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Karakteristik Daun Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) dan Hubungannya dengan Fotosintesis Raden, Ince; Purwoko, Bambang S.; Hariyadi, ,; Ghulamahdi, Munif; Santosa, Edi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 36, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of this research was to study the morphology and physiology of jatropha leaves and its relation to photosynthesis. Research was conducted using Randomized Complete Block Design with single factor,  i.e., leaf ages at the canopy with ten replications. The results showed that jatropha had phyllotaxy 5/13 with  angular divergence 1380. In early growing leaf enlarged sharply and then constant after 9 week, remaining green for 14 weeks.  Chlorophyll a, b, and total achieved maximum at 9 week, i.e., 0.45 g/cm2, 0.19 g/cm2, and 0.62 g/cm2, respectively. Photosynthesic rate was maximum at 6 week, i.e., 8.99 µmol/m2/s, while number of  stomata was maximum at 9 week (289.47 mm2). This finding implies that leaf number 11 to 13 or age 6 week after emergence could be used as reference for photosynthetic evaluation.   Key words:  Jatropha curcas L., leaf arrangement, photosynthetic, reference leaf
Pengaruh Pemangkasan Batang dan Cabang Primer terhadap Laju Fotosintesis dan Produksi Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) Hariyadi, ,; Purwoko, Bambang Sapta; Raden, Ince
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

This research was aimed to study the effect of stem and primary branch prunning on photosynthetic rate and production of physic nut. The experiment was conducted in IPB experimental station in Cikabayan, Darmaga, Bogor, from February 2007 until May 2008. A randomized block design with one factor was used in the experiment.  The treatments were combination between stem pruning with various height from the soil surface and pruning of primary branches with various number of branch remained. Stem pruning on 40 cm above the soil surface with no branch pruning resulted in the highest photosynthetic rate (8.10 µmol CO2 m-2 s-1), while stem pruning on 20 cm above the soil surface with 2 primary branches remained resulted in the lowest photosynthetic rate (4.71 µmol CO2 m-2 s-1).  Stem pruning on 40 cm above the soil surface without branch pruning produced the highest yield components, i.e., capsul number (207.3 capsul plant-1), seed number (506 seeds plant-1) and  seed dry weight (323.81 g plant-1).   Keywords: photosynthetic rate, production, stem prunning
Pengaruh Tinggi Pangkasan Batang Utama dan Jumlah Cabang Primer yang Dipelihara terhadap Produksi Minyak Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) Raden, Ince; Purwoko, Bambang S.; Hariyadi, ,; Ghulamahdi, Munif; Santosa, Edi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 37, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.721 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this research was to study shoot architecture in relation to growth, increase production and seed oil content through various stem pruning and number of primary branches. This research was conducted using Randomized Complete Block Design with single factor. It consisted of ten treatments, i.e., K=kontrol, T20= height of stem pruning at 20 cm from soil and without control on number of primary branches, T20-2=height of stem pruning at 20 cm from soil and two primary branches, T20-3= height of stem pruning at 20 cm and three primary branches, T30= height of stem pruning at 30 cm and without control on number of primary branches, T30-2= height of stem pruning at 30 cm and two primary branches, T30-3=height of stem pruning 30 cm and three primary branches, T40=height of stem pruning at 40 cm and without control on number of  primary branches, T40-2=height of stem pruning at 40 cm and two primary branches, and T40-3=height of stem pruning 40 cm and three primary branches. The results showed that stem pruning increased number of primary branches. The highest seed oil content and seed production was achieved T40 and T30-3 treatments i.e., 323.81 g/plant or 0.810 ton/ha and 320.61 g/plant or 0.802 ton/ha with seed oil yield 244.56 kg/ha and 276.61 kg/ha, respectively.   Key words : Jatropha curcas L., seed oil content, pruning, primary branches
Pengaruh Alelopati Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) terhadap Perkecambahan Benih Jagung, Tomat dan Padi Gogo Raden, Ince; Purwoko, Bambang S.; Santosa, Edi; Hariyadi, ,; Ghulamahdi, Munif
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 36, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

  The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of extract of leaves, seed and root of physic nut on the germination of corn, tomato, and upland rice. Research was conducted by using Complete Randomized Block Design with two factors, i.e., plant organ (leaves, seed and root) and species (corn, tomato and upland rice). The results showed that extract of 36 g dried organ/200 ml water (0.18 g/ml water) affected seed germination of corn, tomato, and upland rice. Extract of leaves tended to reduce percentage of corn seed germination (55.30% vs 70.68%), and extract of root to reduce germination of tomato and upland rice, 52.70% and 68.67%, compared to control 76% and 84%, respectively.   Key words:  Plant organ extract, physic nut, germination  
Karakteristik Daun Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) dan Hubungannya dengan Fotosintesis Raden, Ince; Purwoko, Bambang S.; Hariyadi, ,; Ghulamahdi, Munif; Santosa, Edi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 36, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (311.507 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this research was to study the morphology and physiology of jatropha leaves and its relation to photosynthesis. Research was conducted using Randomized Complete Block Design with single factor, i.e., leaf ages at the canopy with ten replications. The results showed that jatropha had phyllotaxy 5/13 with angular divergence 1380 . In early growing leaf enlarged sharply and then constant after 9 week, remaining green for 14 weeks. Chlorophyll a, b, and total achieved maximum at 9 week, i.e., 0.45 g/cm2 , 0.19 g/cm2 , and 0.62 g/cm2 , respectively. Photosynthesic rate was maximum at 6 week, i.e., 8.99 ?mol/m2 /s, while number of stomata was maximum at 9 week (289.47 mm2 ). This finding implies that leaf number 11 to 13 or age 6 week after emergence could be used as reference for photosynthetic evaluation.
Pengaruh Alelopati Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) terhadap Perkecambahan Benih Jagung, Tomat dan Padi Gogo Raden, Ince; Purwoko, Bambang S.; Santosa, Edi; Hariyadi, ,; Ghulamahdi, Munif
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 36, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

? The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of extract of leaves, seed and root of physic nut on the germination of corn, tomato, and upland rice. Research was conducted by using Complete Randomized Block Design with two factors, i.e., plant organ (leaves, seed and root) and species (corn, tomato and upland rice). The results showed that extract of 36 g dried organ/200 ml water (0.18 g/ml water) affected seed germination of corn, tomato, and upland rice. Extract of leaves tended to reduce percentage of corn seed germination (55.30% vs 70.68%), and extract of root to reduce germination of tomato and upland rice, 52.70% and 68.67%, compared to control 76% and 84%, respectively. ? Key words: ?Plant organ extract, physic nut, germination ?
Pengaruh Tinggi Pangkasan Batang Utama dan Jumlah Cabang Primer yang Dipelihara terhadap Produksi Minyak Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) Raden, Ince; Purwoko, Bambang S.; Hariyadi, ,; Ghulamahdi, Munif; Santosa, Edi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 37, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The objective of this research was to study shoot architecture in relation to growth, increase production and seed oil content through various stem pruning and number of primary branches. This research was conducted using Randomized Complete Block Design with single factor. It consisted of ten treatments, i.e., K=kontrol, T20= height of stem pruning at 20 cm from soil and without control on number of primary branches, T20-2=height of stem pruning at 20 cm from soil and two primary branches, T20-3= height of stem pruning at 20 cm and three primary branches, T30= height of stem pruning at 30 cm and without control on number of primary branches, T30-2= height of stem pruning at 30 cm and two primary branches, T30-3=height of stem pruning 30 cm and three primary branches, T40=height of stem pruning at 40 cm and without control on number of? primary branches, T40-2=height of stem pruning at 40 cm and two primary branches, and T40-3=height of stem pruning 40 cm and three primary branches. The results showed that stem pruning increased number of primary branches. The highest seed oil content and seed production was achieved T40 and T30-3 treatments i.e., 323.81 g/plant or 0.810 ton/ha and 320.61 g/plant or 0.802 ton/ha with seed oil yield 244.56 kg/ha and 276.61 kg/ha, respectively. ? Key words : Jatropha curcas L., seed oil content, pruning, primary branches