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Efektivitas Amelioran pada Lahan Gambut Terdegradasi untuk Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan dan Serapan NPK Tanaman Jagung Manis (Zea mays L. var. saccharata) Maftu’ah, Eni; Maas, Azwar; Syukur, Abdul; Purwanto, Benito Heru
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 41, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

This study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of several of ameliorant formulas to increase plant growthand NPK uptake on sweet corn (Zea mays L. var. saccharata) on degraded peatlands. The research was conducted in thegreenhouse of Balittra during May to July 2011. Sweet corn was planted in pot with soil taken from previously burnt peatin Kalampangan, Palangkaraya. The treatment consisted of two factors, i.e., combination of ameliorant (A1=80% chicken manure + 20% dolomite, A2=80% agricultural weeds + 20% dolomite, A3=80% mineral soil (Spodosol) + 20% dolomite,A4=20% chicken manure + 20% agricultural weeds + 20% Eleocharis dulcis + 20% mineral soil + 20% dolomite, andA5=19% chicken manure + 71.5% mineral soil + 9.5% dolomite) and application rates at 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 ton ha-1, arranged in a randomized complete block design, with 3 replications. The results showed that ameliorants and application rates affected growth and NPK uptake of sweet corn. Application of 20 ton ameliorant (80% chicken manure + 20% dolomite) ha-1 produced the highest dry weight of root and shoot, and NPK uptake.Keywords: ameliorants, degraded peatland, nitrogen, phosphate, potassium
Analisis Cluster Sebaran Hara Makro dan Rekomendasi Pemupukan untuk Tanaman Tebu (Saccharum officinarum Linn.) Basuki, Basuki; Purwanto, Benito Heru; Sunarmito, Bambang Hendro; Hidayah Utami, Sri Nuryani
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 18, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.096 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.10614

Abstract

Industri gula Indonesia berada di bawah tekanan untuk meminimalkan kehilangan nutrisi off-farm dan mengurangi seluruh biaya produksi. Saprodi pupuk menyerap biaya produksi 65% dari total biaya. Salah satu upaya yang dapat dilakukan adalah penerapan rekomendasi pupuk spesifik berdasarkan analisis tanah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengelompokkan petak Status Hara N Total, P-Tersedia, K-Tertukar dan cluster rekomendasi pemupukan tanaman tebu (Saccharum officinarum Linn.) di kebun Unit Usaha PG. Djatiroto, Lumajang melalui pemetaan. Analisis dilakukan terhadap 48 sampel, dengan 1 sampel mewakili petak 6,25 ha. Pengelompokan petak berdasarkan peubah konsentrasi N Total, P-Tersedia, K-Tertukar dilakukan dengan metode Hierarchical cluster Analysis dan Sistem Informasi Geografis (GIS) mulai dari bulan Januari sampai Mei 2014. Hasil analisis mendapatkan 5 kelompok area rekomendasi pemupukan. Satu kelompok (cluster 3) yang terdiri dari satu petak dengan rekomendasi 160 kg N/ha, 90 kg P2O5/ha,145 kg K2O/ha; cluster 1 yang terdiri dari 29 petak dengan rekomendasi 160 kg N/ha, 90 kg P2O5/ha, 175 kg K2O/ha; cluster 2 yang terdiri dari 7 petak dengan rekomendasi 120 kg N/ha, 90 kg P2O5/ha, 175 kg K2O/ha, cluster 4 yang terdiri dari 23 petak dengan rekomendasi 160 kg N/ha, 135 kg P2O5/ha, 175 kg K2O/ha; cluster 5 yang terdiri dari 6 petak dengan rekomendasi 120 kg N/ha, 135 kg P2O5/ha, 175 kg K2O/ha.
PENGARUH KUALITAS BAHAN ORGANIK DAN KESUBURAN TANAH TERHADAP MINERALISASI NITROGEN DAN SERAPAN N OLEH TANAMAN UBIKAYU DI ULTISOL Wijanarko, Andy; Purwanto, Benito Heru; Shiddieq, Dja’far; Indradewa, Didik
Jurnal Perkebunan dan Lahan Tropika Vol 2, No 2 (2012): PERKEBUNAN DAN LAHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Jurnal Perkebunan dan Lahan Tropika

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Abstract

Bahan organik tanah sangat berpengaruh terhadap kesuburan tanah dan produksi biomassa tanaman.  Kualitas bahan organik merupakan salah satu kunci dalam menjaga kelestarian tanah, tanaman dan lingkungan.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh kualitas bahan organik dan kesuburan tanah terhadap mineralisasi N. Untuk mengestimasi parameter mineralisasi N (potensial mineralisasi N (N0), laju mineralisasi (k), energi aktivasi (Ea) dan N0k) dilakukan percobaan inkubasi di laboratorium, menggunakan persamaan first order.  Sedangkan hubungan antara parameter mineralisasi dengan serapan hara N, dilakukan dengan melakukan percobaan pot di rumah kaca. Nilai N0, k dan Ea berturut-turut adalah 400 – 1156 mg kg-1, 0,0056 – 0,098 per minggu dan 10166 – 31478 J mol-1. Parameter mineralisasi N berkorelasi positif dengan N larut air, N-POM, Mikrobiomassa N, C-POM, Mikrobiomassa C, N-total dan nisbah C/N serta berkorelasi positif dengan berat kering tanaman, konsentrasi N dan serapan N tanaman ubikayu.  Bahan organik yang mempunyai nisbah C:N rendah dan tanah yang mempunyai tingkat kesuburan yang lebih tinggi mempunyai mineralisasi N yang lebih tinggi, yang ditunjukkan dengan nilai N0, k dan N0.k yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan bahan organik dengan nisbah C:N tinggi dan kesuburan tanah yang rendah.   Kata kunci :  kualitas bahan organik, kesuburan tanah, mineralisasi N, serapan N
EFFECTS OF AMELIORANT COMPOSITIONS ON NITROGEN MINERALIZATION AND UPTAKE BY SWEET CORN IN DEGRADED PEATLAND Maftu’ah, Eni; Purwanto, Benito Heru
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 15, No 1 (2014): April 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development - MOA

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Abstract

Peat soil is characterized by poor nitrogen (N) availability. Ameliorants are expected to rectify this problem. This research  aimed to study the effect of ameliorant on N availability and N uptake by sweet corn plant in degraded peatland. The experiment was conducted in the greenhouse in May-July 2011 and on peatland of Kalampangan Village, Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan in September-December 2011. Burnt peat soil of Kalampangan was used in the greenhouse experiment and sweet corn was used as an indicator plant. The treatments consisted of two factors, i.e. compositions of ameliorants by weight (A1 = 80% chicken manure + 20% dolomite; A2 = 80% local farm weed + 20% dolomite; A3 = 80% mineral soil + 20% dolomite; A4 = 20% chicken manure + 20% local farm weed + 20% residue of Chinese water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis) + 20% mineral soil + 20% dolomite; and A5 = 19% chicken manure + 71.5% mineral soil + 9.5% dolomite) and rates of those ameliorants (5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 t ha-1). The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized block design with three replications. Data were collected every two weeks for five times. Observations were made on soil pH, available N (NH4+, NO3-), plant height, and N uptake in root and shoot. The results showed that  treatment A1 increased soil pH and availability of NH4+ and NO3-  in peat soils at the maximum vegetative stage. Treatment A1 provided the highest N availability and N uptake by the plant. Field experiment showed that N uptake increased  with the plant yield. Optimum yield of fresh corn cob was obtained from treatment A1 at the rate of 20 t ha-1. This research reconfirms the effectiveness of chicken manure and dolomite as peat soil ameliorant.
PERAN MIKROBA STARTER DALAM DEKOMPOSISI KOTORAN TERNAK DAN PERBAIKAN KUALITAS PUPUK KANDANG Agus, Cahyono; Faridah, Eny; Wulandari, Dewi; Purwanto, Benito Heru
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 21, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Pupuk organik perlu didekomposisi oleh mikroba dan memerlukan lingkungan yang sesuai agar cepat matang sempurna dan tidak memberikan dampak negatif pada aspek sosial, estetika maupun kesehatan pada makluk hidup dan lingkungan. Dekomposisi bahan pupuk organik dilakukan dengan menggunakan kotoran sapi, dengan 2 perlakuan mikroba (tanpa dan dengan mikroba starter) dan 3 variasi waktu, yaitu 0, 6 dan 24 jam setelah diberi mikroba starter. Analisis meliputi  uji fisik bahan pupuk yang meliputi pH, warna, aroma, lengas, dan DHL,  uji mikroba patogen (Eschericia. coli dan Salmonella) pada pupuk, pengujian kandungan hara pupuk total (C, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, S, Cd, Cr, B, Fe, Cu, Zn)  dan Ntersedia (NH4 dan NO3),  serta analisis emisi gas amonia (NH3), oksigen (O2), karbon monoksida (CO), karbon dioksida (CO2), metana (CH4), NOx, NO, dan SO2. Mikroba starter mengandung mikrobia dan unsur hara yang sangat diperlukan dalam proses dekomposisi bahan organik. Pupuk kandang sapi setelah aplikasi  mikroba starter masih mengandung E. coli dan Salmonella sp. yang cenderung menurun seiring dengan lama waktu inkubasi. Terjadi dinamika kandungan unsur-unsur hara seperti P, K, Mg, Fe dan Cu serta logam berat Cr selama proses inkubasi baik pada pupuk kandang ayam maupun sapi. Dengan perlakuan mikroba starter, bagian senyawa sulfur dari bahan organik banyak yang terombak menjadi gas SO2 yang relatif tidak berbau, dan sebaliknya H2S serta senyawa reduktif sulfida lainnya menjadi terhambat pembentukannya. Perombakan dengan  mikroba starter sebaiknya diupayakan dalam suasana aerobik atau dengan suasana lembab tetapi tidak sampai anaerobik sehingga kehadiran senyawa H2S dan senyawa sulfur reduktif lainnya dapat dikurangi atau tidak terbentuk. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkkan pentingnya penggunaan mikroba starter optimal dan benar untuk memperbaiki kandungan nutrisi dan kualitas pupuk kandang.
Application of Lime and Gypsum and Their Effect on Micronutrients (Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu) Uptake of Sugarcane Planted in Central Lampung Ultisols Widiarso, Christoporus Sudradjat; Purwanto, Benito Heru; Hanudin, Eko; Ma’as, Azwar
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2017): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1519.079 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.25805

Abstract

Most of sugarcane are cultivated on Ultisols with low inherent soil fertility in Central Lampung. This experiment aimed to observe the effect of lime (CaCO3) and gypsum (Ca2SO4) on Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu uptake of sugarcane. The experiment was conducted in Experimental Research Field of Gula Putih Mataram Enterprise, Central Lampung District. The experiment was designed using a split-plot, which consisted of lime application as the main plot and gypsum application as the sub plotwith three replications. The results showed that there were no significant influence of lime and gypsum application on micronutrient content of the soil. However, application of 2 and 3 tons of lime/ha could reduce soil Fe content about 349.86 and 328.07 ppm respectively within 0-20 cm soil in depthand it was significantly lower than comparing to Fe content (around 457.68 ppm) in control. Similarly, the effect of gypsum application at 0.25 ton.ha-1 decreased Fe content (355.42 ppm), while Fe content of non-gypsum application soil showed around 410.34 ppm. The analysis of other micronutrients did not indicate asignificant effect of lime or gypsum application.
EFFECTS OF AMELIORANT COMPOSITIONS ON NITROGEN MINERALIZATION AND UPTAKE BY SWEET CORN IN DEGRADED PEATLAND Maftu’ah, Eni; Purwanto, Benito Heru
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 15, No 1 (2014): April 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Agricultural Library Technology Dissemination - IAARD

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/ijas.v15n1.2014.35-45

Abstract

Peat soil is characterized by poor nitrogen (N) availability. Ameliorants are expected to rectify this problem. This research  aimed to study the effect of ameliorant on N availability and N uptake by sweet corn plant in degraded peatland. The experiment was conducted in the greenhouse in May-July 2011 and on peatland of Kalampangan Village, Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan in September-December 2011. Burnt peat soil of Kalampangan was used in the greenhouse experiment and sweet corn was used as an indicator plant. The treatments consisted of two factors, i.e. compositions of ameliorants by weight (A1 = 80% chicken manure + 20% dolomite; A2 = 80% local farm weed + 20% dolomite; A3 = 80% mineral soil + 20% dolomite; A4 = 20% chicken manure + 20% local farm weed + 20% residue of Chinese water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis) + 20% mineral soil + 20% dolomite; and A5 = 19% chicken manure + 71.5% mineral soil + 9.5% dolomite) and rates of those ameliorants (5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 t ha-1). The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized block design with three replications. Data were collected every two weeks for five times. Observations were made on soil pH, available N (NH4+, NO3-), plant height, and N uptake in root and shoot. The results showed that  treatment A1 increased soil pH and availability of NH4+ and NO3-  in peat soils at the maximum vegetative stage. Treatment A1 provided the highest N availability and N uptake by the plant. Field experiment showed that N uptake increased  with the plant yield. Optimum yield of fresh corn cob was obtained from treatment A1 at the rate of 20 t ha-1. This research reconfirms the effectiveness of chicken manure and dolomite as peat soil ameliorant.
Effect of Humic Acid and Molybdate on Phosphate Adsorption in Typic Hapludult of Cigudeg, Bogor Wibowo, Heri; Purwanto, Benito Heru; Notohadisuwarno, Supriyanto
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 2, No 3 (2017): December
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.31093

Abstract

Humic acids containing carboxyl and hydroxyl groups that have the ability to cover the P adsorption  site in Typic Hapludults. Molybdate has similarity behaviour with phosphate in theacid soils. Research aim was to study the effects of molybdate and humic acid to the kinetics of phosphate adsorption in Typic Hapludults of Cigudeg, Bogor. Important of kinetics is to get accuration of materials transport, to control influence on anion mobility, that the assessment is needed for the efficient application of Mo and P. Aplication humic acid and molybdate as competitor anion of phosphate was conducted with combination of humic acid and Mo concentration as double anions. Many models describe the kinetics for the adsorption of phosphate by soils i.e. zero order, first order, second order, and Elovich. As ststistically, there was not interaction of humic acid and molybdate on P adsorption. Application of humic acid with rate of 100 mg.L-1 was not effective decrease P adsorption in Typic Hapludults. It was due to the pH of the adsorption system that get near to its pKa of carboxyl gruop about 5. Meanwhile aplication 2 and 5 mmol.L-1 of molybdate significantly decrease of P adsorption. The second order kinetics models apropriate to the adsorptionof P in the Typic Hapludults of Cigudeg, with determination coefficients value (R2) of  0.999-1 and standard error  value (SE) of 0.001–0.011.The results suggest that the molybdate as competitor anion affected the kinetics for the adsorption of phosphate due to the charge of molybdate.
Effect of long of landuse and cropping system on soil fertility and cassava yield Wijanarko, Andy; Purwanto, Benito Heru
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management Vol 5, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : University of Brawjiaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm.2018.054.1327

Abstract

A study that was aimed to determine the influence of long of land use and cropping systems on soil fertility and yield of cassava conducted at centre of cassava in Sukadana Subdistrict, East Lampung. Survey was conducted to characterize soil fertility due to the long of landuse and cassava cropping system from February to September 2014. Treatments of cropping system and long of land use observed involving: (1) Cassava monoculture for more than 30 years, (2) Cassava monoculture for 10- 30 years, (3) Cassava monoculture for less than 10 years, (4) Intercropping cassava and maize, (5) Intercropping cassava and groundnut, (6) Crop rotation of cassava and maize, and (7) Crop rotation of cassava and groundnut. The results showed that concentration of all macro nutrients of cassava monoculture for more than 30 years was lower than cassava monoculture for less than 10 years including the decrease of 11% of soil pH, 49% of total N , 66% of organic C, 57% of available P, 64% of K, 70% of Ca, 55% of Mg and 37% of CEC. Intercropping or crop rotation of cassava with legume or non-legume increased the soil pH, organic C, total N, K, Ca and Mg and decreased exchangeable Al. The changes in soil chemical and physical properties due to different cropping system affected the yield of cassava. The highest yield of cassava was obtained by crop rotation of cassava and maize, while the lowest was monoculture for more than 30 years. Cassava monoculture grown for 10-30 years or more than 30 years had low soil fertility so that the yield of cassava was also low. The yield of cassava in the rotation system was higher than the intercropping
Effect of land use and organic matter on nitrogen and carbon labile fractions in a Typic Hapludult Wijanarko, Andy; Purwanto, Benito Heru
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management Vol 4, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : University of Brawjiaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm.2017.043.837

Abstract

A study that was aimed to determine the effect of organic matter from groundnut and maize biomass on the availability of N and C labile fraction was conducted in laboratory and glasshouse, Iletry, Malang. Research used randomized block design with three replications. The first factor was land use : (1). Soil from land cultivated by cassava crops for less than 10 years, and (2). Soil from land cultivated by cassava crops for more than 30 years. The second factor was type of organic matter: (1). Groundnut biomass, (2). Maize biomass, (3). Groundnut-maize biomass, with a ratio of 1:1, (4). Groundnut – maize biomass, with a ratio of 2:1, (5). Groundnut – maize biomass, with a ratio of 1:2, and (6). Without organic matter. The results showed that application of groundnut and maize biomass were affect the N and C labile fraction. Application of groundnut + maize biomass increases N and C labile fraction more 40% than without biomass as well as the landuse of planted with cassava less than 10 years was 20 % higher N and C labile fractions than the land that has been planted with cassava more than 30 years. This research showed that analysis of N or C labile fraction is more sensitif than analysis of N total or C organic. It indicates that analysis of labile fractions can be used to analyze of N and C availability in the soil, beside of N total and C organic analysis