Articles

Eksistensi Prinsip Responsibility to Protect Dalam Hukum Internasional

MASALAH-MASALAH HUKUM Masalah-Masalah Hukum, Jilid 41, Nomor 1, Tahun 2012
Publisher : MASALAH-MASALAH HUKUM

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (141.7 KB)

Abstract

The responsibility to protect (R to P or R2P) is a norm or set of principles based on the idea that sovereignty is not a privilege, but a responsibility. R to P concept focuses on the three pillars. These are : the responsibility of each individual state to protect its population from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity and their incitement; the responsibility of the international community to undertake peaceful collective action to help states to exercise this responsibility; and the responsibility of the international community to be prepared to take collective action in a timely and decisive manner through the UN Security Council. Any form of a military intervention initiated under the premise of responsibility to protect must fulfill the following six criteria in order to be justified as an extraordinary measure of intervention : just cause, right intention, final resort, legitimate authority, proportional means and reasonable prospect.Keywords : Responsibility to protect, international community

GLOBALISASI LESBIAN, GAY, BISEKSUAL, DAN TRANSGENDER (LGBT): PERSPEKTIF HAM DAN AGAMA DALAM LINGKUP HUKUM DI INDONESIA

LAW REFORM Volume 14, Nomor 1, Tahun 2018
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI MAGISTER ILMU HUKUM FAKULTAS HUKUM UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO SEMARANG

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (114.75 KB)

Abstract

Indonesia adalah negara yang memegang teguh ajaran agama, sehingga perilaku seksual menyimpang tentu tidak dapat diterima begitu saja. Di sisi lain Indonesia merupakan negara yang mengakui HAM, di mana kaum LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Biseksual, dan Transgender) merasa mengalami diskriminasi dan pelanggaran HAM karena orientasi seksual mereka yang menyimpang. Sementara itu, orientasi seksual sebenarnya tidak ditentukan dalam UDHR 1948 yang menjadi pandangan universal PBB terhadap HAM. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian doktrinal dengan menggunakan pendekatan hukum yuridis-normatif yang bersifat kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif-analitis, untuk menemukan data sekunder berupa norma hukum HAM dan norma agama yang berlaku terkait dengan isu LGBT, kemudian menganalisa data tersebut secara deduktif dari kedua perspektif yakni HAM dan agama. Kajian mengenai isu LGBT perspektif HAM dan agama dalam lingkup hukum di wilayah Indonesia dilakukan agar didapatkan pertautan sebagai peluang untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan yang muncul dari isu LGBT. HAM adalah hak dasar yang diakui di Indonesia, akan tetapi ada pembatasan yang ditetapkan UU, moral, etika, dan nilai agama yang menegaskan bahwa setiap manusia di samping memiliki hak asasi manusia untuk dilindungi, mereka juga memiliki kewajiban untuk menghormati hak asasi orang lain dan juga ketertiban masyarakat sekitar. 

Goodpasture’s Syndrome in a 12-Year-old Girl with Massive Hemoptysis and Acute Renal Failure

Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 57 No. 9 September 2007
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Goodpasture’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease composed of progressive glomerulonephritis, pulmonary hemorrhagic, and finding of anti-GBM antibody. Incidence of the disease is about 1:1 000 000; its highest incidence at the age of 20 – 30 years, and sex ratio between male and female is 4:1. A 12-year-old girl was admitted to Hasan Sadikin Hospital with chief complaint of body swelling for 10 days, preceeded with of weakness, fatigue and paleness for 3 weeks, and bloody cough for 4 days. Before admssion to dr Hasan Sadikin Hospital, the patient was admitted to Dr Slamet Hospital in Garut, and received 2 units of blood transfusion. Physical examination renedled palpebra and extremity swelling, hypertension, and anemia without difficulty of breathing. Laboratory findings showed anemia, increased ureum-creatinin high potasium level, proteinuria and hematuria. Chest X-rays showed diffuse infiltrate. The patient was first diagnosed acute renal failure due to acute nephritic syndrome, and was given intravenous furosemide, kayeksalat and packed red cell transfusion. In the emergency unit, she suffered more massive hemoptysis, breathing difficulty and became paler. After 6 hours in the emergency unit, she suffered hypovolemic shock, bradycardia and apnea. After 15 minutes of rescuscitation, the patient died. The patient is final diagnosed was Goodpasture’s syndrome based on the presence of progressive glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hemorrhagic. Even though there was no proof of anti-GBM, clinical features showed description of Goodpasture’s syndrome.Keywords: Goodpasture’s syndrome, glomerulonephritis, pulmonal bleeding, anti-GBM antibody

AB Blood Group as a Risk Factor for Dengue Shock Syndrome in Children

Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 58 No. 10 October 2008
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Dengue shock syndrome (DSS) was the major cause of mortality in dengue infection. The risk factor of DSS that most studied was viral strain, genetic predisposition, secondary infection, overweight, and age 5-9 years old. The aim of this study is to identify AB blood group as risk factor of DSS in children along with secondary infection, overweight, and age 5-9 years old factors. Cross sectional study with consecutive sampling was performed in children aged one month until 14 years old children with dengue fever (DF), dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), or DSS according to 2005 WHO criteria. Blood type was examined by slide test method. Risk factor was analyzed by chi square test (X2) and logistic regression. Based on chi square test (X2), AB blood group is risk factor for DSS (PR 2.306; 95% CI 1.147-4.634; p=0.044). Based on logistic regression analysis, only AB blood group is risk factor of DSS, meanwhile secondary infection, overweight, and age 5-9 years old are not risk factor of DSS. This study conclude that AB blood group is risk factor for DSS in children even along with secondary infection, overweight, and age 5-9 years old factors.Keywords: dengue shock syndrome, AB blood group, risk factor

DAMPAK ERUPSI GUNUNG MERAPI TERHADAP LAHAN DAN UPAYA-UPAYA PEMULIHANNYA

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 29, No 1 (2014): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The eruption of Merapi mountain has primary and secondary hazard and may damage to the land. In detail, the hazards are land degradation is a loss of some or many of germplasm and changes in plant biodiversity. The others hazard including loss of water catchment areas, the destruction of forests, and even the closing of the water source, as well as the loss of water channels. The burried of soil and soil formation inhibition were caused by the repeated eruptions of Merapi, beside the loss of roads access to agricultural land and loss of land ownerships boundaries by the eruption and cool lava. Materials of eruption are sand and pyroclastic materials, as well as the nature of cementation require special techniques and technology to use the land as new farmland. Land restoration efforts can be done with the land management by reforestation on government-owned land for water catchment function, agroforestry forage grass based, grazing field on land owned by the village and residents, with the use of organic materials in the eruption sandy soil ameliorant.

PENGARUH APLIKASI STRATEGI JUST IN TIME TERHADAP EFEKTIVITAS DAN EFISIENSI BIAYA PRODUKSI PADA PT. SANTOSA JAYA ABADI SIDOARJO

EKUITAS (Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan) Vol 9, No 4 (2005)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Indonesia (STIESIA) Surabaya(STIESIA) Surabaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (278.185 KB)

Abstract

Just in time (JIT) is one of concepts that support cost management to anticipate the change that happens in industrial environment because of the advance of technology and automation. In a concept, JIT doing cost elimination through elimination of inventory number (inventory equals 0). This elimination of inventory number automatically lost the cost of storage and transportation, and cause the decrease of tolerate level toward product error. The aim of this research is to know and examine the influence factors of purchase, production, material shipment, product shipment and JIT environment simultaneously that have significant influences toward the cost production’s effectively and efficiently at PT. Santosa Jaya Abadi Sidoarjo, and also to know and examine the dominant influence factors of purchase, material shipment, product shipment, and JIT environment toward cost production’s effectively and efficiently at PT. Santosa Jaya Abadi Sidoarjo. The result of analysis shows that the first hypothesis that proposed in this research that is, “it is factors of purchase, production, and material shipment, product shipment, and JIT environment simultaneously have significant influence toward the cost production’s effectively and efficiently at PT. Santosa Jaya Abadi Sidoarjo” is accepted. This is supported by the result of F-test, in which the result shows that Fcount­ (14.521) > Ftable (3.13). By seeing on the value of R square = 0.729, it means that the up-down variation of Y variable (cost production’s effectively and efficiently at PT. Santosa Jaya Abadi Sidoarjo) as much as 72.9% is influenced by all independence variable in model and the rest as much as 27.1% is stipulated by  variable out side of model. It means that the contribution of independence variables in model is good enough because it is more than 50%. Beside this, there are many variables that influences the effectively and efficiently of cost production at PT. Santosa Jaya Abadi Sidoarjo that not examined in this research. The second hypothesis, that is, “JIT environment have dominant influence toward the cost production’s effectively and efficiently at PT. Santosa Jaya Abadi Sidoarjo” is accepted. This is supported by the result of t-test which is the value of tcount is 4.735, and ttable is 1.96, so that tcount > ttable. Beside this, the dominant influence can be stipulated with the highest value of r2 for JIT environment factor, that is, as much as 0.00476.

PENERAPAN “STRATEGY BASED STUDENT’S REQUEST” UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR SISWA KELAS XI IPA 3 SMAN 8 SURAKARTA PADA PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI TAHUN AJARAN 2009/2010

Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 7, No 1 (2010): Seminar Nasional VII Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (584.54 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian yaitu meningkatkan motivasi belajar siswa dan aktivitas belajar siswa sebagai wujud peningkatan motivasi belajar siswa kelas XI IPA 3  SMAN 8 Surakarta pada pembelajaran biologi tahun ajaran 2009/2010. Penelitian ini merupakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas dengan subyek penelitian siswa kelas XI IPA 3 SMAN 8 Surakarta tahun ajaran 2009/2010 yang berjumlah 37 siswa. Penelitian terdiri dari dua siklus dan tiap siklus terdiri dari 4 tahap meliputi perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan dan refleksi. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu metode wawancara, observasi, dan angket. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan Strategy Based Student’s request dapat meningkatkan motivasi belajar dan aktivitas belajar siswa pada pembelajaran biologi. Persentase rata-rata dari indikator motivasi belajar siswa berdasarkan data lembar observasi pada pra siklus sebesar 46,49%, siklus I sebesar 84,31% dan siklus II sebesar 85,13%. Persentase rata-rata dari indikator aktivitas belajar siswa berdasarkan data lembar observasi pada pra siklus sebesar 30,72%, siklus I sebesar 79,14% dan siklus II sebesar 86,87%. Persentase rata-rata dari indikator motivasi belajar siswa berdasarkan data angket pada pra siklus sebesar 67,45%, siklus I sebesar 80,79% dan siklus II sebesar 80,18%. Persentase rata-rata dari indikator aktivitas belajar siswa berdasarkan data angket pada pra siklus sebesar 67,73%, siklus I sebesar 80,89% dan siklus II sebesar 80,45%.   Kata-kata kunci: Strategy Based Student’s Request, motivasi belajar, aktivitas belajar.

DAMPAK ERUPSI GUNUNG MERAPI TERHADAP LAHAN DAN UPAYA-UPAYA PEMULIHANNYA

Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian Vol 29, No 1 (2014): Articles in Press
Publisher : Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Uji Kemampuan Formula Beauveria bassiana Balsamo. Bentuk Sediaan Tablet Untuk Mengendalikan Penggerek Buah Kakao Conopomorpha cramerella Snellen.

Biocelebes Vol 6, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Biocelebes

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (413.858 KB)

Abstract

The studied of Ability of Formula Beauveria bassiana Balsamo. in tablets forms to Control the Cocoa Pod Borer/CPB (Conopomorpha cramerella Snellen.) have been carried out from April to Juny 2011. The aim of this studies was to determine the ability and where the of formula Beauveria bassiana Balsamo. efficient and effectivines to control it. The studied was designed in Completely Randomized Design (CRD) whit 9 treatments as follows: P01(control without treatment), P02 (control with aquades), P1(5 tablets/liter), P2(10 tablets/liter), P3(15 tablet streatment), P4 (20 tablets/liter) ,P5 (25 tablets/liter), P6(30 tablets/liter), and P7(35 tablets/liter) and for it treatment were made by 3 replications. The Parameter in this study were percentage of dead pupae test, the number of test pupae imago, pupa with in 50% of test dies and test and description of the pupa cocon are infected. The results showed that the formula B. bassiana Balsamo. able to control the CPB, this indicated by percentage pupa mortality increased with increasing concentration of the treatment. The percentage of pupae that become imago decreased with increasing concentrations of P01(93.33%), P02 (80%), P1(56.66%), P2(40%), P3(36, 66%), P4(36, 66%), P5(30%), P6 (13.33%), P7(13.33%). When 50% of test pupae diefaster with increasing concentration of the treatment. While the description of the pupa infected with the texture of stiff, hard, body is white and ratherunpleasantodor. The analysis of the percentage, average of dead pupae showed at the P4 test (53.3%) was the most effective hiss treatment. Key words: Ability, formula, Beauveria bassiana Balsamo, C.cramerella.

Acute Central Nervous System Infection : a Case Report

Sains Medika Vol 4, No 2 (2012): Juli-Desember 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran; Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (399.82 KB)

Abstract

Background : Acute central nervous system infection can be rapidly progressive, causing death or permanent damage in a short period of time. The diagnosis and knowledge of possible etiological agent is critically important. We present a case of a 15-month-old girl with generalized seizures and ecchymosis suspected for meningococcal infection but there was no proof of the agent of infection.Case report : A 15-month-old girl was admitted with fever of 39,4°C, generalized seizures, and petechiae after suffered high fever and cough in previous day. This was her first episode of seizures. She has no past history of growth and developmental disorder. She became rapidly deteriorated after few hours being hospitalized in Kariadi. Brain CT-scan was not done due to her conditions. She had anemia, normal white blood count, monocytosis, thrombocytopenia (4000/mm3), low CD4 count (99 cell/mm3), hipoalbuminemia (1.4 g/dl), increased lactate (2.5 mmol/L) and procalcitonin (>200.00 ng/ml). Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed normal cells count and glucose but increased protein level (375.2 mg/dL). Meningococcal infection was suspected due to clinical appearance, and ceftriaxone was given. Bacteriological and fungal culture of CSF and blood showed no growth. Despite of cardiorespiratory support given, she died after 4 days of admission.Discussion : Features of seizure and general ecchymosis do not belong exclusively to meningococcal infection. There are other possible etiological agent such as Haemophylus influenza, Streptococcal infection and viral infection. Shortage of available diagnostic tools such as Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) made it difficult to confirm the etiological agent (Sains Medika, 4(2):204-209).Question Remarks : What agent which you think cause the infection?