Pujiharto Pujiharto
Departemen Sastra Indonesia, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jalan Humaniora 1A, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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Journal : Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

ANALISIS EFISIENSI ALOKATIF PENGGUNAAN FAKTOR PRODUKSI USAHATANI UBIKAYU (Manihot esculenta) DI DESA PUNGGELAN KECAMATAN PUNGGELAN KABUPATEN BANJARNEGARA

Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 10, No 1 (2008): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan faktor-faktor produksi (lahan garapan, tenaga kerja dan pupuk) dan tingkat efisiensi alokatif penggunaannya pada usahatani ubikayu di Desa Punggelan Kecamatan Punggelan Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Pemilihan lokasi penelitian dilakukan secara purposive sampling dengan pertimbangan bahwa di desa ini banyak petani yang menanam ubi kayu secara monokultur. Sampel penelitian diambil secara acak sederhana (simple random sampling) sebanyak 31 orang responden dari petani ubikayu sebanyak 53 orang. Data penelitian dari sampel terpilih diambil melalui wawancara dengan menggunakan kuesioner yang telah disiapkan. Selanjutnya data yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis regresi berganda tipe Cobb Douglas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produksi ubikayu secara nyata dipengaruhi oleh luas lahan garapan, sedangkan pupuk dan tenaga kerja tidak berpengaruh secara nyata. Luas garapan dan penggunaan tenaga kerja belum mencapai efisiensi alokatif sedangkan penggunaan pupuk tidak efisien secara alokatif.

KAJIAN ADOPSI INOVASI POLA TANAM JAJAR LEGOWO PADA USAHATANI PADI SAWAH

Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 18, No 1 (2016): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

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Abstract

This research was conducted in Pabuaran village, Salem Sub-district, Brebes regency. This research aims were to describe adoption level and factor sthat affected farmer’s adoption system of pair rowson Sekar Arum farmers using method of descriptive case study. The dataof this research were primary and secondary data. The technique of sampling used census technique that was the members of Sekar Arum farmers that contained 35 farmers.The result of this research concludes that theage of respondents are in productive age with loweducation level. Most of the farmers are in low education level and owns narrow rice field that is less than 0,5 ha. The result of descriptive quantitative analysis through Likert scoring showed that the adoption level of pair rowson rice farming that is categoraed in high level is17,l % or 6 farmers, in medium category is 80% or 28 farmers and in low category is 2,9% or a farmer. The result of logistic analysis through SPSS for Windows Realese 22,00 on signifacance level of SYo shows that the level of education variable significantly affectstowards the adoption level of pair rows cultivation system. Yet, the other variebles do not significantly affect as the significance level is bigger than the real significance that is 0,05.

ANALISIS KELAYAKAN USAHATANI TANAMAN JERUK DI DESA KARANGCENGIS, KECAMATAN BUKATEJA, KABUPATEN PURBALINGGA

Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 18, No 2 (2016): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

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Abstract

The condition of citrus farming in karangcengis village, Bukateja subdistrict, Purbalingga regency was the background of this study. it was to know wheter this farming was feasible to run or not.The study was aimed at knowing the cust of productions, income, yield per harvesttime. The method was survey method.The samples were taken by purposive sampling. To know about the farmes’ income, the data were analyezed by reducing the admission with the total cost. R/C was used to know every harvest time and (NPV, IRR, Net B/C ratio) are usedto know wheter the farming was feasible to run or not.The result showed that the average production for each harvest time in 2014 was 2.242,16 kg, in 2015 the average production was 3.3063,71 kg and in 2016 the average production was 1.693,43 kg. The farmes incomein 2014 was Rp.5.570.130,96 with land width of 0,25 Ha and the number of plants was 175 Citurs Plants. The farmes income in 2015 was Rp 9.337.031,3 with the land widht of 0,25 Ha and the numbers of plants was 175 citrus plants.The farmes incomen in 2016 wasRp.4.564.079,9 with the land width of 0,25 Ha and the number of plants 175 citrus plants in 2014, R/C value was 2,3 in 2015, R/C value was 3,1. In 2016, R/C value was 2,5 NPV value that was obtaint during three harvest times was 14.204.241.IRR value that was obtainedduring three harvest times was 28,20%. Net B/C ratio that Wass obtained during three harvest times was 2,519. Therefore, it can be summed up that the citrus farming in Karangcengis village Bukateja subdistrict Purbalingga regency is feasible to run

TATA NIAGA SALAK PONDOH (Salacca edulis reinw) DI KECAMATAN PAGEDONGAN BANJARNEGARA

Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 11, No 1 (2009): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jalur tataniaga salak pondoh yang efisien, mengetahui besarnya bagian pendapatan yang diterima petani (farm share), serta mengetahui bagian keuntungan yang diterima ditingkat pedagang Salak Pondoh. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Pagedongan, Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Pemilihan lokasi dilakukan dengan pertimbangan bahwa Kecamatan Pagedongan Kabupaten Banjarnegara merupakan salah satu sentra produksi salak pondoh di Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Metode panelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survei. Sampel penelitian diambil sebanyak 20 orang petani secara simple random sampling dan pedagang sebanyak 6 orang responden. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui wawancara dengan responden terpilih. Data yang terkumpul selanjutnya dianalisis sesuai dengan tujuan penelitian yang ingin dicapai. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di Kecamatan Pagedongan terdapat 3 (tiga) pola pemasaran salak pondoh. Dari ketiga pola yang ada, pola pemasaran yang ketiga memberikan farmer share terbesar, serta merupakan pola pemasaran yang paling efisien.

POLA TATANIAGA SAYURAN DATARAN RENDAH BERBASIS STRUCTURE CONDUCT PERFORMANCE (SCP)

Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 16, No 1 (2014): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to develop a concept of pattern lowland vegetable based trading system structure, conduct, performance (SCP) to function optimally, increasing the income of farmers and sustainable. While the specific targets to be achieved in this study are: 1). to descript pattern trading system lowland vegetables at the study site; 2). to concept of trading system pattern lowland vegetable based structure, conduct, performance (SCP). This research is descriptive-quantitative research. The location chosen purposively research in lowland vegetable production center subdistrict and market. Data were collected through surveys and observation. The unit of analysis is the farmers, traders and trading system actors lowland vegetables. Data analysis was performed by descriptive-quantitative, while the market at the lowland vegetable trading system is analyzed with the approach of structure conduct performance (SCP). The results showed there are four channel pattern trading system lowland vegetables. Lowland vegetable market structure is strongly oligopsonist market structure. Market behavior that occurs as the farm level producers, middlemen, traders, wholesalers and retailers largely indicate a bond provision and capital gains purposes. Farmers obtain the lowest and the highest profit margins are retailers. Value R/C of 1.25 and farmer B/C ratio of 0.25, while the value of R/C ratio of 1.51 the highest on middlemen and B/C wholesaler with the highest value 3.61. Farmer's share of 18.52 %. Elasticity of the price transmission lowland vegetables efficiently due to changes in the consumer price level perfectly transmitted to farmers as producers. Keywords : trading system pattern, lowland vegetables, structure conduct performance (SCP)

KAJIAN KELEMBAGAAN PEMBANGUNAN PERTANIAN KASUS SUB TERMINAL AGRIBISNIS (STA) DI INDONESIA

Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 12, No 2 (2010): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

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Abstract

Sub Terminal Agribisnis (STA) merupakan salah satu struktur kelembagaan untuk mendorong pemasaran komoditas pertanian yang dihasilkan di berbagai wilayah yang semakin beragam, dan memberikan jaminan kepastian harga produk yang dipasarkan oleh petani sebagai produsen sehingga harga yang diterima dapat menguntungkan para petani. Berbagai permasalahan muncul dalam penanganan STA antara lain lokasi yang cukup jauh dari sentra produksi dan ketergantungan permodalan usahatani pada pemberi modal yang sekaligus sebagai pedagang. Untuk itu perlu melakukan pemasaran produk pertanian dengan memfungsikan peran STA. Kata kunci : Sub Terminal Agribisnis (STA), kelembagaan, pemasaran, kepastian harga.

PRODUCTIVITY AND PRODUCTIVITY RISK OF POTATO FARMING IN BANJARNEGARA REGENCY

Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 15, No 2 (2013): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

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Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui produktivitas dan risiko produktivitas kentang varietas Granola dan Atlantic per musim tanam serta faktor-faktor apa yang mempengaruhi. Penelitian dilakukan di Wilayah Kabupaten Banjarnegara di tiga kecamatan yaitu Batur, Pejawaran dan Wanayasa. Dari jumlah sampling frame sebanyak 270 petani diperoleh sampel petani sebanyak 151 orang. Analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini dengan uji beda rata-rata, uji beda varian dan uji beda nyata terkecil. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan produktivitas kentang varietas Granola tidak berbeda dengan varietas Atlantic pada semua musim tanam. Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan produktivitas adalah jumlah tenaga kerja, benih, pupuk phonska, fungisida, dan insektisida. Tingkat serangan hama penyakit berpengaruh menurunkan produktivitas kentang. Risiko produktivitas kentang varietas Atlantic lebih besar dibanding varietas Granola. Faktor yang bersifat menurunkan risiko produktivitas (risk reducing) adalah jumlah pupuk organik, fungisida dan insektisida. Sedangkan tingkat kemiringan lahan bersifat meningkatkan risiko produktivitas (risk inducing). Kata kunci : produktivitas, risiko produktivitas, usahatani kentang.

POTRET KEWIRAUSAHAAN PENGRAJIN SOUVENIR DARI OLAHAN TEMPURUNG KELAPA DI DESA KARANGTENGAH KECAMATAN BATURRADEN KABUPATEN BANYUMAS

Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 17, No 2 (2015): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

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Abstract

This research aimed to know a portrait of entrepreneurship craftsmen souvenirs from processed coconut shell in Karangtengah Village, Subdistrict Baturraden, Banyumas Regency related to some aspect that was pre-production, production process and post production. That data was used primary and secondary data. Sample taken used purposive sampling technique. The survey results revealed that the portrait of entrepreneurial farmers artisans souvenirs from coconut shell related aspects of pre-production include: Provision of raw materials, equipment, provision of workshops and capital. A portrait of entrepreneurship craftsmen souvenirs from precessed coconut shell related post-production aspect include: craftsmen 100% in post-production did not the packing technique. Marketing outlets of souvenirs craft that direct and indirect. Constraint problems that done was the lower prices because many of the competition, a less extensive marketing coverage, the consumerdoes not have deserted so wide.

ANALISIS PENGARUH FAKTOR PRODUKSI TERHADAP USAHA TANI IKAN LELE DI DESA PLIKEN KECAMATAN KEMBARAN KABUPATEN BANYUMAS

Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 11, No 2 (2009): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh dari faktor produksi benih, pakan, tenaga kerja dan lahan terhadap produksi usahatani ikan lele dan besarnya sumbangan pendapatan usahatani ikan lele terhadap pendapatan total keluarga petani di Desa Pliken, Kecamatan Kembaran, Kabupaten Banyumas. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan pengambilan sampel secara purposive sampling. Untuk mengetahui pengaruh faktor produksi terhadap ikan lele digunakan analisis regresi linear berganda, sedangkan untuk mengetahui sumbangan usahatani ikan lele terhadap pendapatan keluarga petani digunakan analisis kontribusi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan dari keseluruhan faktor-faktor produksi yang digunakan untuk memprediksi hasil produksi ikan lele, hasil ini didukung dengan uji signifikansi pengaruh dengan menggunakan alat analisis uji F yang diketahui Fhitung > Ftabel. Berdasarkan kontribusi penghasilan usahatani terhadap pendapatan keluarga petani, diketahui memiliki nilai kontribusi yang cukup tinggi yaitu dengan nilai rata-rata sebesar 77,64%, sehingga usahatani ikan lele ini layak untuk terus dijalankan.

STRATEGI PEMASARAN PRODUK SAYURAN DATARAN TINGGI DI WILAYAH KECAMATAN BATUR KABUPATEN BANJARNEGARA

Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 20, No 2 (2018): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to: analyze vegetable marketing strategies carried out by highland vegetable farmers; and analyze what factors influence the marketing strategy implemented by highland vegetable farmers. This research includes descriptive-quantitative research. The research location was carried out purposively in the Batur Sub District of Banjarnegara District. Data retrieval is done through surveys, observations and interviews using questionnaires. The unit of analysis was the farmer who planted the main highland vegetable plants in the study area (potatoes, cabbage, carrots). Data analysis was carried out in a quantitative descriptive manner with a Likert scale on the data of mastering marketing strategies. The strategy undertaken by highland vegetable farmers in product marketing on price, product, distribution and promotion indicators is low.