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PELEMBAGAAN PROGRAM PENGELOLAAN SUMBERDAYA HUTAN BERSAMA MASYARAKAT (PHBM) DAN DAMPAKNYA BAGI MASYARAKAT DESA HUTAN

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 5, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

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Abstract

Research is aimed at (1) acknowledging and analyzing the Public Forest Resource Management institutionalization at Kemiri Village, Panti Subdistrict; and (2) examining and analyzing the impact of the Public Forest Resource Management on the forest rural inhabitant at Kemiri Village, Panti Subdistrict. Qualitative approach is used. Research type is case study on the coffee farmers who belong to LMDH (Lembaga Masyarakat Desa Hutan) at Kemiri Village, Panti Subdistrict. The determination of research area is managed by purposive sampling, at Kemiri Village, Panti Subdistrict. It is evident because it is a central region of coffee producer at Jember Regency. The purposively selected sample is then subjected to the snow ball sampling. Data are collected by methods such as in depth interview (unstructured interview). Data sources are primary and secondary data. The word, sentences, or direct expressions from key informant are also obtained. The data analysis method is Miles and Huberman’s (1992) interactive model. Throughput principle, qualitative data analysis is used during data collection. The analysis technique involves three activities but conducted simultaneously such (1) data reduction, (2) data presentation, and (3) conclusion (verification). The implementation of PHBM Program at Kemiri Village, Panti Subdistrict, is reviewed from the normative perspective. The compliance to the norm is evidence regardless the less validation on the norm. Good land management is still found through the presence of weeding. Other norms involve the prohibition against illegal logging and main plant destruction, or the participation to plant the standing trees. The PHBM Program provides an impact on the forest rural inhabitant, which is changing the social standard of the forest rural inhabitant. The social change is also found in the economic sector of the forest rural inhabitant, particularly to whom with land ownership in the forest and whom without. The impact felt by those with land seems greater because the program increases their welfare and their ability to meet the better life standard. People without land ownership can find the chance of employment by working as farming laborer for coffee farmer in the forest land. New entrepreneurs are emerged for post-harvest processing, including coffee ore milling and coffee processing to coffee powder. The economic development of the forest rural inhabitant stimulates structural modification in how the forest rural inhabitant manages/operates the forest land because the vertical mobility is made from the grassroots level community to the upscale community. Key Words: Forest, PHBM, Impact

KEARIFAN LOKAL DALAM PENGELOLAAN SUMBERDAYA ALAM HUTAN DAN EKOSISTEM (SDHAE) PADA MASYARAKAT DESA PENYANGGA TAMAN NASIONAL MERU BETIRI

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 8, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

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Abstract

This research aims to dig the potentials of each areas based on their local wisdom (resources, knowledge, culture and process) in the areas of villagers of buffer villages at Meru Betiri National Park. The research uses qualitative approach and purposive random sampling is used to determine research location. The locations chosen are buffer villages within the area of Meru Betiri National Park. The activity is conducted in all section of Meru Betiri National Park: Area Section I Sorongan (Rajegwesi), Area Section II Sorongan (Rajegwesi), Area Section II Ambulu (Curahnongko) and Area Section III Kalibaru (Kebunrejo). Data collection is conducted through rapid appraisal methods. The methods used in the researchs consisted of: indepth interview, field observation, and FGD (focus discussion group) thus various data collection technique are used (triangulation technique). Data analysis method collected through indepth interview and observation is using interactive data analysis from Miles and Huberman (1992). The conclusion of the research is that local wisdom owned by villagers of buffer villages in terms of local culture is varied. It is especially indicated in their value system of local culture. The local knowledge is relatively good in which there are technological use adjusted with the management of natural result. Local process in terms of gotong royong (mutual cooperation) and discussion still exists; however, it needs to be maintained for the sustainability of SDAHE management at Meru Betiri National Park. The potential of local resources owned by each buffer villages is different from each other.Keywords: Local wisdom, Natural Resources of Forest and Ecosystem (SDHAE), Buffer Village, Meru Betiri National Park

PROSPEK DAN STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN KOPI ARABIKA SPECIALTY KETINGGIAN SEDANG BERBASIS KAWASAN DI KABUPATEN JEMBER

JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 9 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : University of Jember

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Abstract

The aim of this study was 1) to determine the productivity and income level at medium height of Arabica specialty in Jember District; 2) to know the prospects and specialty Arabica coffee development strategy at medium height in Jember District. The research method use descriptive and analytical methods while determining the research area was purposive. Determination of the sample was simple random sampling and determination of the sample was purposive sampling by conducting in-depth interviews. The results showed that: 1) Productivity arabica coffee specialty at medium height in Jember is 1892.12 kg/ha, 2) The income of coffee farmers is Rp. 6,606,366.14 per ha, 3) cultivation of specialty arabica coffee at medium height Jember district in the position of white areas and strategies that can be implemented is to undertake capacity building of the shareholder institutions that is Forest Village Community Organization who cultivated arabica coffee.

MODEL PEMBANGUNAN ALTERNATIF BERBASIS MASYARAKAT PADA TAMAN NASIONAL MERU BETIRI [ALTERNATIVE MODEL OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN MERU BETIRI NATIONAL PARK]

AGRITROP Vol 12, No 2 (2014): Agritrop: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk melakukan kajian model pengembangan masyarakat  oleh Taman Nasional Meru Betiri; dan menyusun model pembangunan alternatif masyarakat desa penyanggah di kawasan Taman Nasional Meru Betiri  Berbasis Masyarakat. Kegiatan dilaksanakan di semua Seksi Pengelolaan Taman Nasional Meru Betiri. Sumber data adalah informance yang terlibat dalam Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Hutan dan ekosistem di kawasan Taman Nasional Meru Betiri dan data sekunder. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode pemantauan cepat  yaitu  Indepth  interview,  Observasi  lapang,  FGD  melalui  berbagai  macam  teknik  pengumpulan  data (Triangulasi teknik). Metode Analisis Data dan observasi menggunakan analisis Data Interaktif. Hasil penelitian: 1) Pemberdayaan masyarakat desa penyangga di Kawasan Taman Nasional Meru Betiri dilakukan melalui tiga cara : kegiatan rehabilitasi hutan, pemberian ternak dan optimalisasi tanaman obat. Selain itu ada  upaya pengembangan model desa konservasi. Strategi yang dilakukan  menggunakan pendekatan mezzo melalui pembentukan kelompok masyarakat secara lokal seperti : SPKP, Ketan Merah, MMB, Kader Konservasi, Jaketresi melalui pemberdayaan melalui pendidikan, pelatihan dan dinamika kelompok, dan   2) Model pembangunan alternatif masyarakat desa penyangga berbasis masyarakat lokal dengan menekankan pada capacity building. Kata Kunci : Model pembangunan alternatif, sumberdaya alam hutan dan ekosistem, Taman Nasional Meru Betiri.

Dukungan Kelembagaan Agribisnis Terhadap Pengembangan Usahatani Bawang Merah di Desa Bimorejo

UNEJ e-Proceeding 2018: Pembangunan Pertanian dan Peran Pendidikan Tinggi Agribisnis: Peluang & Tantangan di Era Indu
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Bimorejo Village was one of the areas which had the most potential to expanse or develop onion agribusiness. Those were seen from the high amount of onion production of the village compared to the other areas located in the same sub-district. It was inseparable from the Institutional Agribusiness from upstream until downstream. However, those institutional agribusiness were not complex enough as there were not any Village Cooperative System (Indonesia: Koperasi Unit Desa) and agroindustry. It was also worsened by the institutions that did not undertake their role in the business, making the support given did not suffice. This research was done to know the reinforcement of the institutional agribusiness towards the expansion of Onion Agribusiness in Bimorejo Village. This research was done in Bimorejo Village using purposive method. This research was designed as a qualitative research with case study method. The sources of the data were chosen by using purposive sampling. The data was collected by using in-depth interview, non-participative observation, and document review. The data was then analyzed by using a method by Miles and Huberman. The validity test was done by using source and technique triangulation. The results of this research showed that the Institutional Agribusiness towards the expansion of onion agribusiness in Bimorejo Village including agriculture store Rukun Tani, Bimalestari farmers association, Tengkulak, Agriculture Counseling Bureau (Indonesia: Balai Penyuluh Pertanian/BPP), HIPPA Bimatirta, irrigation public works department, Bimorejo Village functionaries. The aforementioned support from Institutional Agribusiness could be classified in three forms:  Instrumental Support, Emotional Support, and Informational Support.