Siti Fatimah Pradigdo
Bagian Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, UNDIP

Published : 23 Documents
Articles

Found 23 Documents
Search

Determinan kejadian anemia pada remaja putri di Kecamatan Gebog Kabupaten Kudus tahun 2006

JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background : Anemia is one of the most prevalent nutrition problems. Based on a national survey in 1995, the prevalence of anemia was 57.1% among adolescent girls in Indonesia. Adolescent girls have higher risk of anemia compared to the schoolchildren and adults as they are still in the period of rapid growing, while they also start to think about body image. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the determinants of anemia among adolescent girls in Kecamatan Gebog, Kabupaten Kudus. Method : This observational study was conducted cross sectionally by survey method. The population was adolescent girls aged 13-18 years, with a total sample of 163 girls who were chosen from the adolescent girls in four villages by multistage random sampling method. Data were analysed by Rank Spearman correlation and Chi Square test, which then continued to multivariate analysis by logistic regression test (forward method). Result : The results showed that the prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls in Kecamatan Gebog, Kabupaten Kudus was 36.8%. The correlation tests showed that there were associations between parents’ education level, family income, adolescents’ knowledge and attitude toward anemia and food consumption levels (energy, protein, iron, vitamin A and C). Conclusion : There were correlations between food consumption levels (energy, protein, iron, vitamin A and C), menstruation pattern, infection incidence and anemia incidence (p<0.05). The determinants of anemia among adolescent girls in Kecamatan Gebog, Kabupaten Kudus were energy, iron, vitamin A consumption levels, menstruation pattern and infection incidence. Keywords:  anemia incidence, socio-economic status, food consumption levels, menstruation pattern, infection incidence, adolescents

Pengaruh Suplementasi Seng terhadap CD 4+ Pengidap Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT Optimal immune response is needed to viral elimination, but in HIV infection the immune cell is the main target. Zinc has proved to increase immune response to various infection. However, its role in HIV infection has not understood. This study aimed to analyze the effect of zinc supplementation to increase CD4+ in HIV-infected patients. This was an experimental study with pre test post test with control group design. Twenty HIV-infected persons were devided into 2 groups: control group which received Anti Retroviral Therapy (AZT) and the Zn+ART group received 5 mg zinc/d orally for one month and AZT. Field workers visited patients for checking compliance. Venous blood was taken from all of the subjects, the CD4+ cell count was measured and daily nutrient intake was analyzed. CD4+ cell count was determined by flowcytometri method. Daily food intake was determined by two 24 hour recall periods during 2 non consecutive days. Differential test between the two groups was performed using independent t-test or Mann Whitney test, when the distribution was not normal. Analysis of CD4+ differences before and after treatment in each group by paired t-test. The mean of CD4+ before zinc supplementation was 371.3 ± 126.8 cell/μL and increase to 415.2 ± 194.1 cell/μL after supplementation. However the increase 43.9 ± 83.5 cell/μL was not significantly different (p= 0.131). There was not a significant change CD4+ (p= 0.112) between both groups, possibly because the dose and duration of zinc supplementation. Moreover, only one type of micronutrient given (zinc), also led to an increase CD4+ in our study did not significantly. Zinc supplementation in complement with AZT therapy was not significantly increase CD4+ in HIV patients. Keywords: zinc supplementation, CD4+, HIV, AZT.   ABSTRAK Respon imun yang optimal diperlukan untuk pemusnahan virus, namun dalam infeksi HIV justru sel sistem imun yang diserang. Seng telah terbukti dapat meningkatkan respon imun terhadap berbagai infeksi, namun belum banyak diketahui perannya terhadap infeksi HIV. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis efek suplementasi seng terhadap CD4+ pengidap HIV. Penelitian ini merupakan studi eksperimen dengan pre test post test control group design. Dua puluh orang pengidap HIV ikut dalam penelitian ini, dibagi menjadi dua kelompok. Sepuluh orang menerima azidothymidine (AZT) ditambah suplementasi seng dengan dosis 5 mg seng/hari selama satu bulan, sepuluh orang memperoleh AZT saja. Kepatuhan mengkonsumsi AZT dan suplementasi seng dicatat dan disupervisi oleh petugas lapangan. Semua sampel diambil darah venanya, diperiksa CD4+ dan dianalisis masukan zat gizi hariannya. Pengukuran CD4+ dilakukan dengan metode flowcytometri. Data asupan makanan harian dikumpulkan dengan metode recall 2 X 24 jam tidak berturutan harinya. Uji beda antara kedua kelompok

Studi Keamanan Pangan Kimiawi dari Logam Berat Timbal pada Euthynnus Sp , di Perairan Semarang.

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 3, No 2 (2004): Vol 3, No 2 (2004)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (139.943 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: One of the impact of industrial development is the decreasing water quality that may cause pollution of living resources,especially the fish. The objective of this research is to determine the consentration of lead (Pb) Euthynnus sp. and to analize its  chemical safety in the coast  Semarang.  Methods:  This study  is a descriptif research with a cross sectional approach. The 30 samples of Euthynnus   was taken from the markets in Semarang City, including  Jatingaleh, Peterongan, Bulu, Johar, dan Rejomulyo market. Results:  The finding of this research showed that the highest  Lead consentration in Euthynnus Sp was 2,51 ppm and the lowest was  0 ppm  with the average of  0,81 ppm  and the standard deviation was  0,91 ppm.   There was 33,3 % sample which has the concentration of Lead  more than the maximum standard. Conclusion: It was suggested to choose the fresh fish to consumed by considering the site of fish catching. It is also suggested to  the government and  the related institution in semarang City to make a regulation and policy to protect the consumer from the toxic effect of heavy metal in fish.   Key word : Euthynnus sp., heavy metal (Lead),  Coast of Semarang

Difference Analysis of the Implementation of Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding between Private and Public Hospitals in District of Kudus

Jurnal Manajemen Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Desember 2015
Publisher : S2 IKM FKM UNDIP

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding (TSSB) is a key of successful exclusive breastfeeding. Theimplementation of TSSB at hospitals in District of Kudus was influenced by a difference bureaucraticsystem between private and public hospitals. This research aimed to analyze the difference of theTSSB implementation for successful breastfeeding between private and public hospitals in Districtof Kudus.This was qualitative research. Main informants encompassed head of childbirth room, midwives ofMaternal and Child Health, 2 obstetricians, and 3 midwives at post-natal room. Meanwhile,informants for triangulation purpose encompassed director, manager of nursing, 3 post-natalpatients, and 2 pregnant women at each hospital. Data were collected by in-depth interview andanalysed using a method of content analysis.The result of this research showed that some differences of the implementation of TSSB betweenprivate and public hospitals were as follows: at private hospitals, there was any formula milkwithout indication, joined treatment room was still partial (2 hours a day), and there was lack ofsupport for mother in providing breastfeeding in accordance with babies’ need. In addition, therewas any dot and there was no a support group of breastfeeding. These problems were due to limitationof resource, low commitment of an implementer, and lack of external environment support. In contrast,public hospitals had not provided information to pregnant women and had not formed a supportgroup of breastfeeding. These problems were due to limitation of resource particularly funding fortraining and providing information media.As suggestions, private hospitals need to improve midwifery services in accordance with a standardof a hospital accreditation system from the government. In addition, public hospital need to increasefunds for training and providing information media.

FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN dengan USIA MENOPAUSE (Studi di Puskesmas Bangetayu Tahun 2015)

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aging process occurs in human life . Especially in women , disruption to the loss of the normal process of menstruation is an issue that will be passed women because menopause is a physiological problem . Acceptance of menopause among women will be different and therefore the problem of factors related to the age of menopause should be known clearly by women. In PHC Bangetayu , from 15 to 40 % of women Whose menopause between the ages of 45-50 , and 60 % aged > 51 years. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with menopause . Is a quantitative research with cross sectional approach. The population in this study were women aged 40-59 years with a total of 60 people . The sampling technique in the research using purposive sampling . The data analysis used the chi square test and Spearman Rank test with significance level α = 5 %. The research showed that most of the samples with menopause age ≥ 50 years ( 58.3 % ) , the status of completed high school ( 31.7 % ) , having children > 4 ( 63.3 % ) , used contraception ( 86.7 % ) and experienced menarche at age > 16 years ( 71.7 % ) . The test results stating the relationship there is a correlation between the number of children with the age of menopause ( p = 0.046 ) and there is a correlation with age of menarche age of menopause ( p = 0.047 ) . This study concluded that factors associated with menopause age is the age of menarche and number of children. Suggestion for the Department of Health to to be more active in maternal and child health programs , especially older programs with the holding of Posyandu elderly . Expected the public to know the sense of menopause , menopausal symptoms , factors associated with menopause and know how to cope with the symptoms of menopause

PERBEDAAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN NATRIUM, KALIUM, MAGNESIUM DAN KEBIASAAN MINUM KOPI PADA PRALANSIA WANITA HIPERTENSI DAN NORMOTENSI (Studi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kedungmundu Kota Semarang Tahun 2016)

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Pralansia merupakan rentang usia yang penting untuk mempersiapkan diri menuju usia lanjut dengan menerpakan pola hidup sehat akan mengurangi risiko penyakit degeneratif seperti hipertensi. Faktor risiko hipertensi yang dapat dikendalikan antara lain asupan zat gizi natrium, kalium, magnesium dan gaya hidup yaitu kebiasaan minum kopi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan tingkat kecukupan natrium, kalium, magnesium dan kebiasaan minum kopi pada pralansia wanita hipertensi dan normotensi. Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan case control untuk menilai seberapa besar peran faktor risiko dalam kejadian penyakit. Populasi adalah seluruh pralansia wanita hipertensi dan normotensi yang terdaftar di posyandu lansia Kelurahan Sendangguo, Kota Semarang. Jumlah sampel 21 orang untuk masing-masing kelompok pralansia wanita hipertensi dan normotensi dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Analisis data tingkat dengan menggunakan uji statistic Chi Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat kecukupan natrium lebih (52,4%), kalium kurang (92,2%) dan magnesium kurang (38,1%) lebih banyak terjadi pada kelompok pralansia  wanita hipertensi dibanding pralansia wanita normotensi. Sedangkan kebiasaan minum kopi antara kelompok pralansia wanita hipertensi dan normotensi memiliki persentase yang sama (28,6%). Penelitian ini juga menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan tingkat kecukupan natrium (p=0,003; OR=10,45; 95%CI=1,9-56,6), kalium (p=0,045; OR=10,00; 95%CI=1,1-90,5), magnesium (p=0,003; OR=4,50; 95%CI=1,0-20,1) dan tidak ada perbedaan kebiasaan minum kopi (p=1,000; OR=1,0; 95%CI=0,2-3,8) pada pralansia wanita hipertensi dan normotensi. Saran penelitian ini pralansia perlu aktif dalam posyandu agar mendapatkan penyuluhan tentang makanan yang baik dan sehat dan pemeriksaan tekanan darah agar tekanan darah dapat terkontrol.

HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI MIE INSTAN DENGAN STATUS GIZI PADA BALITA USIA 24 – 59 BULAN DI DESA JAMUS KECAMATAN MRANGGEN KABUPATEN DEMAK, INDONESIA TAHUN 2015

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Developments in information technology and the industry provides direct and indirect effects in the form of a change in lifestyle, which like fast food. Fast food like instan noodlefor food most beloved by all kinds of people. One pack of instan noodles containing high protein and carbohydrates, but low in energy, fat, fiber, and vitamins. Instan noodle consumption is often given to the toddler. Toddlers who eat instant noodles too often will affect the nutritional status. This study aims to determine the relationship of instant noodles consumption with nutritional status of infants 24-59 months in the village Jamus Subdistict Mranggen Regency of Demak in 2015. This type of research is explanatory research and cross sectional approach. The population is all children aged 24-59 months in the village Jamus totaling 50 people. Number of samples 44 people by using purposive sampling that the sample is selected according to criteria of research so as to represent the characteristics of the population. Data were collected by questionnaires, then tested for normality using the Test Kolmogorov Smirrnov significance of less than 0.05 results obtained distribution data is not normal. Researchers used a statistical test of Rank Spearman Test (r) because the data is not on normal distribution with the meaning rate was 95% (ρ <0.05). The results showed have correlation of the energy sufficiency with nutrition status (p = 0.000), and there is have correlation sufficiency of protein with nutritional status (p = 0.045). Not have correlation on % contribution energy and protein of instant noodle with nutrition status. This study recommends that more health workers to increase education about the need to adopt a balanced message by providing nutritious foods, as well as for the public to pay more attention to daily food consumption day by providing extra food just right so adequate intake is balanced and has a normal nutritional status.

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KONSUMSI SAYUR DAN BUAH PADA IBU HAMIL DI INDONESIA (BERDASARKAN DATA RISKESDAS 2013) THE AFFECTING FACTORS OF VEGETABLES AND FRUIT CONSUMPTION ON INDONESIAN PREGNANT WOMEN (Based on Indonesia Basic Health Research 2013)

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Dampak kekurangan sayur dan buah pada ibu hamil akan menyebabkan pendarahan, anemia, ketuban pecah dini, hipokalsemia, risiko neural tube deffect, dan pertumbuhan janin yang terlambat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor- faktor yang mempengaruhi konsumsi sayur dan buah pada ibu hamil di Indonesia berdasarkan analisis data Riskesdas 2013. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif analitik dengan desain cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah ibu hamil yang ada di Indonesia pada tahun 2013 sedangkan sampel penelitian adalah 7.664 orang ibu hamil dari 294.959 rumah tangga yang dipilih dengan dua tahapan yaitu primary sampling unit dan probability proportional to size. Jenis analisis yang dipakai pada penelitian ini adalah Chi-Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan konsumsi sayuran dan buah dengan kategori kurang (< 5 porsi) lebih banyak (90,4%) uji Chi-square menujukkan bahwa variabel yang berpengaruh terhadap konsumsi sayur dan buah yaitu status pekerjaan ibu (p=0,044) tingkat pendidikan ibu (p=0,001) jumlah anggota keluarga (p=0,001) status ekonomi (p=0,001). Disarankan bagi peneliti lain dapat mengeksplorasi variabel lain seperti, keyakinan, kebutuhan fisiologis, preferensi, perkembangan psikososial, kesehatan, interaksi sosial, media massa, pengalaman individu, ketersediaan, dan pengetahuan gizi.

ASOSIASI KOMPETENSI TENTANG PEDOMAN GIZI SEIMBANG DENGAN STATUS INDEKS MASSA TUBUH REMAJA PUTRI DI PONDOK PESANTREN AL-ISHLAH BULUSAN KOTA SEMARANG

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Initial studies in Boarding School Al-Islah Bulusan Semarang City, as much as 50% of the nutritional status of female teenagers experienced more nutrition. Todays teens have unhealthy eating patterns. Implementation competencies include knowledge, attitudes and skills about the selection of food in accordance with the standards of Indonesia Balanced Nutrition Guidelines are needed to improve nutritional awareness. The purpose of this study to determine the association of Indonesian Balanced Nutrition Guidelines competence with a body mass index status of female teenagers. The design studies with cross-sectional survey. The sampling technique was by purposive sampling amounted to 44 female teenagers. Data were collected through interviews and analyzed using Rank Spearman Rank test. The results showed that the status of the body mass index in young women is almost entirely better nutritional status (95.5%), lack of energy consumption (86.4%), lack of protein consumption (95.5%), and competence level about Balanced Nutrition Guidelines were good (84.1,%). In general, if the level of competence is seen from the competence of knowledge about Balanced Nutrition Guidelines were good (56.8%),competence level of attitudes about Balanced Nutrition Guidelines for attitude positive (52.3%), and competence level of skills about Balanced Nutrition Guidelines were good (40.1%). Based on Rank Spearman test there is a relationship of competence (knowledge,attitudes, skills) with a body mass index status (p-value = 0.017 and the correlation coefficient (ρ) = -0.359). The board suggested that boarding schools improve food management and curb the purchase of food at boarding corresponding Balanced Nutrition Guidelines.

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN TERJADINYA SISA MAKANAN NARAPIDANA (Studi di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Klas I Semarang)

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

A prisoner has the right to get adequate nutritional food. The success of food service related to plate waste presences. Plate waste is more than 25% showed that feeding was not optimal. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors associated with plate waste of prisoners in Correctional Institution Class I Semarang. This study used analytic observational with the cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique used in this study is purposive sampling amounted to 65 prisoners. Data collected through interviews and calculation of food waste using food weighing for three days. The results showed that almost prisoners had a lot of plate waste (86,2%), the most plate waste is the staple food (46,1%), vegetables (53,1%), and vegetable side dishes (33,3%). The prisoners represented that the menu was not variety accounted for 50,8%, the food appearance was interesting (50,8%), that food tastes are delicious (53,8%), and most of the prisoners consumed food from outside twice a week (49,2%). The highest plate waste in the morning accounted for 45,8%. Based on Spearman Rank Test, the factors related to plate waste is food tastes (p-value = 0,044 and the correlation coefficient (ρ) = -0,251) and food from outside (p-value = 0,001 and the correlation coefficient (ρ) = 0,602) and factors unrelated is menu variations (p-value = 0,554) and the food appearance (p-value = 0,914). The correctional institution suggests to evaluate the standard portion, especially in the morning and keep improving the food tastes.