Priyadi Nugraha Prabamurti
Bagian PKIP FKM Undip

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Kajian Pengaruh Predisposing, Enabling Dan Reinforcing Factors Terhadap Praktek Kerja Tenaga Kerja Bongkar Muat Yang Berisiko Terjadinya Kecelakaan Kerja Di Pelabuhan Tanjung Emas Semarang

JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 1, Januari 2009
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: Occupational Health and Safety aims to prevent, reduce and eliminate accidents. By the year of 2007, number of loading-unloading laborers in Tanjung Emas Port reach 756 persons, 2.56% of them experienced working accidents in the last 4 years. This research isaimed to analyze predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors influencing loading-unloading laborers risky working behavior at Tanjung Emas Semarang.Method: It was a cross sectional study of 90 respondents from 756 laborers. Proportional random sampling was employed to obtain number of samples required. Data were collected using check list and questionnaires and were analyzed with logistic regression.Result: This study revealed that laborers’ knowledge and attitudes, equipments, working standard, support of the head of laborers’ group and laborers’ cooperation generally categorized as good. Laborers’ knowledge of occupational health and safety, equipment availability, working standard, equipment design, support of head of laborers’ group andsupport laborers’ cooperation were correlated with laborers’ working practice. Knowledge and support of laborers’ cooperation were simultaneously correlated to laborers’ working practice.Keywords : predisposing, enabling, reinforcing, risky behavior, working accident

Analisis Faktor Risiko Status Kematian Neonatal Studi Kasus Kontrol di Kecamatan Losari Kabupaten Brebes Tahun 2006

JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 3, No. 1, Januari 2008
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Background: The efforts to reach the national target to decreasing infant mortality, what in this time still become governmental priority programs. Nationally, mortality rate in this last decade had decreased excessively, from 50 per a thousand alive births in 2001 becoming 39 per a thousand alive births in 2005. The number revealed if seen at mortality neonatal still high enough.Method: This is an analytical survey research with case-control approach. Research subjects consists of 29 women having infant which die at neonatal age as a case group, and 29 women having alive infant passed a neonatal period, as a control group. Source of data obtained from secondary data to verbal autopsy record, history of pregnant woman and confinement note from public health center (Puskesmas). Data analyzing by univariate and bivariate analysis. Statistical test by Chi Square test that significance rate determined if p -value less than 0.05 and calculation of Odds Ratio (OR>1).Result: Result of analysis indicates that mother age (p = 0.0023 and OR = 7.69), parity (p =0.0006 and OR = 8.25), helper of confinement (p = 0.044 and OR = 6.07), born baby weight (p = 0.016 and OR=6,12) and condition of baby breathing effort (p= 0.001 and OR = 7.85), significantly risked to neonatal status. It is conclude that mother age, parity, helper ofconfinement, born baby weight and condition of baby breathing effort is risked to neonatal status. It is suggested to maturing marriage age and management of birth at healthy reproduction age, increasing of neonatal call so that can decreasing mortality rate.Keywords: neonatal mortality status, risk factors, pregnant woman

Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Praktik Pengawas Menelan Obat (PMO) Dalam Pengawasan Penderita Tuberkulosis Paru Di Kota Semarang

JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 1, Januari 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background : At least half million a new cases of tuberculosis each year occurred in Indonesia, in which 175.000 of them died. Tuberculosis is the second killer in adults after cardiovascular diseases and the most important killer out of all the communicable diseases. Lung Tuberculosis has been increase every year in Semarang, in order to handle that case, the strategy of DOTS has been used since 2000. In case of that, there are still founded that the number of Drop out to patient is 16%, and the irregular tuberculosis patient is 21%. It happened because the patient didn`t obey to swallow the drugs and the role of PMO was decrease. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of drugs swallowing control (PMO) have a very important role and determine the successful of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Control Programes. This research aim to know factors that having an effect on to exploiting of practice Drugs Swallowing Control (PMO) lung tuberculosis patients in Semarang.Mathod : The type of this research is Explanatory Research that is explaining relation between independent variable and dependent variable through examination of hypothesizing using cross sectional method. Data analysis with Chi-Square statistical test and Logistics Regression. Research population is drugs swallowing control (PMO) of lung tuberculosis patients with positif BTA, counted 254 with 70 people of sample.Result : The result of research show there is a relation between knowledge and attitude (p=0,000), knowledge and practice (p=0,012) , attitude and practice (p=0,001). There is no significant relation between PMO characteristic (age, level of education, work, family status, income, training, duty periode) and PMO practice lung tuberculosis patients.Using Forward Stepwise (Conditional) method the result can be obtained that all independent variable if tested together using logistic regression method yielding one variable show the influence to exploiting of PMO practice : Attitude (p=0,014). The most dominant variable in giving influence to PMO practice is Attitude. One of the variable withgood attitude category hence possibility exploit practice obtained equal 99,93%.Keywords : Lung Tuberculosis, knowledge, attitude, and practice PMO

Pengaruh Karakteristik, Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Petugas Pemegang Program Tuberkulosis Paru Puskesmas Terhadap Penemuan Suspek TB Paru Di Kabupaten Blora

JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 1, Januari 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background : The discovery of clients with lung tuberculsosis suspect at Blora Regency within the year of 2002 were 9.8%, year of 2003 were 27.3% and year of 2004 were 23.3%. Moreover, until March 2005 the discovery of lung tuberculsosis suspects were 876 cases (8,64%). This number not yet reached 40% of Blora Regency target. Knowledge andattitude of health workers who held lung tuberculosis program was closely related with case detection of lung tuberculosis. The aims of this study were to search the description of knowledge, attitude, and characteristics of health workers who held lung tuberculosis program at community health centres and the influence of case detection of lung tuberculosis suspects at Blora Regency.Method : This study is an explanatory research and uses cross sectional approach. The subjects consisted of a total population of 52 health workers who held lung tuberculosis program at community health centres. Data were collected using questionnaires and were analysed using logistic regression statistical method.Result : The study revealed that there were a strong correlation between characteristics (p=0.001), training of health workers (p=0.01), knowledge of health workers (p=0.01) attitude (p=0.01) and supervision of vice supervisor (p=0.01). Multivariate analises showed that the most valuable correlation discovered were between training of health workers (p=0.002) and knowledge of health workers (p=0.021) in the of case detection oflung tuberculosis suspects.Key Words : suspect, health workrs who held program, lung tuberculosis, knowledge, attitude.

Faktor-Faktor Ibu Balita Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kepatuhan Follow Up Penderita Pnemonia Balita Di Puskesmas Cisaga, Ciamis, Jawa Barat

JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 2, Agustus 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: One of the important procedures in pneumonia treatment is to conduct a followup care. The follow-up care of pneumonia disease should be done at least two days after treatment or sometimes earlier when the patients have bad physical conditions. The cases of pneumonia children in Cisaga health centre have been increasing recently, and even have a higher percentage compare to the average national cases. However, the percentage of the follow-up care cases has only about 13.5% from the total cases. The objective of this study is to identify some factors associated with mother’s compliance to conduct a follow-up care oftheir children who suffered pneumonia at Cisaga health centre.Method : A cross sectional survey with 50 sample, which consists of 40 patients have done a follow-up care and 10 patients have never done a follow-up care, has been employed in this study. Chi-square test has been used to examine the associations between factors and mother’scompliance.Results : Chi-square test shows that there is an association between knowledge and mother’s compliance behaviour since p<0.05. However, mother’s education level, occupation, and family supports and income have no association with the mother’s compliance. The studysuggests that information, education and communication programs in terms of preventing and treating pneumonia disease in children under five including the causes, the treatment procedures, and the effects of the disease, have to be conducted intensively, particularly to mothers who have children suffering pneumonia.Keyword: Pneumonia, compliance behaviour, mother, follow-up care

DAMPAK PEMBERIAN PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN SIKAP DAN PRAKTEK SANTRI PONDOK PESANTREN DI SEMARANG

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Background : Adolescene is a priode of transition signed by physical, emotional and psychological changes, which occurred maturation of human reproductive organs (puberty). Santri in islamic boarding are teenagers that in growth is often accompanied by juvenile common problems such as physical changes, social adjustment, and issues relating to the opposite sex. This condition is exacerbated by the globalization that is characterized by increasingly the flow of information, which is the relationship behavior that is not healthy tends the teenager doing premarital sex, including santri. Survey Perkumpulan Keluarga Berencana Indonesia (PKBI) in Semarang in 2010 about reproductive health showed 43,22% their knowledge are low and 63% of teenagers who are dating is not ashamed to do petting. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of giving the education of reproductive health towards knowledge, attitude and practice of santri in islamic boarding in Semarang.Method : This research is a kind of pre-experimental study with static group comparison approach. The population in this research is the santri of MA Nurul Huda Azzuhdi 174 people then the samples were taken by 50 santri using proportional stratified random sampling method. The data analyzed by T-test, Mann Whitney and Crosstab.Result : The result showed that 66% og santri knowledge are “less”, 40% their attitude are “permissive”, and 24% their practice are “high risk”. Then the result of statistical test T-test showed the difference between knowledge of santri in islamic boarding intervention and control with value of p=0,001. While Mann Whitney statistical test results showed no difference between the attitude and practice of santri in islamic boarding intervention and control, each with value of p=0,111 and p=0,057. In the Crosstab statistical test results showed difference between the attitude og the santri of the man and the woman with value of p=0,001, while the knowledge and practice there is no difference with value of p=0,232 and p=0,321.Conclusions : From this study it can be conclude that the reproductive health education that is given, impacted significant in changing the knowledge, but can not increase the knowledge good enough, and less significant in changing the attitude and practice og santri.

FAKTOR- FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU POLA TIDUR SANTRIWAN DAN SANTRIWATI KELAS XI MA PONDOK PESANTREN MODERN ISLAM ASSALAAM SURAKARTA

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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World Association of Sleep Medicine (WASM) stated 45 % of the world population had sleep disturbances with some conditions, like insomnia, sleepless duration, and etc. Journal of school Health reported that 90% of teenagers in Indonesia had sleep less than 8-10 hours a day according to recommendation.10% of teenagers reported sleeping less than 6 hours a day. In Solo, there were 20 boarding schools that the majority of its students  had a sleep duration less than 8 hours a day. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors related to the pattern of student sleep behavior in class of XI MA Assalaam Surakarta. This research used a cross-sectional study design, with a population of 148 respondents with total sampling technique for quantitative and 3 informants triangulation with purposive sampling for qualitative. The instrument used was a questionnaire and an interview guide. Analysis of the data used chi-square test for the bivariate analysis with significance level of 90%. At 64.9% of respondents had a good sleep pattern behavior, while 35.1% of respondents still have behavior patterns of poor sleep. Bivariate analysis showed that there was a correlation between physical activity (p= 0.000), and regulatory boarding schools (p=0,005) and there was no correlation between knowledge, attitude, the availability of sleep time, the facilities from school, support from peers, support from ustadz/ustadzah, gender with the behavior ofthe sleep patterns of students grade XI MA Assalaam. The boarding school should be reduced physical activity, especially non-academic activities in class XI students.

Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Perilaku Pencarian Pelayanan Kesehatan (Health Seeking Behavior) pada Santri di Pondok Pesantren Al Bisyri Tinjomoyo Semarang

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Islamic boarding school has a classic problem that students health problems and problems of the disease. A disease that is often suffered by the students at the boarding school, among others, scabies and diarrhea. Poor quality of life of students in boarding school due to students having a simple behavior and lack of facilities in the boarding school, especially health care facilities. This is why the students are less concerned about finding treatment when they feel sick. The purpose of this study was to analyze factors associated with health seeking behavior on students at islamic boarding schools Al Bisyri Tinjomoyo Semarang. This research used analytic survey with cross sectional study. The population of all students of both men and women living in the islamic boarding school Al Bisyri are 73 students and the number of samples taken as many as 73 students using total population method. This study using univariate, bivariate with chi square test and multivariate analysis. The results showed that students who behave good health seeking behavior by 58.9%. Students are early teens (47,9%), female (58,9%), junior high school (80,8%), came from outside the city of Semarang (86,3%) and have lived in the islamic boarding school for 1-3 years (71,2%). Chi-square test results showed that the variables associated with health seeking behavior: access to health care (p-value = 0.032), the perception of pain (p-value = 0.013) and the need for health care (p-value = 0.007). Multivariate analysis showed that students who need health care the larger 4 to 5 times to commit health seeking behavior better than students who do not need health care. From this research, it needs the support of kiai, ustadz and administrator boarding against health seeking behavior students in the form of directives given to the students as a lecture or when students learn in order to change the mindset of students against health seeking behavior.

PENGARUH PENYULUHAN KESEHATAN TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PRAKTIK PERIKSA PAYUDARA SENDIRI (SADARI) SANTRI PUTRI PONDOK PESANTREN DAWAR KABUPATEN BOYOLALI

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The prevalence of breast cancer in the world has steadily increased and most diagnosis when has entered an advanced stage. Efforts to realize needs to be done by the adolescent girls to detect early the appearance of symptoms breast cancer. Lack of knowledge of realized particulary at the female santri caused aware of the program. This is because the absence of education health implemented of health workers to santri at Dawar muslim boarding school.The aim of this research to analyze the effects of health education on knowledge, attitudes and practies BSE santri at Dawar muslim boarding school.This research used a quasi experimental design non equivalent control group. The samples were female santri used total sampling about 60 santri used paired t-test for normal data and wilcoxon test for abnormally data with alpha 0,05.The result showed is increased knowledge, attitudes and practices in treathment group, and there were no different knowledge, attitudes and practices in control group. Health education provided have the effect of large enough on knowledge and practice as well as the effect of in the attitude. This is in accordance with the results of the eta squared that 0,084 for knowledge, 0,352 for attitudes and 0,062 for practice. Muslim boarding school need to work together with health workers in providing health education to santri. Health agency should be doing heatlh education about breast cancer especially about BSE targeting to santri.

Respon Remaja Lelaki Suka Lelaki (LSL) dengan Status HIV Positif terhadap Pencegahan Penularan HIV kepada Pasangan

Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 13, No. 1, Januari 2018
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

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Background: In Jambi City, the cases of HIV-positive in MSM increased in the people aged 19-24 years old by 35.1%. It affected on the prevention of HIV transmission. The research was conducted in 2016 and aimed to understand the response of teenage MSM with the status of HIV-positive to the prevention of transmission to the partner.Method: The research method was qualitative with the design of case study. The sampling technique was purposive sampling with the data collection using in-depth interview. The main informants were teenage MSM with HIV-positive of 7 persons. The triangulation informants were the chief of Kanti Sehati Foundation, the chief of the Community Group of Field Outreach in Jambi City.Results: The resarch results show that the response when they initially found themselves infected by HIV-positive was a rejection to their status of HIV-positive. Their responses were shocked, surprised, and confused. They expressed their emotion in the form of stress and depression. Status revealation to their partners and closest ones had not been performed fully since they were worried about the rejection from their partners. The response to ARV obedience has been good, but the response to HIV prevention using condoms had not been consistent partially because they were mostly under the effect of alcohol. Then, the response to post-HIV behavior, in few people, showed their inability to prevent the transmission based on the standard. Most of them still experienced the stigma from their families, and physical violence from society.Keywords: MSM response, teenage, HIV, HIV Prevention