Pujiharto Pujiharto
Departemen Sastra Indonesia, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jalan Humaniora 1A, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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Journal : LITERA

KONSTRUKSI POSTMODERN DALAM NOVEL LARUNG

LITERA Vol 4, No 1: LITERA JANUARI 2005
Publisher : Faculty of Languages and Arts, Yogyakarta State University

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Abstract

This research study intends to reveal the extent to which Larung (2001), as arecent Indonesian novel, shows postmodern features, especially in its construction,concerning the worlds under erasure and the Chinese box worlds.The theory adopted in the study is that of postmodern fiction by Brian McHale.The method employed is semiotics by Hurshovsky. The theory and method are basedon the assumption that postmodern fiction is ontological in nature. This is differentfrom modern fiction, which is epistemological in nature. According to McHale, theontological nature comprises zones, construction, words, and groundings. Thisstudy investigates, in particular, the construction in Larung.The research findings show that in Larung there are features classified by McHaleinto construction, covering the worlds under erasure and the Chinese box worlds.In the former, Larung explores the features proposed by McHale, namely somethingalways happening, something always existing, excluded middles, forking paths,and a sense of a (non) ending. In the latter Larung also explores features proposedby McHale, namely moving toward infinite regression, trompe-l’oell, strange loops,characters in search of an author, abysmal fictions, and something real. However,in terms of moving toward infinite regression Larung shows opposite features; itdoes not narrate things backward continuously, but it moves backward and forwardto the present. Therefore, Larung can be classified as novel with a postmodernconstruction.

IDENTITAS PRA-INDONESIA DALAM CERITA-CERITA PRA-INDONESIA

LITERA Vol 13, No 2: LITERA OKTOBER 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Languages and Arts, Yogyakarta State University

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Abstract

This study aims to describe characterization of pre-Indonesian characters and therelationship between characterization patterns and the process of the appearance of pre-Indonesian identities in pre-Indonesian stories. The data sources were stories entitled: (1)“Busono” by Raden Mas Tirto Adhi Soerjo, (2) “Tjerita Si Tjonat” by F.D.J. Pangemanan,(3) “Tjerita Njai Dasima” by G. Francis, (4) “Tjerita Njonja Kong Hong Nio” and (5)“Tjerita Nji Paina” by H. Kommer. Several concepts to answer the problems were pre-Indonesian identities, characterization, and focalization. The findings are as follows. First,characters in pre-Indonesian stories and the relationship with pre-Indonesian identitiesshow that some are self-aware and some are not. Second, the existence of characters inpre-Indonesian stories with characterization shows that pre-Indonesian identities havea relationship with the authors’ focalization.