Sapta Raharja
Agroindustrial Technology Department, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor,16002,Indonesia

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RANCANG BANGUN MODEL PENGUKURAN KINERJA PABRIK GULA Dewayana, Triwulandari S.; M., Syamsul; Sukardi, Sukardi; Raharja, Sapta
J@TI (TEKNIK INDUSTRI) Volume 5, No.3, September 2010
Publisher : Departement of Industrial Engineering, Diponegoro University

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Penelitian yang berhubungan dengan upaya perbaikan kinerja pabrik gula (sebagai proses yang digunakan secara sistematis untuk memperbaiki kinerja secara berkesinambungan) belum pernah dilakukan. Terkait dengan pengukuran kinerja pabrik gula, pada penelitian terdahulu menunjukkan adanya keterbatasan karena hanya dilakukan dengan menggunakan range ukuran kinerja yang terbatas dan tidak memperhatikan keterkaitannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model pengukuran kinerja pabrik gula (sebagai sub model dari model perbaikan kinerja)  yang digunakan untuk mengukur kinerja pabrik gula (skala kecil, menengah dan besar) dengan meningkatkan range ukuran kinerja (efisiensi dan produktivitas) dan memperhatikan keterkaitannya. Tahapan yang dilakukan  yaitu 1) identifikasi terhadap ukuran kinerja, 2) merancang proses pengukuran, dan 3) menentukan infrastruktur teknis. Terdapat 10 ukuran kinerja yang digunakan. Cara pengukurannya menggunakan pendekatan Fuzzy Expert System. Infrastruktur teknis yang digunakan yaitu MATLAB (versi 7.01).Verifikasi dan validasi  model dilakukan dengan uji coba model pada 11 pabrik gula menggunakan data kinerja tahun 2008. Hasil pengukuran kinerja menunjukkan bahwa 1) rerata kinerja strategis untuk skala pabrik menengah dan kecil adalah rendah sedangkan untuk skala besar adalah tinggi; 2) rerata kinerja operasional pada semua skala pabrik gula adalah rendah; 3) rerata kinerja taktis pada skala menengah dan kecil adalah sedang, dan untuk skala besar adalah tinggi. Kata kunci : Fuzzy Expert System, pabrik gula, pengukuran kinerja, ukuran kinerja      Research related to improvement of the performance of the sugar factory (as the process used systematically to improve performance on an ongoing basis) has not been done. Related to performance measurement of sugar mills, in previous studies showed limitations because it only be done using a limited range of performance measures and do not pay attention to their relation. This research aims to produce a sugar factory performance measurement model (as a sub model of performance improvement model) that is used to measure the performance of the sugar factory (small scale, medium and large) to increase the range of performance measures (efficiency and productivity) and pay attention to their relation. Steps being taken: 1) identification of performance measures, 2) designing the process of measurement, and 3) determine the technical infrastructure. There are 10 performance measures used. How measurement using Fuzzy Expert System approach. Technical infrastructure used in the MATLAB (version 7:01). Verification and validation of the model is done by testing the model in 11 sugar mills using performance data in 2008. Performance measurement results show that 1) the mean of strategic performance for medium-and small-scale plant is low while for a large scale is high, 2) average operational performance at all scales of sugar factories is low, 3) average tactical performance in medium and small scale are being , and for a large scale is high. Keywords: Fuzzy Expert System, sugar mills, performance measurement, performance measures 
Sustainability Analysis for Gayo Coffee Supply Chain Jaya, Rachman; Machfud, Machfud; Raharja, Sapta; Marimin, Marimin
International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology Vol 3, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1358.567 KB) | DOI: 10.18517/ijaseit.3.2.293

Abstract

Sustainable supply chain is a development of the conventional supply chains that discuses trade-off among economic, social and environmental dimensions in order to achieve better responsiveness in terms of quality, quantity and time-delivery in the supply chain structure. The objective of this research was to determine the Gayo coffee supply chain sustainability. The research was conducted at Bener Meriah and Aceh Tengah Districts, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Key actors in the supply chain considered were farmers, collectors, agro-industry and exporter. Sustainability dimensions considered in this research were the economic, social, environmental and material resources. The performance of each aspect was analyzed by using Multi-dimensional scaling and leverage analysis. The result of the research showed that the composite of Gayo coffee supply chain sustainability index was 33.53 which mean less sustainable level. Therefore it is recommended to reengineering the Gayo coffee supply chain by considering all of the four sustainability dimensions above.
Kajian Strategi Pengembangan Usaha Industri Kripik Singkong Perusahaan PT. Inti Sari Rasa di Bekasi Indariawati, Praba; Raharja, Sapta; Soekarto, Soewarno T.
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 6, No 2 (2011): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Cassava is one of local prime comodity in Indonesia. Crispy chips of cassava is one of product was made from cassava. People interest in developing of it, for example, people in Bekasi. PT Inti Sari Rasa was built in 1981, it has a business in crispy chips of cassava industry. The company have an internal and external constraints to develop and awaken crispy chips of cassava industry (increasing competition power of product and business).      The aims of the study are : (1) to identify and evaluate the internal factor business of crispy chips of cassava industry in PT. Inti Sari Rasa which is become strength and weakness factors; (2) to identify and evaluate the external factors which is become opportunities and threats that can influence its developing; (3) to analyze strategy which was applied and formulate the alternative strategy for developing business of crispy chips of cassava. Data which was used in this analysis covered  primary and secondary data which have quantitave and qualitative character. The respondents were : (a) company management (5 persons); (b) agent (10 agents); (c) consumer (50 persons). The tools analysis used matrix of IFE (Internal Factor Evaluation), EFE (External Factor Evaluation), IE (Internal – External) and SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesess, Opportunities and Threats) to arrange developing business strategy, also QSPM (Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix) to determine priority strategy which was chose. The result of IFE matrix calculation got score 2.703 and EFE 2.511. Based market on the mapping by IE matrix, position of the company in the cell V. Strategy that can apply in this cell are market penetration and developing product and market. The result of SWOT matrix are four types of strategy that done, they are : S-O strategy, to maintain consumer’s loyalty and increasing productivity; W-O strategy, to expand distribution area and market, to increase quality of human resource marketing, to apply accountancy system in the company´s finance; S-T strategy, to increase product diversification to counter a new comer, to increase image product in order to implant consumer loyalty; W-T strategy, to increase promotion activity in order to catch the potential consumer, to fix the product price in order to meet the most people. Based on the alternative strategy that was formulated. QSPM used to choose priority strategy which can be applied, it is expanding distribution area and market (4,612). That strategy rely on strengthens and opportunities, also solve some weaknesses and anticipate threatens which come from company surrounding
Tingkat Kepuasan Pelanggan dan Strategi Pengembangan Usaha Jasa Salon Kecantikan Keraton di Tangerang Widiana, Wine; Hubeis, Musa; Raharja, Sapta
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 8, No 1 (2013): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Salon Kecantikan Keraton that was  established in 2007 is  required to improve services in order to compete in facing the competition of growing salon business. Since Salon Kecantikan Keraton was established, there is a number of customers decreased significantly, so the researcher is trying to conduct a study  in order to increase the number of customers and increase the  profitability of the Salon Keraton. The methods used in this research are descriptive analysis, reliability and validity test, chi-square, cross tabulation, IPA, CSI and SWOT analysis. Customer characteristics of Salon Kecantikan Keraton majority are women aged 26-35 years worked as employees whose income of Rp1-3 million. In general,  customers  get information from the banner that is placed in front of the salon. Based on the relationship between customers and the level of performance characteristics can be concluded that female customers, especially those who are  over the age of 40 years and customers who have income above Rp8 million more sensitive and requires more attention to handle. Employee and entrepreneur are easier to understand and comprehend the type of care provided, the frequency of visits depends on the services during the first visit can lead to good impression on customers, sources of information with a banner that is placed in front of the Salon Kecantikan Keraton’s staff are very helpful in providing information the type of care and price of Salon Kecantikan Keraton. The main priority of repairs need to be done about strategic accelerate Salon Kecantikan Keraton performance repaired relevate with cost and benefit and Salon Kecantikan can achieve optimum goals and easy for implementation.
Perbaikan dan Evaluasi Penerapan Sistem Manajemen Mutu pada Industri Pengolahan Tahu (Studi Kasus di UD. Cinta Sari, DIY) Raharja, Sapta; Munarso, S. Joni; Puspitasari, Dian
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 7, No 1 (2012): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Regarded as a tool for improving quality and potentially other performance related outcomes, quality management system (QMS) ISO 9000:2000 and Hazard Analyzis Critical Control Point (HACCP) approach are held as a key way of achieving competitive advantages in the today’s global work context, especially for tofu industry. QMS is designed for use in all segments of the food industry from procurement and handling raw material, controlling operator competency, operasionalize of technology, process documentation. HACCP requires the development of strategies to prevent the inclusion or reduction of these hazard until acceptable level in a food. Research methodology empyoyed in these research comprises of 5 steps i.e: (1) Tofu manufacturing inventarization; (2) Composing of Manual of Quality dan Work Instruction are main prerequire for QMS implementation; (3) Implementation of Quality Escort which is part in QMS; (4) Comparison study before and after QMS Implementation; (5) Consistency observation quality product with statistical analysis dan quality control chart; include: moisture, ash, protein content, compactcity of tofu structure. The result  is quality of product more consistence after QMS Implementation. Neverless, it needed recontruction and monitoring contineously better way to create integrated agroindustry which is QMS implementation.   Key words: food, QMS, tofu
Kelayakan dan Strategi Pengembangan Usaha Industri Kecil Tahu Di Kabupaten Kuningan, Jawa Barat Nurhayati, Nunung; Hubeis, Musa; Raharja, Sapta
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Kuningan District where agriculture is the inhabitant main livelihood, has the potential for agro based industry sectors. One of Small Industries (SI) which sustain to grow since the 1960´s in the Kuningan District is Tofu industry. The purpose of this study were to analyze business performance, to analyze the needs and feasibility of business development and to formulate a strategy in business development of Tofu SI. Data collection methods used were field surveys and in-depth interviews with related experts. Information obtained from the District Government and KOPTI. Data processing technique was using Friedman test and the AHP. Feasibility analysis of business development  of tofu small industry obtained NPV of Rp395.696.655, IRR of 38,72%, B/C ratio of 3.10, PBP of 1.19 years and BEP value of 260.304 units. All these criteria show that further business development  is feasible. Tofu business development strategy based on AHP analysis covers aspects of product manufacturing processes, waste management and business financing. Priority strategies to improve the quality of products is by training human resources such as scheduling techniques relating in utilization of raw materials, raw material selection, division of work, techniques for preparing SOP and also supervision and quality control of products. Priority strategies for waste water treatment efforts is the training of waste water treatment into biogas, producing nata de soya and biofilter. While the priority strategies in the business financing is working capital loans from supplier cooperatives which is the KOPTI
Strategi Pemasaran Sapi Potong di CV Septia Anugerah Jakarta Kusuma, Tonni; Raharja, Sapta; Saleh, Amiruddin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 8, No 1 (2013): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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CV Septia Anugerah is one of the largest beef cattle in Indonesia that can meet the needs of beef cattle. In West Java, beef marketing largely dominated by livestock or livestock. The company helps farmers with livestock marketing and make it easier for farmers to get cash when needed. Marketing beef cattle through marketing channels can make the commodity reaches the consumer. But inefficient channel marketing can be relatively long or causing harm to farmers and consumers, the consumers bear the high cost of marketing, so pay a higher price, farmers are earning less, because the selling price is lower as well. In this study used the total score to produce a matrix of IFE and EFE are respectively 2,696 and 2,793 indicating that the CV Septia Anugerah is in a stable position to respond to the external environment and in a position to respond to factor flats internal. The total value score of IFE and EFE second is to identify the position of CV Septia Anugerah. Value matrix IE indicates the position of the middle cell (V), which is the growth/stable. The results of the analysis of SWOT is the following strategies, namely, the need to implement a combination of the four aspects of marketing (4Ps): product, price, place and promotion). Managerial implications of the aspects under study can be grouped into four: (1) marketing, (2) financing, (3) production, and (4) human resources. Based on matrix computations Quantitative Strategic Planning (QSP), the most interesting to be applied is to expand the marketing network to penetrate the market with the highest value of the appeal.
The Strategy For Selecting Institutional Model And Financial Analysis Of Sesame Agroindustry Budi, Luluk Sulistiyo; Ma’arif, M. Syamsul; Sailah, Illah; Raharja, Sapta
Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian Vol 19, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian
Publisher : Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian

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Business institution is one of the important components to develop an agroindustry.  The aim of this  research was to find the appropriate institutional model for sesame agroindustry based on financial feasibility analysis comprises Net Present Value  (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Pay Back Period (PBP) and Net B/C Ratio. The method to develop strategy was Analytical Hirarchy Process (AHP) approach, while to choose an institution was exponential comparison method (MPE).  The results of analysis showed that the main factor in developing strategy of sesame agroindustry based on evaluation value were market demand (0.209), and material quality and availability (0.198).  The main actors were bussinessman (0.129) and the local goverment (0.123). The main objective for sesame agroindustrial development was increasing farmer income (0.216). The results of analysis based on aggregate weighting showed that the appropriate development institutions were integrated agroindustrial cooperative pattern (117,106,036) and self-sufficient bussiness pattern (107,560,765).  Based on financial analysis, it was known that  opportunity level (discount rate) was 20%, NPV was Rp 292,796,108.90, Net B/C was 1.27, IRR 22.04% and PBP was 1.34%. In conclusion, the development of the sesame-based agroindustry with cooperative institutional pattern was feasible. Keyword  : strategy, institution, cooperation,  sesame agroindustry, financial analysis.
Pendapatan dan Persepsi Anggota terhadap Penerapan Internal Control System pada Pertanian Padi Organik Mirawati, Netra; Munandar, Aris; Raharja, Sapta
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 9, No 1 (2014): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Internal Control System (ICS) is a consolidated management concerning the effort to certify organic products.  Due to its collective mechanism, farmers are able to manage its agribusiness more profitably financially.  The purpose of this study was (1) to analyze the differences in income levels of farmer groups who are certified organic and non-certified organic, (2) to get an overview of the implementation of ICS in farmers group Gapoktan Simpatik, and (3) to analyze the perceptions of group members towards the implementation of ICS either certified or non-certified organic.  This research was on a case study at upper stream of Cideres and Cigunungjaga watershed in the district of Sukahening, Tasikmalaya, which is a member of Gapoktan Simpatik.  The analysis was performed using the R/C ratio, homogeneity analysis of data by income level using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov, analysis of income differences between the two groups of independent farmers using the Mann-Whitney test, and biplot analysis for the analysis of perceptions of group members toward ICS implementation variables.  The results showed that the R/C ratio for the certified group was 1.77, and for non-certified group 1.53. The average income level of certified group was Rp19,394,800/ha/year, while the non-certified  Rp12,728,940/ ha/year.  The results also showed that perception toward ICS implementation of certified group  was better than the non-certified.  Most of the certified group respondent approached the vector of all variables, which means that they were satisfied and familiar with all the variables, while the group of respondents who were non-certified did not approach the vector.  The parameters that were widely varied by respondent group responses were the certified variable of purchase, handling, processing, and export, while the most uniform response variables of the respondents were variable of organizational and ICS personnel.  While the groups that were not certified provided a variety of assessment on the variables of risk management and uniform assessment on external inspection and certification.
Pengembangan Agribisnis Ikan Balita di UD Suhada, Kabupaten Cianjur Iskandar, Andi Asrianto; Raharja, Sapta; Sumantadinata, Komar
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 8, No 2 (2013): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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The world market demand for fishery products is increasing even frequently not fulfilled. It required an effort to overcome the problems in fulfilling the demand for fishery products. Types of freshwater fish cultivated for balita fish at UD Suhada is a type of tilapia and goldfish. The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of balita fish agribusiness investment in UD Suhada; identify the internal and external factors that influence the development of agribusiness balita fish at UD Suhada; formulate and recommend appropriate alternative development strategies to be applied to agribusiness balita fish at UD Suhada in business development. Methods of data collection using purposive sampling method, is by deliberately selecting the sample to be studied as a respondent. Respondents were selected from the management and the workers UD Suhada. Financial analysis at 14 percent of interest rate and 5 years of project lifetime resulted in feasible decision with Rp1,105,005,110 of NPV; 4.85 of net B/C Ratio; 38.95 percent of IRR, 3 years and 5 month of PBP; and Rp1,522,035,876 or 32.725 kg of BEP. The combination of value IFE EFE values for 2.688 and 2.651 in the IE matrix shows that the position of the business in V (five) cells, that cell growth. Based on the SWOT analysis and QSPM analysis the strategic priorities is to create a diverse variety of products while maintaining the quality of balita fish, extending the range of distribution and marketing, in collaboration with researchers in developing the quality of balta fish products to face competition.Key words: balita fish, business feasibility, agribusiness, business development strategy