Endang Siti Rahayu
Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Pemberdayaan Peternak Sapi Perah Melalui Kredit Implikasinya Terhadap Distribusi Pendapatan

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 18, No 1 (2003): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Dalam rangka meningkatkan kinerja ekonomi, maka prioritas pemerintah dalam upaya pengembangan unit-unit produksi di tingkat usaha kecil menengah di semua sektor adalah memberikan dukungan perluasan akses terhadap kredit sebagai jawaban terhadap kemandegan perbankan dan sektor lembaga keuanagn lainnya. Salah satu sektor yang dijadikan sasaran dalam upaya itu adalah UKM sektor pertanian yaitu subsektor peternakan dengan kucuran kredit untuk peternak sapi perah melalui skim kredit KKPA yang disalurkan oleh perbankan di Kabupaten Boyolali. Pemberdayaan petani peternak sapi perah melalui skim kredit tersebut dilatarbelakangi oleh kondisi dimana dalam masa krisis sektor pertanian telah terbukti mampu bertahan terhadap badai krisis dan kebutuhan akan produksi susu yang semakin meningkat.  Pemberdayaan itu dimaksudkan untuk merangsang kembali roda perekonomian di pedesaan, menaikkan pendapatan bagi petani peternak supaya mampu keluar dari krisis. Kajian ini mencoba menelaah program itu apakah memberikan dampak yang positif terhadap kenaikkan pendapatan dan mampu menggeser ketipangan pendapatan di kalangan peternak, karena fenomena yang ada menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan dan sumberdaya yang dimiliki peternak beragam sehingga dengan program itu diharapkan akan menjadi salah satu perekat dalam menghilangkan adanya gap yang cukup tajam diantara peternak.

IDENTIFIKASI SEKTOR PERTANIAN DI KABUPATEN BOYOLALI DENGAN PENDEKATAN TIPOLOGI KLASSEN

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 26, No 1 (2011): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi sektor pertanian termasuk sektor perekonomian lainnya di Kabupaten Boyolali menjadi 4 kelompok: sektor Prima, sektor Berkembang, sektor Potensial dan sektor Terbelakang sebagai dasar untuk mengembangkan sektor pertanian di Kabupaten Boyolali. Metode dasar yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif analitik dengan menggunakan data sekunder berupa data Produk Domestik Regional Bruto Kabupaten Boyolali dan Propinsi Jawa Tengah Tahun 2004-8. Alat analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis Tipologi Klassen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di Kabupaten Boyolali terdapat dua sektor Prima yaitu sektor Konstruksi dan Bangunan serta sektor Jasa-Jasa. Sektor Berkembang meliputi sektor Pertambangan dan Penggalian serta sektor Listrik, Gas dan Air Bersih. Sektor potensial meliputi sektor Pertanian, Industri Pengolahan dan sektor Perdagangan, Hotel dan Restoran. Sektor pertanian belum merupakan sektor prima sehingga diperlukan berbagai upaya dan strategi pengembangan untuk meningkatkan kinerja sektor pertanian.

ANALISIS PROFITABILITAS DAN EFISIENSI BUDIDAYA KOPI DI PTP NUSANTARA IX (PERSERO) KEBUN GETAS SALATIGA

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 6, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

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Abstract

This study was aimed to determine the amount of revenue and profit of coffee cultivation at PTP Nusantara IX (Persero) Getas Salatiga Plantation, to identify the profitability of coffee cultivation at PTP Nusantara IX (Persero) Getas Salatiga Plantation, and to determine the efficiency of coffee cultivation at PTP Nusantara IX (Persero) Getas Salatiga Plantation. The basic method used in this study was descriptive, analytical method. The research location was determined purposively. The type of data in this study was secondary data. Methods of data analysis used were analyses of total cost, revenue, profit, profitability and efficiency of coffee cultivation. The results of analysis showed that the average total cost of coffee cultivation at PTP Nusantara IX (Persero) Getas Salatiga Plantation was IDR 5.879.062.630,00. The average of revenue obtained was IDR 5.879.076.254,00, so that the average of profit obtained by PTP Nusantara IX (Persero) Getas Salatiga Plantation was IDR 13.624,00. Profitability of coffee cultivation at PTP Nusantara IX (Persero) Getas Salatiga Plantation was IDR 54.495,00 which means that the coffee cultivation was profitable. Coffee cultivation at PTP Nusantara IX (Persero) Getas Salatiga Plantation has more than efficiency value more than one, that is, 1,000002. This means that each IDR 1.00 cost spent in the initial cultivation will provide revenue by 1,000002 times of the cost spent. Keywords: Coffee, Profitability, Efficiency

ANALISIS PENERAPAN ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY (EOQ) DI PABRIK GULA MADUKISMO BANTUL

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 32, No 2 (2017): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

The purpose of this research to analyze the result of Economic Order Quantity in Madukismo Sugar Manufacture during the year of 2013-2015. The basic method used in this research was analytical, descriptive with case study technique. Data analysis used Economic Order Quantity (EOQ). The results of the study showed that during 2013-2015 the order quantity according to Madukismo Sugar Manufacture policy was 29.377 Quintal with the frequency of ordering 192 times, 30.328.46 Quintal with the frequency of ordering 168 times, and 31.883,06 Quintal with the frequency of ordering 142 times, sequentially. Whereas the result of Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) calculation during 2013-2015 where 52,916.47 Quintal with the frequency of ordering 107 times, 45,980.57 Quintal with a frequency 111 times, and 49,135.20 Quintal with a frequency 92 times, consecutively. The result of Economic Order Quantity calculation to intent filled up the needs of sugar cane and to maintain the sustainability of the production process. The effort to provide Economic Order Quantity of sugarcane,Madukismo Sugar Manufacture managed for expanding of sugarcane planting area. So that, Madukismo Sugar Manufacture could run the production process properly and sustainability.

ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI IMPOR BERAS INDONESIA

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 23, No 1 (2008): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Most of all developing countries including Indonesia gave serious enough attention to overcome incursion import and also low import price problem. In many cases, low import product price into a state will have several bad effects to agriculture industry, rural development and employment. This research aims are (1) to know and analyze factors influence to rice import and (2) to know elasticity of rice import variable. The research use time series data, with secondary data type starting 1969-2004 year which collected from various archives or publication from Department of Agriculture, Statistical Bureau Center, BULOG, FAO, IRRI and relevant publication with this research. Analysis method used by econometric with OLS (Ordinary Least Square). Because of used time series data for the estimation, so will be test stationer of variable in data analysis (Koutsoyiannis, 1978). And than testing for degree of integration and to see long-range and short-range model used ECM Engle-Granger, 1997 (Insukindro, 2002).Conclusion of the research are (1) factors influence rice import is previous year import factor in short-range and long-range, despitefully rice import on a long term influenced also by earnings, (2) elasticity of previous year rice import in short-range 0,77 (inelastic) and on a long-range 0,40 (inelastic), while earnings elasticity is 13,5 (elastic). Research implication to depress rice import is substitution rice with higher value level of commodity.

ANALISIS DAYA SAING UBI KAYU INDONESIA DI PASAR INTERNASIONAL

SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 14, No 1 (2017): September 2017
Publisher : Sebelas Maret University

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Abstract

Abstract: This research aims to determine the competitiveness of cassava Indonesiacompared with competitor countries if the terms of its comparative advantages, and toknow the competitiveness of Indonesian cassava if the terms of its competitiveadvantage. The basic method used is descriptive analytical method. Analysis of thedata used is the analysis of comparative advantage Revealed Comparative Advantage(RCA) and analysis of competitive advantage Privat Cost Ratio (PCR). RCA analysisresults for commodities cassava Indonesia has a value of 0.7 or below one, whichmeans that during the period of cassava Indonesia does not have a comparativeadvantage compared to other countries with the same commodity. While the results ofPCR analysis, farming cassava in Indonesia has a competitive advantage because ithas a PCR value of 0.36 or less than one, which means that to get the added value offarm output by one unit cassava required additional domestic factor costs less thanone unit is equal to 0 , 36. While private profits is positive, it shows that the indicationof the results of farming cassava Indonesia supernormal and should lead to theexpansion or expansion in the future, unless the agricultural areas in Indonesia cannot be expanded or substitute crops are more profitable in private. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui daya saing ubi kayu Indonesiadibandingkan dengan negara pesaing jika ditinjau dari keunggulan komparatifnya, danmengetahui daya saing ubi kayu Indonesia jika ditinjau dari keunggulankompetitifnya. Metode dasar yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif analitis.Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis keunggulan komparatif RevealedComparative Advantage (RCA) dan analisis keunggulan kompetitif Privat Cost Ratio(PCR). Hasil analisis RCA untuk komoditas ubi kayu Indonesia memiliki nilai 0,7atau di bawah satu, yang berarti pada periode tersebut ubi kayu Indonesia tidakmemiliki keunggulan komparatif dibandingkan dengan negara lain dengan komoditasyang sama. Sedangkan hasil analisis PCR, usahatani ubi kayu di Indonesia memilikikeunggulan kompetitif karena memiliki nilai PCR 0,36 atau kurang dari satu, yangberarti untuk mendapatkan nilai tambah output usahatani ubi kayu sebesar satu satuandiperlukan tambahan biaya faktor domestik kurang dari satu satuan yaitu sebesar 0,36.Sedangkan keuntungan privat bernilai positif, hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwaindikasi dari hasil usahatani ubi kayu Indonesia supernormal dan harus mengarah padaekspansi atau perluasan di masa mendatang, kecuali apabila daerah pertanian diIndonesia tidak dapat diperluas atau terdapat tanaman pengganti yang lebihmenguntungkan secara privat 

THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT POLICY IN SMES FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN INDONESIA: A CASE STUDY ON BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES PROVIDER

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an important part in improving the Indonesia economy and, consequently, the government has a mandatory obligation to maintain their sustainability and development. The fact that government has a limitation in helping solve the problems the SMEs encounter, Business Development Service- Provider (BDS-P) can serve as an alternative partner in improving the performances and finding the solution for the problem faced by the SMEs. This research was conducted on BDS-P existing in Indonesia using the qualitative method to describe and to explore in-depth the role of government policy in BDS-P development in Indonesia. The primary data were collected through interviews and observations, while the secondary data were derived from the documentation, notes, and archives. From the data processing and data analysis, it could be concluded that the government policies concerning the development of BDS-P had resulted in the improvement of the ability and capacity of BDS-P in providing business services, dissemination of the BDS-P roles in developing SMEs, involvement of BDS-P in providing business service for SMEs, and the establishment of the standard on the competency certification for professional consultants/ facilitators.

Pendekatan Permintaan dan Penawaran untuk Analisis Kebijakan Perberasan di Indonesia

Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 22, No 2 (2007): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Productivity of the rice on Indonesia to depend of the more variables. Its variables include rice productivity on the farmer, the supply and demand prices, production cost, the farmers salary and the government policy. That are variables have to the effect on the increasing of the rice production and than to mullyflyer effect of the development acelrelation on the all aspect

ANALISIS FINANSIAL USAHA KERAJINAN KALIGRAFI KULIT KAMBING DI KECAMATAN SUKOHARJO KABUPATEN SUKOHARJO

SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 13, No 1 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : Sebelas Maret University

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Abstract

The  research  was  conducted  to  determine  the  feasibility  of  financial  on SMEs  calligraphy  goat  leather  in  Sukoharjo  District.  Research  was  done  from January 6 to March 26, 2015 in located in  Sukoharjo District. Survey methods was done  to  collect  primary  data  from  respondents  and  secondary  data  from  related institution. Census method was applied to sellect respondents. Criteria used to analyze the feasibility of financial on  SMEs calligraphy goat leather  were consisted of Benefit Cost  Ratio  (BCR),  Net  Present  Value  (NPV),  Internal  Rate  of  Return  (IRR)  and Payback Period (PPC), based on 6 years investment and 12% annual discount factor. The  result  showed  that  based  on  NPV,  IRR,  BCR  and  payback  period  analysis,  the most feasible of respondents was achieved on scale of 3 with value of  NPV =  Rp. 434,852,752.00, IRR = 37.93%, BCR = 1.92,  followed by on scale of 2 with value of NPV = Rp. 76,481,554.00, IRR = 22.51%, BCR = 1.37 and on scale of 1 with value of NPV  =  Rp.  34,883,505.00,  IRR  =  20.41%  dan  BCR  =  1.28.  In  term  of  payback period, respondents who had SMEs calligraphy goat leather on scale of 3 were able to return the investment during  2.39  years while on scale of 2 and on scale of 1 were 3.72 and 3.79 years, respectively.

ANALISIS POLA KONSUMSI RUMAH TANGGA PETANI JAGUNG DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN

Agric Vol 28 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aims to analyze the broad influence corn field to the household income of corn farmers in Grobogan district, analyze the effect of educational level the head of family to the household income of corn farmers in Grobogan district, analyze the effect of the number of family members to the household income of corn farmers in Grobogan district, analyze the effect the food and non food expenditure to the household income of corn farmers in Grobogan district. Locations were taken intentionally, in Grobogan district, because Grobogan district has the widest corn harvested area in the province of Central Java. Total population that taken in this study is 150 household of corn farmers who scattered in several regions in Grobogan. The sample is a fraction of the number and characteristics which is owned by the population. Samples were corn farmers, the number of samples taken is 60 corn farmers in Grobogan. The results showed that land area of corn gave positive effect on household income of corn farmers in Grobogan, the educational level of husband’s household insignificant, the number of household members has a positive influence on the level of household income, food expenditure had a negative but not significant to household income and non-food expenditures have a significant negative effect on the level of household income. The result of the calculation of the proportion of food consumption and the proportion of non-food consumption showed that the average total expenditure for average food expenditure per farmer per month amounted Rp. 1.023.611,00 while the non-food expenditure amounted Rp. 2.619.552,00.