Dimas Aditya Rahadian
Mahasiswa program pendidikan S-1 kedokteran umum FK Undip

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PERBEDAAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN IBU DAN TINDAKAN PENCEGAHAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI WILAYAH ENDEMIS DAN NON ENDEMIS Rahadian, Dimas Aditya; Arkhaesi, Nahwa; Hardian, Hardian
MEDIA MEDIKA MUDA 2012:MMM VOLUME 1 NUMBER 1 YEAR 2012
Publisher : MEDIA MEDIKA MUDA

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Abstract

Background: Dengue hemorrhagic fever is still an issue in Indonesia. DHF incidence rate in children shows a significant increase both in number of patients and epidemic area. Problems that still exist nowadays are people ignorance and inconsistent prevention effort. People in endemic and non-endemic area may have different knowledge and precaution towards DHF due to the environment and ease in gaining information about DHF.Aim: To prove the difference of knowledge and precaution towards DHF in mothers between endemic and non-endemic area.Method: This was an analytic-observational study with cross sectional design, which held from March- June 2012. The samples were mothers who had children less than 14 years old in age and lived in Gajahmungkur (endemic) and Sekayu (non-endemic). Sampling done by using questionnaire. Data were being tested statistically with X2.Result: There was no significant differences between age of the respondents, occupations, income, age of the children and DHF history in a family in both groups, while the education level showed significant difference (p<0,001). 46.2% of the respondents in endemic area had good knowledge level, while other respondents in non-endemic area had poor knowledge level (92.3%). Six respondents in endemic area had good precaution towards DHF (23,1%), but all of the respondents in non endemic area (100%) had poor precaution towards DHF. A chi-square test showed that there were significant different level of knowledge (p=0,002) and precaution towards DHF (p=0,01) in both groups.Conclusion: Knowledge level and precaution towards DHF of respondents in endemic area is higher than the respondents in non endemic area.Keywords: Endemicity, knowledge, precaution, DHF.