Happy Ade Permanasari
Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta

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Kesiapsiagaan Masyarakat Menghadapi Bencana Gunung Merapi: Studi Kasus di Desa Umbulharjo, Sleman

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 6 No. 1 Agustus 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta adalah provinsi yang rawan bencana terutama Gunung Merapi. Untuk meminimalkan korban bencana dikembangkan program kesiapsiagaan masyarakat menghadapi bencana gunung merapi melalui desa siaga. Tujuan penelitian ini mengetahui pelaksanaan kegiatandan penerapan program kesiapsiagaan masyarakat menghadapi bencana gunung merapi di Desa Siaga Umbulharjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancanganpenelitian studi kasus dengan analisis kualitatif. Subjek yang diteliti adalah pelaku pelaksanaan kegiatan pada pelaksanaan desa siaga, sedangkan objek penelitian adalah situasi sosial dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode observasi nonpartisipatif, wawancara mendalam, dokumentasi, member check, dan triangulasi.Pelaksanaan kegiatan sudah baik, pembiayaan sudah cukup, pelatihan-pelatihan sudah baik, sosialisasi, sarana-sarana yang ada, kinerja kader, dan peran Puskesmas baik. Namun, keberhasilan pelaksanaan kegiatan kesiapsiagaan tersebut belum diikuti dengan keberhasilan pelaksanaan desasiaga. Masih banyak masyarakat yang tidak mengetahui tentang desa siaga. Pelaksanaan kegiatan kesiapsiagaan sudah baik, tetapi tidak diikuti dengan pelaksanaan desa siaga secara umum.Kata kunci: Kesiapsiagaan, bencana gunung merapi, desa siagaAbstractYogyakarta Province is a disaster-prone province, especially the mountain trim. Disaster preparedness is essential to minimize the disaster victims so formed the community program on disaster preparedness through Desa Siaga of Mount Merapi alert. To determine the activity and how the implementationof community disaster preparedness programs Mount Merapi onthe implementation of Desa Siaga in the Umbulharjo Village alert This study was a descriptive study using a case study research design with qualitative analysis. Subjects in the study was the perpetrator of the community in dealing with disaster preparedness merapi mountain on implementation of desa siaga with the object of research is the social situation in the implementation of preparedness merapi mountain. Resource persons determined by the method of purposive and snowball effect if necessary. The collection of data by way of nonparticipatory observation, indepth interviews, documentation, member check, and triangulation. Implementation of the activities of disaster preparedness in the face of the mountain communities have nice views of the trim is already sufficient financing, training, training has been good from the parties involved, socialization, existing facilities, the performance of cadres, and the role of good health. The success of the implementation of disaster preparedness in the face of the mountain communities are not followed by smoothing the successful implementation of the desasiaga, seen from many people who do not know what a desa siaga. Implementation of the activities of disaster preparedness in the face of the mountain communities have a good trim but it is not followed by the implementationof desa siaga in general.Key words: Preparedness, mount merapi disaster, desa siaga

Kesiapsiagaan Masyarakat Menghadapi Bencana Gunung Merapi: Studi Kasus di Desa Umbulharjo, Sleman

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 6 No. 1 Agustus 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta adalah provinsi yang rawan bencana terutama Gunung Merapi. Untuk meminimalkan korban bencana dikembangkan program kesiapsiagaan masyarakat menghadapi bencana gunung merapi melalui desa siaga. Tujuan penelitian ini mengetahui pelaksanaan kegiatandan penerapan program kesiapsiagaan masyarakat menghadapi bencana gunung merapi di Desa Siaga Umbulharjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancanganpenelitian studi kasus dengan analisis kualitatif. Subjek yang diteliti adalah pelaku pelaksanaan kegiatan pada pelaksanaan desa siaga, sedangkan objek penelitian adalah situasi sosial dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode observasi nonpartisipatif, wawancara mendalam, dokumentasi, member check, dan triangulasi.Pelaksanaan kegiatan sudah baik, pembiayaan sudah cukup, pelatihan-pelatihan sudah baik, sosialisasi, sarana-sarana yang ada, kinerja kader, dan peran Puskesmas baik. Namun, keberhasilan pelaksanaan kegiatan kesiapsiagaan tersebut belum diikuti dengan keberhasilan pelaksanaan desasiaga. Masih banyak masyarakat yang tidak mengetahui tentang desa siaga. Pelaksanaan kegiatan kesiapsiagaan sudah baik, tetapi tidak diikuti dengan pelaksanaan desa siaga secara umum.Kata kunci: Kesiapsiagaan, bencana gunung merapi, desa siagaAbstractYogyakarta Province is a disaster-prone province, especially the mountain trim. Disaster preparedness is essential to minimize the disaster victims so formed the community program on disaster preparedness through Desa Siaga of Mount Merapi alert. To determine the activity and how the implementationof community disaster preparedness programs Mount Merapi onthe implementation of Desa Siaga in the Umbulharjo Village alert This study was a descriptive study using a case study research design with qualitative analysis. Subjects in the study was the perpetrator of the community in dealing with disaster preparedness merapi mountain on implementation of desa siaga with the object of research is the social situation in the implementation of preparedness merapi mountain. Resource persons determined by the method of purposive and snowball effect if necessary. The collection of data by way of nonparticipatory observation, indepth interviews, documentation, member check, and triangulation. Implementation of the activities of disaster preparedness in the face of the mountain communities have nice views of the trim is already sufficient financing, training, training has been good from the parties involved, socialization, existing facilities, the performance of cadres, and the role of good health. The success of the implementation of disaster preparedness in the face of the mountain communities are not followed by smoothing the successful implementation of the desasiaga, seen from many people who do not know what a desa siaga. Implementation of the activities of disaster preparedness in the face of the mountain communities have a good trim but it is not followed by the implementationof desa siaga in general.Key words: Preparedness, mount merapi disaster, desa siaga