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PEMBERDAYAAN DAN PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM BAGI KONSUMEN DALAM RANGKA MELINDUNGI KEPENTINGAN KONSUMEN KURANG MAMPU Suraji, Suraji; Pranoto, Pranoto
YUSTISIA Vol 87 (2013)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Abstract

Penelitian  ini  bertujuan  untuk  mengidentifikasi  ketidakberdayaan  konsumen  dalam  menyelesaikan sengketa dengan pelaku usaha serta mengidentifikasi dan mendeskripsikan upaya-upaya yang dapat ditempuh oleh konsumen dalam rangka penyelesaian sengketa dengan pelaku usaha. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian empiris dengan metode kualitatif yang bersifat deskriptif. Penelitian menggunakan data  primer  yang  diperoleh  dari  hasil  wawancara  dengan  informan,  maupun  data  sekunder  yang diperoleh dari peraturan perundang-undangan, literatur, dokumen-dokumen dan brosur-brosur dari LP2K. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan penelitian lapangan dan kepustakaan. Selanjutnya data akan dianalisis secara kualitatif dengan model interaktif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, terdapat beberapa kondisi yang menyebabkan konsumen tidak berdaya ketika berhadapan dengan pelaku usaha. Pertama, ketika berhadapan dengan pelaku usaha BUMN dan Perusahaan Daerah : (1) karena posisi BUMN lebih kuat dibandingkan dengan konsumen, (2) BUMN dan Perusda selalu berkelit untuk memberi ganti rugi kepada konsumen apabila terjadi kerugian yang menimpa konsumen, (3) pelaku usaha hanya diwakili oleh stafnya sehingga tidak berani memutus secara langsung, (4) pelaku usaha selalu mengulur waktu bahwa ia akan membentuk tim pengkaji ganti rugi, (5) pelaku usaha biasanya hanya sanggup memperbaiki, menyambung atau menghidupkan lagi tanpa mau mengganti sesuai perjanjian. Kedua, ketika berhadapan dengan pelaku usaha swasta : (1) pelaku usaha hanya mau mengganti kerugian sekecil mungkin, (2) pelaku usaha berdalih bahwa aturan yang dibuatnya itulah yang harus dipatuhi. Upaya pemberdayaan konsumen dapat ditempuh melalui dua sisi, Pertama, dari diri konsumen : (1) perlunya peningkatan komunikasi hukum konsumen, (2) peningkatan pemahaman hukum secara umum, (3) pemahaman Undang-undang Perlindungan Konsumen. Kedua, pengaruh pihak luar : (1) penyuluhan hukum, (2) acara dengar pendapat (talkshow), (3) surat pembaca, (4) pendidikan konsumen, (5) seminar hukum perlindungan konsumen, dan (6) siaran pers.
PENGARUH INSECT GROWTH REGULATOR (IGR) ALTOSID 1,3 G TERHADAP POPULASI LARVA NYAMUK AEDES AEGYPTI LINNEUS Pranoto, Pranoto; Munif, Amrul
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 22, No 4 Des (1994)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/193

Abstract

A study to evaluate the efficacy of an insect growth regulator (IGR) methoprene 1.3% (trade name: Allosid G) against Aedes aegypti larvae was conducted in Jakarta from November 1991 through March 1992. The study was conducted by uniformly scattering 1.3% G methoprene in bottom of metal drums filled with 50 liter of regular tap water. Total of 24 drums were utilized for the study with 20 of them given varied dosage rate of 0.315 gr, 0.625 gr, 1.25 gr, 2.5 gr and 5 gr. Four of the drums without IGR were used for control. One hundred 2 days old larvae of Ae. aegypti were poured into each drum weekly for total of 14 weeks. Also subsequently 25% (total of 12.5 liter) of water from each drum was taken out and replaced with same amount of regular tap water weekly for same period (14 weeks). Observation of larvae growth in the water taken out of the drum was carried by counting the number of dead and alive pupae. Living pupae were transferred into a paper cup covered with mosquito net for further observation number of pupae and adults died and alive. A split plot design was performed using 4 replicates for each application and regression analysis was applied to analyse the data. Efficacy of the IGR in each treatment was calculated through the percentage calculation of efficacy of each replicate devided by four. Weekly efficacy of IGR was calculated as follows : number of died pupae and number of died adults devided by total number of died pupae, number of died adults and number adults alive mutiplied by 100%. The trial showed that 100% mortality occured three weeks after treatment, and it decreased from 100% to 91.56% and 99.25% 14 weeks after treatment.
PENGUJIAN LARVISIDA TEKNAR 1500 S TERHADAP LARVA NYAMUK ANOPHELES MACULATUS DI ALIHAN SUNGAI Munif, Amrul; Pranoto, Pranoto
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 22, No 3 Sept (1994)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/185

Abstract

A study to evaluate the efficacy of biological larvicide Teknar 1500 S which contains 1500 SAAU of Baccillus thuringiensis israeliensis (Bti) serotype H-14 crystal delta endotoxin against Anopheles maculatus larvae was conducted at Kokap district, Kulon Progo Regency in Yogyakarta Province. Three methods of applications were compared, i.e. spraying, using plastic bags and pouring off the larvicide on a small stream. The design of the study was Split Plot design with six replicates. The larval densities were measured one day before application; 1, 8, 14, and 21 days after application. The larvae reduction rates of the three methods of applications were significantly different ( a = 0,01). Spraying produced significantly better results compared to the two other methods.
FITOTEKNOLOGI DAN EKOTOKSIKOLOGI DALAM PENGOLAHAN SAMPAH MENJADI KOMPOS Pranoto, Pranoto
Indonesian Journal of Conservation Vol 2, No 1 (2013): IJC
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Conservation

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Compost is organic matter results in a controlled aerobic process. Currently, compost are very prosperous, especially to support agriculture and forestry sector. However, compost development is still experiencing many obstacles. Therefore, this paper is intended as a critique of the design study of the existing composting to be developed into a design-based quality assurance. Compost quality assurance is focused on the nature of technology, i.e. eco-toxicological and phytotechnology. Composts quality assurace in composting instalation used sacrifice plant. Phytoremediation processes are generally distinguished by the mechanisms and functions of plant structures, i.e. phytoextraction, rhizofiltration, phytodegradation, rhizodegradation, phytovolatilization. Meanwhile, ecotoxicology studied the effects of destructive substances suprabiota (individuals’ populations and communities) in ecosystem. Phytotechnology and eco-toxicological product sorted became ready uses composts. Keywords: compost, garbage, phytotechnology, eco-toxicology.    Kompos adalah zat organik hasil proses aerobik secara terkontrol. Saat ini, pasar kompos di Indonesia sangat terbuka luas terutama untuk menunjang sector pertanian dan kehutanan. Namun demikian, pengembangannya masih mengalami berbagai kendala. Oleh karena itu, tulisan ini ditujukan sebagai kajian kritik terhadap desain pengomposan yang ada untuk dikembangkan menjadi desain berbasis jaminan kualitas. Penjaminan kualitas kompos di sini difokuskan kepada teknologi alamiah yaitu fitoteknologi dan ekotoksikologi. Untuk memberikan jaminan kualitas kompos yang siap pakai dalam berbagai kegiatan tersebut maka dalam instalasi produksi kompos diperlukan instalasi tumbuhan korban (sacrifice plant). Proses fitoremediasi secara umum dibedakan berdasarkan mekanisme fungsi dan struktur tumbuhan, yakni fitostabilisasi, fitoekstraksi, rizofiltrasi, fitodegradasi, rizodegradasi, fitovolatilisasi. Sementara itu, ekotoksikologi adalah kajian efek destruktif zat terhadap suprabiota (individu, populasi dan komunitas) dalam suatu ekosistem. Produk fitoteknologi dan ekotoksikologi inilah yang kemudian diambil untuk dipilah menjadi kompos siap pasar. Kata Kunci: Kompos, sampah, fitoteknologi, ekotoksikologi  
Legitimasi Nikah Siri Menurut Sistem Hukum Perkawinan di Indonesia Pranoto, Pranoto
YUSTISIA Vol 81 (2010)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Philosophically, marriage is the beginning for human being to develop their live  by forming a family that has the purpose to legalize the sexual intercourse actions between man and woman to get their happiness in life. In order to make that purpose achieved, so the nation should be involved in the process. Sirri marriage, illegal marriage (based on nation’s law) is a phenomenon of deviated marriage. By the doctrinal approach it is obtained that there is no base for the nation to legitimatesiri marriage and systemically it is not suit with the Marriage Act  No. 1 / 1974. To solve the controversy so there should be a solution for this. A marriage will be considered as legal if it is done based on the religion rules and it is noted; in the one chapter and one verse. For the need for that, it is need the adaptability of the contradictive chapter with those formula.
KEDUDUKAN PASAL 224 HIR DALAM EKSEKUSI HAK TANGGUNGAN Pranoto, Pranoto
YUSTISIA Vol 58 (2002)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Credit guarantee provided by bank should be protected by lawfrom fraud or inability ofthe debtor to repay the credit. The protection meant here is written in article 224 HIR, saying that creditor needs not to go through legal action which demands a considerable time to withdraw the credit, instead the creditor can execute it with a more efficient scheme. How the position ofArticle 224 HIR in the execution ofcredit withdrawal isand how it provides fair law protection for creditors and debtors is an interesting matter to study. Through the study ofnormative jurisdictions, it is expected that the objective ofthe research that attemps to study the position of article 224 HIR, can be achieved by using interpretative method as its analysis. The study shows that the position of article 224 HIR is weaken bythe Supreme Court through its instruction no. 174/168/86/n/UM.TU/Pdt although it actually provides balance for creditor and debtor.
IDENTTFIKASI DAN ANALISIS PERMASALAHAN YURIDIS IMPLEMENTASI KEPUTUSAN MENTERIPERENDUSTRIAN DAN PERDAGANGAN NOMOR. 558/MPP/KEP/XH/1998 TENTANG POKOK-POKOK KETENTUAN DIBIDANG EKSPOR ImanuIIah, Moch Najib; Pranoto, Pranoto
YUSTISIA Vol 57 (2002)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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The research aim are: identity juridical problem the implementation of Trade industrial Minister Decree Number558/MPP/KEP/XII/1998 about TheExport CoreRegulation, Reveal factors caused such problem and the solution. To gain the goal empirical legal reserach is chosen. Datacollected bya series of deepth interview andopen quesioner in which responden chosen as nonrandom. Theanalysis method is editing analysis editing. The result are: the sources of the problem arraised of the implementation Trade industrial Minister Decree Number 558/MPP/KEP/XII/1998 is the fact that such decree still categorize export goods as regulated, supervised and free export goods. Other problem is exporter not ready yet to fulfill the export condition and procedure and the solution is revising regulation by completing such decree suplement and giving export guidance and training. Research teoritical implementation is conceptdevelopment law as tool of socialengineering toward law as tool of economic engineering. The practical implementation is export policy changing to eliminate the problem and increasing Indonesias non- migas export. The institution contribution is develop International trade Contract, Law and Economic and Entrepreneurship course
URGENSI ASAS PROPORSIONALITAS DALAM KONTRAK KERJA KONSTRUKSI SEBAGAI ANTISIPASI TERJADINYA SENGKETA PRANOTO, PRANOTO; KURNIAWAN, ITOK DWI
PRIVATE LAW Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum UNS

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Abstract

Kontrak sebagai instrumen pertukaran hak dan kewajiban diharapkan dapat berlangsung denganbaik, adil dan proporsional sesuai dengan kesepakatan para pihak. Terutama pada kontrak komersial,baik pada tahap pra kontraktual, pembentukan kontrak maupun pelaksanaannya. Tidak dapat dipungkiribahwa bahwa dalam penyelenggaraan proyek konstruksi sangat besar kemungkinan timbulnya perselisihanatau persengketaan. Oleh karena itu, penerapan asas proporsionalitas dalam suatu kontrak kerja konstruksisangat penting, sebagai salah satu upaya mencegah terjadinya sengketa.
Estimation of Water Losses Through Evapotranspiration of Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) Sasaqi, Dilyan; Pranoto, Pranoto; Setyono, Prabang
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 34, No 1 (2019): April
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.666 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v34i1.28214

Abstract

Batujai Reservoir locates in Batujai Village, Praya Barat, Central Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. It is the primary source of irrigation water supply for agriculture in Central Lombok District with an area of around 3,235 ha. The problem is the bloom of water hyacinth weed (Eichhornia crassipes), which can cause reservoir water loss through evapotranspiration, affecting the amount of water reservoir available for the dry season. The objective was to identify the area of cover and estimate water loss through water hyacinth evapotranspiration for the period 2013 – 2017. This study used a descriptive method by analysis of secondary data which were meteorological data and landsat-8 satellite imagery. Evapotranspiration analyzes use CROPWAT 8.0, monitoring water hyacinth cover using landsat–8 satellite imagery processed using ENVI 5.3 and ArcGIS 10.4 software. The results show that the spatial distribution of water hyacinth can be detected and mapped accurately with an overall classification accuracy of 84.11% – 97.04% using Landsat 8 data, with a kappa coefficient of 0.80 – 0.96. The area of water hyacinth cover ranges from 38,400 m2 – 2,158,500 m2, with a cover area of more than 20%, causing water loss above 8,000 m3 day-1, which occurred in April 2013, April 2015, April 2016, February 2015, May 2014, May 2016 and July 2016, in those months it was seen that the amount of water loss was greater. Therefore, it is needed to suppress the growth of water hyacinth, in maintaining reservoir water storage capacity to support a systems of sustainable agriculture.
PERKAWINAN BEDA AGAMA ANTAR WARGA NEGARA INDONESIA DI LUAR NEGERI SEBAGAI BENTUK PENYELUNDUPAN HUKUM DARI UNDANG- UNDANG NOMOR 1 TAHUN 1974 TENTANG PERKAWINAN Dianti, Novina Eky; Pranoto, Pranoto
PRIVATE LAW Vol 2, No 5 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum UNS

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keabsahan perkawinan beda agama antar Warga Negara Indonesia di luar negeri menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 tentang Perkawinan (UUP) dan kebenaran bahwa perkawinan beda agama antar Warga Negara Indonesia di luar negeri merupakan bentuk penyelundupan hukum dalam perspektif Hukum Perdata Internasional (HPI). Penelitian hukum ini menggunakan jenis penelitian normatif yang memanfaatkan bahan hukum primer, sekunder dan tersier dalam pengkajiannya. Adapun pengumpulan berbagai bahan hukum tersebut menggunakan studi literatur. Berdasarkan penelitian dan pembahasan dihasilkan bahwa perkawinan WNI beda agama di luar negeri menurut UUP dianggap tidak sah karena melanggar ketentuan Pasal 2 ayat (1) sehingga pasangan WNI beda agama  menggunakan dasar pada Pasal 56 untuk melangsungkan perkawinan mereka di luar negeri kemudian melakukan pencatatan di Indonesia agar memenuhi unsur administratif dari UUP. Menurut kaidah HPI perkawinan dilakukan menurut hukum tempat perkawinan dilangsungkan (Lex Loci celebrationis). Pelaksanaan perkawinan beda agama di luar negeri menurut asas HPI merupakan bentuk penyelundupan hukum terhadap Pasal 2 (1) UUP.