M. Zen Rahfiludin
Program Studi Magister Gizi Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, Jl. Hayam Wuruk 5 Semarang

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HUBUNGAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN GIZI, ASUPAN TEMBAGA, SERAT DAN FITAT DENGAN KADAR SENG SERUM ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR BERTUBUH PENDEK DI KARANGAWEN DEMAK

JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 2, No 1 (2005): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background : Zinc deficiency cause of some inadequate function of the body such as slowed growth and recuce development children. Many factor affect the absorption and excretion zinc in the body that increase risk of zinc deficiency, likes infection disease, physical condition, dan diet factor. Nutrient and phytate in food influences zinc absorption. Objective. Purpose of this research is to know relation between nutrient and phytate with zinc serum level.Method . crosss sectional observasional design with cross sectional method. 1 13 Sampel for research are 1 " and 2 "d grade elementary school student at Karangawen, Demak who has stunted nutrition status (based on height-for-age < -2 to Z point WHO-NCHS score). Secondary data gained from food frequency semiquantified and result of zinc serumlevel from laboratorium assessment. Data analysis used Pearson Product Moment test. Resalt. From data analyze got significant correlation between adequacy rate of vitamin A, dietary fiber intake phytate intake and copper intake with zinc serum level (p < 0,05). Otherwise no significant correlation adequacy rate of protein, and adequancy rate of ironwith zinc serum level. (p > 0,05).Conclusion .Used the other different measurement zinc level method in order to minimize weakness and complete each other.Key words: Stunted Elementary School Student, Serum zinc level, Copper, phytate intake.

GAMBARAN KOMPOSISI TUBUH ANAK USIA 2 _ 5 TAHUN DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN STATUS EKONOMI DI KOTA SEMARANG

JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 2, No 1 (2005): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

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Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Childrens body composition can be used to assess their nutrition status. It is consisted of 2 tissues: fattissue andfat-free (muscle) tissue. The circumference of the upper arm, the thickness of fat under the skin, the tricepsand the width of the upper arm muscle are commonly used as the standard for measuring the composition of a bodybecause it is cheap and easy to apply; yet rarely practiced. The nutrition status is influenced by the economic and socialcondition of thefamily such as income andfood expenses. Purpose: to describe the composition of body of children age2-5 years old and to analyze the correlation between family income and the cost spending for food with the compositionof their body. Method: this survey is conducted by using the cross sectional approach. The primary data are:circumference of the upper arm, the thicbtess of fat under the skin, the triceps and the width of the upper arm musclesnd the social economic data based on interviews by using questionnaires. The research population is children age 2-5in the area of Puskesmas Bangetayu. From 1227 children in the area, 609 were taken os samples. Results: there is adifference in the thickness of fat under the skin (p:0.001) and the width of the upper arm muscle (p:0,001) betvveenboys and girls. From the bivariat result, there is a correlation between family income and the cost spending on foodwith the circumference of the upper arm, triceps and the width of the upper aftn muscle. Yet, both of them do not haveany correlation with the thiclmess offat under the skin. circumferenceKeywords: Education, economic status, composition of body, children age 2-5

HUBUNGAN TINGKAT KONSUMSI ENERGI DAN PROTEIN DENGAN KADAR Immunoglobulin M (IgM) anti Phenolic Glycolipid-1 (PGL-1) NARAKONTAK SERUMAH PENDERITA KUSTA DI KOTA SEMARANG

JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 2, No 2 (2005): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

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Abstract

IgM anti PGL-I merupakan penanda bahwa seorang narakontak serumah terinfeksi atau tidak oleh kuman Mycobacterium leprae. konsumsi energi dan protein yang rendah secara bermakna mengganggu sistem imun tubuh sehingga dapat menimbulkan infeksi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan tingkat konsumsi energi protein dengan kadar IgM anti PGL-I narakontak penderita kusta di Kota Semarang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian penjelasan dengan metode survei melalui pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi yang diambil adalah narakontak serumah penderita kusta serumah di kota Semarang. Pengambilan sampel dengan cara purposive sampling diperoleh sampel sebanyak 69 narakontak serumah. Analisis univariat dan analisis bivariat dengan menggunakan uji statistik Korelasi Product Moment. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata tingkat konsumsi energi narakontak adalah 60,57 %, rata-rata tingkat konsumsi protein narakontak adalah 92,59 % dan rata-rata kadar IgM anti PGL-I narakontak 768,67 unit. Ada hubungan negatif bermakna antara tingkat konsumsi energi dan tingkat konsumsi protein dengan kadar IgM anti PGL-I narakontak penderita kusta di Kota Semarang (p=0,008, r= -0,317 dan p = 0,02, r= -0,27). Saran yang dapat diberikan pada narakontak kusta khususnya yang belum terinfeksi adalah meningkatkan konsumsi energi dan protein agar kekebalan tubuhnya dapat terjaga.Kata kunci: kusta, Igm anti PGL-I, konsumsi energi, konsumsi protein

Suplementasi Vitamin E dan Profil Lipid Penderita Dislipidemia: Studi pada Pegawai Rumah Sakit Profesor Dokter Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto

MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA 2011:MMI Volume 45 Issue 1 Year 2011
Publisher : MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA

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ABSTRACT Vitamin E supplementation and lipid profile in patients with dislipidemia Background: The prevalence of dislipidemia in Indonesia increase lately. Vitamin E has important role in cholesterol metabolism and protecting low density lipoprotein cholesterol against oxidation. This study was to investigate the effect of vitamin E supplementation on lipid profile.Method: The study was a randomised controlled clinical trial. Subjects were the employees of Professor Doctor Margono Soekarjo hospital aged 30-50 years who suffered from dislipidemic. The supplementation groups received 400 IU vitamin E and the control group received placebo once a day for 30 days. Lipid profile was examined using vitros system chemistry analyser 250 dan 350. Nutritional intake were gathered using food recall method and processed with nutrisurvey. Analyses were conducted using T-test, Mann Whitney, Wilcoxon and Chi square tests.  Result: There were no differences in total (p=0.910), LDL (p=0.457) and HDL cholesterol levels (p=0.809) as well as trigliseride level (p=0.687) between the two groups before suplementation. There were differences in total (p=0.004) and LDL (p=0.002), there were no differences in HDL cholesterol level (p=0.332) and trigliseride level (p=0.940) between the two groups after supplementation. There were differences on the changes in total cholesterol (p=0.001) and LDL cholesterol (p=0.000) and no differences on the changes in HDL cholesterol level (p=0.197) as well as trigliserida level (p=0.438). There was no difference in nutritional intake between the two groups. Conclusion: That supplementation of vitamin E 400 IU once daily for 30 days improve lipid profile. Keywords: Dislipidemia, vitamin E, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, trigliseride   ABSTRAK Latar belakang: Angka kejadian dislipidemia di Indonesia semakin meningkat. Vitamin E merupakan antioksidan penting dalam metabolisme kolesterol, melindungi kolesterol LDL terhadap oksidasi dan meningkatkan kolesterol HDL. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh suplementasi vitamin E terhadap profil lipid penderita dislipidemia. Metode: Desain studi adalah acak buta ganda terkontrol dengan subyek 42 orang karyawan RS Profesor Dokter Margono Soekarjo penderita dislipidemia yang berusia 30-50 tahun, dibagi menjadi dua kelompok yaitu 22 orang memperoleh vitamin E 400 IU dan 20 orang memperoleh placebo sekali sehari selama 30 hari. Karakteristik subyek diperoleh melalui wawancara, berat badan dan tinggi badan diperoleh melalui pengukuran. Profil lipid diukur sebelum dan sesudah suplementasi dengan vitros system chemistry analyser 250 dan 350. Asupan gizi diperoleh melalui food recall dan dianalisis dengan program nutrisurvey. Data dianalisis dengan uji T, Mann Whitney, Wilcoxon dan Chi square. Hasil: Tidak ada perbedaan kolesterol total (p=0,910), kolesterol LDL (p=0,457), kolesterol HDL (p=0,809) dan trigliserida (p=0,687) antara kedua kelompok sebelum suplementasi. Ada perbedaan kolesterol total (p=0,004) dan kolesterol LDL (p=0,002), tidak ada perbedaan kolesterol HDL (p=0,332) dan trigliserida (p=0,940) antara kedua kelompok sesudah suplementasi. Ada perbedaan perubahan kolesterol total (p=0,001) dan kolesterol LDL (p=0,000), tidak ada perbedaan perubahan kolesterol HDL (p=0,197) dan trigliserida (p=0,438) antara kedua kelompok. Tidak ada perbedaan asupan gizi antara kedua kelompok. Simpulan: Suplementasi vitamin E 400 IU sekali sehari 30 hari dapat memperbaiki kolesterol total dan kolesterol LDL penderita.  

Hubungan Antara Kadar Timbal dalam Darah dengan Kadar Hemoglobin pada Wanita Usia Subur di Lingkungan Industri Peleburan Loga Kecamatan Adiwerna Kabupaten Tegal

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2013): Vol 12, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background: Exposure to lead (Pb) continuously for a long time will cause health effects such as hypertension,decreased the ability of the brain and can inhibit the formation of red blood, disorder if it is not resolved soon beable to cause disruption to the body’s various organ systems such as the nervous system, kidneys, gastrointestinal,reproductive system and hemoglobin levels.Methods: Cross sectional study on 32 subjects in the Metal Smelting Industry District Adiwerna Tegal regency. Pblevels in the blood as biomaker of exposure to lead (Pb) to the decrease in hemoglobin levels.Result: Subjects with levels of lead (Pb) on not normal level were 12 people with mean+ SD BLL 28.33+7.714;Subjects with hemoglobin levels below the normal were 15 people with the mean+SD 12.04+1,340. There is arelationship between BLL with the level or haemoglobin (r = -0,418 and p value = 0.017). Lead exposure was tobe risk factor for the low haemoglobin level with RP of 2.5.Conclution: Women of Childbearing Age had a Ratio Prevalence of 2.5 for the low level of haemoglobin.Keywords: Lead Exposure, hemoglobin levels, Women of Childbearing Age

HUBUNGAN KEIKUTSERTAAN KELAS IBU HAMIL DENGAN PERILAKU IBU DALAM PERAWATAN MASA NIFAS (Studi di Puskesmas Cepiring Kabupaten Kendal)

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Maternity class which aimed to decrease maternal mortality rates, has been implemented in Kendal District since 2010. Maternity class in Cepiring (one of the primary health care center in Kendal) has been held in 15 places but the rates of postpartum visit (KF3) still low in 2014. The research objective was to analyze the association between the maternity class attendance and knowledge, attitude and practice of postpartum careamong post partum mothers inCepiring Primary Health Care Center working area. This study was an explanatory study with a cross-sectional approach. The population was 204 postpartum mothers who lived in Cepiring during January-March 2016. Among them 66 subjects were chosen through purposive sampling method. Data were analyzed by Chi Square tests. The results showed that precentage of postpartum mother’s with low konwledge was 54.5%, postpartum mother’s with good attitude was 68.2%. postpartum mother’s with good practice was 57.6%. There were associations between the maternity class attendance and knowledge (p=0.002) and attitude (p=0.013). There was no association between the maternity class attendance and  postpartum care practice (p=0.646). It is concluded that the maternity class attendance was associated to knowledge and attitude in postpartum care. It was suggested that the midwives motivate the postpartum mothers to attend the maternity class and apply their knowledge of post partum care in practice.

“Table Kroasia” Tablet Krokot Berkhasiat, Inovasi Effervescent Dari Tanaman Krokot (Portulacaoleracea L) Sebagai Alternatif Minuman Bersuplemen Bagi Penderita Radang Usus Buntu

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Vol 2, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa

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Appendicitis atau yang dikenal sebagai penyakit usus buntu adalah penyakit yang disebabkan oleh tersumbatnya muara usus buntu oleh suatu benda dan mengakibatkan terjadinya pembekakan infeksi di usus buntu. Penyakit ini memang tidak masuk dalam kategori penyakit berstadium tinggi, namun jika tidak segera diobati, maka akan mengancam kesehatan manusia, bahkan dampak terburuknya dapat mengakibatkan kematian. Peningkatan penyakit ini harus diwaspadai, mengingat banyaknya efek fatal yang bisa ditimbulkan dari penyakit tersebut. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan berbagai alternative untuk mengobati penyakit ini. Banyak alternative yang sudah dikembangkan sebelumnya untuk mengobati penyakit ini, antara lain dengan teripang dan ganggang yang memiliki kandungan Cell Growth Factor (CGF) sehingga dapat menstimulus proses regenerasi dan memperbaiki organ dan sistem yang rusak. Dan, yang terakhir adalah herbal jombang. Kandungan dalam herbal jombang dapat berperan sebagai antibiotik, antiradang dan dapat melancarkan pengeluaran empedu ke usus. Dewasa ini, riset telah membuktikan bahwa penggunaan obat herbal jauh lebih efektif, aman serta resiko yang kccil daripada obat-obatan kimia. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan pembaharuan inovasi untuk menciptakan suatu produk yang banyak diminati akan tetapi juga bermanfaat bagi kesehatan tubuh terutama untuk penderita penyakit radang usus buntu. Sehingga muncul sebuah gagasan untuk mengembangkan penggunaan obat-obatan herbal demi mengatasi permasalahan yang ada. Dalam PKM GT  ini akan membahas tentang pemanfaatan tanaman krokot atau Portulacaoleracea L sebagai salah satu solusi untuk menyembuhkan penyakit Apendidictis yang dikemas dalam bentuk effervesence. Effervesence merupakan salah satu minuman bersuplemen yang dikemas dalam bentuk tablet yang sangat praktis dan mudah digunakan. Aktivitas antioksidan effervescent formula terpilih diukur dan dibandingkan dengan aktivitas antioksedan tertinggi yang mampu dicapai minuman komponen tunggalnya.

Hubungan Kondisi Sanitasi Lingkungan Rumah dengan Kejadian Reinfeksi Kecacingan pada Murid Sekolah Dasar Bandarharjo 02 - 04 Kota Semarang

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 1, No 1 (2002): APRIL 2002
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

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In the same manner as the other developing countries, Indonesia also remains face the difficulties against the high prevalence rate of infectious diseases, particularly ones that related with bad environmental condition. One of them, which is usually occurred in elementary school children and have a negative effect on their growth and development, is soil transmitted helminthiasis, an infection of intestinal worm transmitted through soil or known as helminthic disease. Three kinds of them are Ascaris lumbricoides, whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworm (Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale). Based on that background, this research tried to formulate the problem as follows: is there any relationship between house sanitation and the occurrence of helminthic disease reinfection on students of Bandarharjo 02-04 Elementary School? Conclusions taken from this research are: the occurrence rate of helminthic disease reinfection on Bandarharjo 02-04 Elementary School students in Semarang Regency was 48,3%, most of student’s houses (73,3%) were in a “not so good” environmental sanitation condition. There was no relationship between house sanitation and the occurrence of helminthic disease reinfection on students of Bandarharjo 02-04 Elementary School (p-value > 0,05) Key words : Environmental sanitation, reinfection, soil transmitted helminths

HUBUNGAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN GIZI, ASUPAN TEMBAGA, SERAT DAN FITAT DENGAN KADAR SENG SERUM ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR BERTUBUH PENDEK DI KARANGAWEN DEMAK

JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Volume 2. No. 1. Tahun 2005
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background : Zinc deficiency cause of some inadequate function of the body such as slowed growth and recuce development children. Many factor affect the absorption and excretion zinc in the body that increase risk of zinc deficiency, likes infection disease, physical condition, dan diet factor. Nutrient and phytate in food influences zinc absorption. Objective. Purpose of this research is to know relation between nutrient and phytate with zinc serum level.Method . crosss sectional observasional design with cross sectional method. 1 13 Sampel for research are 1 " and 2 "d grade elementary school student at Karangawen, Demak who has stunted nutrition status (based on height-for-age < -2 to Z point WHO-NCHS score). Secondary data gained from food frequency semiquantified and result of zinc serumlevel from laboratorium assessment. Data analysis used Pearson Product Moment test. Resalt. From data analyze got significant correlation between adequacy rate of vitamin A, dietary fiber intake phytate intake and copper intake with zinc serum level (p < 0,05). Otherwise no significant correlation adequacy rate of protein, and adequancy rate of ironwith zinc serum level. (p > 0,05).Conclusion .Used the other different measurement zinc level method in order to minimize weakness and complete each other.Key words: Stunted Elementary School Student, Serum zinc level, Copper, phytate intake.

GAMBARAN KOMPOSISI TUBUH ANAK USIA 2 _ 5 TAHUN DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN STATUS EKONOMI DI KOTA SEMARANG

JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Volume 2. No. 1. Tahun 2005
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

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Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Childrens body composition can be used to assess their nutrition status. It is consisted of 2 tissues: fattissue andfat-free (muscle) tissue. The circumference of the upper arm, the thickness of fat under the skin, the tricepsand the width of the upper arm muscle are commonly used as the standard for measuring the composition of a bodybecause it is cheap and easy to apply; yet rarely practiced. The nutrition status is influenced by the economic and socialcondition of thefamily such as income andfood expenses. Purpose: to describe the composition of body of children age2-5 years old and to analyze the correlation between family income and the cost spending for food with the compositionof their body. Method: this survey is conducted by using the cross sectional approach. The primary data are:circumference of the upper arm, the thicbtess of fat under the skin, the triceps and the width of the upper arm musclesnd the social economic data based on interviews by using questionnaires. The research population is children age 2-5in the area of Puskesmas Bangetayu. From 1227 children in the area, 609 were taken os samples. Results: there is adifference in the thickness of fat under the skin (p:0.001) and the width of the upper arm muscle (p:0,001) betvveenboys and girls. From the bivariat result, there is a correlation between family income and the cost spending on foodwith the circumference of the upper arm, triceps and the width of the upper aftn muscle. Yet, both of them do not haveany correlation with the thiclmess offat under the skin. circumferenceKeywords: Education, economic status, composition of body, children age 2-5