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Aplikasi Sistem Pakar Diagnosis Penyakit Asma Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Damiri, Dhami Johar; Susanto, Ate
Jurnal Algoritma Vol 9 (2012): Jurnal Algoritma
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Garut

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Abstract

Sistem pakar merupakan salah satu cabang kecerdasan buatan yang mempelajari bagaimana mengadopsi cara seorang pakar berpikir dan bernalar dalam menyelesaikan suatu permasalahnan, dan membuat suatu keputusan maupun mengambil kesimpulan dari sejumlah fakta yang ada. Sampai saat ini sudah ada beberapa hasil perkembangan sistem pakar dalam berbagai bidang sesuai dengan kepakaran seseorang. Pada penelitian ini akan dirancang suatu aplikasi sistem pakar untuk mendiagnosis penyakit asma. Pengembangan aplikasi sistem pakar diagnosis penyakit asma merupakan salah satu pengaplikasian sistem yang terkomputerisasi dalam bidang kedokteran.Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan sebuah sistem berbasis pengetahuan kedokteran dalam mendiagnosis penyakit asma yang dapat ditampilkan dalam perangkat lunak aplikasi berbasis sistem pakar. Sehingga dapat mempermudah proses penyuluhan kepada masyarakat awam untuk mengetahui deteksi dini gejala penyakit asma dan solusi atau pengobatan yang bisa dilakukan secara mandiri. Penalaran aplikasi sistem pakar ini menggunakan teknik inferensi runut maju (forward chaining). Dimana pada forward chaining ini dimulai dengan informasi awal (gejala awal) dan bergerak maju untuk mencocokkan informasi selanjutnya sampai menemukan informasi yang sesuai dengan kaidah, lalu akan menyimpulkan berupa keterangan jenis penyakit dan solusi.Dalam pengembangan sistem pakar, akan digunakan pendekatan konvensional dengan metodologi Expert System Development Life Cycle (ESDLC) dari Durkin (1994). Hasil dari penelitian adalah perangkat lunak aplikasi sistem pakar diagnosis penyakit asma memiliki fasilitas yang dapat membantu tenaga penyuluh dalam memberikan penyuluhan kepada masyarakat untuk mengetahui deteksi dini gejala penyakit asma, berdasarkan  atas jenis penyakit asma yang menyerang serta solusi atau cara pengobatan yang bisa dilakukan secara mandiri.
COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE INTENSITY OF Mycobacterium leprae EXPOSURE TO CHILDREN WHO LIVE IN LOW AND HIGH ALTITUDE IN LOW LEPROSY ENDEMIC AREA OF SOUTH SULAWESI Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Mataallo, Timurleng Tonang; Adam, Safruddin; Adam, A. M.; Amin, Safruddin; Tabri, Farida; Adriaty, Dinar; Wahyuni, Ratna; Iswahyudi, Iswahyudi; Agusni, Indropo
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 4, No 4 (2013)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

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Abstract

Background: The intensity of Mycobacterium leprae exposure to people who live in leprosy endemic area could be measured by serological study and detection of the bacilli in the nose cavity. Different geographical altitude might have some influences to this exposure since the bacilli prefer to live in warm areas. Aim: A combined serological and PCR study of leprosy was conducted in Selayar island, South Sulawesi to 80 school children (40 from low land and 40 from highland altitudes) in order to compare the exposure intensity between the two areas. Method: Anti PGL-1 IgM antibody (ELISA) and PCR study to detect M.leprae in the nasal cavity were performed simultaneously from each person. Result: Seropositive cases were found in 23/40 children from low land compared to 16/40 children from high land, but statistically no significant difference (p>0.05). PCR positive for M.leprae in the nasal cavity only found in 1/40 children, both in low and high altitude. Conclusion: It is concluded that although the existence of M.leprae in nasal cavity is minimal, the intensity of exposure to this bacilli still high as indicated by serological study.
Asertivitas Perokok Pasif Ditinjau dari Tingkat Pengetahuan tentang Rokok dan Jenis Kelamin Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Juniarly, Amalia; Izati, Nurul
Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan
Publisher : Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Surabay

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the difference of passive smokers’ assertiveness in terms of their knowledge level of cigarette, and their sexes. The hypothesis is that there is a difference of passive smokers’ assertiveness in terms of their knowledge level of cigarettes, and their sexes. The sample of this study was 314 people divided into 157 male passive smokers and 157 female passive smokers. All participants are living in Palembang city, South Sumatra. Two instruments were used to collect data, namely the scale of assertiveness and the questionnaire of the level of cigarette knowledge. Data were analyzed using one-way anova and t-test. The result shows that there is a significant difference of passive smokers’ assertiveness in terms of the cigarette knowledge level, with p = 0,000 (p <0,05). Likewise, there is a significant difference of assertiveness between male and female passive smokers, with p = 0,000 (p <0.05). Thus, the hypothesis of this study is accepted.Key words: Assertiveness, passive smoker, knowledge of cigarettes, sex.Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui perbedaan asertivitas perokok pasif ditinjau dari tingkat pengetahuan tentang rokok dan jenis kelamin. Hipotesis penelitian yaitu ada perbedaan asertivitas perokok pasif ditinjau dari tingkat pengetahuan tentang rokok dan jenis kelamin.. Sampel penelitian adalah 314 orang yang terbagi menjadi 157 orang perokok pasif laki-laki dan 157 perokok pasif perempuan. Seluruh partisipan adalah warga kota Palembang, Sumatera Selatan. Alat ukur yang digunakan adalah skala asertivitas dan angket tingkat pengetahuan tentang rokok. Analisis data menggunakan one-way anova dan t-test. Hasil analisis menunjukkan ada perbedaan yang signifikan asertivitas perokok pasif ditinjau dari tingkat pengetahuan tentang rokok dengan nilai p=0,000 (p<0,05) dan ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara asertivitas perokok pasif laki-laki dan asertivitas perokok pasif perempuan, dengan nilai p=0,000 (p<0,05). Dengan demikian, hipotesis penelitian ini dapat diterima.
COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE INTENSITY OF Mycobacterium leprae EXPOSURE TO CHILDREN WHO LIVE IN LOW AND HIGH ALTITUDE IN LOW LEPROSY ENDEMIC AREA OF SOUTH SULAWESI Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Mataallo, Timurleng Tonang; Adam, Safruddin; Adam, A. M.; Amin, Safruddin; Tabri, Farida; Adriaty, Dinar; Wahyuni, Ratna; Iswahyudi, Iswahyudi; Agusni, Indropo
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 4, No 4 (2013)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

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Abstract

Background: The intensity of Mycobacterium leprae exposure to people who live in leprosy endemic area could be measured by serological study and detection of the bacilli in the nose cavity. Different geographical altitude might have some influences to this exposure since the bacilli prefer to live in warm areas. Aim: A combined serological and PCR study of leprosy was conducted in Selayar island, South Sulawesi to 80 school children (40 from low land and 40 from highland altitudes) in order to compare the exposure intensity between the two areas. Method: Anti PGL-1 IgM antibody (ELISA) and PCR study to detect M.leprae in the nasal cavity were performed simultaneously from each person. Result: Seropositive cases were found in 23/40 children from low land compared to 16/40 children from high land, but statistically no significant difference (p>0.05). PCR positive for M.leprae in the nasal cavity only found in 1/40 children, both in low and high altitude. Conclusion: It is concluded that although the existence of M.leprae in nasal cavity is minimal, the intensity of exposure to this bacilli still high as indicated by serological study.
PENERAPAN BAHAN AJAR MEDIA KOMIK PADA KONSEP FOTOSINTESIS UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR PESERTA DIDIK DI SMP ISLAM DARUL ULUM BANDA ACEH Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Rahmatan, Hafnati; Hasanuddin, Hasanuddin
Jurnal Edubio Tropika Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal EduBio Tropika
Publisher : Jurnal Edubio Tropika

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Abstract

Penelitian mengenai penerapan bahan ajar media komik pada konsep fotosintesis untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar peserta didik telah dilaksanakan pada semester genap tahun pelajaran 2013/2014 di SMP Islam Darul Ulum Banda Aceh.  Desain penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen semu (quasi eksperimen). Populasi penelitian adalah semua peserta didik di  SMP Islam Darul Ulum kelas VIII yang berjumlah 62 orang. .  Sampel dalam penelitian adalah peserta didik   kelas VIII/A sebanyak 26 orang sebagai kelas eksperimen (pembelajaran menggunakan bahan ajar dengan penambahan  media komik)  dan peserta diddik kelas VIII/B sebanyak 26 orang   sebagai kelas kontrol (pembelajaran dengan buku paket). Pengumpulan data untuk mengetahui hasil belajar melalui instrumen tes. Data hasil belajar antara peserta didik kelas kontrol dengan  kelas eksperimen dianalisis dengan Uji t. Hasil belajar peserta didik   di kelas eksperimen lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan  di kelas kontrol (t-hitung 2,69 > t-tabel yaitu 1,706). Simpulan penelitian  adalah penggunaan bahan ajar komik pada konsep fotosintesis dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar belajar peserta didik SMP Islam Darul Ulum Banda Aceh
Perkembangan dan Kandungan Nutrisi Larva Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) pada Bungkil Kelapa Sawit RACHMAWATI, RACHMAWATI; BUCHORI, DAMAYANTI; HIDAYAT, PURNAMA; HEM, SAURIN; FAHMI, MELTA R.
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2010): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Hermetia illucens, is used as a reducing agent of palm kernel meal (PKM), as well as one of alternative protein sources for aquaculture purposes. Information about biology of H. illucens is absolutely required in mass production. The objectives of these researches were to study the development of H. illucens including the effect of supplementary food to the adult, and nutrient content of the immature stage. The sample of 20 larvae from each 3 replicates were measured and weighed on 0-19th day (larva) and 24th day (pupa) from egg hatching. H. illucens adults were fed by water and honey 5% (v/v). Eggs were collected and counted. Nutrient content of immature stage: 5, 10, 15, 20 days old (larvae), and 25 days old (prepupae) reared on PKM were analyzed proximately. Dry matter was determined by weight loss on drying at 105 oC during overnight. Crude protein was determined by Kjeldahl procedure (N x 6.25), crude fat by soxhlet (ether extract), crude ash by determining the residue after heating at 550 oC for 4–5 h. Data were analyzed descriptively by average from triplicate. The development of H. illucens was shorter than those in previous studies as the differences of abiotical factor. PKM was a suitable medium for development. It was better, however, to fed the adult with honey since it could enhance the fecundity. The young larva certainly contained the best quality of nutrition. To meet the quantity of mass production, however, the use of the elder larva (bigger) was suggested.
STUDI FENOMENOLOGI ATAS IMPLEMENTASI AKUNTANSI BERBASIS AKRUAL PADA BADAN LAYANAN UMUM DAERAH RSUD DR. SAIFUL ANWAR MALANG Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Djamhuri, Ali; Andayani, Wuryan
Jurnal Akuntansi Aktual VOLUME 5, NOMOR 2, JUNI 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract

This research is aimed to obtain deep understanding about the meaning of accrual based accounting implementation based on financial management experience in Saiful Anwar hospital. Through Husserl's phenomenology, the implementation of accrual-based accounting is interpreted as "making us uncertain" and "complicated" which ultimately leads to the awareness that the presence of accrual-based accounting is interpreted as one of the "needs" to control all operational activity in Saiful Anwar hospital. In the facts, the application of accrual-based accounting in RSSA has not been fully applicable, especially in financial filing report based on SAK. It is because the obstacle coming from the internal itself. One of the obstacles faced in implementing these standards is the accounting system that has not been integrated with all units in RSSA so as to affect the accuracy and speed of time in the preparation of the financial statements of RSSA due to the preparation of financial statements are still manually implemented.
Prototipe Model Pembelajaran REC (Reading, Exercise, and Clarification) untuk Pembelajaran IPA SMP Rachmawati, Rachmawati; Indrawati, Indrawati; Sutarto, Sutarto
Jurnal Pembelajaran dan Pendidikan Sains Vol 1 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Pendidikan IPA FKIP Universitas Jember Bekerjasama dengan Perkumpulan Pendidik IPA Indonesia (PPII)

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Abstract

Efforts to increase the active learning that is centered on students in science learning process can be done through learning that emphasize reading skills, training, and clarification. The purpose of this study was to produce a prototype model of learning that can facilitate the role of teachers and students to achieve the purpose of active learning. REC prototype model of learning (reading, exercise, and clarification) for junior high school science teaching is designed to produce a model based learning students. This study design is a 4-D which consists of four main stages, namely; 1) Define (definition), 2) Design (Design), 3) Develop (Development) and 4) Disseminate (Deployment). The result of this research is a learning model prototype REC (reading, exercise, and clarification) for junior high school science teaching consists of sintakmatik, social system, the principle of reaction, support systems, instructional impact and impact accompanist.
PELAKSANAAN PEMBERDAYAAN PERANGKAT DESA DALAM MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA DI DESA CIJATI KECAMATAN CIMANGGU KABUPATEN CILACAP rachmawati, rachmawati
Dinamika : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi Negara Vol 5, No 3 (2018): Dinamika
Publisher : Universitas Galuh

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Abstract

Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan pemberdayaan perangkat desa dalam meningkatkan produktivitas kerja di Desa Cijati Kecamatan Cimanggu Kabupaten Cilacap, mengetahui faktor-faktor penunjang dan penghambat pelaksanaan pemberdayaan perangkat desa dalam meningkatkan produktivitas kerja di Desa Cijati Kecamatan Cimanggu Kabupaten Cilacap dan mengetahui upaya Pemerintah Desa untuk mengatasi hambatan-hambatan yang terjadi dalam pelaksanaan pemberdayaan perangkat desa dalam meningkatkan produktivitas kerja di Desa Cijati Kecamatan Cimanggu Kabupaten Cilacap.Pemberdayaan merupakan salah satu cara yang praktis dan produktif untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pegawai. Sedangkan, secara umum produktivitas dapat dikatakan sebagai perbandingan antara hasil yang dicapai dengan keseluruhan daya atau faktor produksi yang dipergunakan. Pelaksanaan pemberdayaan perangkat desa dalam meningkatkan produktivitas kerja di Desa Cijati Kecamatan Cimanggu Kabupaten Cilacap belum dapat dilaksanakan dengan optimal. Berdasarkan hasil observasi lapangan dan wawancara masih ditemukan permasalahan-permasalahan yang berupa kemampuan perangkat desa yang masih rendah dan tingkat pendidikan perangkat desa yang belum merata sehingga kemampuan perangkat desa dalam memahami tugas pokok dan fungsinya masih rendah.Kata Kunci : Pemberdayaan, Produktivitas
PEMANFAATAN PUREE PEPAYA (Carica Papaya L.) DAN PUREE NANAS (Ananas Comosus L.) SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF BAHAN BAKU PRODUKSI GUMDROPS Ramdani, Hisworo; Suprayatmi, Mira; Rachmawati, Rachmawati
JURNAL AGRONIDA Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to determine the ratio of papaya and pineapple puree and proper drying time on the processing of gumdrops. This research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The first factor is ratio of papaya and pineapple puree consisting of three levels, namely 1:1, 1:2 and 2:1. The second factor length of drying time (3 hours, 3.5 hours and 4 hours). The characters was observed is color, moisture content, vitamin C, TSS (Total Soluble Solid), hedonic color, aroma, texture and taste. The results of this research shown the ratio of puree and a long drying significantly affected red color (a* value), yellow (b* values), color ⁰Hue, the color intensity (chroma) and brightness (L value), water degree and vitamin C. The recommended composition to make gumdrops is it was made of papaya and pineapple puree by ratio 1:1, with 3 hours drying time. The characteristics of gumdrops product are average value of red color (a* value) 9.9, yellow (b* values)14.6, the color intensity (chroma)17.6, color ⁰Hue 55.8, brightness (L value) 36.0, water degree 14.69 %, vitamin C 42.83 mg/100 g of material, TSS 56 oBrix, color hedonic 4.8 (neutral towards little like), aroma hedonic 4.6 (neutral towards little like), texture hedonic 5.0 (neutral towards little like) dan taste hedonic 5.0 (neutral towards little like). Keywords: Papaya puree, pineapple puree, long drying, gumdrops  ABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui rasio puree pepaya dan puree nanas serta lama pengeringan yang tepat pada pengolahan gumdrops. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dua faktor. Rasio puree yang digunakan terdiri atas 1:1, 1:2 dan 2:1 dengan lama pengeringan yang digunakan 3 jam, 3,5 jam dan 4 jam. Parameter yang diamati adalah warna, kadar air, vitamin C, TPT, hedonik warna, aroma, tekstur dan rasa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rasio puree dan lama pengeringan berpengaruh nyata terhadap warna merah (nilai a*), warna kuning (nilai b*), ⁰Hue warna, intensitas warna (chroma) dan kecerahan (nilai L), kadar air dan vitamin C. Gumdrops terpilih diperoleh pada rasio puree pepaya : puree nanas 1:1 dengan lama pengeringan 3 jam dengan nilai rata-rata warna merah (nilai a*) 9.9, warna kuning (nilai b*) 14.6, ⁰Hue warna  55.8, intensitas warna (chroma) 17.6, kecerahan (nilai L) 36.0, kadar air 14.69 %, vitamin C 42.83 mg/100 g bahan, TPT 56 oBrix, hedonik warna 4.8 (netral menuju agak suka), hedonik aroma 4.6 (netral menuju agak suka), hedonik tekstur 5.0 (netral menuju agak suka) dan hedonik rasa 5.0 (netral menuju agak suka). Kata kunci : Puree pepaya,puree nanas, lama pengeringan, gumdrops