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DIVIDEN, HUTANG, DAN KEPEMILIKAN INSTITUSIONAL DI PASAR MODAL INDONESIA: PENGUJIAN TEORI KEAGENAN

Jurnal Dinamika Manajemen Vol 4, No 1 (2013): March 2013 (DOAJ Indexed)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics, Semarang State University, Indonesia

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji teori keagenan di pasar modal Indonesia dengan variabel proksi mekanisme pengendalian konflik keagenan yakni kebijakan dividen, hutang dan kepemilikan institusional. Data adalah data panel (pooleddata) dengan periode pengamatan dari tahun 2004-2010. Metode analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah uji analisis regresi berganda dan uji analisis regresi Two-Stages Least Square (TSLS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan dividen berpengaruh positif terhadap kinerja. Hutang berpengaruh negatif terhadap kinerja.Kepemilikan institusional berpengaruh positif terhadap kinerja. Secara simultan hubungan antara ketiga model tidak signifikan. Akan tetapi, hubungan antara dividen dan hutang signifikan. Artinya, dividen dapat menggantikan hutang begitu juga sebaliknya untuk mengontrol konflik keagenan.This study aims to test theagency theory in Indonesian capital market wasproxiedbythe theagency conflicts controlling mechanism which are dividends, debtand institution alownership.The data is pooled data with the observation period from the year 2004-2010. The method of analysis used in this study is multiple regression analysis, and Two-Stages Least Square (2SLS). The results showthe dividend has a positive effect on performance an debt has negative effect. More over, institution alownership  has a positive effect on performance. Meanwhile, Simultaneously relationship between the three models are not significant. However, the relationship between dividends and debt significant. It means that dividends can replace debt andvice versato control the agency conflict.

Pola Variasi Reguler Medan Magnet Bumi Di Tondano

JURNAL MIPA UNSRAT ONLINE Vol 3, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Sam Ratulangi University

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Abstract

Data variasi medan magnet bumi komponen horisontal diambil dari komputer akuisisi yang merekam data secara real time. Dibuat grafik data magnet bumi komponen horisontal versus waktu per hari. Dipilih grafik quite days dan dibandingkan dengan quiet days di Lerwick (Inggris). Dihitung nilai rata-rata dari Quiet days yang sama perbulan untuk dijadikan pola variasi reguler bulanan, sehingga dalam satu tahun dapat dibuat dua belas pola variasi reguler medan magnet bumi. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa variasi reguler medan magnet bumi polanya teratur, nilai variasi tertinggi berkisar 39308,3– 39409,5 nT pada kisaran waktu 02:39–03:38 Universal Time. Pola variasi reguler medan magnet bumi digunakan sebagai acuan untuk menganalisis variasi harian medan magnet bumi. Pada tahun 2011 tercatat badai besar geomagnet sebanyak 11 kali yang nilai variasinya berkisar 71–20 nT dengan nilai K indeks sama dengan lima.Data variation of the horizontal component of the earths magnetic field was taken from the acquisition computer which records data in real time. Graphs describing the horizontal component data versus time were created daily. Graphs of quiet days were selected and compared with quiet days in Lerwick (England). Average value the same of quiet days were calculated in order to create monthly regular variation pattern, so that in one year there were twelve regular variation patterns of the earth s magnetic field created. The results showed that the regular variations of the earth s magnetic field is on a regular pattern, the value of the highest variation ranged 39308.3-39409.5 nT at around 2:39 to 3:38 Universal Time. Regular variation patterns of the earth s magnetic field were used as references for analyzing the daily variation of the earth s magnetic field. In 2011, the large geomagnetic storms were recorded 11 times, the value of the variation range 71–20 nT with the K index value equal to five.

Perencanaan Jetski Ampibi Untuk Kebutuhan Militer ( Penggerak Di Darat )

Jurnal Teknik ITS Vol 3, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (LPPM), ITS

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Abstract

Kelebihan yang dimiliki All Terrain Vehicle dibandingkan kendaraan lain membuat kendaraan ini banyak digunakan pada bidang militer.Kemampuannya berjalan pada segala medan yang sulit dilewati oleh kendaraan biasa merupakan kelebihannya yang paling utama.Namun ada sedikit kekurangan pada kendaraan ini yaitu tidak bisa berjalan di air.Oleh karena itu diperlukan modifikasi pada beberapa bagian All Terrain Vehicle agar kendaraan ini dapat berjalan di air.Bagian yang akan dimodifikasi adalah lambung serta sistem transmisinya.Saat berjalan di air, keempat roda pada kendaraan ini akan menekuk diatas sarat air maksimal menggunakan sistem hidrolis sebagai penariknya untuk mengurangi tahanan.Proses mendesain amphibian jetsky ini menggunakan software SolidWorks 2012.Daya yang dapat didistribusikan mesin pada roda sebesar 129,4 Hp dari daya awal 160 Hp pada engine.Kecepatan maksimal kendaraan ini adalah sekitar 145,1 Km/Jam.

Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Pembelian Konsumen (Studi pada Toko Oli Lancar Widodo Semarang)

Jurnal Kajian Akuntansi dan Bisnis Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Volume 1 Tahun 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Kajian Akuntansi dan Bisnis

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the factors that influence consumer purchasingbehavior at Lancar Widodo Store Semarang. This research used the subject data. In this case thesubject of the research was consumers of Lancar Widodo Store Semarang. This study usedConvenience sampling or aese, which means respondents were the buyers of oil products with nocriteria found by the researcher at Lancar Widodo Store Semarang. The number of samples was100 people. The data analysis technique used was multiple linear regression. The results showedthat the culture had no influence on consumer purchasing behavior, social had no influence onconsumer purchasing behavior, personal influenced the consumer purchasing behavior, andpsychology had no influence on consumer purchasing behavior. While simultaneously culture,social, personal, psychology influenced the consumer purchasing behavior.Keywords: culture, social, personal, psychology.

Crop-Livestock Integration in Farming System at Irrigation Area Case Study: Grobogan District, Central Java

Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 12, No 1 (2002)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

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Abstract

Most of farmers in Central Java hold land about 0.25 − 0.3 ha. If they are only doing farming system with rice-rice-corn cropping pattern, their income per season will range from Rp 446.800 to Rp 586.000. Of course such earnings is not enough and unsuitable, so its necessary to find out some efforts for increasing farmers income. One of some alternative efforts can be carried out is diversification, i.e. developing farm enterprise which integrated with livestock. Related with that idea, we have been studying crop livestock integration in Grobogan District since November 2000. This study was carried out in order to find alternative sharing farm operation model on irrigation area which executed in group. The farmers included in this study are 454 farmers which posses land about 106.2 hectare, while livestock they breed are 180 cows for applicant in five units of stall together. Business management was carried out by one management which organized by group managers, includes farm enterprise (input, irrigation, integrated pest management, mechanic service, and marketing), livestock (input, IB service, animal health, straw treatment and selling the product), and also save-debt of money. The technology which introduced includes processing plant product technology, livestock breeding, and straw treatment for food and also ecreement of livestock for organic fertilizer. Along the production process both exertion can give input each other (internal input) by using by product and also can minimalize input from outside (low external input). Straw production of corn and rice plant which used for live stock woof are 3600 kg/ha and 4600 kg/ha respectly, meanwhile organic fertilizer that produced after 10 months observation was 216,8 tons. If the dosis of the fertilizer for rice plant/corn is 2 t/ha, so it can be used for rice plant and corn on 108.4 ha area. Up until 10 month observation, 4 calves were born and 17 catle were pregnant.   Key words: Irrigation area, crop-livestock, beef cattle, rice, corn

Crop-Livestock Integration in Farming System at Irrigation Area Case Study: Grobogan District, Central Java

WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 12, No 1 (2002)
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development

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Abstract

Most of farmers in Central Java hold land about 0.25 − 0.3 ha. If they are only doing farming system with 'rice-rice-corn' cropping pattern, their income per season will range from Rp 446.800 to Rp 586.000. Of course such earnings is not enough and unsuitable, so it's necessary to find out some efforts for increasing farmers' income. One of some alternative efforts can be carried out is diversification, i.e. developing farm enterprise which integrated with livestock. Related with that idea, we have been studying crop livestock integration in Grobogan District since November 2000. This study was carried out in order to find alternative sharing farm operation model on irrigation area which executed in group. The farmers included in this study are 454 farmers which posses land about 106.2 hectare, while livestock they breed are 180 cows for applicant in five units of stall together. Business management was carried out by one management which organized by group managers, includes farm enterprise (input, irrigation, integrated pest management, mechanic service, and marketing), livestock (input, IB service, animal health, straw treatment and selling the product), and also save-debt of money. The technology which introduced includes processing plant product technology, livestock breeding, and straw treatment for food and also ecreement of livestock for organic fertilizer. Along the production process both exertion can give input each other (internal input) by using 'by product' and also can minimalize input from outside (low external input). Straw production of corn and rice plant which used for live stock woof are 3600 kg/ha and 4600 kg/ha respectly, meanwhile organic fertilizer that produced after 10 months observation was 216,8 tons. If the dosis of the fertilizer for rice plant/corn is 2 t/ha, so it can be used for rice plant and corn on 108.4 ha area. Up until 10 month observation, 4 calves were born and 17 catle were pregnant.   Key words: Irrigation area, crop-livestock, beef cattle, rice, corn

Criminalization Policy in Residential Decrees and Synchronization With the Codified Criminal Law

Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM Vol 16, No 1 (2009): English Version
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

The synchronization of criminal provisions in the residential decrees with the codified criminal law has not yet been made due to variety of legal sources to which residential decrees may refer. Among the differences which synchronization are the difference in the provisions of witnesses and also the difference in the interpretation made by the regulatorsKeywords: Policy, criminalization, Local Government Regulation, synchronization.

MEMBANGUN HUKUM NASIONAL BERDASARKAN PANCASILA

Jurnal Hukum dan Peradilan Vol 3, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Puslitbang Hukum dan Peradilan

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Abstract

Era  reformasi  seharusnya dijadikan  tonggak  pembangunan  hukum  nasional  yang  berjiwa  Indonesia, yaitu hukum yang dibangun dari proses penggalian, penemuan, dan pengembangan yang bersumber dari  nilai-nilai  kehidupan  budaya  dan  jiwa  rakyat  Indonesia  yaitu  Pancasila.  Pembangunan  hukum nasional  berdasarkan  Pancasila  tersebut  bertujuan  untuk  mengakhiri  perbenturan  dan  pertentangan yang terjadi akibat penerapan pluralisme di bidang hukum

RECONSTRUCTION OF CRIMINAL SANCTIONS PENAL CODE ACTORS ON ABORTION CRIME BASED ON THE VALUE OF JUSTICE

The 2nd Proceeding “Indonesia Clean of Corruption in 2020" Table Of Content
Publisher : The 2nd Proceeding “Indonesia Clean of Corruption in 2020"

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Abstract

Life is a gift given by God Almighty that must be respected by everyone. Life is given to every human being is a human rights that can only be revoked by the Giver of life. The right to life is one of the human rights that are set out in the Constitution of the State, as described in Article 28 (a) of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 which states that "Everyone has the right to live and to defend life and living". With the right to life of the country will preserve and protect the right to life of every citizen so that the state through the state law enforcement tool will act if there is known to occur and the removal of the right to human life. Abortion (abortion) is always a conversation, either in forumresmi and unofficial concerning the fields of medicine, law and other disciplines. Abortion is not a new issue, abortion is an old problem that is always controversy. One of the controversies about abortion are the priority discourse of human rights as an excuse or reason for the pro-abortion cons of abortion. Lately case of abortion the fruit simalakama in Indonesia. On the other hand nonmedical abortion with reason is strictly prohibited in Indonesia but on the other side of illegal abortions increase the risk of death due to lack of medical facilities and infrastructure, even illegal abortions mostly done by traditional means which increase the risk of death. In Indonesia alone, although abortion is prohibited, but still many women who have abortions. Well done based on specific medical indication or performed by non-medical indications. Experts religion sees that whatever the reason, abortion is an act contrary to the religion, because it is taking the life of the fetus, which means murder, though no one argues that the life of the fetus did not exist before 90 days. Based on consideration of moral and social side, its hard to let a mother who must care for unwanted pregnancies mainly as a result of rape, the result of commercial sex (with commercial sex workers) and women who know that the fetus has severe physical disabilities. Children born in the conditions and environment such that, in the future will most likely be knocked out of the social life is normal, lack of protection and affection that should be obtained by a child who had grown up in an environment that is fair, so it was likely the child will an outcast. On the other hand, in terms of religion, any religion would not allow men to commit acts termination of pregnancy for any reason, while in terms of the law, there are still debates and contradictions of the pros and cons about the perception or understanding of the laws that exist to date. Today many women became pregnant and had an abortion as a sign of moral degradation. Unwanted pregnancy is not a reason to kill the fetus. The fetus is a creature of Allah SWT. Why should be killed? What is wrong is not a rapist penzinanya or her fetus. The fetus also has the right to life. Legalize abortion is not the solution to reduce the number of maternal deaths. The amount will actually increase because there is the possibility of fetal owner claimed to be raped in order to be aborted. In consideration of hunger, abortion is permitted with some conditions. First, the fetus was detected suffering from a genetic defect that is born later is difficult to cure. Then, pregnancy due to rape were determined by a team competent in it, among others, the victim, a team of doctors and scholars. Terms of abortion due to rape, the age of the fetus can not be longer than 40 days. Criminal punishment against criminal abortion should be through the criminal justice procedure as formal criminal law or the law of criminal procedure. Criminal procedure law that can be formulated as a law establishing how the state uses its right to carry out criminal. Also commonly referred to as Concreto In criminal law, since it contains the rules of how the criminal law or criminal law materiel In Abstracto poured in reality. As known, the setting is a criminal offense in the Criminal Code a criminal abortion contained in the Penal Code Book II Chapter XIV On Crimes Against Life, in Article 299, Article 346, Article 347, Article 348, Article 349. To simplify and ease in this study, the focus directed primarily to the criminal sanctions to abortion.

HOMOLOGATION RECONSTRUCTION IN BANKRUPTCY THAT IS BASED ON DIGNIFIED JUSTICE

The 2nd Proceeding “Indonesia Clean of Corruption in 2020" Table Of Content
Publisher : The 2nd Proceeding “Indonesia Clean of Corruption in 2020"

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Abstract

Law No 37 Year 2004 on Bankruptcy and Liability Payment Postponement (PKPU) enables a debtor to come up with a settlement offer to the creditor, prior to or after bankruptcy, in order to pay for liabilities or end bankruptcy and PKPU. A settlement offer from a debtor, discussed and submitted after liability verification, which has been agreed and approved by both the debtor and the creditor must first be legalized by a panel of judges that decide on the case. This will give the settlement offer a fixed and binding legal status. Hence, it can be executed. However, the panel of judges do has the right to legalize a settlement offer agreed and approved by both the debtor and the creditor, as stipulated in Article 159 subsection (2) and Article 285 subsection (2) of Law no 37 Year 2004. This right to deny legalizing a settlement offer is against the universal principles of agreement, especially concerning mutual agreement, pactasuntservanda, freedom of contract, and common justice. The issues discussed in this research include (1) Why legalizing a settlement in the bankruptcy law does not reelect justice? (2) What are the consequences of legalizing a settlement in the bankruptcy law that does not reflect justice? (3) What is the law construction for legalizing a settlement in the bankruptcy law that is based on the values of justice? The method employed was judicial sociology. Data were collected from interviews, observations, and documentations. Those data were then analyzed using the interactive analysis method.  Results show that (1) Legalizing a settlement in both the bankruptcy law and PKPU is not yet based on justice values, especially the value of dignified justice based on Pancasila, namely Principles, 2, 4, and 5. (2) Hindrances in legalizing a settlement among others are; the agreement between a debtor and all creditors or most/the majority of creditors in a settlement offer is not recognized by the panel of judges; It is against the universal principles of agreement, especially the freedom of contract, the principle of pactasuntsevanda, and mutual agreement, and it does not recognize the deliberation between both the debtor and creditors, which is presided by a curator and a supervising judge and is in line with Principle 4 of Pancasila. (3) There needs to be a reconstruction for the ideal values of legalizing a settlement in bankruptcy law and PKPU, based on the values of dignified justice, that is aimed at protecting all parties involved in the settlement and PKPU.  Keywords: legalizing a settlement, bankruptcy law, PKPU, dignified justice