Tri Puji Priyatno
Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian, Jl. Tentara Pelajar 3A, Bogor 16111 Telp. (0251) 8337975

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Ketahanan Galur Padi Hibrida Potensi Hasil Tinggi terhadap Penyakit Tungro Manzila, Ifa; Priyatno, Tri Puji; Hanarida, Ida
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 9, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Wild rice Oryza rufipogon accession can be used as a source of resistance genes to develop elite rice varieties for Rice tungro virus. This study aimed to examine some potential high yield rice lines developed by crossing IR64 with O. rufipogon for their response to three isolates of Rice tungro virus originating from Bogor, Sumedang, and Bali. Virus transmission was done by insect vector, Nephottetix virescens. Variation on plant response was observed. Three lines i.e. Bio5-AC-Blas/BLB, Bio62-AC-Blas/BLB-03, Bio111-BC-Pir7, showed stabile resistance response to all isolates of Rice tungro virus; 6 lines i.e. Bio132-AC2-Blas, Bio138-AC2-Blas, Bio148-Mamol-Dro, Bio154-Mamol-Dro, Bio159-Mamol-Dro, Bio 153-Mamol-Dro were moderately resistance. Virus isolates from Sumedang and Bali is more virulence than isolate from Bogor based on observation on incubation period, disease severity and suppression of plant height.
Kloning Gen β-1,4 Glukanase dari Burkholderia cepaciake dalam Escherichia coli dan Karakterisasi Sekuennya Winangsih, Fitriani; Bintang, Maria; Priyatno, Tri Puji
Current Biochemistry Vol 1, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/116-125

Abstract

The increasing of rice plant production has to deal with some constraints caused by pathogen infection such as by bacteria, viruses or fungi. Endophytic bacteria have antagonistic capacity against fungi and was used to prevent the invasion of the pathogen. Burkholderia cepacia is one of the endophytic bacteria carrying genes expressed in defense system against fungi by producing glucanase enzyme. The aim of this research was to clone a gene encoding β-1,4-glucanase from B. cepacia into the expression system in Escherichia coli. The clone of glucanase gene was isolated by PCR technique using DNA fragment of B. cepacia from rice plants. The Glu 1320 primer pairs were designed based on the glucanase gene nucleotide sequence on online database, with the length of the amplicon DNA of 1300 bp. Results from BlastN and BlastX analysis showed that the DNA fragment which was cloned into pGEM-T Easy vector had similarity with Endo-1,4-D-glucanase gene of Burkholderia mallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei. The identity of the cloned DNA fragment was 99% and E-value 0.0. Proteomic analysis of the amino acid sequence was done using Server Expasy Proteomic and the total of amino acid was 451 with, molecular weight of 48.363 kDa and isoelectric point (pI) of 5.87. The signal peptide had cleavage sites on position 23 and 24 in amino acid AAAAE. Recombinant protein clone was obtained from Protein Data Bank (PDB) database with the code of 4q2b.2.A. The protein consist of 349 residu which formed the secondary structure like of 7 betahairpin pairs, 20 turn, 3 helix-3/10, and 17 alpha-helix.
Identifikasi Entomopatogen Bakteri Merah pada Wereng Batang Coklat (Nilaparvata lugens Stål.) Priyatno, Tri Puji; Dahliani, Yohana A; Suryadi, Yadi; Samudra, I Made; Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih; Rusmana, Iman; Wibowo, Baskoro S; Irwan, Cahyadi
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 7, No 2 (2011): Oktober
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Abstract

Indentification of Entomopathogenic Red Bacterial fromBrown Planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål.). Tri P.Priyatno, Yohana A. Dahliani, Yadi Suryadi, I MadeSamudra, Dwi N. Susilowati, Iman Rusmana, Baskoro S.Wibowo, and Cahyadi Irwan. Red bacteria isolated frombrown planthopper (BPH) has been proven pathogenicagainst BPH and others insects. Application of 106 to 107cells/ml of red bacteria caused 65.6-78.2% mortality of BPH.The 50% effective concentration (EC50) and lethal time of redbacteria against BPH is 2.8 x 105 cells/ml and 6.8 days,respectively. Based on phenotypic characters tested on GNMicroPlateTM Biolog kit and 16S rRNA sequneces analysis,red bacteria was identified as Serratia marcescens with 99%similarity. Red pigmen produced by S. marcescens strainBPH is secondary metabolite determined as prodigiosinshowing bactericidal activities against Xanthomonas oryzaepv. oryzae. We concluded that S. marcescens did not onlypotent as biocontrol agent to BPH, but also it can be used tocontrol plant pathogenic bacteria.
EKSPLORASI DAN KARAKTERISASI ENTOMOPATOGEN ASAL BERBAGAI INANG DAN LOKASI [Exploration and Characterization of Entomopathogenic from Various Host and Location] Priyatno, Tri Puji; Samudra, I Made; Manzila, Ifa; Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih; Suryadi, Yadi
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i1.2859

Abstract

Microbial groups of entomopathogenic (fungi and bacteria) had been reported causing insect mortality. The aim of the study was to explore and characterized entomopathogenic from various host and locations. Fungal identification at genus and species level was caried out based on conidial morphology, hyphal growth, conidiophore and colony color; whilst for bacterial identification was based on standard Bergey’s manual for determinative bacteria. Sixteen entomopathogenic isolates that consisted of fungal and bacteria have been collected and preserved for further characterization. Of the 16 entomopathogen collected samples, five fungal genera was found i.e. Paecilomyces; Metarhizium, Beauveria, Hirsutella; and Cordyceps. Seven isolates belonging to six fungal isolates, and one bacterial isolate had been identified based upon ITS and 16S rDNA sequences, respectively. We confirmed that 6 fungal isolates belong to species of Paecilomyces reniformis, B. bassiana, M. anisopliae, M. anisopliae var acridum, Hirsutella thomsonii. One isolate of red pigmented bacteria Sm201102 have been identified was belonging to species Seratia marcescence. It was also obtained two fungal isolates from different host (spider and beetle) which confirmed by morphological character belong to Cordyceps sp.
Analisis Molekuler Piramida Gen Xa pada Progeni Padi Varietas Ciherang dan Inpari 13 ., Fatimah; Prasetiyono, Joko; Priyatno, Tri Puji; Yunus, Muhammad; Suhartini, Tintin; Ridwan, Iman; Baroya, Mushlihatun
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2015): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v11i1.2161

Abstract

Bacterial leaf blight (BLB) is a major disease in Indonesian lowland rice.This research was undertaken to pyramid three BLB resistant genes xa5, Xa7 and Xa21 and one background BLB resistant gene Xa4 into Ciherang and Inpari 13 varieties. The donor parent Code (Xa4+Xa7) was crossed with Angke (Xa4+xa5) while Ciherang and Inpari 13 were crossed with IRBB21 (Xa21). Progenies were selected using marker assisted selection and yield component observation. Foreground selection was conducted using SSR and STS markers linked with the targeted genes in the F1 and DCF1 population. Individuals with triple positives Xa genes were screened for the presence of Xa4 gene as the background. Selected heterozygote plants in F1 Code x Angke, F1 Ciherang x IRBB21 and F1 Inpari 13 x IRBB21 were used to develop DCF1 population. Molecular analysis on DCF1 population through alleles of three BLB resistant genes xa5, Xa7 and Xa21 and one background BLB resistant gene Xa4 resulted 8 (2,6%) in DCF1 Ciherang and 13 (3,5%) in DCF1 Inpari 13. Yield component characters on F1 Code x Angke resulted significant in number of panicle. F1 Ciherang x IRBB21, F1 Inpari 13 x IRBB21 and DCF1 Ciherang resulted significant in weight of empty grain while DCF1 Inpari 13 resulted no significance in all of observed characters. Keywords: Rice, F1 Population, DCF1 Population, molecular marker, Xa gene 
Identifikasi Gen elF4G asal Oryza rufipogon pada Padi Varietas Inpari HDB dan Inpari Blas Manzila, Ifa; Priyatno, Tri Puji; Priyatno, Tri Puji
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 11, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.11.6.187

Abstract

Wild rice accession Oryza rufipogon is known as a source of tungro resistance genes and has been used to develop tungro resistant varieties, especially against rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV). However the genes have not been identified yet. Previously, an eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor (eIF4G) was identified as a putative gene associated with recessive resistance gene against RTSV in Utri Merah variety. The research was aimed to detect and identify the eIF4G gene on rice var.Inpari HDB and var. Inpari Blas using specific primer that was designed based on Utri Merah eIF4G gene sequences. The resistance respons of both Inpari varieties and O.rufipogon against 3 tungro virus isolates were conducted in the green house trial. Assays were done based on international rice testing nursery according to IRRI. The eIF4G gene is amplified by PCR and the amplicon was directly sequenced, then analysed in silico. The results showed that all 3 varieties are classified as resistant against tungro virus isolates. PCR was successfully amplified the eIF4G gene with size ~300 bp in both of varieties and their parent O. rufipogon. The nucleotides homology of eIF4G among those 2 varieties and O. rufipogon is up to 100%, while the homology to Utri Merah was 93%. There were 4 nucleotides deletion and 16 nucleotides differences between Utri Merah and those 2 varieties and O. rufipogon, respectively. Those nucleotide differences lead to deletion of 1 amino acid and 4 amino acids different between both Inpari varieties and O.rufipogon in comparison with corresponding amino acid in Utri Merah. 
Ketahanan Galur Padi Hibrida Potensi Hasil Tinggi terhadap Penyakit Tungro Manzila, Ifa; Priyatno, Tri Puji; Hanarida, Ida
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 9, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.9.3.77

Abstract

ABSTRACT Wild rice Oryza rufipogon accession can be used as a source of resistance genes to develop elite rice varieties for Rice tungro virus. This study aimed to examine some potential high yield rice lines developed by crossing IR64 with O. rufipogon for their response to three isolates of Rice tungro virus originating from Bogor, Sumedang, and Bali. Virus transmission was done by insect vector, Nephottetix virescens. Variation on plant response was observed. Three lines i.e. Bio5-AC-Blas/BLB, Bio62-AC-Blas/BLB-03, Bio111-BC-Pir7, showed stabile resistance response to all isolates of Rice tungro virus; 6 lines i.e. Bio132-AC2-Blas, Bio138-AC2-Blas, Bio148-Mamol-Dro, Bio154-Mamol-Dro, Bio159-Mamol-Dro, Bio 153-Mamol-Dro were moderately resistance. Virus isolates from Sumedang and Bali is more virulence than isolate from Bogor based on observation on incubation period, disease severity and suppression of plant height.
Identifikasi Gen elF4G asal Oryza rufipogon pada Padi Varietas Inpari HDB dan Inpari Blas Manzila, Ifa; Priyatno, Tri Puji; Priyatno, Tri Puji
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 11, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.11.6.187

Abstract

Wild rice accession Oryza rufipogon is known as a source of tungro resistance genes and has been used to develop tungro resistant varieties, especially against rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV). However the genes have not been identified yet. Previously, an eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor (eIF4G) was identified as a putative gene associated with recessive resistance gene against RTSV in Utri Merah variety. The research was aimed to detect and identify the eIF4G gene on rice var.Inpari HDB and var. Inpari Blas using specific primer that was designed based on Utri Merah eIF4G gene sequences. The resistance respons of both Inpari varieties and O.rufipogon against 3 tungro virus isolates were conducted in the green house trial. Assays were done based on international rice testing nursery according to IRRI. The eIF4G gene is amplified by PCR and the amplicon was directly sequenced, then analysed in silico. The results showed that all 3 varieties are classified as resistant against tungro virus isolates. PCR was successfully amplified the eIF4G gene with size ~300 bp in both of varieties and their parent O. rufipogon. The nucleotides homology of eIF4G among those 2 varieties and O. rufipogon is up to 100%, while the homology to Utri Merah was 93%. There were 4 nucleotides deletion and 16 nucleotides differences between Utri Merah and those 2 varieties and O. rufipogon, respectively. Those nucleotide differences lead to deletion of 1 amino acid and 4 amino acids different between both Inpari varieties and O.rufipogon in comparison with corresponding amino acid in Utri Merah. 
Waktu Inkubasi pada Derajat Distilasi Kitosan Enzim dan Efektifitas Penghambatannya terhadap Penyakit Antraknosa Suryadi, Yadi; Priyatno, Tri Puji; Samudra, I Made; Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih; Nurzulaika, Hermawati; Syaefudin, Syaefudin
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 12, No 6 (2016)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.12.6.209

Abstract

The use of chitosan as a coating agent of harvested fruits is an alternative method in controlling anthracnose disease (Colletotrichum sp.). This study aimed to obtain an optimal enzymatic chitosan (EC) that hydrolyzed using chitinase from Burkholderia cepacia isolate E76. The optimal incubation condition to produce EC was 2 h with the yield of 3.52 ± 0.38 g. The degree of deacetylation (DD) chitosan and  EC was 66.91% and 80.91%, respectively. Based on in vitro assays, EC 2% was the most effective in inhibiting the growth of Colletotrichum sp. (94.22%)  than chitosan, while the highest inhibition for chitosan 3% was 55.26%. Moreover, the EC 2% showed the highest inhibition of spore germination (74.12%). The in vivo assay revealed that EC 2% showed the highest inhibition on the fungal growth (88.88%), compared to the other concentrations. On the other hand, the EC 2% and 3% gave similar results on inhibition of Colletotrichum sp.of chili (55.55%). 
Aktivitas Anticendawan Bacillus cereus 11UJ terhadap Rhizoctonia solani dan Pyricularia oryzae Suryadi, Yadi; Samudra, I Made; Priyatno, Tri Puji; Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih; Lestari, Puji; Sutoro, Sutoro
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.11.2.35

Abstract

Microbial secondary metabolites is an important resource for antifungal development in disease control strategy. The objective of this study was to screen Bacillus cereus 11UJ, an antagonistic rhizosphere bacteria for potential secondary metabolite production against rice fungal pathogens, i.e. Rhizoctonia solani and Pyricularia oryzae. The antagonistic effect of crude exract was evaluated using sterile filter paper discs on PDA medium. The ethyl acetate extracts of the bacterium showed a better antifungal activity to P. oryzae than those of R. solani. The inhibitory effect of the filtrate proved the potency of the isolates to produce antifungal. Analysis of pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry showed that B. cereus 11UJ produces 3 major compounds i.e; 9,19-cyclolanostan-3-ol, acetate, (3.beta.)- (CAS) cycloartanyl acetate (13.14%); 4-(2?,2?-dimethyl-6?-methyliden-1?-cyclohexyliden)-3-methyl-2-butanone (9.72%); and stigmast-5-en-3-ol oleat (9.09%) which suggested to play an important role in the suppression of rice fungal pathogens.