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DAMPAK INVESTASI PENDIDIKAN TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN DAN KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT KABUPATEN DAN KOTA DI JAWA TENGAH Sulistyowati, Niken; Harianto, Harianto; Priyarsono, D S; Tambunan, Mangara
Jurnal Organisasi dan Manajemen Vol 6 No 2 (2010)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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Abstract

The objectives of the research are: (1) to analyze the influence of increasing education (years of schooling) on labor productivity in agriculture, industry and service of districts and municipalities in Central Java, (2) to analyze the impact of increasing education expenditure policy on economic performance and people welfare. The result of the research shows that the increasing of education in agriculture sector is effective strategy to increase labor productivity in agriculture sector. In the long run, the increasing of education is effective to improve labor productivity in all sectors. The increasing of education expenditure policy could improve local economic performance and people welfare, which is indicated by increasing of human capital accumulation, sectoral labor productivity, sectoral labor demand, gross regional domestic product, government revenue, government expenditure, household expenditure, investment, household expenditure per capita, decreasing of unemployment, inequity and poverty.
Regional Governments Spending, Private Investment and Employment Performance in Indonesia Budiyanto, Budiyanto; Priyarsono, D S; Sinaga, Bonar M; Sudaryanto, Tahlim
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi dan Keuangan Vol 18, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Badan kebijakan Fiskal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31685/kek.v18i3.23

Abstract

The amount and composition of government spending in fiscal operations has a significant impact on aggregate demand and national output and affects resource allocationin an economy. Therefore, in order to achieve effective economic development, government spending has to be allocated appropriately according to the potentials of each area. Indonesia, which consists of areas with a variety of potential resources would require the determination of the amount and composition of different government spending in order to have an impact on the growth of private investment and employment opportunities are maximized. The purpose of this study is to examine the regional government expenditure performance, private investment and employment opportunities in the area where contribution of the agricultural sector to GRDP is high and low. The study utilizes an econometric model of the system of simultaneous equations using a panel of data of 20 provinces in Indonesia for the period of2003-2011. The 20 sampled provinces were classified into two groups, based on contribution of agriculture sector to the respective regional economy. The estimation results indicate that the determination of the amount of local government spending, both in the areas where the contribution of the agricultural sector to GRDP is either high or low, based on the activity or program of the previous year. Meanwhile, the greater the number of regional government spending for the agricultural sector, the private investment of agricultural sector and employment is increasing.