Nur Bambang Priyo Utomo
Department of Aquaculture

Published : 4 Documents
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Masculinization of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) by administration of bull testes meal

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

The synthetic steroid 17α-Methyltestosteron (MT) is commonly used as a feed additive to produce male population of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). The use of synthetic testosterone hormone is not recommended in Indonesia. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of natural testosterone hormone in bull testes meal (BTM) on the masculinization of Nile tilapia using validated aceto carmine squash method of gonads of the fish. Experimental design was utilized two factors experiments in completely randomized design. Fry kept in 40-L glass aquaria at a density of 40 fry/aquarium. Fry (7 dph) received the BTM  for 7 days (T1), 14 days (T2) and 21 days (T3) and doses 0% (D1), 3% (D2), 6% (D3), and 9% (D4).  When treatment was these results, indicated that significant (P≥0.05) masculinization occurred only in the group treated of BTM and no treated of BTM. In the group treated of BTM, doses and duration treatment is not significant. The percentage of male fish 83.3% (9%-7d, 9%-21d, 6%-21d: doses and duration, respectively), higher than all group. Survival rate of fry (95-99.5%) is not affected by treatment BTM (no significant P≥0.05). Fish growth was significantly affected by treatment BTM compare with no treated of BTM. The highest growth performance of fry were obtained with the 9% BTM. Key words: masculinization, nile tilapia, bull testes meal   ABSTRAK Steroid sintetik 17α-Methyltestosteron (MT) umumnya digunakan sebagai aditif pakan untuk menghasilkan populasi ikan nila jantan (Oreochromis niloticus). Penggunaan hormon testosteron sintetis tidak dianjurkan di Indonesia. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh hormon testosteron alami dalam makanan testis banteng (BTM) pada maskulinisasi ikan nila menggunakan metode divalidasi aceto carmine squash, dari gonad ikan. Desain eksperimental dimanfaatkan dua eksperimen faktor dalam desain benar-benar acak. Fry disimpan dalam 40-L akuarium kaca pada kepadatan 40 fry/akuarium. Fry (7 DPH) menerima BTM selama 7 hari (T1), 14 hari (T2) dan 21 hari (T3) dan dosis 0% (D1), 3% (D2), 6% (D3), dan 9% (D4). Ketika pengobatan hasil ini, menunjukkan signifikan (P ≥ 0,05) hanya terjadi maskulinisasi pada kelompok perlakuan dari BTM dan tidak diperlakukan BTM. Pada kelompok diobati BTM, dosis dan durasi pengobatan tidak signifikan. Persentase ikan jantan 83,3% (9%-7d, 9%-21d, 6%-21d: dosis dan durasi, masing-masing), lebih tinggi dari kelompok semua. Tingkat kelangsungan hidup benih (95-99,5%) tidak dipengaruhi oleh pengobatan BTM (tidak ada P yang signifikan ≥ 0,05). Pertumbuhan ikan secara signifikan dipengaruhi oleh BTM pengobatan dibandingkan dengan tidak diobati BTM. Kinerja pertumbuhan tertinggi fry diperoleh dengan BTM 9%. Kata kunci: maskulinisasi, ikan nila, tepung testis sapi  

Utilization of Cassava as Substitues of Wheat Flour for Common Carp Diets

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2003): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

A triplicate experiment was conducted to evaluate cassava (Manihot esculenta) meal as alternative carbohydrate source for wheat flour in the diet of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). The diet contained 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of wheat flour were replaced by cassava meal in five treatment groups. Three fishes with 13.33 ±1.69 g initial body weights were cultured in a 50x40x35 cm aquarium for 40 days. Fish were fed on these diets three times a day at satiation. The study showed that growth rate, protein retention, lipid retention and feed efficiency of fish fed diets containing cassava meal up to 50% substitution levels were significantly (p

Growth performance and nutrition value of Spirulina sp. under different photoperiod

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

This study was conducted to analyze the production of freshwater Spirulina sp. cultured with photoperiod manipulation treatment. In this study, photoperiod manipulation treatment performed on cultured spirulina using fiber tanks (100 L). Spirulina was grown with different photoperiod (bright/T and dark/G) that are six hours per day (6T-18G), 12 hours per day (12T-12G), 18 hours per day (18T-6G), and 24 hours per day (24L-0G). The parameters were observed include dry biomass, population density (N), specific growth rate (SGR), doubling time (G), proximate analysis, and water quality. The results of this study showed that the optimum population density was achieved on day-3 days of cultured, and manipulation photoperiod showed no significant effect to the dry biomass harvest and population density, but significantly affect the specific growth rate and doubling time. Treatment of lighting 12, 18 and 24 hours per day to produce the maximum specific growth rate (0,345 to 0,366 per day) and a maximum doubling time (1,89 to 2,01 days) were not significantly different, whereas the old treatment six hours per day lighting showed the lowest maximum growth rate (0,323 per day) and highest doubling time (2,15 days). At treatment of lighting 12 hours per day, relatively higher protein content (39,73%) than others. In conclusion, the lighting 12 hours per day resulted in optimum production efficiency than other treatments.Keywords: Spirulina sp., photoperiod, density, biomass, growth, nutrition value. ABSTRAKPenelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis produksi spirulina Spirulina sp. air tawar yang dikultur dengan manipulasi fotoperiode.  Dalam penelitian ini, spirulina dikultur dalam wadah fiber 100 L dengan perlakuan fotoperiode (terang/T dan gelap/G) berbeda, yaitu enam jam per hari (6T-18G), 12 jam per hari (12T-12G), 18 jam per hari (18T-6G), dan 24 jam per hari (24T-0G). Parameter yang diamati meliputi biomassa kering, kepadatan populasi (N), laju pertumbuhan spesifik (SGR), waktu penggandaan (G), dan analisis proksimat sprirulina, serta kualitas air. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kepadatan populasi optimum dicapai pada hari ke-3 umur kultur dan manipulasi fotoperiode tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap hasil biomassa kering dan kepadatan populasi, namun secara nyata mempengaruhi laju pertumbuhan dan waktu penggandaan. Perlakuan pencahayaan 12, 18 dan 24 jam per hari menghasilkan laju pertumbuhan spesifik maksimum (0,345 sampai dengan 0,366 per hari) dan waktu penggandaan maksimum (1,89 sampai dengan 2,01 hari) yang tidak berbeda nyata, sedangkan perlakuan pencahayaan enam jam per hari menunjukkan laju pertumbuhan maksimum terendah (0.323 per hari) dan waktu penggandaan tertinggi (2,15 hari). Pada perlakuan pencahayaan 12 jam per hari, kandungan protein relatif lebih tinggi (39,73%) dari yang lain. Secara umum dapat disimpulkan bahwa  pencahayaan 12 jam per hari menghasilkan efisiensi produksi yang lebih baik daripada perlakuan lainnya.Key word: Spirulina sp., fotoperiode, kepadatan, biomassa, pertumbuhan, kandungan nutrisi.

Growth performance and nutrition value of Spirulina sp. under different photoperiod

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (182.763 KB)

Abstract

This study was conducted to analyze the production of freshwater Spirulina sp. cultured with photoperiod manipulation treatment. In this study, photoperiod manipulation treatment performed on cultured spirulina using fiber tanks (100 L). Spirulina was grown with different photoperiod (bright/T and dark/G) that are six hours per day (6T-18G), 12 hours per day (12T-12G), 18 hours per day (18T-6G), and 24 hours per day (24L-0G). The parameters were observed include dry biomass, population density (N), specific growth rate (SGR), doubling time (G), proximate analysis, and water quality. The results of this study showed that the optimum population density was achieved on day-3 days of cultured, and manipulation photoperiod showed no significant effect to the dry biomass harvest and population density, but significantly affect the specific growth rate and doubling time. Treatment of lighting 12, 18 and 24 hours per day to produce the maximum specific growth rate (0,345 to 0,366 per day) and a maximum doubling time (1,89 to 2,01 days) were not significantly different, whereas the old treatment six hours per day lighting showed the lowest maximum growth rate (0,323 per day) and highest doubling time (2,15 days). At treatment of lighting 12 hours per day, relatively higher protein content (39,73%) than others. In conclusion, the lighting 12 hours per day resulted in optimum production efficiency than other treatments.Keywords: Spirulina sp., photoperiod, density, biomass, growth, nutrition value. ABSTRAKPenelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis produksi spirulina Spirulina sp. air tawar yang dikultur dengan manipulasi fotoperiode.  Dalam penelitian ini, spirulina dikultur dalam wadah fiber 100 L dengan perlakuan fotoperiode (terang/T dan gelap/G) berbeda, yaitu enam jam per hari (6T-18G), 12 jam per hari (12T-12G), 18 jam per hari (18T-6G), dan 24 jam per hari (24T-0G). Parameter yang diamati meliputi biomassa kering, kepadatan populasi (N), laju pertumbuhan spesifik (SGR), waktu penggandaan (G), dan analisis proksimat sprirulina, serta kualitas air. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kepadatan populasi optimum dicapai pada hari ke-3 umur kultur dan manipulasi fotoperiode tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap hasil biomassa kering dan kepadatan populasi, namun secara nyata mempengaruhi laju pertumbuhan dan waktu penggandaan. Perlakuan pencahayaan 12, 18 dan 24 jam per hari menghasilkan laju pertumbuhan spesifik maksimum (0,345 sampai dengan 0,366 per hari) dan waktu penggandaan maksimum (1,89 sampai dengan 2,01 hari) yang tidak berbeda nyata, sedangkan perlakuan pencahayaan enam jam per hari menunjukkan laju pertumbuhan maksimum terendah (0.323 per hari) dan waktu penggandaan tertinggi (2,15 hari). Pada perlakuan pencahayaan 12 jam per hari, kandungan protein relatif lebih tinggi (39,73%) dari yang lain. Secara umum dapat disimpulkan bahwa  pencahayaan 12 jam per hari menghasilkan efisiensi produksi yang lebih baik daripada perlakuan lainnya.Key word: Spirulina sp., fotoperiode, kepadatan, biomassa, pertumbuhan, kandungan nutrisi.