Ari Natalia Probandari
Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta
Articles
20
Documents
Hubungan antara Pemakaian Repellent Anti Nyamuk dan Kejadian Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue pada Anak di Kota Surakarta

Jurnal Kedokteran Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Kedokteran Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Dengue haemorrhagicfever (DHF) is a common mosquito-transmitted infectious disease in tropical and sub​​-tropical areas. In Indonesia, the incidence significantly increased from 58 cases in 1968 to 15,912 cases in 2009. Case fatality ratereached over 1% in most provinces. Repellent refers totopical antimosquito agent which can be used to prevent DHF. Repellent contains active substances that prevent mosquito bites such as DEET (N,N‑dietil‑m‑toluamid) and permethrine. This study aimed to examine the relationship between use of anti-mosquito repellent and risk of DHF among children in Surakarta. Method: This was an observational study using matched case-control design. It was carried out atfive public health centers in Surakarta with high prevalence of DHF in children during 2010-2012period. Forty cases were selected using cluster sampling method and were matched for age and residence with 40 DHF-free controls. Questionnaires were used to identify use of repellent. Other data collected included frequency, habit,timing and duration of repellent use. Data were analyzed by McNemar’s χ2test and conditional logistic regressionsusing OpenEpi 2.0 and Stata SE 12.0. Results: McNemar’s χ2 test showed a significant relationship between use of antimosquito repellent and DHF (p<0.001). Children usingantimosquito repellent had 0.04 times the risk for DHF than those not using repellent (OR=0.04, 95%CI= 0.01 to 0.23). Regression analysis showed that frequency and timing of repellent use were significantly associated with DHF. Compared to children who did not use repellent, children using repellent often (5-7 times a week) had0.12 times the risk for DHF (OR=0.12,95%CI=0.02 to 0.60; p=0.011).Children using repellent after 8 pm had0.22 times the risk for DHF (OR=0.22, 95% CI=0.01 to 0.70; p=0.022). Habit and duration of repellent use showed no statistically significant association with DHF (p>0.05). Conclusion: Use of repellentsignificantly reduces the risk for DHF among children in Surakarta. Frequent and nocturnal useofrepellentare protective factors for DHF.Keywords: Dengue haemorrhagic fever, antimosquito repellent, children

Asosiasi Pengetahuan Mengenai Rokok dengan Sikap dan Perilaku Merokok pada Remaja

Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: The level of knowledge on smoking may influences the attitudes and behavior of smoking. A previous research found that, smoking behavior began in the early years of teenage (11-15 years old). This study aimed to determine the association between the level of knowledge about the dangers of smoking cigarettes and attitudes toward smoking and smoking behavior in early adolescence. Methods: The study design was an observational analytic cross-sectional study  which was conducted during March 2012 among 98 students of SMP Negeri 01 Colomadu, Karanganyar. Sampling technique in this study was multi-stage cluster sampling. We used a questionnaire to measure current knowledge on smoking and the dangers of smoking, attitudes, and smoking behavior, which had been tested validity and reliability. Data analysis used the Fisher Exact Test and Chi-Square Test. Results: This study found no statistical significant relationship between the level of knowledge of the attitudes toward smoking (p = 0,509; OR = 1,86; Cl95% = 0,45-7,66). The level of knowledge increased the risk of smoking behavior in the past by 0,7 times (p = 0,366; OR = 1,50; Cl95% = 0,62-3,62), but not statistical significantly. There were no statistical significant relationship between the level of knowledge of the behavior of current smoking (p = 0,311; OR = 4,23; Cl95% = 0,42-42,20) and past smoking (p = 0,366; OR = 1,50; Cl95% = 0,62-3,62). Conclusions: The knowledge has no statistical significant association with adolescent attitudes toward smoking and smoking behavior of adolescents. Further research with stronger study designs are needed to study the association between knowledge, attitude on smoking and smoking behavior among early teenagers. Keywords: Level of knowledge challenged cigarettes, attitudes, smoking behavior. 

Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Agamadengan Motivasi Merokok di SMA Al Islam 1 Surakarta

Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background:The smoking behaviour is an important issue for the whole world. Based on Riskesdas 2010, the number of smokers in Indonesia year was 34.7% which ranked the 5th in the world. Smoking behaviour usually begins during adolescence, which is preceded by motivation. In Indonesia, religion is believed to be the source of moral human behavior. This research aimed to identify correlation between the level of religion related knowledge and smoking motivation among students in SMA Al Islam 1 Surakarta. Methods:The study design was analytical observational study with the approach of cross sectional. The population was grade X and XI SMA Al Islam 1 Surakarta. By using the quota sampling, 350students were selected as study sample. The data collection used questionnaires. The data were analyzed by Spearman correlation test. Results:336 people (97.43%) had a good level of religion related knowledge and 335 people (71.77%) had a low motivation to smoking. The data identified very weak negative correlation between the level of religion related knowledge and smoking (r = 0.114 and p = 0.085). Someone who has a good level of knowledge of religion was not always followed by the smoking of low motivation. Conclusions:There is a weak negative correlation but not statistically significant between the level of religion related knowledge and motivation to smoking among students in SMA Al Islam 1 Surakarta. Keywords:adolescent, smoking, motivation, religion related knowledge  

Hubungan Kecerdasan Emosi dengan Insomnia pada Mahasiswa Program Studi Kedokteran Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Insomnia was the most frequently sleep disorder; even for adolescents, and college students. Insomnia was caused by many factors including emotion. The low emotional intelligence could lead individuals to be vulnerable to stress and the manifestation of stress included anxiety and depression that caused insomnia. This research aimed to identify the correlation between emotional intelligence and insomnia among Medical Students in Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University. Method: This study was an analytical descriptive study with cross-sectional approach conducted from October to November 2013 in Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University. The sample was taken using total sampling technique after having been selected using inclusion and exclusion criteria of research. The sample could not be included if the questionnaire was incomplete. The subject filled in (1) informed consent and personal data form, (2) L-MMPI questionnaire, (3) Insomnia Rating Scale questionnaire to find out the insomnia score, (4) Emotional intelligence questionnaire to measure the emotional intelligence score of sample. Totally, there were 128 sample subjects. The data were analyzed using Spearman Correlation test with SPSS 17.00 for Windows program. Result: The statistical analysis showed the Spearman correlation score (r) = -0.094 and p = 0.146 or p > 0.05, it meant that the correlation between emotional intelligence and insomnia of Medical Students in Medical Faculty of Surakarta Sebelas Maret University was not significant. Conclusion: There is no correlation between emotional intelligence and insomnia of Medical Students in Medical Faculty of Sebelas Maret University. Keywords: emotional intelligence, insomnia, medical students. 

Perbedaan Tingkat Kecemasan Caregiver Pasien Skizofrenia Tipe Disorganized Dengan Tipe Katatonik Di RS Jiwa Daerah Surakarta

Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 3, No 3 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background : Schizophrenia is a clinical syndrome of severe mental disorders characterized by abnormal perception in the form of hallucinations, delusions, psychiatric behavior deviations, unusual beliefs, and mind distortions. Caregiver, someone who responsible to treat the patient will feel burden, include anxiety. This research aims to know the anxiety level difference between disorganized type and catatonic type of schizophrenia caregiver in RS Jiwa Daerah Surakarta. Methods : This study was a descriptive analytic study with a cross sectional approach, conducted in the RS Jiwa Daerah Surakarta. The subjects  were taken using consecutive sampling method. The subjects were divided into two groups, disorganized type and catatonic type of schizophrenia caregiver. The subjects filled out the (1)Informed Consent, (2)Study Questionnaire, (3)L-MMPI Questionnaire, (4)T-MAS Questionnaire. If the subject did not meet the criteria of inclusion and exclusion, and the result of the L-MMPI questionnaire ≥ 10, the subject could not be selected. The 35 data consisted of 25 disorganized type and 10 catatonic type of schizophrenia caregivers were analyzed using Fisher’s Exact Test. Results : This study demonstrated there is no difference of anxiety level between disorganized type and catatonic type of schizophrenia caregiver in RS Jiwa Daerah Surakarta which was shown by p = 0.264 (p > 0.05). Conclusions : There was no difference anxiety level between disorganized type and catatonic type of schizophrenia caregiver in RS Jiwa Daerah Surakarta. Keywords: caregiver, schizophrenia, disorganized type, catatonic type, anxiety level 

Perbedaan Kualitas Pelayanan Berdasarkan Waktu Tunggu Serta Rasio Rujukan Pasien Dokter keluarga

STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Quality services doctor are represented by referral ratio and waiting time. In fact, the referral ratio in Jember shows higher than national value (15%). This study will analiyze the difference between payment system method, fee for service and capitation in family doctor’s quality services. This is an observasional study with cross sectional approach. Knowing the level of satisfaction, 214 patients who visited family doctor as both general and health insurance patients are testing by questionnare. In otherwise, 21 family doctors in Jember are represented referrals ratio by using referrals data. Using Kolmogorof  Smirnov and Man Whitney data analysis, the results showed a significant number.In addition, physicians with capitation payment method referred more patients by 3 times in average compared to physicians with fee for service payment method. This was seen from the p-value (0.002) < α(0,05). Similarly, waiting time variable with p-value (0,028) less than α (0,05). Capitation patients need more time ± 3,77 minute thanfee for service.This mean there is significant different between capitation and fee for service patient in waiting time.   Keywords :payment method, waiting time, referral ratio

PERBEDAAN FUNGSI KELUARGA DAN KUALITAS HIDUP ISTRI ANTARA ISTRI BEKERJA DAN TIDAK BEKERJA

Biomedika Vol 5, No 1 (2013): Biomedika Februari 2013
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Along economic progress and increase in women education, so many housewives today serve not only as manager of their household, but also work outside home. It will have various social implications, such as stress due to work overloads, increased teenage delinquency due to lack of parental attention, lack of marriage or family values. This study aimed to analyze the differences of family function and wife’s quality of life among wife with and without occupation. Location of study was Bolon village, District Colomadu, Karanganya, Central Java. The study used an observational analytic design, with a cross-sectional approach. The study population was wives. Sampling used 128 wives. The instruments were APGAR, SCREEM family function and WHOQOL. From t test, it showed signifi cant differences family function and wife’s quality of life among wife with and without occupation (APGAR p = 0.023, SCREEM p = 0.001 and wife’s quality of life p = 0.043).Keywords: family function, quality of life, wife, work.

Perbedaan Kualitas Pelayanan Berdasarkan Waktu Tunggu serta Rasio Rujukan Pasien Dokter keluarga

STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 12, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Quality services doctor are represented by referral ratio and waiting time. In fact, the referral ratio in Jember shows higher than national value (15%). This study will analiyze the difference between payment system method, Fee For service and capitation in family doctor’s quality services. This is an observasional study with cross sectional approach. Knowing the level of satisfaction, 214 patients who visited family doctor as both general and health insurance patients are testing by questionnare. In otherwise, 21 family doctors in Jember are represented referrals ratio by using referrals data. Using Kolmogorof Smirnov and Man Whitney data analysis, the results showed a significant number.In addition, physicians with capitation payment method referred more patients by 3 times in average compared to physicians with Fee For service payment method. This was seen from the p-value (0.002) < α(0,05). Similarly, waiting time variable with p-value (0,028) less than α (0,05). Capitation patients need more time ± 3,77 minute thanFee For service.This mean there is significant different between capitation and Fee For service patient in waiting time.

KEBIASAAN MAKAN, AKTIVITAS FISIK DAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH (IMT) MAHASISWA S-1 UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET SURAKARTA

Jurnal KESMADASKA Vol 9, No 1 (2018): JURNAL KESMADASKA VOL. 9 NO. 1, 2018
Publisher : STIKES KUSUMA HUSADA SURAKARTA

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Bagian penting dari mahasiswa adalah mereka mengalami masa transisi kuat dengan perubahan lingkungan  yang  ditandai  dengan  pola  makan  yang  tidak  sehat  dan  kurang  aktivitas  fisik yang menempatkan mahasiswa pada risiko yang lebih besar dari kenaikan berat badan. Kelebihan berat badan dan obesitas terjadi pada mahasiswa, menurut Centers for Disease Control (CDC), prevalensi obesitas pada mahasiswa laki-laki adalah 29,5% dan pada mahasiswa perempuan sebesar 32,6%. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan kebiasaan makan dan aktivitas fisik dengan Indeks Massa Tubuh mahasiswa S-1 UNS. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dengan pendekatan Cross Sectional. Subjek penelitian ini adalah seluruh mahasiswa program studi S-1 UNS pada tahun 2016 yaitu sejumlah 24.826 orang. Data dianalisis dengan chi square dan regresi logistic multinomial. Hasil uji korelasi chi square, menunjukkan bahwa kebiasaan makan tidak berhubungan secara signifikan dengan IMT Normal-Kurus ataupun IMT Normal-Gemuk (p = 0,193 & p = 0,446), sedangkan aktivitas fisik mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan dengan IMT Normal-Gemuk (p = 0,029),tetapi tidak berhubungan dengan IMT normal-kurus (p=0,655). Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini adalah tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kebiasaan makan dengan IMT normal- kurus ataupun IMT normal-gemuk. Tidak ada hubungan antara aktifitas fisik dengan IMT normal-kurus namun terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara variable aktivitas fisik dengan IMT normal-gemuk. Kata kunci: kebiasaan, makan, aktivitas fisik, mahasiswa, IMT.   ABSTRACT The important part of the students is that they experience a strong transition period with environmental changes characterized by an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity that puts students at greater risk of weight gain. Overweight and obesity occurs in college students, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the prevalence of obesity in male students is 29.5% and in female students 32.6%. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between eating habits and physical activity with the body mass index of S-1 UNS students. Type of observational analytic research with Cross Sectional approach. The subjects of this study are all S-1 students of UNS program in 2016 that is 24,826 people. Data were analyzed by chi square and multinomial logistic regression. The result of chi square correlation test showed that Eating Habits did not correlate significantly with Normal BMI - Thin or Normal BMI - Overweight (p = 0,193 & p = 0,446), whereas Physical Activity had significant relation with Normal BMI – Overweight (p = 0,029 ), But not related to normal BMI-thin (p = 0.655). Conclusion of the research is there was no significant association between eating habits with normal BMI-thin or normal-fat BMI. There was no relationship between physical activity and normal BMI-but there was a significant relationship between physical activity variables and normal-fat BMI.   Keywords:Eating Habits, Physical Activity, student college, BMI.

Kebiasaan Makan, Aktivitas Fisik, dan Indeks Massa Tubuh Mahasiswa S-1 UNS

Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya Malang

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Abstract

 AbstrakBagian penting dari mahasiswa adalah mereka mengalami masa transisi kuat dengan perubahan lingkungan yang ditandai dengan pola makan yang tidak sehat dan kurang aktivitas fisik yang menempatkan mahasiswa pada risiko yang lebih besar dari kenaikan berat badan . Kelebihan berat badan dan obesitas terjadi pada mahasiswa, menurut Centers for Disease Control (CDC), prevalensi obesitas pada mahasiswa laki-laki adalah 29,5% dan pada mahasiswa perempuan sebesar 32,6%. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan kebiasaan makan dan aktivitas fisik dengan Indeks Massa Tubuh  mahasiswa  S-1 UNS. Jenis penelitian observasional analitik dengan pendekatan Cross Sectional. Subyek penelitian ini adalah seluruh mahasiswa program studi S-1 UNS pada tahun 2016 yaitu sejumlah 24.826 orang. Data dianalisis dengan chi square dan regresi logistic multinomial. Hasil uji korelasi chi square, menunjukkan bahwa Kebiasaan Makan tidak berhubungan secara signifikan dengan IMT Normal - Kurus ataupun IMT Normal - Gemuk (p = 0,193 & p = 0,446), sedangkan Aktivitas Fisik mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan dengan IMT Normal - Gemuk (p = 0,029), tetapi tidak berhubungan dengan IMT normal-kurus.(p= 0,655).Kata Kunci : Kebiasaan Makan; Aktivitas Fisik; mahasiswa; IMTAbstractThe important part of the students is that they experience a strong transition period with environmental changes characterized by an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity that puts students at greater risk of weight gain. Overweight and obesity occurs in college students, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the prevalence of obesity in male students is 29.5% and in female students 32.6%. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between eating habits and physical activity with the body mass index of S-1 UNS students. Type of observational analytic research with Cross Sectional approach. The subjects of this study are all students of S-1 UNS program in 2016 that is 24,826 people. Data were analyzed by chi square and multinomial logistic regression. The result of chi square correlation test showed that Eating Habits did not correlate significantly with Normal BMI - Thin or Normal BMT - Overweight (p = 0,193 & p = 0,446), whereas Physical Activity had significant relation with Normal BMT – Overweight  (p = 0,029 ), But not related to normal BMI-thin (p = 0.655)..Keywords: Eating Habits; Physical Activity; student college; BMI