primata LPPM-IPB

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Abstract

Carbohydrate is a diverse compound in the body and can be  as glycoconjugate which bound to protein in proteoglycan and glycoprotein shape, and bound to lipid in glycolipid shape as well. The study was conducted to get information image of pattern distribution of the glycoprotein at stomach gland from various age levels at Macaca fascicularis (Mf) after and before bearing. Gastric specimen was collected processed through microtechnique procedure, followed by histochemistry Lectin staining to detect glycoprotein from stomach. Observation result of given score subjectively into four categories: (-) none/negatif, (+) low, (++) medium,and (+++) height. The results obtained were tabulated and analyzed diskriptively. We found that glycoproteins complex exist in the glandullar stomach of long tailed macaques are mannose, glucose, galactose, N-acetil-D-glocosamine and N-acetil-D-galactose all of these glycoproteins complex was observed at age foetus 70 days. Glycoprotein can act as energy resource used for grouht and protections toward stomach. Keywords: glycoprotein, lectin, stomach gland, Macaca fascicularis
Isolation and Identification of Genus Salmonella and Shigella from Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii) Feces in Orangutan Reintroduction Center, Jantho Rahmi, Erdiansyah; Agustina, Dina; Jamin, Faisal
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 8, No 1 (2014): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SYIAH KUALA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (105.503 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v8i1.3316

Abstract

This study was done to identified bacteria of genus Salmonella and Shigella from sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) feces. Nine semi wild orangutan fecal samples were obtained in Orangutan Reintroduction Center, Cagar Alam Pinus Jantho, Aceh Besar. The samples were processed using Carter methode. The selective media used were Salmonella Shigella Agar (SSA), Eosin Methylen Blue (EMB), and MacConkey Agar. The separated colonies which grawn in SSA media were observed for their morphology, and followed by Gram staining methode then continued with biochemical test such as Indol, Methyl Red (MR), Voges Proskauer (VP), Sulfid Indol Motility (SIM), Simmons Citrate (SC), and sugar test such as glucose, sucrose, lactose, and manitol. From nine samples, one orangutan was infected with Salmonella and another one was infected with Shigella. All of the samples were identified with Escherichia. In Conclusion, orangutan lived at Reintroduction Center, Jantho infected with Salmonella and Shigella bacteria.Key words: feces, orangutan, Salmonella, Shigella
Analysis of the Role of Keeper as a Risk Factor for Infection of Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Sumatran Orangutan in the Re-introduction Station of Jantho Murtala, Ali; Ferasyi, T. Reza; Rahmi, Erdiansyah
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 8, No 2 (2014): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SYIAH KUALA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (152.335 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v8i2.3363

Abstract

This study was aimed to identify the role of keeper as a risk factor for the infection of gastrointestinal nematodes on orangutans in Jantho Re-introduction Station. This study was conducted using a census method. A number of 8 orangutan’s keepers were involved as respondent. The data was collected by interview using a structural questionnaire. In addition, feces of 6 orangutans caged in this location were taken as sample. The feces sample was then examined for gastrointestinal nematodes using native and centrifugation methods in Parasitology Laboratory, Veterinary Medicine Faculty, Syiah Kuala University. The data obtained from this study were analyzed descriptively. The results of study by questionnaire showed that a possible potential risk factor for the infection of gastrointestinal nematode to orangutans in Jantho Re-introduction Station is the keeper avoids using gloves when supplying food to the animals. Then, the result of laboratory examination showed that it was confirmed that the feces of orangutans infected with gastrointestinal nematodes, which the prevalence of 16.5% for infection by Strongiloides sp. In conclusion, orangutans caged in Jantho Re-introduction Station are in a low infection of gastrointestinal nematodes of Strongiloides sp., and the keeper shows a good behavior to prevent gastrointestinal nematodes infection to orangutan.Key words: keeper, Sumateran orangutan, Pongo abelii, Strongyloides sp.
Morphological on the Macroscropic Development of the Stomach in the Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) during Pre Natal and Post Natal Period Rahmi, Erdiansyah
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 1, No 1 (2007): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1537.595 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v1i1.3119

Abstract

This research was conducted with aim to reveal the morphological changes on the stomach in thelong-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) (Mf) during prenatal and postnatal development. Stomachtaken from seven fetuses (40, 55, 70, 85, 100, 120, and 150 gestation day) and two newborns (10 and 105day old) animals was used in this study. The stomach was studied at macroscopic for observation of thegeneral structure. Measurement conducted to stomach length, wide of stomach body, greater curvature,lesser curvature of the stomach in each of old age group. Perception result indicate that the stomach of Mf was red bean like in form with short minor kurvatura. These values increased along with the age of fetusand infant. The Lesser curvature very short. Greater curvature relative length (twice improvement) atpost natal (infant) compared to before birth (fetus). The morphological development of the stomachincreased with age, with very rapid further development after birth, which is possibly due to the age of thefetus and in addition, the start of digestive activity and optimalization of stomach function.Keywords: anatomy, digestion, primates
In vitro antimalarial activity of Jaloh leaves extract on Plasmodium falciparum Asmilia, Nuzul; Sutriana, Amalia; Rahmi, Erdiansyah; Sugito, .
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 1, No 1 (2011): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Malaria still cause health problem in tropics including Indonesia, since its generate high mortality rate. Medication of Malaria has been performed long time ago without optimum result. One reason is the high rate of P.falciparum resistance on conventional antimalaria drug. This research aim to evaluate the activity of jaloh leaves extract (Willow leaves) on the inhibition of P.falciparum in vitro.This was a laboratory experimental research that using Indonesian isolates of cloroquin resistance P.falciparum obtained from NAMRU-2, Jakarta. P.falciparum isolate that has been synchronized were divided in to 3 groups of treatment : Jaloh leaves ethanolic extract, jaloh leaves ethyl acetate extract, and jaloh leaves n-hexane extract. Each group were then alloted into 5 dosage levels: 6,25ug/ml; 12,50ug/ml; 25,00ug/ml; 50,00ug/ml; and 100ug/ml. The observation of parasitemia degree were done 48 hours post-incubation in which the thick blood smear were colored with Giemsa and then examined using bioculer microscope. Data were analyzed using one way ANOVA and Newman-Keuls test. The result showed that the percentage of P.falciparum growth inhibition were sinificantly different (P<0.05) among treatments wherein ethanol extract and ethyl acetate extract more inhibit P.falciparum growth than the hexane extract. The administration of different dosage also resulted in significance different (P<0.05) of P.falciparum growth inhibition. This research concludes that jaloh leaves extract could inhibit P.falciparum growth.
GAMBARAN HISTOLOGI SISTEM RESPIRASI IKAN GABUS (Channa striata) (Histological Respiratory System of Snakehead (Channa striata)) Pertiwi, Sedrisa Lidya; Zainuddin, Zainuddin; Rahmi, Erdiansyah
JURNAL ILMIAH MAHASISWA VETERINER Vol 1, No 3 (2017): MEI - JULI
Publisher : JURNAL ILMIAH MAHASISWA VETERINER

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (939.498 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/jim vet..v1i3.3310

Abstract

ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui histologis sistem respirasi ikan gabus (Channa striata). Organ yang diambil adalah insang dan labirin yang berasal dari lima ekor ikan gabus yang diamati dengan metode histologi eksplorasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa insang terdiri dari lengkung insang dan filamen insang, lengkung insang tersusun atas gerigi insang (gill rakers), epitel mukosa, membran basal, submukosa, tulang, jaringan lemak, dan pembuluh darah. Filamen insang terdiri dari lamela primer dan lamela sekunder, lamela primer tersusun atas tulang rawan yang dibungkus oleh perikondrium, central venous sinus dan sel klorida, sedangkan pada lamela sekunder terdapat sel epitelium pipih, sel mukus, sel pilar dan eritrosit. Labirin terdiri dari tunika mukosa dan tunika submukosa.ABSTRACT This study aims to determine the histologic respiratory system (Channa striata). The organs that was taken are gills and labyrinth that comes from five snakehead, observed by histology method of exploration . The result showed that  gill consists of gill’s arch and gill’s filament, gill’s arch consists of gill rakers, mucosa epithel, basal membrane, sub mucosa, bone, fat tissue, and vein. Gill’s filament consists of primary lamella and secondary lamella, primary lamella consists of cartilage that coated by pericondrium, central venous sinus, and chloride cells. Secondary lamella consists of epithelium cells, mucus cells, pillar cells, and eritrosit. Labyrinth consists of tunica mucosa and tunica submucosa.
Co-Authors . Darmawi . Fakhrurrazi . Sugito Abdullah Hamzah, Abdullah Al Azhar Ali Murtala, Ali Amalia Sutriana Amiruddin A Amiruddin Amiruddin Arman Sayuti Aulanni’am a Awaluddin Awaluddin Azani, Wahyuni Azhar Azhar Azhari Azhari Basuki B. Purnomo budianto panjaitan Chairun Nisa Cut Dahlia Iskandar Darmawi Darmawi Dasrul Dasrul Daulay, Lingga Surya Maret Dian Masyitha Dina Agustina, Dina DONDIN SAJUTHI Dwina Aliza Dwinna Aliza Emha, Risfi Febrina Tri Utami Erni Sulistiawati Faisal Jamin Farid Wajidi Febrianto, Niko Gholib Gholib, Gholib Habiburrahman Habiburrahman, Habiburrahman Hamdan Hamdan Hamny - Henni Vanda Hery Wijayanto Idawati Nasution Ismail Ismail ITA DJUWITA Jalaluddin, M Joharsyah Hutabarat Juli Melia M. Aris Widodo M. Hasan M. Isa M. Jalaluddin, M. Mahdi Abrar Maryulia Dewi Masyita, Dian Muhammad Hambal Muhammad Hanafiah Muhammad Isa Mulyadi Adam, Mulyadi Muslim Akmal Mustafa Sabri Nazif, Rahmat Nofri Alfi, Nofri NURLIANA NURLIANA Nuzul Asmilia Pertiwi, Sedrisa Lidya Putri Dewi Ramadhan, Rezky Razali Razali Rinidar Rinidar, Rinidar Rizal, Khairul Roslizawaty Roslizawaty, Roslizawaty Rosmaidar Rosmaidar, Rosmaidar Rusli Rusli Rusli Sulaiman Safika, Safika Sarayulis, Sarayulis Siti Hajar Sr, Meuthya Srihadi Agungpriyono Sugito s Sugito Sugito Sutiman B. Sumitro Syafruddin s Syafruddin Syafruddin Syahputra, Yandi T Armansyah TR T. Armansyah T. Reza Ferasyi, T. Reza Teuku Reza Ferasyi Tongku Nizwan Siregar TR, T Armansyah Tri Wahyu Pangestiningsih Triva Murtina Lubis Ulfa, Anisa Diah Ummu Balqis Veronica, Vina Wahono Esthi Prasetyaningtyas Wenny Novita Sari Wisnu Nurcahyo Zainuddin Zainuddin Zuhrawati Zuhrawati, Zuhrawati