Winiati P Rahayu
Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, PO Box 220, Bogor 16002, Jawa Barat, Indonesia.

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Study o Safety and Shelflife of Red Chili Paste

Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 19, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

Red chili is an important food ingredient which may not be always self, when obtained from the market. The aims of the study was to evaluate the safety and shelf life of red chili paste. Based on survey conducted with 20 vendors in Bogor, we found red chili paste in generally composed of red chili, water, and NaCl. About 75% of the vendors claimed that their red chili paste not sold in the first market day is stored in a plastic container at room temperature and resold for the next day. They claimed that their red chili paste can be stored for 2-8 days. The red chili paste showed moisture content of 71.6-86.8% (w/wb), pH 4.7-6.9% (w/w). About 33.3% of them positively contained excessive amount of sodium benzoate and 36% of them contained Rhodamin B which is prohibited as food coloring. From the microbiological side, the red chili paste contained 9.5 x 10 3 - 3.8 x 105cfu/g mould and yeast; 1.2 x 103 - 5.6 x 104 cfu/f spore forming bacteria; 5.2 x 102- 1.2 x 104 cfu/g S. aureus;

Shelf Life Prediction and Isotherm Sorption Model of Dried Grain and Powdered Black Pepper (Piper ningrum L.)

Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 16, No 1 (2005): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

Black pepper is one of the most popular spice traded around the globe, either in dried grain form or in bulky powder. However, for retailing purpose both are usually packaged in plastic film. This research was conducted to predict the shelf life of packaged black pepper (both dried grain and powder) by applying isotherm sorption and Labuza models. Initial moisture content of dried grain was 12.17 % d.b and for the powder was 10.27 % d.b. The shelf life of black pepper calculated for the dried grain was longer than the powder. When stored at 90 % RH, the dried grain black pepper packaged in HDPE demonstrated the longest shelf life which was equal to 2187 days and for the powder equal to 2037 days. The volatile oil loss for dried grain black pepper after 30 days of preservation was 1.36 % and for the powder was 40.82 %. Key words: Black pepper, shelf life, plastic film.

PENGEMBANGAN STRATEGI KEAMANAN PRODUK PERIKANAN UNTUK EKSPOR KE AMERIKA SERIKAT

JURNAL STANDARDISASI Vol 16, No 2 (2014): Vol 16, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Badan Standardisasi Nasional

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Abstract

Saat ini Indonesia mengalami peningkatan produktivitas ekspor produk perikanan dan menjadi negara nomor satu penghasil produk tuna. Peningkatan produktivitas tersebut menghadapi tantangan terbesar di era perdagangan bebas ini yaitu permasalahan keamanan pangan yang terbukti dengan tingginya kasus penolakan produk perikanan Indonesia di AS. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kasus penolakan produk perikanan Indonesia oleh Amerika Serikat dan mengembangkan rekomendasi strategi keamanan produk perikanan Indonesia untuk ekspor ke AS. Pengumpulan data menunjukkan penolakan produk Indonesia oleh Amerika Serikat tahun 2010-2012 menunjukkan fluktuasi dan didominasi oleh produk perikanan, dengan alasan utama penolakan adalah filthy dan Salmonella. Studi kasus di perusahaan olahan tuna yang telah disertifikasi HACCP oleh Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan dilakukan untuk memperkuat data. Hasil studi kasus menunjukkan kegagalan dalam penerapan sistem HACCP karena standar, regulasi dan audit yang tidak harmonis dengan FDA. Hasil gap analisis standar dan regulasi Indonesia terhadap FDA menghasilkan rekomendasi pengembangan strategi yang terkait dengan standardisasi, akreditasi, infrastruktur dan kerjasama internasional.

KAJIAN STANDAR CEMARAN MIKROBA DALAM PANGAN DI INDONESIA

JURNAL STANDARDISASI Vol 16, No 2 (2014): Vol 16, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Badan Standardisasi Nasional

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Abstract

Standar cemaran mikroba pada pangan olahan di Indonesia termuat dalam Peraturan Kepala Badan POM tahun 2009 No. HK.00.06.1.52.4011 tentang Penetapan Batas Maksimum Cemaran Mikroba dan Kimia Dalam Makanan dan Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI) komoditas pangan. Dalam implementasinya, terdapat beberapa permasalahan dan kriteria yang tidak dapat dipenuhi karena terlalu ketat dan metode analisis yang tidak tersedia. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan pemenuhan standar cemaran mikroba dalam pangan di Indonesia dan beberapa negara lain di dunia terhadap kaidah kriteria mikrobiologi pangan yang dikembangkan Codex serta mengkaji kriteria cemaran mikroba pada pangan prioritas dan memberikan rekomendasi kriteria cemaran mikroba. Pengkajian dilakukan dengan membandingkan dan menganalisis kriteria mikrobiologi Indonesia dengan 10 standar negara lain yaitu Australia dan Selandia Baru, Eropa, Filipina, Malaysia, Canada, Hong Kong, India, Jepang, Singapura dan Afrika Selatan berdasarkan Codex Principles for The Establishment and Application of Microbiological Criteria for Foods (CAC/GL 21-1997) yang sedang dalam proses revisi pada step 5/8. Studi kasus dilakukan pada beberapa jenis pangan prioritas berdasarkan permasalahan dan kriteria. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa Australia dan Selandia Baru, Eropa, Canada dan Filipina telah mengikuti kriteria Codex, sementara Indonesia, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Jepang, Singapura dan Afrika Selatan tidak. Hasil kajian juga menunjukkan bahwa standar mikrobiologi air minum dalam kemasan, kopi instan dan pangan steril komersial perlu revisi. Untuk tujuan verifikasi proses produksi dan penerimaan lot, direkomendasikan untuk menetapkan satu batas maksimum ALT. Penetapan kriteria mikrobiologi kopi instan tidak relevan, kecuali OTA. Persyaratan bagi pangan proses steril komersial dapat dilakukan dengan pemenuhan kecukupan proses sterilisasi komersial atau uji inkubasi untuk menetapkan mikroba pembusuk.

Shelf Life Prediction and Isotherm Sorption Model of Dried Grain and Powdered Black Pepper (Piper ningrum L.)

Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 16, No 1 (2005): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (386.757 KB)

Abstract

Black pepper is one of the most popular spice traded around the globe, either in dried grain form or in bulky powder. However, for retailing purpose both are usually packaged in plastic film. This research was conducted to predict the shelf life of packaged black pepper (both dried grain and powder) by applying isotherm sorption and Labuza models. Initial moisture content of dried grain was 12.17 % d.b and for the powder was 10.27 % d.b. The shelf life of black pepper calculated for the dried grain was longer than the powder. When stored at 90 % RH, the dried grain black pepper packaged in HDPE demonstrated the longest shelf life which was equal to 2187 days and for the powder equal to 2037 days. The volatile oil loss for dried grain black pepper after 30 days of preservation was 1.36 % and for the powder was 40.82 %. Key words: Black pepper, shelf life, plastic film.

The Consumption of Fresh Vegetables from Street Food and Sanitation of Street Stalls at Four Locations in Bogor City

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 13, Issue 3, February 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

The consumption of fresh vegetables at the stalls needs serious attention. This research aimed to estimate the exposure probability due to fresh vegetables consumption of street food consumers, to measure sanitation level of street stalls that serving fresh vegetables, and to recommend a mentoring program for the stalls at four locations in Bogor City. This research was conducted at 16 stalls located at four locations in Bogor City. The number of respondents surveyed was 293 people and determined by stratified sampling method. Food frequency questionnaire was used as a tool in the survey. The survey showed that men consumed more fresh vegetables than women with the average of 47.12 g/person/consumption and frequency 3.37 times/week (p<0.05). Adults consumed fresh vegetables at the stalls most often with 3.05 times/week and the average consumption of 44.59 g/person/consumption (p<0.05). All street stalls were at level IV of sanitary practices. Thus, there is a risk of food safety in consuming fresh vegetables at the stalls at four locations in Bogor City. Men and adults had high exposure probability to microbiological hazards due to fresh vegetables consumption at the stalls. Mentoring program for all locations involving socialization and implementation of street stall management and sanitation practices regulations by government, full awareness of street vendors in complying with the prevailing regulations, and firm action for the vendors who violate the rules.