Caribu Hadi Prayitno
Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Published : 12 Documents
Articles

Found 12 Documents
Search

Physical Characteristics of Pressed Complete Feed for Dairy Cattle Munasik, M.; Sutrisno, C. Imam; Anwar, Syaiful; Prayitno, Caribu Hadi
International Journal of Science and Engineering (IJSE) Vol 4, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.v4i2.4566

Abstract

The study was aimed to evaluate the physical characteristics of the pressed complete feed in the forms of cube, cylinder and ball. The study was conducted to get a complete feed of dairy cows that can be developed commercially. The evaluation was done on a physical test : bulkiness, hardness and hygroscopic properties of pressed complete feeds.  The results of this research showed that the bulkiness of pressed complete feed in the forms cubes, cylinders and balls were between 0.20 up to 0.48 liter/kg; the hardness of pressed complete feed, cylinders and balls were 3 lbs up to 14 lbs; the hygroscopic factor of pressed complete feed in the forms cubes, cylinders and balls were around 1.10% up to 9.69%. The pressed complete feed in the forms of cube and cylinder are better than  the form of ball in physical characteristics.doi: 10.12777/ijse.4.2.2013.61-65
PENGARUH SUPLEMENTASI Heit-CHrose MELALUI BERBAGAI SISTEM PEMBERIAN PAKAN TERHADAP KONSUMSI DAN KECERNAAN PAKAN SAPI PERAH AWAL LAKTASI Kurniawan, Fery; Prayitno, Caribu Hadi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 38, No 1 (2014): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 38 (1) FEBRUARI 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui konsumsi dan kecernaan nutrien pakan pada sapi perah yang mendapatkan pakan dengan suplementasi mineral organik (Cr organik 1,5 ppm; Se organik 0,3 ppm; Zn-Lyzinat 40ppm) dan Heit-CHrose (suplemen yang mengandung saponin, allisin dan mineral Cr, Se, dan Zn). Penelitian menggunakan 16 ekor sapi perah laktasi ketiga dengan rataan bobot badan 638±72 kg yang dibagi menjadi 4 perlakuan, yaitu R0 adalah pakan kontrol, R1 adalah R0 disuplementasi mineral organik, R2 adalah R1 ditambah Heit-CHrosediberikan secara konvensional, dan R3 adalah R2 yang diberikan secara total mix ration (TMR). Data diuji menggunakan analisis variansi dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap menggunakan 4 ulangan. Apabila terdapat perbedaan maka diuji menggunakan uji beda nyata jujur (BNJ). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa suplementasi mineral organik dan Heit-CHrose pada pakan sapi perah tidak  memberikan pengaruh terhadap konsumsi bahan kering (BK), bahan organik (BO), total digestible nutrien (TDN), kecernaan BK (KcBK), kecernaan BO (KcBO) dan kecernaan serat kasar (KcSK), tetapi berpengaruh (P<0,05) terhadap kecernaan energi. Kesimpulannya suplementasi Heit-CHrose pada pakan sapi perah mampu meningkatkan kecernaan energi dibandingkan pakan kontrol, serta tidak berdampak negatif terhadap konsumsi pakan dan kecernaan nutriennya.(Kata kunci: Sapi perah, Heit-CHrose, Konsumsi pakan, Kecernaan nutrien)
The Cellulolytic Activity And Volatile Fatty Acid Product Of Rumen Bacteria Of Buffalo And Cattle On Rice Straw, Elephant Grass, and Sesbania Leaves Substrates Prayitno, Caribu Hadi; Hidayat, Nur
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 1, No 1 (1999): January
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Experiment on The Cellulolytic Activity and Volatile Fatty Acid Product of Rumen Bacteria of Buffalo and Cattle on Rice Straw, Elephant Grass, and Sesbania Leaves Substrates had been conducted at Feedstuff Laboratory of Animal Science Soedirman University. The basic design  that was used in this experiment was Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with factorial pattern of 6 x 3, three replications. The bacteria isolate as the factors were cellulolytic rumen bacteria isolate of buffalo (A1, A2, and A3) and cattle (A4, A5 and A6) while the substrates (second factor)  were NDF rice straw (S1), elephant grass (S2), and sesbania leaves (S3) Cell walls. The result of this experiment showed that the interaction between bacteria isolate and substrate  type were significant on pH, NDF digestibility, cellulase activity, pH was  6.28 until 6.43.  The NDF digestibility range was 12.27 until 55.61 percent. The lowers of cellulase activity was 5.11 IU/ml and the higher was 24.47 IU/ml. The range of acetic acid yield was 63.37 to 307.467 mg/100 ml. Range of  propionic production was 15.17 to 352.20 mg/ 100 ml. The production of butiric acid was 8.77 to 40.87 mg/ 100 ml. The cellulase activity  of cellulolytic rumen bacteria of buffalo was higher than cattle, and also their effect on NDF digestibility of rice straw, elephant grass, and sesbania leaves cell walls. The A3 of cellulolytic rumen bacteria isolate of  buffalo changed cell walls substrat to volatile fatty  acid was more effective than cattle, especially on cell elephant grass. Propionic and butiric  acid that was produced by cellulolytic rumen bacteria isolate of buffalo more higher than cattle (Animal Production 1 (1) : 1-9 (1999)Key Words: Cellulolytic, VFA, Rumen Bacteria, Buffalo, Cattle.
The Diversity and Productivity of Indigenous Forage in Former Limestone Mining Quarry in Karst Mountain of Southern Gombong, Central Java Indonesia Sarwanto, Doso; Prayitno, Caribu Hadi
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 17, No 2 (2015): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2015.17.2.520

Abstract

Indonesia is a country that has a lot of limestone mountains, covering 15.4 million hectares. Limestone mountains have strategic functions as limestone is used as building materials and as raw material in cement industry. Therefore, limestone mining quarry in various areas of limestone mountains in Indonesia is increasingly widespread. The biggest negative impact of limestone mining is the formed open land which is abandoned and unutilized. Changes in the ecosystem will lead to the reduced levels of diversity and productivity of indigenous forage which will ultimately reduce the performance and development of ruminants livestock kept by farmers in the mountainous region of limestone. This study aims to determine the diversity and productivity of indigenous forage on former limestone mining quarry in limestone mountains of southern Gombong. The research was conducted through survey by identifying and measuring the forage production of sample plots assigned purposively. Location of the study was divided into three categories, mild, moderate and heavy mining. Results showed that soil fertility levels in open fields of former limestone mining in southern Gombong mountains are low with total N content of 0.049 - 0.141%, total P2O5 of 0.067 - 0.133% and total K2O of 0.086 - 0.100%. The diversity of indigenous forage on mild mining was more diverse than that of moderate and heavy mining, i.e. 13 species comprising 7 grass species, 2 legumes species, and 4 species of shrubs. The most dominant species in all mining categories are Cynodon dactylon, Imperata cylindrica, Ageratum conyzoides and Mikania micrantha. The results also showed that in the open land of mild mining had the highest production of fresh and dry matter compared to that of moderate and severe mining
Utilization of Pseudomonas fluorescens as Antimicrobial agent on Lipolysis Inhibitition of Rice Bran Widiyastuti, Titin; Prayitno, Caribu Hadi; Munasik, Munasik
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 4, No 2 (2002): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Feedstuff was limited by fat content, certainly, if the material feedstuff was storage on long time periods. Fat was oxidized or hydrolyzed, which was decreased nutritional quality. A Research on Inhibited of  Lypolysis Rice Bran with anti-microbial compound of Pseudomonas fluorescens was conducted during ten month. The research used experiment methods, with Randomized Completely Block Design, storage as block and concentration of anti-mikrobial compound as treatment. Fat and polyunsaturated fatty acids content during storage was observed. Result of experiment showed anti-microbial compound inhibited oxidize and hydrolyze process of fat rice bran during six month storage. (Animal Production 4(2): 89-93 (2002) 
Supplementation of Heit-Chrose into Dairy Cow Feed Improves in Vitro Rumen Fermentation Prayitno, Caribu Hadi
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 17, No 2 (2015): May
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2015.17.2.500

Abstract

The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of Heit-Chrose (HC) supplementation using in vitro method on ruminal fermentation of dairy cattle. HC is a feed supplement containing allicin, saponin and organic minerals ( Se , Cr and Zn).  This research was conducted using completely randomized design, with 6 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments were : 1). C = dairy cattle feed (CP 15.38%, CF 23.38%, TDN 61.26%); 2). HC-0 = C+  organic minerals (0.3 ppm Se + 0.15 ppm Cr + 40 ppm Zinc-lysinat) + 0 ppm of HC; 3). HC-15= C + 15 ppm HC; 4).HC-30 =C+ 30 ppm of HC; 5). HC-45 =C+ 45 ppm of  HC; 6). HC-60 =C  + 60 ppm of HC. Data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance of SPSS program. HC supplementation increased the DMD, OMD, VFA, but reduced  total gas,  methane and  protozoa count.  HC supplementation greater than  30 ppm  did not further improve ruminal fermentation. Supplementation at 30 ppm of  HC to dairy cow feed was the appropriate level to improve the efficiency of rumen fermentation. 
The Efficacy of Methanol Extract of Garlic (Allium sativum) to Improve Rumen Fermentation Products Prayitno, Caribu Hadi; Hidayat, N
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 15, No 1 (2013): January
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abstract.  This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of the increase levels of garlic extract (Allium sativum, As) in beef cattle feed on rumen fermentation products and microbial populations. The materials used  were rumen fluid and control feed (40 % fermented rice straw:60% concentrate). The research method was experimental using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) applying 7 treatments which were repeated 3 times. The tested feed treatments were S0 (control feed), S1 (S0 + 1.5 ppm of Cr, S2 (S0 + 250 ppm of As extract), S3 (S1 + 250 ppm of As extract), S4 (S1 + 500 ppm of As extract), S5 (S1 +  750 ppm of As extract) and, S6 (S1  + 1000 ppm of As extract). The data were analyzed using analysis of variance and followed by Honestly Significant Difference test. The results showed that the treatment effects on total bacteria, protozoa population, total gas and methane were highly significant but had no effect on dry matter digestibilityDMD and organic matter digestibility OMD and production of VFA. The treatments increased total bacteria but decreased total gas and methane. The best result was achieved on treatment S6 (supplementation of As at the level of 1000 ppm in the feed) of which the feed with adequate Cr will result in the most efficient of fermentation.Keywords: Extract of Allium sativum, organic Cr, microbial population, rumen fermentation, beef cattleAbstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh dan level penambahan ekstrak  bawang putih (Allium sativum, As) dalam pakan  sapi potong terhadap  produk fermentasi dan populasi mikroba rumen. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah cairan rumen sapi potong dan pakan kontrol (jerami fermentasi :  konsentrat; 40:60%). Metode penelitian adalah eksperimental menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) 7 perlakuan, setiap perlakuan diulang 3 kali. Pakan perlakuan yang diujicobakan pada sapi potong yaitu S0: pakan kontrol, S1: S0 + 1,5 ppm Cr, S2: S0 + 250 ppm ekstrak As, S3: S1 + 250 ppm ekstrak As, S4: S1 + 500 ppm ekstrak As, S5: S1 + 750 ppm ekstrak As, S6: S1 + 1000 ppm ekstrak As. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis variansi dilanjutkan uji Beda Nyata Jujur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan  perlakuan  berpengaruh terhadap total bakteri, populasi protozoa,  gas total dan metan tetapi  tidak berpengaruh terhadap kecernaan bahan kering dan bahan organik serta produksi VFA.  Perlakuan mampu meningkatkan total bakteri serta menurunkan gas total dan metan. Hasil terbaik, pada pakan perlakuan S6 yaitu suplementasi ekstrak As pada taraf 1000 ppm pada pakan yang tercukupi Cr organik menghasilkan efisiensi fermentasi yang paling baik.Kata kunci : Ekstrak Allium sativum, mineral mikro organik, populasi mikroba,  fermentasi rumen,  sapi potongCH Prayitno and N Hidyat/Animal Production 15(1):69-75, January 2013 
Effect of Supplementation of Garlic Husk Extract to The Feed of Dairy Goats on The Fermentation Product and Ruminal Microbe Subagyo, Yusuf; Prayitno, Caribu Hadi
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 16, No 1 (2014): January
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abstract. This study was designed to examine the effects of supplementation with husk extract of garlic (Allium sativum) in the feed of dairy goats containing sufficient amount of  organic minerals (Selenium, Chromium and Zinc) on the fermentation and microbes in the rumen. The materials used in this study were the rumen fluid of goat, goat ration composed of 60% grass, 35% tofu, and 5% concentrate (CP 11.90%, CF 28.57%, 60.94% TDN). The research method was experimental using a completely randomized design (CRD). The treatments were tested, namely R0: control diet; R1: R0 + Cr + 1.5 ppm 40 ppm Zn lysinat + 0.3 ppm Se; R2: R1 + 15 ppm  of garlic husk extract (Allium sativum); R3: R1 + 30 ppm garlic husk extracts ; R4: R1 + 45 ppm  of garlic husk extrat; and R5: R1 + 60 ppm  garlic husk extract. The results showed that the treatment effect on a decrease in dry matter (DMD) and  organic matter digestibility (OMD), protozoa and total gas in total, however, there was an increase in total VFA concentrations. The treatment gave a linear response to the DMD, ie Y = 50.412 - 0.1651X  and OMD,  Y = -0.1768X + 50.319. However, in response VFA is cubic, with a line equation Y = 203.16 - 3.2646X + 0.2447X2- 0.0033X3. It culd be concluded that  supplementation of garlic husk extract and organic minerals can improve rumen fermentation with the best level at 25 ppm.Key words:  Garlic husk extract, micro minerals, rumen fermentation, dairy goat Abstrak.  Penelitian ini dirancang untuk mengkaji pengaruh suplementasi ekstrak kulit bawang putih (Allium sativum) dalam pakan kambing perah yang tercukupi mineral organik (Selenium, Chromium dan Seng) terhadap hasil fermentasi dan mikroba  pada rumen. Materi yang digunakan adalah  cairan rumen kambing, ransum kambing yang tersusun atas 60% rumput gajah, 35% ampas tahu dan 5% konsentrat (PK 11,90%, SK 28,57%, TDN 60,94%). Metode penelitian adalah eksperimental menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL).  Perlakuan yang diujicobakan yaitu R0: pakan kontrol; R1: R0 + 1,5 ppm Cr + 40 ppm Zn lysinat + 0,3 ppm Se; R2: R1 + 15 ppm ekstrak kulit bawang putih (Allium sativum); R3: R1 + 30 ppm ekstrak kulit bawang putih ; R4: R1 + 45 ppm ekstrak kulit bawang putih ; dan R5: R1 + 60 ppm ekstrak kulit bawang putih . Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan berpengaruh terhadap penurunan kecernaan bahan kering (KBK) dan kecernaan bahan organik (KBO), protozoa dan gas total, namun demikian terjadi peningkatan konsentrasi VFA total. Perlakuan memberikan respon linier  terhadap  Kecernaan Bahan Kering, yaitu Y = 50.412 - 0,1651X  dan  KBO, Y = -0,1768X + 50,319. Namun demikian pada  VFA   responnya adalah kubik, dengan persamaan garis Y = 203,16 – 3,2646X + 0,2447X2 – 0,0033X3.  Dapat disimpulkan bahwa suplementasi ekstrak kulit bawang putih dan mineral organik dapat memperbaiki fermentasi rumen dengan level terbaik 25 ppm. Kata kunci : ekstrak kulit bawang putih, mineral mikro, fermentasi rumen 
PENGARUH SUPLEMENTASI Heit-CHrose MELALUI BERBAGAI SISTEM PEMBERIAN PAKAN TERHADAP KONSUMSI DAN KECERNAAN PAKAN SAPI PERAH AWAL LAKTASI Kurniawan, Fery; Prayitno, Caribu Hadi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 38, No 1 (2014): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 38 (1) FEBRUARI 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v38i1.4612

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui konsumsi dan kecernaan nutrien pakan pada sapi perah yang mendapatkan pakan dengan suplementasi mineral organik (Cr organik 1,5 ppm; Se organik 0,3 ppm; Zn-Lyzinat 40ppm) dan Heit-CHrose (suplemen yang mengandung saponin, allisin dan mineral Cr, Se, dan Zn). Penelitian menggunakan 16 ekor sapi perah laktasi ketiga dengan rataan bobot badan 638±72 kg yang dibagi menjadi 4 perlakuan, yaitu R0 adalah pakan kontrol, R1 adalah R0 disuplementasi mineral organik, R2 adalah R1 ditambah Heit-CHrosediberikan secara konvensional, dan R3 adalah R2 yang diberikan secara total mix ration (TMR). Data diuji menggunakan analisis variansi dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap menggunakan 4 ulangan. Apabila terdapat perbedaan maka diuji menggunakan uji beda nyata jujur (BNJ). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa suplementasi mineral organik dan Heit-CHrose pada pakan sapi perah tidak  memberikan pengaruh terhadap konsumsi bahan kering (BK), bahan organik (BO), total digestible nutrien (TDN), kecernaan BK (KcBK), kecernaan BO (KcBO) dan kecernaan serat kasar (KcSK), tetapi berpengaruh (P<0,05) terhadap kecernaan energi. Kesimpulannya suplementasi Heit-CHrose pada pakan sapi perah mampu meningkatkan kecernaan energi dibandingkan pakan kontrol, serta tidak berdampak negatif terhadap konsumsi pakan dan kecernaan nutriennya.(Kata kunci: Sapi perah, Heit-CHrose, Konsumsi pakan, Kecernaan nutrien)
Suplementasi Heit-Chrose pada Pakan Sapi Perah Pre-Partum Ditinjau dari Profil Darah dan Recovery Bobot Tubuh Post-Partum Prayitno, Caribu Hadi; Fitria, Restuti; Samsi, Muhamad
Jurnal Agripet Vol 14, No 2 (2014): Volume 14, No. 2, Oktober 2014
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v14i2.1872

Abstract

(Pre-partum supplementation of heit-chrose on post-partum blood profile and recovery of body weight of dairy cows)ABSTRACT. This study aimed to determine the profile of blood, metabolic enzymes and recovery of body weight in dairy cows fed diet supplemented with Heit-CHrose (Feed supplement containing saponins, allicin, organic mineral: Se, Cr, and Zn). The experiments were conducted with 4 treatments, R0 : control diet (CP 13,79% and TDN 67,2%), R1 : R0 supplemented with organic minerals (Cr 1,5 ppm; Se 0,3 ppm; Zn-Lyzinat 40 ppm), R2 : Ro supplemented with Heit-CHrose are given in the component feeding, and R3 : Ro supplemented with Heit-CHrose are given in total mixed ration (TMR). Data were tested using analysis of variance with a completely randomized design using four replications, and HSD test. The results showed that the supplementation of Heit-CHrose to the diet of dairy cows gave significant effect (P <0.01) on blood glucose and recovery of body weight, but had no effect (P> 0.05) on hemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), total protein and blood cholesterol and metabolic enzyme (alkali phospatase). Supplementation of Heit Chrose in dairy cows diet with component feeding and TMR increases blood glucose and recovery of body weight.