Articles

Upgrading Wood-Based Industries: Harnessing the Social Network of Small-Scale Furniture Producers and Their Institutions ,, Melati; Irawati, Rika Harini; Purnomo, Herry
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 16, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.16.1.

Abstract

Furniture is a major export commodity in Indonesia with a total value of USD 1.96 million in 2007.  Jepara District is one of the key location for wood furniture production with 15,271 furniture related business units employing 176,469 workers.  However, inefficiencies and power imbalances throughout the furniture value chain have resulted in overharvesting and uneven distribution of gains among the industry’s actors.  In contrast to price-setting international furniture retailers, small-scale producers enjoy the least value from their products.  In order to increase added value and competitiveness, small-scale furniture producers have made efforts to upgrade by harnessing their social network and institutions.  This paper describes small-scale furniture producers’ efforts to upgrade by utilising their social network and institutions in Jepara.  Data was collected through in-depth interviews with members of the small-scale furniture producers’ association.  The research provides insight into the nature of social networks and information flow and develops future scenarios to upgrade.  The scenarios will not only benefit the furniture industry in Jepara, but may also be adopted for similar industries throughout Indonesia and the world, and potentially improve many people’s economies and livelihoods.Keywords: wood-based industry, furniture, small-scale, social network, institution
Pendugaan Dinamika Struktur Tegakan Hutan Alam Bekas Tebangan (Estimation of Stand Structure Dynamics of Logged-over Natural Forests) ., Muhdin; Suhendang, Endang; Wahjono, Djoko; Purnomo, Herry; ., Istomo; Simangunsong, BCH
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 17, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.17.1.1-9

Abstract

Dynamics of stand structure (DST), which could indicate the growth performance of logged-over forests, mayvary depending on various factors, e.g. stand density, initial stand structure, species composition, time afterlogging, and environmental factors (rainfall, elevation, etc.).  The variations of such factors could result in thevariations of DST’s components (e.g. proportion of trees upgrowth and staying). However, this study, which used75 permanent sample plots data of lowland and dryland natural forests in Kalimantan, showed that the proportionof trees upgrowth and staying could not be predicted satisfactorily using the number of trees, stand basal area,time after logging, and elevation as independent variables in multiple linear regression models. The regressionmodels produced unrealistic projections of stand structures.  In contrast, the projection of stand structures usingthe DST’s components that were calculated using arithmetic mean was better than that of the regression models.Keywords: stand structure projection, upgrowth, natural forest, logged-over area
Kesiapan Produsen Mebel di Jepara dalam Menghadapi Sertifikasi Ekolabel (Readiness in Jepara Furniture Manufacturers in Confront of Ecolabel Certification) Purnomo, Herry; Irawati, Rika Harini; Wulandari, Ririn
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 17, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.17.3.127

Abstract

Furniture is a big 4 of Indonesia’s export commodities with palm oil, textiles, and rubber outside the oil and gas.Value-added is enjoyed by tens of millions of people involved in the value chain. But, the business is experiencingsevere challenges to the issue of certification and forest products (green or certified furniture) and the scarcityof wood. Certified furniture is intended for preservation of forest resources, the healthy processing of furnituremaking as well as improving the welfare of artisans. From the supply side of certified furniture, large producershave been prepared while small producers are not ready. From the demand side, domestic consumers only wantto pay less for certified furniture, while British and Norway consumers are 16% 7.5% respectively. The increasein willingness to pay is lower than the certified furniture prices increased between 6–30%., Certification can bedone by a third party accredited by the Tropical Forest Trust (TFT), Indonesian Ecolabel Institute (LEI), orForest Stewardship Council (FSC). When the increase in production costs are higher than the desire of consumersto pay, then the certified furniture becomes difficult to be realized. Need specific strategies to market certifiedfurniture. This article is a case study in Jepara furniture craftsmen who accounted for 10% of national exports.Keywords: furniture certified, certification, forests, supply, demand, Jepara
Keragaman Struktur Tegakan Hutan Alam Sekunder (The Variability of Stand Structure of Logged-over Natural Forest) ., Muhdin; Suhendang, Endang; Wahjono, Djoko; Purnomo, Herry; ., Istomo; Simangunsong, Bintang C.H.
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 14, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.14.2.

Abstract

Differences in logging intensity, forestfires and forest encroachment have caused the variability of natural forest conditions, including its horizontal and vertical stand structures. Information on stand structure variability and dynamic of secondary forests is essential for projecting the future stand structure, which can be used to develop forest management plan. This study, which used 109 permanent sample plots data established on low and dry-land logged over natural forests in Kalimantan, showed that there was an obvious variability of the stand conditions after logging in terms of the trees number per hectare and horizontal stand structures.Keywords: stand structure, secondary forest, logged-over naturalforest, forest management plan
Integrasi Pengetahuan Tradisional dengan Pengetahuan Ilmiah untuk Pengelolaan Hutan Lestari Purnomo, Herry
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 6, No 2 (2000)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.6.2.

Abstract

Scientific knowledge faces a limitation to describe the complexity of forest ecosystem and its involved local communities. Integrating traditional and scientific knowledge is necessary to deal with this complexity. A knowledge-based system with fuzzy logic may become an alternative to complete scientific knowledge by integrating it with traditional knowledge. The paper describes how the integration can be made.
Degradasi Hutan dan Pengangguran: Menuju Pengelolaan Hutan Skala Kecil (Forest Degradation and Unemployment: Towards Small-scale Forest Management) Purnomo, Herry
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 12, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.12.2.

Abstract

Along with the concept of poverty alleviation and forest sustainability, forestry employment is the major concern among policy makers. The forest sustainability and job availability are critical indicators for the performance of the government. The relationship between employment and forestry development is unclear especially when it deals with illegal forestry activities. This study aims at generating projection of the forestry employment in Indonesia in relation to the dynamic of forestry sector and its related industries,. The study used systems dynamic to implement the relation between forest structure industries, actors and their institutions. The study found that the current practice of forest management will experience with boom-and-bust of forestry employment, starting with Riau followed by East Kalimantan and Papua. Massive forest plantingwill benefit if it is located in deforested land, but if it is located in land with different existing trees it may jeopardize the employment and community’s livelihoods. Small-scale forestry can boost the employment to meet the overall government target on unemployment and poverty reduction as well as rehabilitation of forest.Keywords: forest degradation, unemployment, land-right scenarios, small-scale forestry, poverty-reduction
Mengukur Aliran Informasi dan Tata Kelola Hutan yang Baik: Studi Kasus Gerakan Nasional Rebosisasi dan Rehabilitasi Lahan (Gerhan) di Indonesia (Measuring Information Flows and Good Forest Governance: A Case Study of The National Forest and Land Rehabilit Purnomo, Herry
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 11, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.11.2.

Abstract

It is becoming increasingly clear that sustainable forest management is contingent on good forest governance, by which we mean the rules under which power is exercised for the management  of forest resources, and which determine the nature of relationships between the state and its citizens. These relationships can be characterized as social networks, with information forming the life-blood mediating the development of these networks and the social capital that resides in them. Information flow is defined here narrowly as the movement of information ‘objects’ from a point of origin to a ‘target’ user over time. This research is a case-study of the flow of information among stakeholders and the influence of these flows on the power of those stakeholders within the National Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program (GERHAN) in Indonesia. Information imbalances within the GERHAN program have tended, we believe, to encourage rent-seeking and free-riding behaviors, thus reducing the effectiveness of the program. We show how addressing these imbalances and improving flows of information can achieve good governance.Keywords: information flows, governance, reforestation, participation, movement  
Analysis of Value Chain Governance: Scenarios to Develop Small-Scale Furniture Producers Irawati, Rika Harini; ., Melati; Purnomo, Herry
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 15, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.15.3.

Abstract

Furniture industry had shown a long chain of production to consumption, from raw material producers (tree growers), semi-finished producers, finished product producers, and retailers to exporters. Jepara as a centre furniture industry in Indonesia incorporates around 15,000 business units and provide livelihoods to approximately 170,000 workers. This sector contributes about 27% of Jepara‘s people domestic income. Small and medium furniture enterprises (SMEs) have significant roles in the furniture industry as production structures are characterized by them. Power and information imbalance throughout the furniture value chain have resulted in problems of uneven distribution of gains among actors of the industry. SME furniture producers have experienced an unfair value added distribution. Hence, development of SMEs is important for strengthening the industry and expected to result in a portion of value added distribution to them.  We are trying to develop scenarios for SME improvement in the furniture industry in Jepara by identifying their problems and implementing Value Chain Analysis (VCA). VCA is an approach to describe SME producer relations with other actors in the industry and the governance type of their relations. Data is collected by interviewing selected SMEs from the association of small scale producers in Jepara to get detailed maps of their value chain. The research will produce future scenarios and intervention points to improve small-scale producer sustainability and better value added distribution among furniture actors. The scenarios will not only benefit selected producers but also the furniture industry of Jepara, and can be adopted for similar industries throughout Indonesia and abroad. Keywords: furniture, value chain, governance, scenario, small-scale
Memfasilitasi Pengelolaan Hutan Kolaboratif Menggunakan Pemodelan Dinamika Sistem (To facilitate Collaborative Forest Management Using System Dynamic Modelling) Purnomo, Herry
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 10, No 2 (2004)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.10.2.

Abstract

Increasing forest degradation and community poverty are painful. Meanwhile, the behaviors of forest resources and their stakeholders are poorly understood. Systems dynamics is an approach, which is able to capture the complexity, dynamics and uncertainty of the management of forest resources and to develop future scenarios. This approach is not sufficient, however, if it is not placed in the multi-stakeholder context, where each stakeholder plays an important role. This paper discusses the use of systems dynamic as a tool to facilitate multi-stakeholder process and social learning towards sustainable and equitable forest management. A case study was conducted at Darmaga Experimental Forest, Bogor using software ‘The Bridge’. ‘The Bridge’ facilitated the Darmaga Forest stakeholders to articulate their future vision, strategy and its indicators. Then, they were converted into a systems dynamic model where the future scenarios could be drawn and learned.Key words:  forest, system dynamic, multi-stakeholder, scenario, learning
Model Dinamika Sistem untuk Pengembangan Alternatif Kebijakan Pengelolaan Hutan yang Adil dan Lestari (A System Dynamic Model for Developing Policy Options of Sustanaible and Equitable Forest Management) Purnomo, Herry
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 9, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.9.2.

Abstract

System dynamic is an effort to understand complexity of social and eco-systems of forest. Through this system, a conscious learning on interaction between people and forest will take place in order to manage forest in more sustainable and equitable manners. A system dynamic modeling was carried out in area surrounding Lumut Mountain Forest, District of Pasir, and East Kalimantan. In the area, where legally was allocated to a logging company, live local people who depend on forest and rattan. The policy makers are trying to improve the well-being of local people without sacrifying the logging company. Aim of the study was to give policy options to policy makers and likely impacts of those options. The built model comprises biophysical, social, policy and impact main components. The model shows the change of impact indicators, which are standing stock, community income, and concession revenue and government income, given any selected policy option.