WIDYA EKA PRAYITNO
Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Stability of Viable Counts of Lactic Acid Bacteria during Storage of Goat Milk Soft Cheese RAHAYU, WINIATI PUDJI; KUSNANDAR, FERI; PRAYITNO, WIDYA EKA
Microbiology Indonesia Vol 5, No 4 (2011): December 2011
Publisher : Indonesian Society for microbiology

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Abstract

The use of goat milk is limited in Indonesia due to lack of good milking practices resulted in disliked goaty smell. One of the method to eliminate this off flavor is by processing the goat milk into soft cheese. The aim of this research was to study the stability of viable starter lactic acid bacteria cultures  (Lactobacillus acidophilus FNCC-0051 and L. casei FNCC-0090) during storage of goat milk soft cheese.  Three batches of goat milk soft cheeses were produced with different starter cultures L. acidophilus FNCC-0051 (5.0 x 106 cfu mL-1); L. casei FNCC-0090 (5.0 x 106 cfu mL-1); and the mixture of L. acidophilus FNCC-0051 (2.5 x 106 cfu mL-1) and L. casei FNCC-0090 (2.5 x 106 cfu mL-1). The goat milk cheeses had white color and soft. The viable lactic acid bacteria in the goat milk soft cheese reached 109 cfu g-1, which was stable for  8 weeks at 5 °C. Panelists liked goat milk soft cheeses, especially in term of its aroma. The specific aroma produced could mask the disliked goaty smell.
Kondisi Penyimpanan Kacang Tanah dan Potensi Cemaran Aspergillus flavus pada Pedagang Pengecer Pasar Tradisional di Wilayah Jakarta Prayitno, Widya Eka; Kusumaningrum, Harsi Dewantari; Lioe, Hanifah Nuryani
Agritech Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.26113

Abstract

Factors affecting contamination on peanut kernel marketed in Jakarta has not been investigated yet. The purpose of the research was to investigate and evaluate the storage condition and the behavior of retailers on the way of peanuts storage and also to investigate the presence of Aspergillus flavus infection in the peanuts. The research was conducted at traditional market with 15 peanut retailers as respondents (n=15). The research stages included survey at retailer area including interview, observation, temperature and relative humidity measurements as well as peanuts analysis including moisture content, defective seeds and presence of A. flavus. The results of research revealed that the average temperature of peanut storage area at retail stalls range from 29.6 to 31.2 °C which is not in accordance with the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) recommendation, while the average of storage room RH ranged between 53.6–73.1% and moisture content of peanuts of 6.23–7.86% were mostly in accordance to CAC recommendation. The percentage of damage, shrivelled and splitted seeds ranged between 3.9–19.1%, 5.4–32.3% and 0.2–8.8%, respectively. The range of mean of total molds and A. flavus were 2.5–5.6 log cfu/g and 1.3–4.0 log cfu/g, respectively. Total molds had a strong correlation to damage kernels (r = 0.74), and had a moderate correlation to the temperature (r = 0.41), moisture content (r = 0.42) and behavior of retailers, especially in cleaning the ceiling (r = 0.44) and placing the storage container (r = 0.44). The presence of A. flavus had a slight correlation to relative humidity on storage (r = 0.26), and had no significant correlation to peanuts damage and all storage conditions. ABSTRAKFaktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi cemaran aflatoksin pada biji kacang tanah atau ose di wilayah Jakarta belum pernah dilaporkan. Penelitian ini dilakukan di pasar tradisional dengan 15 pedagang pengecer kacang tanah sebagai responden (n=15). Tujuan penelitian adalah mengidentifikasi dan mengevaluasi kondisi penyimpanan dan perilaku pengecer dalam menyimpan kacang tanah serta mengidentifikasi potensi cemaran Aspergillus flavus pada kacang tanah. Tahap penelitian meliputi survei di area pengecer (wawancara, pengamatan langsung dan pengukuran suhu serta kelembaban relatif (RH) di area penyimpanan) serta analisis kacang tanah (kadar air, biji cacat, dan keberadaan A. flavus). Hasil studi menunjukkan rata-rata kisaran suhu area penyimpanan kacang tanah di kios pengecer berkisar antara 29,6–31,2 °C. Hal ini tidak sesuai dengan rekomendasi Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC), meskipun sebagian besar rata-rata kisaran RH area penyimpanan berkisar antara 53,6–73,1% dan kadar air kacang tanah sebesar 6,23–7,86% yang sesuai dengan rekomendasi CAC. Rata-rata biji rusak, biji keriput dan biji belah ditemukan pada kisaran, berturut-turut, 3,9-19,1%, 5,4–32,3% dan 0,2–8,8%. Rata-rata total kapang dan A. flavus pada sampel kacang tanah, masing-masing, ditemukan berkisar antara 2,5–5,6 log cfu/g dan 1,3–4,0 log cfu/g. Total kapang pada sampel kacang tanah memiliki korelasi positif yang kuat dengan biji rusak (r = 0,74), dan berkorelasi positif pada tingkat sedang dengan suhu (r = 0,41), kadar air (r = 0,42) dan perilaku pengecer dalam pembersihan langit-langit kios (r = 0,44) serta penempatan wadah simpan kacang tanah (r = 0,44). Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa keberadaan A. flavus pada sampel kacang tanah berkorelasi positif lemah dengan kelembaban relatif di area penyimpanan (r = 0,26) dan tidak memiliki korelasi secara signifikan dengan biji rusak maupun semua kondisi penyimpanan lainnya.